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gníid v i O. Ir. forms :
Ind. pres. 1 s. n-a-gníu-sa, Wb. 3c30 . 3 s. gniid, Sg. 199a5 .
gniith, Wb. 21b2 . With affixed pron., gníthi-sium, Ml. 30b20 .
rel. gnís, Wb. 21b2 . Sg. 143a6 . nodgní, 209b22 . 3 pl. rel.
80 gníte, 156b7 .
Impf. 3 s. gniad, SR 2743 . 2 pl. gnid, Wb. 33a17 .
Subj. pres. 3 pl. rel. gnete, Ml. 125c3 .
Subj. impf. co n-gnemmis , Wb. 4a9 . trisa n-gnetis , Ml.
23a2 .
85 Fut. 3 pl. rel. gēnde, Thes. i 714.10 .
Pret. 3 s. gēnais, Hy. v 11 . rogéni, Ml. 48c6 . Wb. 3c25 .
pl. rogenset, Ml. 80c6 . (Later rogní, -gníset; gnisit, SR
4077 ; gnisset, 4197 .)
Pass pres. s. gnither, Sg. 140a2 . gnaither, Ml. 38a5 .
pl. gnitir, ib. rel. gniter, Ml. 21c3 . fut. s. génthir (sic),
Bcr. 44b3 . pret. s. rongníth, Ml. 14a18 . pl. rognítha, 115b4 .
-rognatha, ib. and 39a24 . part. a p. inna gnimu gnethi,
5 Ml. 115b2 . Cf. remgnethi (gl. ante acti), 103d15 . mar-
gnethi (gl. magnifica), 126c6 . inna caingnethi (gl. bene acta),
22d18 . vn. gním u,m., q.v.
In general sense acts, does, makes: gl. agere, Ml. 14a18 ;
125c3 . Thes. i 714.10 . peragere, Ml. 48c6 . actitare, Bcr.
10 44b3 . I Intrans. acts, works: amal gnīs tra Crist in iustis. ...
is samlid ... gniith demun in filiis defidentiae, Wb. 21b2 .
is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim who acts and suffers, Sg.
143a6 . gníd, amal cech mog, Fél 4.12 . gníad ísel fri hard
let him act humbly ..., Ériu iii 98 § 13.
15 II Trans. (a) makes, constructs: mur d'argut ... rognid
im cach oen ḟaith[chi], SR 384 . secht ṁbenna ... gnitis
dind or, 4343 . ra gniad ra Meidb dunibuali ... ar cind
Conchobair, TBC 5134 . rognithea a mbotha, CRR § 24 .
etrachta gnuisi ind Righ mair ro gni cach nduil, Ériu ii
20142 § 155 . Maelsuthain is he rosgni (of a poem), ZCP v
499 § 10.
(b) With abstract or vn. as obj. does, performs, executes ,
etc.: co ngnemmis gnímu colno, Wb. 4a9 . huaræ ata
ngnímai nui nadrognatha riam rognítha and, Ml. 115b4 .
25 ar cach n-omgním gníset for every cruel deed they did, Met.
Dinds. iii 4.47 . trisa n-gnetis aithirgi, Ml. 23a2 . is hé in
peccad rogéni anuile comaccobor, Wb. 3c25 . figell āine,
ernaigthe, | almsan tan nosgēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . ni gníand
nách ṅdímáin, PH 5917 ( LB 68b12 ). roniat-som airisiumh
30`rested,' Marco P. § 56 . rugéne ... A. atlugud búdi dona
déib, TTr.² 1935 . rogníset atlugthi buidhe, Arch. iii 10 §
11 . gníset cairddes, Met. Dinds. iii 244.31 . gnisit caratrad
fri Fomorib, RC xii 58 § 8 . gnisit cathu fought, waged ...,
SR 4077 . gniid cathu, SC 18 . intí gnifes catha fria demhna,
35 Lism. L. 3778 . cindus rogentais cathugudh, Aen. 2074 .
āth forsinngēnathar a gleō, TBC² 1140 . gníset gleic gairb,
Met. Dinds. iii 372.69 . rogniad comairle la Ultaib the U.
took counsel together
, CRR § 9 . gnithir feis Temra la hE.,
Ériu ii 178.17 . gníset óenach cóir Carmain, Met. Dinds. iii
4012.151 . rogní ... int ord forcetail ┐ celipartha, Fl. Earls
136.34 ; ib. 9 . no gniad druidechta, LU 9007 ( FB 75 ).
gnít sealga they hunt, Cóir An. § 70 ( IT iii 318.24 ). Cf.
further: súil cháirech eter da rethi gnii-siu etrum-sa ┐
Eogan thou makest sheep's eyes at Eogan and me, IT i 82.1
45( Longes 315 ). gniat cach a aimsir let each man have his
day
(lit. do his time), Lism. L. 1547 . roraid ... nogenad
einech Troianna `... make the Trojans honoured,' TTr. 867
( LL 228b49 ). aigne .i. ... fer gníes ái, Corm. Y 74 . seol
gnius no gnimaiges fuithib (of chips) the direction he gives
50them
, Laws iii 226.24 .
(c) exercises (horses): do ghníeas m'eocha I have exer-
cised my horses
, IGT Introd. § 78 . See 1 gním for further
exx.

1 gním n u,m. g s. gnímo, Wb. 3c23 . gnimo, Sg. 153a3 .
55 gníma, Wb. 6a11 . a s. gníim, 1d7 . n p. in gnímai , Ml. 99d9 .
in gnima , 116d5 . gnímæ, Wb. 13d29 . gníme, 31b30 . gními,
28b20 . g p. gníme, 13d15 . inna ngnimae , Ml. 66b5 . a p.
gnímu, Wb. 4a9 . 17a13 . gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe
Miss.). Sometimes n. in chevilles, v. inf.
60(a) As vn. of gníid in various senses: doing, performing,
executing: gním pectho the commission of sin, Wb. 25d8 .
ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire, 3c23 . a thal de
gnim to do his will, RC xi 129.10 . icc gnim na mórchaingen
sin `transacting ...,' CCath. 3250 . ni chumgaid olc na maith
65do gním, Alex. 989 . an marbhadh sin do ghniomh, FM v
1872.10 . ar ngniomh na goili fine `after perpetrating the
kin-murder
,' Leb. Gab. i 36.9 . TD 35.6 . making, con-
structing: oc gním a sosta making their huts, TBC² 166 .
g. ¤ catha, etc.: ic gnimh in catha catharda fighting the civil
70war
, CCath. 4584 . ag gniomh an iomairicc, FM vi 2132.9 .
g. ¤ ech exercising horses: lā dia nde[ch]adar sescad ridiri do
gním a n-ech, ZCP vi 278.3 . eich dá ngníomh, TD 11.20 ;
34.13 ; 6.9 .
(b) Intrans. acting, action, activity, work: gl. actio, Ml.
75 15b1 . in belrai .i. is and atá gním tengad (gl. linguae spectat
officium ...), 31b23 . 47b13 . crux didu ainm do gním in
chrochtho ... the act of crucifixion, Wb. 8a5 . slond gnimo
hi rec dogni indidit, Sg. 153a3 . i ngním et bésib, Wb.
23c11 a. gnim ┐ bestata ┐ morolus action and virtue ..., Hib.
80Min. 358 . bruth ┐ gním ruirech lais, BDD § 99 . do gním a
lámi féin, TFerbe 247 . gnim claidib sword-play, CCath.
3618 . fuasgaltar iad do ghníomh a gcarad `by the action of
their friends
,' TSh. 4353 . lionn fuar ar bhfulang gnioma do
lionn ruad air enduring the action of ..., 23 K 42 149.12 .
85 peacadh gniomha actual (as opposed to original) sin, Donlevy
148.16 . grása gníomha efficient grace, 210.11 . Of the action
or effects of medicines: doni gnim cosmail re meisce, O'Gr.
Cat. 216.21 . is romór a ngnim ar in corp, 213.17 . doicc
i ng. ¤ is carried into effect: in fogail ... ni tainic a ngnim,
Laws iii 138.4 Comm. acht co n-icsed a ngnim, O'C. 630
( H.3.18, p. 304 ). cuirid i ng. ¤ puts into action, practises:
cuir do briathra a ngnim change your talk for action, RC xix
534 ( Fierabras § 36 ). gach ní noerrdercaiged docuiredh féin
i ngníomh, xxv 396 § 12 . ó gním in deed (opp. to natura),
Wb. 21b2 . de gním in deed, in effect: go n-abraid do
ghníomh nach dleaghair dhóibh ... giall dó, TSh. 3043 . adeir
an marbh ... do ghníomh, nach bí neach ag tabhairt láimhe
10leis féin, 4736 . Leg. fer gníma the champion (lit. `man of
action') who acts for a woman in case of trial by battle: a fer
gníma ise nodsaig isin roe, O'C. 795 ( H.3.18, p. 370a ) = fer
lesach, Laws i 140.8 Comm. A definite act, deed: bid mogda
in gním, IT i 98.3 . dodéna gním n-granna n-garg, 70.24 (Eg.).
15 mac bec doriṅgni in gním sain, TBC 947 . gním demnach,
LL 4910 . gním as úaisliu, Fél. Oct. 23 . Dec. 17 . gabtar
an toil urlam ar son an gnima (= voluntas prompta pro opere
reputatur), O'C. 2223 ( Eg. 88, f. 16 (17)b ). a nem-eiric in
gnima sa, Laws i 6.28 . gniómh fallsa, Dán Dé xxxi 19 . do
20ghníomh a gcarad, TSh. 4353 . gníomh nár ḟéadodar
d'ḟulong, TD 18.27 . pl. imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra,
Wb. 31b30 . congnemmis gnímu colno, 4a9 . fo gnimaib
midither Dia for duine, Laws i 48.24 Comm. i ngnimaib na
fírinne, PH 5863 . ZCP x 348 § 10 . In chevilles: gnim cert,
25 SR 3167 . g. ¤ ṅgann, 3219 ; g. ¤ ṅgúr, 7371 . g. ¤ ṅglegrach,
Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 50 ( LL 184a44 ). ni gním ṅgoa, ib. § 51
( ib. 46 ). Without qualifying adj. (1) an act of prowess,
an exploit: (2) a wicked deed, a crime (cf. meanings of écht,
bét and glond): a ḟergnīma, TBC² 363 . do scelaibh do
30gnima ┐ do gaisgid, ZCP vi 31.18 . is mór in gním Cormac
... do marbad, RC viii 358.8 . gním na n-ingen ... i taeb
Temrach (i.e. the slaughter of the maidens), LL 4911 .
Used loosely of a fact, an occurrence: andsin adces taidbsi ...
is tresin ngnim sin rothuig T. fuagrad na faistine, TTebe 4143 .
35Of a special kind of activity proper to someone or some-
thing function, duty, work: is and atá gním tengad (gl.
linguae spectat officium), Ml. 31b23 . gnim an gabhann,
BNnÉ 65 § 96 . ithé gními epscuip, Wb. 28b20 . conderna
gnímu moga, 17a13 . cid do-beir na cóic ṡéotu do eneclainn
40in boairech? Ni anse, a gníma (`his functions,' Mac Neill),
Críth Gabl. 163 ( Laws iv 308.26 ). ite inso trá gnima
bóairech, Críth Gabl. 183 . acht na methat a ngnimu, Laws
v 272.11 . ata dono naidm gaibes gnimu raithe ... ata aitire
gaibhes gnimu nadma, ZCP xiii 24.10 ( H.3.18, p. 21a ), see
45 Bürgschaft, p. 13, §§ 42 , 43 . Specifically in sexual sense:
Sampait ... cen gním núachair S. inviolate, Met. Dinds. iv 7.22 .
Cf. fergním, bangním, Laws ii 350.6 Comm. In theology, an
act (= Lat. actum): gníomh creidimh, Donlevy 16.13 . gníomha
caon dúthrachta Acts of Devotion, Pref. iv 17.
50(c) In concrete sense, something made, a piece of work, a
structure: mur do glain huaine, gnim cain, SR 347 . indas
in gníma sin, FB 2 . gnímh cláraigh ┐ caelaigh `a work of
boards and wattles
...,' CCath. 1814 . do gnimaibh cloch,
1880 . ós gním ochta aird-inbir `above the breastwork ...,'
55 Met. Dinds. ii 58.10 . Of literary work: gnim Lucae etir
soscela 7 Acta, RC viii 367.11 . Cf. i ngnímaib na nApstal
(= in Actis Apostolorum), Hib. Min. 53.
(d) Gram. the active voice; an active verb: gním ┐ césad
active and passive, Sg. 172a2 . gnim indi as fio the active of
60`fio'
, 194a2 . torand gnima no césta, 26b15 ; 149b7 . amal
as ṁbriathar gníma aperio, 145b4 . Auraic. 651 ; 1620 .
(e) organisation (?) : gnim .i. tigedus, Stowe Gl. 415 . Lec.
Gl. 401.
(f) As npr m. mac Gnimai meic Ruaidene, Lec. 134rc40 .
65Compds. ¤ arnaidh, MR 144.5 . ¤ charcar: g p. inna ngním-
carcar (gl. ergastolorum), Lib. Hymn. 72.y . ¤ dénmaid (gl.
opificem), Lib. Hymn. 71.24 . ¤ doilig, ML 48.10 . ¤ écht
prowess: gan derbhadh gaisgidh nā gnīmechta, ZCP vi 28.17 .
¤ gartglóir glory of liberality of deeds (?) : in primaltoir ... |
70fri gnimgartgloir roturcbad, SR 4266 . ¤ ghnáthughadh
putting into practice, TSh. 1850 ; 8076 . ¤ grith a forcible
shout (?) :
a p. scertair iarna ṅgnímgreth[a] (at Last Judg-
ment), SR 8327 . ¤ molta of praiseworthy deeds, TD 18.23 .
¤ scélrad relation of deeds, CCath. 4407.