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gadar n o,m. earlier gagar (ON gagarr, see Marstr., Bidrag
112 , 158 ). n s. gaghar, Rawl. B 506 f. 29b . gadhar, IGT
Decl. § 17 . n p. gagair, LL 1769 n . a p. gagru, 333c9 . a
hunting-dog, a beagle : milcú .i. gadhar, O'Dav. 1248 , but
cf. Fiachra i richt milchon, Ailill a ndeilb gadair ┐ Feargus
a ndeilb madaid, RC xxiv 174.7 . in milchu no gumadh hé in
gaghar, O'D. 2300 ( Rawl. B. 506 f. 29b ). comdire a gadar ┐ a
5milcu, O'C. 2143 ( Eg. 88, f. 2 (3)c ). milchoin innti is gadhair,
Acall. 344 . bid gadhar tafaind ... Ailill, RC xxiv 176.3 . coin
taffaind .i. gagair, LL 1769 n . coin ic letrad, gadhair ic
tafunn, Lism.L. 3655. BNnÉ 197.2 . sechtmad n-eneclainni
do cach ina gadhar, O'Dav. 1248 . guth gadair ┐ fiad roime,
10 SG 40.19 . nir bo engach (einech, Lism.) ḟírgadhair, Acall.
6418 . duísgit na gadhair míl, Cóir Anm. 214 . gadair garga,
Acall. 344 n . cuanart gadar, 1947 . gotha gadar, SG 64.39 .
re gáir ghadhar, TD 34.24 . Fland Roí, is hé rogreiss na
gagru asa charput co ro ralad a comarbus Patraic, LL
15 333c9 ( ZCP viii 320.23 ). Cf. Trip. ii 544.8 ( LL 42d8 ). Fig.
an gadhar saothair se .i. an bás, TSh. 592.

gadmuin n some kind of insect. a gadfly (?), Eg. Gl. 417.

Gadra npr m. g s. scíath G. ¤ , ZCP viii 228 § 26 . fuil Ghadhra,
IGT Decl. ex. 1239 . In surname, Ua Gadra, Thurn. Zu
20Ir. Hdschr. 86.w . Lachtnan uaghorm-ḟiaclach gadra guaile,
IT iii 99 § 164 . Lachtnan mac Luchduind igadra, 101 § 180 .
im Toichleach ua nGadhra, tighearna Luighne deisceirt,
FM ii 686.22 .

1 gadrach xsee gatrach.

25 2 gadrach : ind gablach ┐ gai | ac rind gadhrach, IT iii 97 § 156.

gae n m. Cf., however, dí gae, Rawl. 139a24 ( Ériu iv 102 § 43 ,
da ga v.l.); tuillidh sí ar lár a ladhra | gallgha 's as lán dí
a derna, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . In: dos-leicimse ... dosom in
ṅgai cétna, LL 113a11 ( ScM § 11 ), the -s- is otiose, see
30Thurneysen ( ScM², p. iv ). In the following paradigm IGT
= IGT Decl. § 81 : n s. gae, Sg. 37b20 . gaí, Laws iv 310.13 .
g s. gai, IT i 76.10 ( LL 261a3 ). Laws v 490.8 . gae, TBC
3009 . in gha , IGT . ga, Laws v 216.21 . Met. Dinds. iii
460.7 . gói, PH 6779 . góei, 8044 . d s. gai, TBC 2306 .
35 gae, RC xv 423.5 ( LL 195b38 = gae, BB 369a7 . Dinds. 36 ).
don ghai , IGT , v.l. a s. gae, Ml. 55c1 . gæ, TBC 2373 ,
2375 . gái, Acall. 7223 . gæi, PH 141 . gói, 3357 . n p. gae, gaé
(v.l. gaoi) gae, gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaei, PH 8111 . gaoi, TD
11.20 . gaeithe (or a p. ?), Acall. 7153 . g p. gaí, LU 8202 ( FB
40 15 ). ga, IGT . gai, LU 7982 . d p. gaib, LU 1354 . gaaib, TBC
3023 . gǽib, 6042 . gáiaibh, O'Dav. 497. gáib (= cáin),
Life of Naile § 51 . sínter béinsi geal do gháib (: láim), IGT
Decl. ex. 102 . goeib, ZCP i 462 n. 3 . gaoibh TD 16.52 .
gaíbh (v.l. gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh), gaíthibh, gaethibh, IGT .
45 a p. gaau, Thes. ii 48.7 . gau, 343.41 . goo, 335.26 . góo,
SR 719 . goho (disyll. metri causa), 8098 . goo, ZCP iii
212.13 (LU). gou, LU 3387 . gaó, LL 276a8 . , gaíthe,
gaethe, IGT . gaotha, Atlantis iv 188.12 (OCL). n du. da
gai , LL 261b7 . g du. dá gai , LU 7984 . See O'Rahilly, EIH
50 459 , 461 .
(a) a spear, a javelin; used esp. of the spear-blade or
head : ga gl. hasta, Ir. Gl. 216 . gaau gl. spicula, Phil. 14a
( Thes. ii 48.7 ). conoscaig in gae he removed the spear, Ml.
55c1 . gae gona éisc, Sg. 37b20 . no-elaind ... ó gaib íascaig
55 from fishing-spears, LU 1354 ( Im. Br. ii 292.14 ; a gaaib
línaigé v.l.) ; cf. ba do ghaibh ... do all A. ... a chenn
do mhac M., Oss. iii 300.10 . gaí gona cethrai, Críth
Gabl. 180 . tiscail gai a halad extracting a spear from a wound,
Laws v 490.8 . slicht in gói ... in-a thoeb, PH 6779 .
60 ro thelgis gai ḟormsa, LL 113a20 ( ScM § 11 ). gae semnech
slindlethan slegḟota, TBC 5261 . gae súlech, 5270 . da gai
cona n-assnadaib findruine, IT ii 177.97 . mic A. in ga
bernaigh, MacCarthy 406.30 . ceṅgait dar gaó glassa, LL
276a8 . ím gním ṅgá, 216b13 ( Met. Dinds. iii 160.1 ). gabait
65a ngó, Celt. Rev. ii 302.6 . da gae for cach óen crand leo,
gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond, TBC 4531 . adbur craind gai,
Laws v 484.16 Comm. dichealtair .i. crand gai cen iarn fair,
Corm. Y 698 ( O'Dav. 497 ). craind gae, Auraic. 1173 . budh
gao derg báis (of Maedoc's reliquary), SG 32.29 . gontar C.
70do gáiaibh catha, O'Dav. 497 . teilgis C. a trosdan ┐
dorindedh ga no fogha ... de, BCC § 111 . scolb do rinn
ghai, Keat. ii 4567 . gaoi dá n-ionnsma, TD 11.20 . go ngaoibh
corcra, 16.52 . gialla fri rind ga service at the spear's point,
Laws v 216.21 (Heptads). an ngiallfadh do rinn ghai dhó,
75 Keat. iii 951 . Fig. ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib
gaile ┐ gascid ... ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig
than to fall by the shafts of satire and lampooning, TBC 3023 .
gae na haeire, O'C. 664 ( H.3.18, 325 ). soighde na sainnte
┐ gaoithe na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 2463 . mad gabtha
80gāi duaine dō, Bruchstücke no. 28 . gae Bulga spear of
Bulga
, Cú Chulainn's famous weapon (see O'Rahilly, Early
Irish History, 61 ff.). seideth gái bulga gl. flabella, Ir.
Gl. 217 (MS). cless in gæ bulga ac Coin Culaind, TBC
3009 ; 2107 ; 2306 . conattacht in ṅgæ ṁbulga bar Læg ...
85ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ illadair ra teilgthea, álad oengae leis
ac techt i nduni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri taithmech ┐ ni gatta a
curp duni go coscairthea immi, 3872 seq. 3942 - 3948 . Called
also gae Aífe, 2372 , because she had taught Cú Chulainn the
use of it. Cf. also: dofaeth do gai bulggach | fri Laigni
i cath, LL 195b38 ( Met. Dinds. iii 152.7 ). acus gai boilggi
tentidi ina lámaib, Otia i 114.3 . nobriste in gae ar bulg
the spear used to be broken at the knob (?), RC xiii 454 § 48 .
5 gae clis a spear for juggling : don ti eamnas na go clis
innairdi no na hubla clis, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. cleasam-
naig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. gae
cró : orig. a jet or spurt of blood ; haemorrhage (gen. caused
by wounds) an unhealed wound, possibly developed later the
10sense a deadly (lit. bloody) pang, by which it is usually
translated. Cf. gae leoin below. marb in Dagda do gai chró ...
dia rodgon C. in ben, LL 11b26 . do thairmesc a fola ... ┐ a
ngæ cró, TBC 3639. 6042 . amal ro thuitset a gái (sic leg.)
chró ass la meít na ferggi ro gab, TFerbe 735 . conar'
15ḟacadur galur na eslainte na gái chró ina chois na tucsat
aisti hé (of the wounded Cailte ; `clotted blood,' O'Gr.
`shooting pains,' W.S.), Acall. 7223 . Cf. ní fhágbhaid gaotha
cró, ná aicíd aingide ar aoin neach (of the apples of the
Hesperides), Atlantis iv 188.12 . gaeithe cró na n-es ┐ na
20n-abhann ... donithea-sa sin bloody vomitings (?) (after herbs
given as emetics), Acall. 7153 . ní fédaim le gaeib cró in
urchair sin, 4000 . a gae cro do thuill don triath | beth gan
sciath re saitib sleg `his mortal wound,' Fen. 146.1 . co
ndechaid cum bais do ghaib cró ocus troimeslainti from old
25unstaunched wounds
(?), RC xliv 28.6 . A. Ó Dálaigh
xxxviii 8 . go ffuair bás do ghaíb cró na ngon, FM vi 2058.4 .
iii 366.7 . Fig. nír b' ecail ní da marbad acht gái chró na
genmnaidechta `the pernicious effects of continence' (O'Gr.),
Acall. 3815 . gaothe cró gach coire lér cuireadh i n-ifreann
30iad ag a dtreaghdadh, TSh. 1964 . gae derg (lit. `a bloody
spear') a murderer : techt ar slicht ga deirg to go in pursuit
of a murderer
, O'C. 2314 ( Eg. 88, f. 24b ). O'D. 713 ( H.3.17,
c. 521 ). iarmoiracht ghá deirg, O'C. 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36 b ).
la go dearga ... in fer guides na gae derga do gabháil ina
35láimh, O'D. 769 ( H.3.17, c. 551 ). Cf. fer ghai deirc itt
ionadsa (a curse on an abbot), BNnÉ 306 § 23 . g. ¤ leóin :
Gaileoin ona gaib leoin robai aco oc tachailt na hūiri, ZCP
x 163.11 (cf. g. ¤ cró, above). astal .i. gai liubuir a book-
marker (lit. a book-spear), O'Mulc. 96 . gae máthri `spear of
40the mother-kin,' the distaff :
doberar gai matri do garmnaib
beus a n-Erinn that looms are still called `spears of the mother-
kin' in Ireland (?
), RC xii 94.24 .
Compds. ¤ buaibthech (sobriquet) of the threatening
spear : Aengus gaibuaibtheach, Anecd. i 15.11 . Content. vi
45266 . ¤ derg of the red spear : bass Conaill Gáiderg, RC xvii
168.9 (Tig.). ¤ fuilech of the bloody spear : SG ii 489.26 .
Misc. Celt. Soc. 8.11 ¤ lethan having a broad spear, O'Dav.
1146 . ¤ neim venom of spears (?): fir Aradh go ngaoi-neimh
(sic leg.) nglic, Buile Ṡ. 56.15 .
50(b) In connection with grían a ray, a beam : caine már
góo gréne, SR 719. 8098 . foceird ... a cocholl. ... forsna
goo grene, Thes. ii 335.26 . Arch. iii 304.27 amlaid robatar
a roisc ... gai grene cechtar de, LL 210b15 . gnuis gai
gréine, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii, 148a ). An mhéd nár theilg
55grían dá gáoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 705 . Nó gu súighe an ghrían
a gó, ex. 1614 . ba dornd i ngae ṅgreni (of a hopeless under-
taking), Cog. 162.24 . dia mbeith lāi gāi gann, `a slender
shaft of day
,' Four Songs 8.4 . Cf. is dorn im gae ngreine
(i. is etarbach), O'C. 427 ( H.3.18, 232b ). Saor an gha ghréine,
60 Dán Dé vii 33 . Fig. an ga gréine grás, TSh. 2289 . Leg.
Aithech baitse ... ni téit a raith, na i naitire ... ar is gae greine
do gairter, Laws iv 352.26 .
(c) The membrum virile, Laws i 54.19 Comm.