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1 fertas n ā, f. (cf. 2 fert ?) in late Mid. Ir. by metathesis also
fersat, —aid ; mod. fearsaid ` spindle .' n s. fertas LU 5250 =
25 fertais TBC² 773 . g s. feirtse, Laws iv 108.6 Comm. a du.
eter di fertais LU 5066 . n p. fertsi LU 8595 . TBC² 2512 .
feirsti, Mart. Don. 154.14 . fersde TBC² 2580 . a p. fertse
LU 5260 . fertsi 5252 . feirtsi TBC² 2506 . feirstte ZCP
x 283.21 . g p. fertas LU 5251. 5258 . fersad ZCP viii 539y .
30 d p. feirtsib, Alex. 232 . fersib TBC² 2549 . A pole or stake ,
esp. (a) a shaft attached to a chariot and possibly also a
spoke ; occas. translated `axle,' a rendering based on
O'Mulc. 524 (cited below) and on Lat. axis in Colgan's
Trias Thaum. p. 390a , corresponding to feirsti an carpait,
35 Mart. Don. 154.14 ; but the word is pl. in the latter passage,
and in the majority of exx. `fertas' is used in dual or plural
of a single chariot. The word may have been used both
of shaft and axletree . The f. ¤ could be of holly-wood : na
fertse cuilinn TBC² 784 . Cf. cuilenn ? fer for araili inn sin,
40┐ feirse carpaid, Laws iv 150.2 ; of [plated with (?)] metal :
co ḟeirtsib ... óir ┐ argaid, Alex. 232 . in carpat co fersib
credumaib TBC² 2549 . Cf. 2331 . a charpat ... cona ḟeirtsib
findruine RC xliii 62.25 . In the follg. exx. the word seems
used of a chariot-shaft projecting either in front of the
45chariot or more often behind : ech ... fil do desḟertais in
charpait LU 10207 (obviously a front-shaft). The f. ¤ was
attached to the chariot-frame : (all that remained of a
chariot :) bass dina fertsib immon creitt TBC 6070 (but
cf. the parallel passages : bas dona fertsaibh im in roth,
50H, Add. ; dorn dona fersib imon droch TBC² 3639 ; the
prep. imm may mean here `on both sides of' or `including').
fertsi crúadi colgdirgi (dist. from droch, roth, all, sithbe,
cuing) LU 9261 . A person could sit on it : co n-accai ...
in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait TBC 202 (but the sense
55is not clear). It could be detached and used as a pole for
other purposes : domroched f. ¤ mo charpait co ro ḟromur
in n-áth give me the shaft ... that I may test the (depth of the)
ford RC xiv 422.17 . cid nach srengai feirtsi in charpait
fom thaib ┐ mo ḟogaimen fom chind co rocodlaind colleic?
60 TBC² 2506 (where the `feirtsi' and `fogaimen' seem con-
verted into a kind of litter) = scaroidh feirstte ┐ forgeime
mu charboitt fum ZCP x 283.21 . scar dam fortcha ┐ forge-
men mo charpait fóm TBC 3285 . Animals could be attached
to the `fertse' behind : gebis da n-ag ... ceṅglais d'fertsib
65┐ d'ithisib ┐ d'iallaib in charpait TBC 1324 (= cumraigis
itir dia ḟeirt TBC² 690 , see 2 fert). teilcid [in ngai] a ndiaid
A. co ndechaid tresin milco[i]n bui eter da fertas in carpait,
Death-tales 34.10 . Further exx. : forrurim a láim eter di
fertais in carpait, co mmebaid in carbat LU 5066 . ar
70samailtur nime [ = ar insamlaiter nemed, SMFacs. 5b ] fri
beusa carpuit (.i. cach tuidme tuidhmes nech docum in
carpait do dul ind is uad uatuasluices feirtsi in carpuit ┐ a
rothae), O'Don. 508 (< H 3.17, 413 ; cf. Laws iv 374.27
Comm. ). da n-impōind m'aigid ... noragdais fersde charpait
75triam chūlmuinēl TBC² 2580 . rogab in cú fertais in charpait
fo Ailill ... is and donáraill F. ara Aililla ... corrala a cholaind
for leth ┐ co ro an a chend i fertais in charpait IT i 106.1
( ScMMD 19 ). is mo chend-sa ... imcoicertár ... eter fertsib
[ferstib v.l.] carpat BDD 81 . cor ránic [in snechta] ... co
80fertsib carpat LL 264a33 ( MU² 307 ). Acall. 3510 . gia ra-
thiasmáis i ndib carptib and ... ní rossed crú nā roth nā fonnud
nā f. ¤ dib [lár] TBC 5865 . in tan romebsat da fhertais in car-
pait, Lism. L. 3498 = fracte sunt due rote currus V. Sanct. Hib.
i 102.32 . brisitt feirsti an carpait do bí faoi, acus gach uair
85da ndaingnighthi iad an tan do teigheadh P. is in carpat
do brisdis doridhisi, Marl. Don. 154.14 . The gloss : fertais
carpuit quia uertitur cum rota , O'Mulc. 524 (= spoke ?)
may be due to freq. association of the word with `roth,'
cf. TBC 5865 and TBC² 3639 quoted above. Or does it
imply that the word was applied to an external projection
5of the axle? Fig. of a hero ? f. ¤ búada for a blai `chariot-
pole of victory
' Met. Dinds. ii 80 (but the expression may
refer to the rath of Alend, cf. Acall. 4114 quoted s.v. 2 fertas).
(b) a stick used for winding or spinning yarn, etc. a spindle:
f. ¤ snimae quia uertitur digitis , O'Mulc. 524 . fersad (gl.
10 fusus), Ir. Gl. 568 . feartas n-olla (n s.) `a spindle full of
woollen yarn
' Laws v 214.18 Comm. ni tabair acht ...
fertais, ii 378.28 Comm . damna feirtse `the makings of a
spindle (of wool
)' iv 108.6 Comm . damna teora fertas
116.9 Comm . (c) of other objects : a spike projecting from
15a horizontal cooking-spit (?) : Fulacht na morrigna ... tricha
bir do bid ass ┐ tricha drol ┐ tricha fertas ` spindles ' Celt.
Rev. viii 74 = Mackinnon Cat. 133 . A rung (of a ladder) :
a ḟeartais āraid (leg. feartas : cleachtus) IT iii 85 § 84 .
a ḟeartais abraind 102 § 189 (fertas Zu Ir. Hss. u. Lit. i 70 )
20= Bruchst. i § 83 , 86 (where Meyer reads : a f. ¤ a broinn.
Used contemptuously of a person). COMPD. ¤ lorg a mace,
club: fertas-lorcc iaraind TBC 5529 St. Cf. lorg-fertas.

2 fertas n ā,f. (prob. same word as prec.), later fersad, —aid,
feartas IGT, Decl. § 12 . fearsad § 54 . A raised bank or
25 ridge of earth or sand, gen. of a bar or shallow near the sea-
shore or a ford in a river ;common in place-names. f. ¤
mara, O'Mulc. 524 . tré ḟertais mara IGT, Decl. ex. 552 .
is and fóḟuair Pátraic in fertais .i. conucbad in talam
súas fó P. isind áth ┐ fógabat ind éolaig béos in n-escir sin,
30 Trip.² 1027 . do luid ... for Fertais Tuama (ford on the r.
Bann) 1954 = per Fersait Tuama, Colgan, Trias Thaum.
148 . for fertais Locha Echtra LU 5089 . TBC 1172. 1192 .
Fearsad Treisi `T.'s ferry' Met. Dinds. iii 424.33 . go
Fearsaid Tresi, Hy Fiachr. 8.16 . don taobh araill d'Fear-
35sait Ṡúilidhi FM v 1610.20 . go rangattar ... tar an ffersait
ar bá haithbe ann ib. y . ro líon an mhuir isin ffersait tarsa
ttangatar 1614.21 . maidhm Feirtsi Súilighe (`i.e. trajectus
or crossing of the Swilly, now Farsetmore
,' O'Don. note)
ii 958.7 . Cf. caislén Beoil Feirste (Belfast) iv 1100.7 (expld.
40by O'Don. note, as `the mouth of the r. Fersat'). c. Beil
Feirsdi AU iii 258 . srotha ... Bheóil Ḟeirsdi (: meisgi)
IGT, Decl. ex. 1408 . In extended sense : os fertais blae
on the ridge (crest) of the plain (?) Acall. 4114 . for fertas
in betha on the face of earth LU 10827 (cf. similar use of
45 druim). See Hog. Onom. s.v. Fertas, Fersat and Feirste.

ferthain n i,f. (Mid. Ir. vn. of feraid) IGT, Decl. § 150 . Giving
forth, pouring . (a) in physical sense, pouring, showering
(both in intrans. and trans. sense) : .xl. lā ... ro buī in dīliu
ic f. ¤ , Rawl. 70a13 . ro tindscain in diliu fearthain BB 21b37 .
50 frassa derga tentide oc f. ¤ forro LU 2185 ( FA 26 ). cith
cloicsnechta do ferthain a shower of hail fell RC xviii 297.26
(Tig.). frasa ... foghadh ag fearthain orra, TSh. 6606 .
lógh a ḟola d'ḟearthuin the price of shedding his blood TD
32.21 . Hence rain: fertain (gl. pulma = pluvia) Auraic.
55 4220 . fearthuinn ` rains ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 320 ). amail sduaigh
nimhi re frais fearthana TBC 3870 St. cith ferthana CF
827 . tangadur ... ina ndluim ciach ┐ ina ferthain draīdechta,
Ériu viii 24.13 . tic gne fleachaidh ┐ fherthana issin aimsir,
Fl. Earls 64.13 . néull fearthanna deighionuidh of the latter
60rain
Prov. xvi 15 . ní raibhe fearthain nā doinionn re a
linn, Keat. i p. 198.4 . (b) in various fig. senses (see feraid) :
d'ḟ. ¤ ḟáilti ra Coin Culaind to welcome C., LL 262a26 ( MU² 55 ).
ra po chóru damsa fálti d'ferthain fritsu TBC 3392 . lotar
... d'ferthain ḟáilte fris PH 535 . oc ferthain oenaig na Samna
65 holding the fair LU 3224 ( SC 1 ). ita in cath oc a f. ¤ indiu
the battle is being waged LU 3664 ( SC 33 ). ic ferthain graffand
horse-racing LL 273b12 . d'fert[h]ain comlainn fris, CCath.
5737 . a ferthain cnedhe for a comairce for inflicting a wound
Laws iv 234.4 . do fir fertana na cneidhe iii 368.5 .
70See ferad.

ferthainid vb. (B. na f.) : do ferthain iat ōn imned a
rabhatar delivered (?) Arch. iii 311.3 .

ferthamain ? n f. ¤ .i. borb, ut est ní tam mac ni dom f. ¤ [dam
ferr thamon v.l.] .i. ni dom ferrthamain [ferrtaman v.l.]
75ni dom borb. Nó ni tamain fir den eolus, O'Dav. 1560
(` blockhead ' Stokes, cf. tamon `stock' and tamain fir,
Laws ii 256.17 . But the text Ériu xiii 26.24 reads : nidam
ferdomhan.
See ferdoman.

80 ferthigis n m. ( Ped., ii 611 , suggests a formation from frith-
saig- through metathesis, influenced by feraid and fer ;
forms vary). I A steward in a household , whose business it
was to receive guests : taét f. ¤ [ferdaigis v.l.] fri Mael dúin
let .M .D be served RC ix 488.8 ( LU 1797 ). ferthaigis RC ix 488.16 .
85 ba mithig ... mas co mbiud dothiagar dunni ... Fertigess
dognithse dimsa, or C. IT ii1 178.118 . ferthaighis ib. 125 .
eigid in teglach ┐ an fertoighes (i.e. host), Aisl. Tund. 93z .
pl. it malla na ferthigisi , Hib. Min. 66.8 . Esp. of the
magister hospitum' or officer who in a monastery had
charge of the hospice or guest-house (Plummer V. Sanct.
5Hib. i p. cxviii n. 6 ) : Ultan fertighis Beandchuir FM i
382.15 = U. equonimus (= economus) Bennchair AU 781 .
in maccléirech ... ba ferrthigis ┐ ba coic isin praindtig, Ériu
i 44.8 . ferthaiges umal ... don chumang conicc | bendachad
┐ fálte fri cech n-oín dodnic iii 106.1 . airchinnech, a thānaise,
10secnap, coic coir cert | athchomarcthid, ferdaigis, frith-
ṡecnap for fecht (officers of a monastery) ZCP v 499 § 3 .
II The act of entertaining or waiting upon guests: ésseom
féin ... oca ferthaigis ZCP iii 7.20 ( LL 270a15 ). Mac D.
feín ocá feirthigis, Hib. Min. 52 § 6 (= Sc.MMD § 6 ). cu
15mbui ica [ḟ]erdhaighis (of a woman), Lism. L. 2700 .