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gné nO.Ir. n., later f. : n s. a ngné , Bcr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii 22.36 ).
a ngnǽ , Sg. 205a1 . Mid. Ir. survival of neut. : gné m-bróin,
20 FA 33 ; gné n-onore, PH 7001 ; gne n-aill, CCath. 1026 ;
MacCarthy 138.10 . a s. gnei, Sg. 166a2 . g s. in gnee , Goid.
67.23 ( Lib. Hymn. 11b ). n p. gné, Bcr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ).
(il)gné, Ml. 97a1 . LU 7533 . gnee, BB 297b35 . gnei, 321b51 .
A common Mid. Ir. pl. gnéthi, LL 265b20 . gnethi, PH 7471 .
25 gnéithe, IGT Decl. § 2.18 .
(a) kind, species : fúad et gné form and kind, Wb. 32c9 .
gnǽ for leth ... far leth .i. tresṅgné `a species apart ...
"apart" that is, by the species
,' Sg. 73b1 . tri gné forsin apgitir,
Bcr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ). bieit ilgné indi son there will be many
30kinds in it
, Ml. 97a1 . gne gneach a specific species, Laws iii
96.10 . in gne no in cenel in fidh ? ... masa chenel cadet a
gnee ? Auraic. 853 - 854 . atat cóic gnethi icon duine-marbad,
PH 7471 . da gne for leth dechnaid .i. sned ┐ trebradh,
BB 297a37 . for tri gneib in three kinds, Fél. 4.30 . gné
35ḟerrdha díb ┐ gné bannda (of diamonds), Maund. § 138 . gné
pupall `a kind of tents,' § 49 . an ghne as anbhfainne
d'apoplexia , 23 K 42, 23.1 . na gnéithe don Gháoidhelg, IGT
Introd. § 2 . Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each
of its species
,' TD 32.15 . maille ris an uile ghné airm, Ezech.
40 xxxviii 4 . cred an ghné dhuine an té sin, 2 Kings i 7 . gné
óir nó airgid do chor amach to issue a new coinage, Mac Aingil
305.1 . tairgit gnē chomhadh dōip `they offered them some
gifts
,' Fl. Earls 14.15 . dognīt gnē chiūnais ┐ chomnaidhe
ann `they had some rest and repose there,' ib. y . gne d'imegla
45... orra ..., 32.7 . ge gur fulaingset gne shaot[h]air, 88.10 .
(b) form , (1) of outward appearance, appearance of
countenance : issed a ngne cétna foir, Bcr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii
22.36 ). saingné fornaib gnímaib inna preceptore ... a special
form
, Wb. 5a5 . gné fírinne fuiri the appearance of righteous-
50ness
, Ml. 95b6 . is follus co mór gné m-broin fair-seom, LU
2279 ( FA 33 ). fond ... na cathrach ... co ngné gréne fair,
LU 2039 ( FA 11 ). ro soí gné Emer, LU 3890 ( SC 40 ). is
derb limm nochloemchlaifed gnee (leg. -fe a gnee ?), TBC
284 . imsod a gne do gruaide, TFerbe 720 . ra sáit gnéthi
55da gnúsib, MU² 500 . slóg rosóiset gnee, Ériu vi 149.72 . ni
rangatar gaill a ngné, `did not recover their countenance,'
Cog. 98.19 . Aen. 2642 . co mad gné forbáiltechuis no-beth
fair, PH 3075 . doraitne gné báis foraib, 3488 (cf. A. Ó
Dálaigh xliv 7 ). robo ghlas a ainech ┐ a ghne `countenance,'
60 Coir Anm. § 8 . ba cael gné a chuirp, ZCP xi 108 § 2 . gnē
feola deirgi fair oc a chaithim (of the Sacred Host), xii 373.12 .
gein co ngrinne gnéa `winsome of mien,' Met. Dinds. iii
300.44 . is olc do gne cid mor do meisnech `thou lookest ill ...,'
Cog. 170.11 . gne do ghnuisi, TTebe 3599 . ar ghabhabhair
65do ghné an chróigh, IGT Decl. ex. 318 ; 199 . caillid a ...
ngné ┐ a maise, TSh. 546 . béal ... ar ghné ógróis, TD 39.4 .
nach i ngné Gaoidheal gairmthir `... their names are not like
those of the G.
,' Content. xxix § 31 . Of gramm. inflexions :
huare rombói la grecu a ngnæ the Greeks had the form, Sg.
70 205a1 . ailigid gnei changes the form, 166a2 . (2) way, manner:
fon ngne seo (gl. in chruth-so), Laws iv 214.19 . for gne gille
`after the manner of a pledge,' i 276.17 Comm. ; 188.30 Comm.
ar oen-gne in the one way, ZCP viii 266 § 34 . da leana tú he
is na gneithi seo in these ways, Ériu v 138 § 122 . da ngabham
75is an ghné chóir (sic leg.) if we take it in the right way, Dán
Dé xxii 1. (3) Prep. phrases : ar gne like : fuair a ghruaidh
ar gné mónann `his cheek as the berries,' Content. v 121 .
proportioned to (?) : ar gne dia ccēill ┐ dia thuixin, Fl. Earls
182.2 . fo gné (gnéithibh) under the appearance (semblance)
80of, in the manner of, as : a m-bachla ina lám[h]aibh fo gné ...
imdechta, PH 5104 . fo gné bairgine ┐ fhína, 5183 . caith
corp fo ghnē rūine in Righ in mystical fashion, RC xxxvii
345 § 5 . cibe noscaith co dana | fo gné cech bīdh immana
(of the body of Christ) ... as he would any other food, 349 § 80 .
85 Corp Críost ... fá ghnéithibh na fola, O'Gr. Cat. 39.23 . fa
ghnéithibh aráin ┐ fíona, Eochairsg. 20.30 . fo gne síthe
`under the guise of peace,' ALC i 84.2 . FM ii 996.1 . fa ghné
mhaitheasa fíre, TSh. 8135.
(c) a legal point, an argument, a case : seo na gneithe er
nach roichenn Muircertach ... in cét gné dib ... gné eile,
O'Don. 1956 - 7 ( Eg. 90 f. 7 (8a ) ( O'Gr. Cat. 77 ). er na gnéithib
seo, O'Don. 1959 (ib. b). an tres gne, ML App. 180.10 .
5(d) leg. a version : gné n-aill a different version, O'D. 568
( H.3.17, c.440 - 41 ). deithbir na na (sic !) cantana fodera
dam in da ghne sin do scribhad, O'Don. 213 (scribal note,
H.3.17, c. 169 ).
Compds. ¤ buan of lasting form : sgath an dána gnéabhuain,
10 TD 31.16 . ¤ bude of yellow appearance : a chiabh ghnéa-
bhuidhe, TD 2.28 . ¤ gen : a maise 'sa gnéghean `her loving
countenance
,' Oss. iv 266.3 . ¤ glan : seabhac ... gné-ghlan,
Ériu v 172.2 . ¤ nuaide `youthful looking,' TD 2.45 ;
`glistening,' 28.11 .

15 gnéach adj(gné) o,ā specific, pertaining to a species : gne gneach
ocus cenal cenalach `a specific species ...,' Laws iii 96.10 .
cenel cenelach gneach a genus generic and specific, Auraic.
858 . Cf. 861 , 3740 (gneithech), 3736 (gnethach).

(?) gneide : n g s. intan dia mba suillsi na gneidhe, O'C. 2025
20(H.4.22, p. 49).

gneiugud n(gné) variation, differentiation (?) : is mor in
rodiall .i. in rogneiugud ┐ in cruthugud ┐ in diol doratus
forsna foclu-sa anuass, LB 240b49 (ACC Comm. `forma-
tion
,' O'Beirne Crowe 74 ).

25 gnéthach xsee gnéach.

gnéthech adj I o,ā active, busy : g s m. (gl. operosi), Ml. 48d1 .
i tig in fir gnimaig no gniththig, Laws i 134.1 Comm. eitged
gnéitheach active criminality, iii 90.22 (explained `gnímach,'
92.9 ). beatha ghneitheach .i. gnimhach (= vita actualis),
30 v 22.15 Comm. do pecud gnéthech na bunad-gennti, PH
4826 . infinit gnima on breithir gneithig `an infinitive
active from the active verb
,' Ir. Gl. 136.25 ( Gild. Lor. 2 ). n
II ā,f. active voice : cumtach gnéthigi do chestaig the
construction of the active for the passive
, Goid. p. 67.5 .

35 ? 1 gní ind .i. coccnam nó ithe, ut est, rogáét guaire ni gniet dét
dretell `gní, i.e. chewing or eating, ut est "the bristly one (?)
has been wounded : (his) teeth chew not the pet hog,'"
O'Dav. 1057.

? 2 gní n voice : gni .i. guth, St. Gl. 419 . Lec. Gl. 538 . `gni
40.i. guth voice or sound,' P. O'C. con[d]ernum dore[i]r a rí |
issí domén rarmorgní `with our great voices,' RC viii 348.41 .
Compd. ? ¤ gal : gníd .i. guth unde dicitur gnídgal, Thr.
Ir. Gl. (s.v. gníd). See also gníth.

1 gnía n d,m. sister's son : gnía .i. mac seathar, O'Cl. Mugna
45moo gnía .i. mo macaib sethar quia fit gnia mac sethar, Dinds.
§ 34 . Mugna, mo gnia feda féil `M. my sister's son of the
glorious wood
,' Met. Dinds. iii 144.1 . ag mal Múscraoidh
bheith na ghnia, Ó Bruad. iii 208 § xxiii . Cf. 2 nía, of
which this appears to be a by-form influenced perhaps by
50 3 gnía, q.v.

2 gnía n d,m. a warrior, a champion : n s. gnio nīthach
Nad-Buidb `ein streitbarer Kämpe war N.,' Ält. Ir. Dicht.
i 18 § 21 , where Meyer would emend to nio. ba gialltach
gnía, LU 4283 = LL 145b24 ( Königl. Sächs. Gesellsch.
55Berichte, 1884, p. 194 ; SG 84.19 .). am gnia, IT i 142.2 . d s.
tressiu cach gniaid, LU 10265 . n p. is mōr tria gaile glīäid
gegnatar ann tria (leg. trí ?) gnīäid, ZCP viii 119 § 36 . gnía
.i. bile, O'Cl. Cf. ┐ nía of which this appears to be a by-form.

3 gnía n d,m. a worker, a servant: gnia (MS gnai) .i. mog,
60 Lec. Gl. 73 . gnia nó gnīm, O'Mulc. 658 . gnía .i. reachtaire
no fear foghainte, O'Cl. gníadh .i. foghantaidh, ib. Cf.
fergnia, Sg. 52a10 (gl. uirago). fergnia, O'Dav. 1536 . fergnío,
Laws iv 338.15 . uais gnia, Laws i 182.32 (in etym. gl.).
Fintech ... gnīad maic S., O'Mulc. 541 . g s. im chaire tigi gniad,
65 Laws i 124.4 (glossed fir gnimaig ... .i. in briugudh, 134.1
Comm. ). im lomuin (sic leg.) tige gniad, Laws i 124.15 .
(glossed ... .i. in briugaid 140.5 Comm. ). a s. asbert fri
gniad (sic MSS) Milcon (of Patrick), Hy. ii 7 . Cf. Trip.
ii 404.16 . eter ríg nAnand ┐ a gníed, LU 10250 . a p. lasna
70gniadu (gl. operarios), Ml. 135d9 . amal bid inna gniadu
(gl. tanquam operarii), 136a1 . gnía légend a student (B. na
F.): treis gnía lēighind three students, Arch. iii 310.20 .
Cf. gnía .i. reachtaire, O'Cl. As npr m. Gnia (Gniadh,
BB) m. Tigernaig, ZCP viii 297.23 .

75 gníd xsee 2 gní and gníth.

gníid v i O. Ir. forms :
Ind. pres. 1 s. n-a-gníu-sa, Wb. 3c30 . 3 s. gniid, Sg. 199a5 .
gniith, Wb. 21b2 . With affixed pron., gníthi-sium, Ml. 30b20 .
rel. gnís, Wb. 21b2 . Sg. 143a6 . nodgní, 209b22 . 3 pl. rel.
80 gníte, 156b7 .
Impf. 3 s. gniad, SR 2743 . 2 pl. gnid, Wb. 33a17 .
Subj. pres. 3 pl. rel. gnete, Ml. 125c3 .
Subj. impf. co n-gnemmis , Wb. 4a9 . trisa n-gnetis , Ml.
23a2 .
85 Fut. 3 pl. rel. gēnde, Thes. i 714.10 .
Pret. 3 s. gēnais, Hy. v 11 . rogéni, Ml. 48c6 . Wb. 3c25 .
pl. rogenset, Ml. 80c6 . (Later rogní, -gníset; gnisit, SR
4077 ; gnisset, 4197 .)
Pass pres. s. gnither, Sg. 140a2 . gnaither, Ml. 38a5 .
pl. gnitir, ib. rel. gniter, Ml. 21c3 . fut. s. génthir (sic),
Bcr. 44b3 . pret. s. rongníth, Ml. 14a18 . pl. rognítha, 115b4 .
-rognatha, ib. and 39a24 . part. a p. inna gnimu gnethi,
5 Ml. 115b2 . Cf. remgnethi (gl. ante acti), 103d15 . mar-
gnethi (gl. magnifica), 126c6 . inna caingnethi (gl. bene acta),
22d18 . vn. gním u,m., q.v.
In general sense acts, does, makes: gl. agere, Ml. 14a18 ;
125c3 . Thes. i 714.10 . peragere, Ml. 48c6 . actitare, Bcr.
10 44b3 . I Intrans. acts, works: amal gnīs tra Crist in iustis. ...
is samlid ... gniith demun in filiis defidentiae, Wb. 21b2 .
is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim who acts and suffers, Sg.
143a6 . gníd, amal cech mog, Fél 4.12 . gníad ísel fri hard
let him act humbly ..., Ériu iii 98 § 13.
15 II Trans. (a) makes, constructs: mur d'argut ... rognid
im cach oen ḟaith[chi], SR 384 . secht ṁbenna ... gnitis
dind or, 4343 . ra gniad ra Meidb dunibuali ... ar cind
Conchobair, TBC 5134 . rognithea a mbotha, CRR § 24 .
etrachta gnuisi ind Righ mair ro gni cach nduil, Ériu ii
20142 § 155 . Maelsuthain is he rosgni (of a poem), ZCP v
499 § 10.
(b) With abstract or vn. as obj. does, performs, executes ,
etc.: co ngnemmis gnímu colno, Wb. 4a9 . huaræ ata
ngnímai nui nadrognatha riam rognítha and, Ml. 115b4 .
25 ar cach n-omgním gníset for every cruel deed they did, Met.
Dinds. iii 4.47 . trisa n-gnetis aithirgi, Ml. 23a2 . is hé in
peccad rogéni anuile comaccobor, Wb. 3c25 . figell āine,
ernaigthe, | almsan tan nosgēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . ni gníand
nách ṅdímáin, PH 5917 ( LB 68b12 ). roniat-som airisiumh
30`rested,' Marco P. § 56 . rugéne ... A. atlugud búdi dona
déib, TTr.² 1935 . rogníset atlugthi buidhe, Arch. iii 10 §
11 . gníset cairddes, Met. Dinds. iii 244.31 . gnisit caratrad
fri Fomorib, RC xii 58 § 8 . gnisit cathu fought, waged ...,
SR 4077 . gniid cathu, SC 18 . intí gnifes catha fria demhna,
35 Lism. L. 3778 . cindus rogentais cathugudh, Aen. 2074 .
āth forsinngēnathar a gleō, TBC² 1140 . gníset gleic gairb,
Met. Dinds. iii 372.69 . rogniad comairle la Ultaib the U.
took counsel together
, CRR § 9 . gnithir feis Temra la hE.,
Ériu ii 178.17 . gníset óenach cóir Carmain, Met. Dinds. iii
4012.151 . rogní ... int ord forcetail ┐ celipartha, Fl. Earls
136.34 ; ib. 9 . no gniad druidechta, LU 9007 ( FB 75 ).
gnít sealga they hunt, Cóir An. § 70 ( IT iii 318.24 ). Cf.
further: súil cháirech eter da rethi gnii-siu etrum-sa ┐
Eogan thou makest sheep's eyes at Eogan and me, IT i 82.1
45( Longes 315 ). gniat cach a aimsir let each man have his
day
(lit. do his time), Lism. L. 1547 . roraid ... nogenad
einech Troianna `... make the Trojans honoured,' TTr. 867
( LL 228b49 ). aigne .i. ... fer gníes ái, Corm. Y 74 . seol
gnius no gnimaiges fuithib (of chips) the direction he gives
50them
, Laws iii 226.24 .
(c) exercises (horses): do ghníeas m'eocha I have exer-
cised my horses
, IGT Introd. § 78 . See 1 gním for further
exx.