Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


gnás n(gnáth) ā,f. but a s. gnas, AU i 404.19 (an. 886 ); a p.
gnásu, LL 156b16 . m. (g s. and n p. gnáis and gnása), IGT
Decl. § 38.11 . o,m. in Mod. Ir.
(a) intercourse, companionship, frequentation : maith les
60a gnási he likes her companionship, Wb. 10a2 . dús inríct[h]ar
tria gnáissi, 10a3 . dofuthrisse a buith im gnaís, 32a9 .
resiu robetis im gnais (gl. priusquam mihi essent usui)
before they were familiar to me, Ml. 58d7 . doberaind-se
uile ... ar gnais (gnuis, Eg.) Noisi, IT i 81.11 . cach oén
65bís ina ngnáis ┐ inna lepaid, BDD 92 . robeó ... i mbith-
gnáis in tṡlúaig-se, Fél. Ep. 316 ; 375 . m' ænurān ... | cen
duinēn im gnāis, Ériu ii 55 § 1 . cett lim cia rabur na gnáis,
ZCP iii 37.17 . nī roächt gnās co marbu has not reached
the company of the dead
, Bruchst. i § 112 ( AU an. 886 ; FM
70 an. 884 ). rop sorche fri gnáis `brilliant in company,' Tec.
Corm. § 6.37 . serba sírgnáise (of women) `crabbed in
constant companionship
,' § 16.3 . Laws i 20.28 Comm.
FM i 308.1 . Of hostile intercourse: mairc rachas i ngnas
(v.l. fíadnaise) Ulad do gabail ir-righe ... who shall go among
75the Ulstermen
, RC xxi 160 § 25 . Of places: i ngnais in
díthruib, SR 4740 . da m-bad lim Ériu ule ... dobéraind ...
ar gnais in bale ránac, LU 3737 ( SC 33 ). bud maith lim
ma (= mo) ghnās a nGartan I should like to dwell in G.,
Arch. iii 224 § 3 . mór in buaid don reilic bic | cibé rosic
80iarna ghnáis, SG 33.12 . Cnoc Tarbga co túath-gnáis `a
resort of the people
,' Met. Dinds. iii 370.63 . By extension:
cech slógh roscaoil gnás don ghliaidh every host that has
parted company from strife
, FM ii 898.12 (poem). gnās
na Sacramaintedh the frequentation of the Sacraments, Luc.
85Fid. 67.7 . Freq. of cohabitation: co rosaraich hi ┐ co
ndeachaid na gnais da h-aindeoin, Ériu ii 180.1 . Laws iii
540.9 Comm. co ndeachaid ina gnáis ┐ ina caomhthach,
Anecd. i 78.7 . Cóir Anm. § 70 ( IT iii 320.11 ). SG 48.5 .
i ngnáis mná in rechtairi, 241.2 . dochúaidh Iácob na gnás,
Gen. xxx 4.
(b) custom, usage, practice, manners: tre gnais a ṁbuithe
in hilur through the usage of their being in the plural, Sg.
5 73a13 . i ngassaib garbdai cech cin, SR 7995 . gnása
ingen macdacht léo they have the manners of young girls,
BDD 92 . nathir cach ben, grīb cach ingen, | serbha a
[n]gnāsa, ZCP viii 196 § 15 . is comaith gnais caich diaraile
`the customs are equally good,' Laws iv 68.3 . gnás cumaide
10`the common usage,' (8 Comm. ). at mathi a chland .i. ...
fir Breg ... im gnáis, im alaig, im sotlotus, LU 4267 . eter
gnāis ┐ gaisced ┐ chenēl, Death-tales 6.9 . TTr.² 1666 .
scith mo mheanma, muad mo ghnas, Bruchst. i § 111 ( FM an.
884 ). gnás alaig erlabra, Triads 80 (v.l.). gairm fri gnásu
15`a customary title,' Met. Dinds. iii 302.63 . níor chuireamar
na cumhachta-sa a ngnás, 1 Cor. ix 12 . gnás geasróghach
a superstitious practice, Donlevy 436.16 . ? co tanic mac
Agnomain | Nemed nimtha gnás, LL 418.
(c) frequency: a gnas do-gabhais fád cenn | feilm cruadha
20 the frequency with which you put on your head a helmet,
Irish Texts ii 29 § 35 .

gnásach n(gnás) o,ā practised (?), well-mannered (?): don
gasraidh glebinn gnasaigh, Leb. Gab. i 68.70 = Keat. i
168.19 = gressaigh, BB 24b42 = gaesaich, Lec. 547a46 .

25 gnássad n(gnás) habit, wont (?): hith do chuit frit' gnássad
ṅglain, | duit rop sásad sainemail, SR 2907 . clu co n-áne
fri gnassad, | fri slane fri sirsassad, 4407 .

gnáth adj I o,ā customary, usual, familiar, well-known (cf. gnāth
.i. cognosco , O'Mulc. 617 ): (1) Predicative: is gnath do
30firianaib a n-ingabal ab hominibus (gl. plerumque immo
frequenter), Ml. 54a10 . amal as ngnath in moidem hisin
hi fledtigib (gl. ut plerumque ...), 86b5 . is (g)nad radat
gói they usually speak lies, 31b11 . air it gnátha side i n-dithrub
they are customary ..., 104d4 . is gnath (gl. necesse est),
35 Sg. 21b1 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib, RC iii 181.y .
timthach fir is gnath a ndail, Laws v 238.19 . is gnáth
mirr do thabairt im chorpaib i n-ádnocul, PH 7022 . is
gnáth ... tuiseal dá leagadh, TSh. 10464 . g. ¤ co acquainted
with: dia mba gnáth co rro-chneit `if he were acquainted
40with sorrow
,' Fél. Ep. 171 . g. ¤ oc: usual with: amal ba
gnath aco, PH 90 . gur gnáth agaibh ceart chomhluinn
`you practised fairness in fight,' Content. xvii 3 . is g. ¤ (foll.
by nom.) it is usual with: mar as ghnath lucht an dío-
mais, Content. xiv 61 . mar fa gnáth glór Aimhirgin, v 18 .
45(2) Attributive: na duine gnátha d'ingnais to do without
those we are accustomed to
, ZCP vii 298.14 . atherruch i nguth
ngnáth, LU 407 . filliud glūine gnāth constant bending of
the knees
, Ériu ii 56 § 11 . fri hētrad ngér ngnáth sharp,
besetting lust
, ZCP vi 271 § 2 . féile ghnáth `unfailing liberality,'
50 Studies 1918, 452 § 7 . gola gnatha constant weepings, RC
xxviii 318 § 35 . lasna gliccu gnátha `by the noted men of
cunning
,' Met. Dinds. iii 218.38 . gell re bás a mbetha
ghnáth `the life they lead ...,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.17 . briathar
ghnáth `a common saying,' TD 14.2 . amba[sa]doir gnáth
55`ambassador in ordinary,' Fl. Earls 256.17 . ? cnuas ic
tuttim, cnuas na bláth, | cnuas gnáth ┐ cnuas abbaig, LL
206a41 . A common epithet of the Gaels in poetry, familiar,
dear (?): iath Gōidel ngnāth (: brāth), Bruchst. i 56 §
124 ( AU an. 942 ). rolēgh libru Gāidel [n]gnáth, Cáin Ad. §
6027 . ar cind Gall is Gáidel ngnáth, Anecd. ii 38 § 15 . ML
92.4 .
Compar.: is gnáthiu són, Sg. 179a5 . ciasu gnathiu do
foisitin, Ml. 26c4 . in dul is gnathu oldas cach athgabail,
Laws i 250.15 . Superl. is an bliadain tanaisi is gnaithem
65seol ... for bechaib, O'C. 889 ( H.3.18, 397a ). As neut.
subst. is gel cach nua ... is serb cach gnáth, LU 3915 ( SC
43 ), cf. Ériu ix 47 § 20 . gach maith ... etir gnath ocus
ingnath, IT i 137.27 . Adverbial: Giolla Mochoda ... gnath
leghann a n-eittirbreth `who is wont to study ...,' BNnÉ
70 264.4 . Co g. ¤ , do g. ¤ , i ng. ¤ usually, habitually, always:
bríathar comailter co gnáth, Met. Dinds. iv 52.131 . in
béo é do gnáth, Trip. i 100 n. 8 (= si vivus semper). ic
cocnam ... a fheola do gnath, PH 7671 . ZCP viii 113.17 .
Cóir Anm. § 8 . bar tteist do ghnáth `thy common report,'
75 MS. Mat. 564.7 . ní éigeonainn gaoth do ghnáth `never
would I complain of wind
,' O'Gr. Cat. 453.20 . ní mhair
dheid a ngnáth do ghrádsa, IGT Decl. ex. 137 . do g (of
diseases) chronic: beidh an tennes do g. ¤ the ache will be
chronic
, O'Gr. Cat. 180.23.
80 II Subst. (a) o and u,m. custom, wont, usage: secht ...
mbliadna co deggnáth, MacCarthy 196.14 . ní hionand
gnáth damhsa is duitt, Studies 1920, 263 § 11 . gnáth
ferainn `the usages of the estate,' Ériu v 78.18 . atá gnáth
na mban orum, Gen. xxxvi 35 . do ofráil i do réir ghnátha,
85 Lev. ix 16 . pl. trí gnátha Hérenn .i. Tráig Lí, etc. `noted
spots' (?
) (places of common resort ?), Triads 61 . gnóthaig
as mo ghnáthaib `busy thyself with my wonted arts,' Met.
Dinds. iv 72.z . atáid gnátha an phobail díomhaoin `the
laws of the people are vain,' Jer. x 3 . fulang gada ...
ní do ghnáthaibh an Iarla it is not the custom of the Earl
to endure theft
, TD 38.11 . g s. as attrib. : riachtanus a less
gnáith habitual need, Maund. § 131 . fa choimet gnaith
5 in constant care, § 55 . sírgorta gnaith, RC xxviii 318 § 32.
(b) o,m. In pl. intimates, familiar friends : medrait
gnáith ┐ ingnaith intimates and strangers, ZCP xi 83 § 26 .
romertsam coem diar ṅgnáthaib, SR 3623 . eter du gnathu
inmaini amongst thy dear familiar ones, LU 10029 ( Echtra
10CC 4 ).
(c) Idioms : gaibid g. ¤ becomes customary : rogab gnath
giugrann guth `the wild goose has uttered a cry habitually,'
RC xx 258.14 ( ACC § 63 Comm. ). cuirid i ng. ¤ practises :
maith thuillim t'fheirg ... fan gceird do [chuireas] i ng,
15 A. Ó Dálaigh xx 2.
III Compds. (a) g. ¤ + subst.: ¤ ainm, SG ii 489.25 . Keat.
ii 6026 . ¤ aiste, IT iii 91 § 127 . ¤ amus : pl. a gnathamais
comaidechta `his body-guard,' TTebe 4366 . ¤ bérla current
speech, one of the five divisions of Irish
, Auraic. 2514. Laws
20 iv 358.5 . Corm. Y 972 (where opp. to senbérla). Keat. ii
141 . ¤ bés, ZCP xiv 226.8 . CCath. 4910 . CF. (Eg.) 111 .
1 Sam. xxvii 11 . ¤ bile, MR 98.11 . ¤ bir, Met. Dinds. iii 314.10 .
¤ blad, MS. Mat. 632.7 . ¤ buiden, CF. (Eg.) 293 . ¤ chas
(of a horse's tail), SG 242.29 . ¤ chóir ever-just (a nickname) :
25 Cairpre G., explained : ro-gnathaigedh coir, Laws i 156.14
Comm. ; 66.12 . ¤ chomnuide, Fl. Earls 126.8 . ¤ chompert
normal conception, BNnÉ 207 § 54 ; 267 § 235 . ¤ chomrann,
Maguires of F. § 35 . ¤ chorad (sobriquet), ZCP viii 274.22
(called C. Gnathchoir, Laws i 156.14 Comm. ). ¤ chorcur,
30 Celt. Rev. iv 14.16 . ¤ chuibde, SR 722 . ¤ chuimne con-
stant remembrance ; tradition (as opp. to written records),
Hy Fiachr. 126.9 . FM iii 394.z . O'Hussey T.C. 75.12.
Mac Aingil 541.7 . Luc. Fid. 191.12 . Donlevy 248.17 .
¤ chuing, Eochairsg. 36.7 . ¤ enech, SG 32.11 . ¤ ḟian stand-
35ing corps of the Fianna
, Acall. 6538 ; 6563 . Keat. ii
5156 . ¤ ḟocul a proverbial saying, a formula, a habitual
phrase
, Acall. 6214 - 5 . RC xv 281 § 14 . TSh. 2513 . ¤ galar
chronic disease, TSh. 229.5 . ¤ geócach professional buffoon (?),
AU iii 634.21 . ¤ guide persevering prayer, Keat. iii 609 .
40 ¤ less ordinary need : .i. gach aoidhigheacht ón chéd oidhche
amach, O'Don. Suppl. fo aicnedh feachta fele no gnath-lesa,
Laws ii 26.28 Comm. in tan is for fecht feili ... in tan is
fria gnaith-leasa, v 42.17 , ( 22 Comm. ). comdamh don
ollamh frisin ri ... for fecht feile ... ┐ for gnathleas, O'C.
45 1857 ( 23 Q 6, p. 52a ). is fri gnathles do in cethrur so ar
is ochtar do fora daim fechta feile, O'C. 2145 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)d ).
Auraic. 2242 . ¤ lucht attendants , BNnÉ 168 § 1 . ¤ maccaem
an ordinary boy, RC xiv 422 § 42 . ¤ muinter retinue, standing
household , Acall. 3066 v.l. Keat. iii 387 . ¤ muir the un-
50changing (?) sea
, Caithr. CC. § 76 . ¤ óigi a customary guest,
ZCP viii 546.33 . ¤ scél an ordinary or well-known tale :
gnathscela Herenn, Anecd. ii 43.12 . ¤ ṡlige a frequented
road
, BB 20a10 . ¤ ṡluag a standing army, Keat. ii 5155 .
¤ ṡóirse (?) : nāi ngrād na gnāthṡāirsi (of the celestial
55hierarchy), ZCP viii 214 § 69 . ¤ thaom : an fiabhras da
ngairthear continua .i. gnáth-thaom sin, TSh. 7919 . ¤ theglach
standing household, TBC 23 . ¤ uair accustomed hour : gnáth-
huaraib (sic leg.? see ZCP xi 308 ) ar gressaib gal | glenaid
luch inna lín-sam, SP ii § 4 ( Thes. ii 293.20 ).
60(b) g. ¤ + adj. : ¤ búan, ZCP x 342 § 5 . ¤ buidech ever-
pleased , BNnÉ 272.3 . ¤ écnech frequented by salmon ,
Ó Bruad. iii 154.4 . ¤ gel, Met. Dinds. iii 338.z . ¤ nue, 282.86 .
(c) g. ¤ + vb. : ¤ ḟognann gives constant service : nocha
bīd ēnfer dīb soin | nāch do Dīa do gnāthḟoghnaig (leg.
65-ḟoghain?), ZCP x 342 § 7 . -gairid: Ard na Riag de ... |
gnath-gairthear ac Goeidelaib it is commonly called A. na
R.
, Met. Dinds. iii 416.38 . ¤ imrid : do greised ┐ do gnaith-
imredh long laech Fhailbhi, Caithr. CC. § 73.