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1 gaim n(n s. also gam and gem) winter-storm, winter: snigid
gaim ro faith sam, LU 852 ( RC xx 258 [ Amra CC 63 Comm. ]).
cid nach gaim tira bithu sam, SR 7920 . gam quasi gamos ...
nouimber, Corm. Y 672 . dirsan marbān im-mí gamh
75(: īaramh), 673 = a mí ghaim, LB. i mmī gaim .i. i ngaimreth,
687 . gaim ... .i. hiems , O'Mulc. 615 . sam, gam, errach,
fogamur, Ériu ii 100.2 . nī folabrainn ilach gamh (: tan),
95 . fomus iar ngaim (stroke over`g'), ZCP xii 362.9 . nīm-
thorba gaim, Bruchstücke § 28 . icol isiṅn uargaim, ZCP ix
80339 § 2 . gem cáin cuisnech, Tec. Corm. § 36 . gamh ilṡíonach,
FM ii 1100.12 .
Compds. gaim—, gam—, gem—: ¤ adaig: ciach do gair gem-
adaig, LU 10418 . misi Gaeth garb ... is Gemadaig m'ainm,
RC xxiii 418.2 . fot na gem-óidche, PH 2415 . gaduidhe na
85geamhoidhche, Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . an ghamhadhaigh
ghamhrata, MD i 16.60 . ¤ biad winter-food: itir gaimmbiadh
ocus saimbiadh, Laws iv 312.5 . ¤ chorgus winter-Lent (i.e.
Advent): samchorgus nō gemchorgus, ZCP xiii 29.15 . L. Chl.
Suibne § 51 . ALC i 403.11 . FM iii 346.22 . ¤ fér winter-grass ,
Laws iv 96.1 . ¤ find winter hair: gaim-finn (etym. gl. on gai-
men), Corm. Y 242 . ¤ fuacht `the winter season' (O'Don.):
cúic misa ... fri gamfuacht, tri misa in gaimridh, ocus in da
5mí taisecha do errach fri gaimfuacht, Laws iv 88.23 . Smachta
cacha raithe acht ni cuma samfucht ocus gamfucht. ... Cesc
caiti in gemfucht innrad. ... Fer .uii. mís .i. in da mi degenach
do foghmar ┐ trí mísa gemhred ┐ in da mí tuisech do errach,
ise in gamfucht indrad insin, O'C. 23 - 24 ( H.3.18, 10b - 11a ).
10 ocht meich ar geamfuacht, ocus a cethair ar samfuacht. Mad
gemfuacht ogh ro ortar ann, asreanidar a hocht ind (of tres-
passes on grassland), Laws iv 104.18 - 20 . smachta gaim-
fauchta .i. ... iní smactaigther a fuact in geímre, ib. 78.5 , 20 ;
146.15 Comm. (gemfucht). ar [a] tesaidecht i n-aimsir in
15geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . ¤ gelt winter grazing: gaim-gelt
(metaph. of a man), ZCP ix 454 § 37 . ¤ laithe a winter's
day: uide tri ngaimlaithe, Ériu ii 120.11 . ¤ lías a winter-stall:
méit gamlías hi tallat trichait n-gamna, LU 9186 ( FB 91 ).
¤ lóchet winter-lightning: co nā rīsadh gemlōichet hē, Arch.
20 iii 4.27 , 28 . Anecd. i 9.15 (gaimlochad). ¤ orgain winter-
trespass (?): Laws iv 88.1 . ¤ shecal winter-rye: do gebbad
guirt gemshecoil, Aisl. MC 85.4 .

2 gaim n hide, skin: hi folomrad. i. ticsel .i. i ngaim ro oged impe,
O'C. 798 ( H.3.18, 371a ). An leg. gaimen ?

25 ? gaimche: n duibithir (duibigter MS) dath a berrtha ...
ēdgadh luin lúaithe ngaimche, ZCP ix 167.18 (= gaim-ché
a winter-night ?).

gaimen xsee gemen.

gaimigidir v(gaim) denom. passes the winter: fut. gaimigfer
30(gl. hiemabo), Wb. 14a9 . vn. dugaimigud (gl. ad h[i]emandum),
Thes. i 498.23 ( Ardm. 188b1 ).

gaimnén xsee geimnén.

gaimnín n(gamuin) o,m. dimin. a fawn: eilit ghlēigheal go
ngaimnīn, Fl. Earls 226.10 .

35 gaimred xsee gemred.

gaimscedach adj(1 gaim ?) o,ā hyperborean (?): rotinoil ... na
ciniuda gamschedacha (gaimscé ach, Eg.) Geittecda, TTebe
1718 .

? gaimti: ind fri gaimti gol gairthus genn, BB 308a45 .

40 gaín n gáoin f., IGT Decl. § 14.19 . See gaíne (?), and Dinneen
s.v. gaoidhean .

ga-ín n(ga, gae) dimin. a little javelin : d p. do gaínib ┐ birínib
┐ slegínib, TBC 2543 . Cf. gaán supra.

gainae n flint gl. silex, Sg. 61a10 . clocha gaine, RC xliii 94 § 97 .
45 Cf. gallán gaoine a stone of diamond flint, TSh. 1945.

? gaind : ind uair nachat craind gránna a muirn gaind nach
dailb, LL 265a32 ( MU 22 ).

gainde xsee gainne.

gaíne n iā,f. (? cf. LL 140a24 ). (a) excellence, a fine thing;
50 choice, quality: gaine .i. maith, H.3.18, 625 . gaoine .i.
maith, O'Cl. Míchol mór, mó cách ṅgaine (: dagdaine), SR
5919 . as gáine leam ... ór as mac rucad ann, Acall. 547 . Cf.
551 - 2 . tancas sund tria gáine ngnó, dia cáine dia cét-gubo,
`for the delight of her beauty,' Met. Dinds. iii 8.1 . rongáet
55Fergna fo gaíne `... in his flower,' iv 176.5 . ger[bo] gāeth,
nīrbo gāine | marb in mac ..., ZCP xiii 15 § 4 . gach flaith
ghebhus gort n-gaíne (: somhaíne) `... rightful inheritance,'
BR 240.21 . rucsat leo fo gaíne a ngeall ... among the pick of
their pledges
, BB 387b34 = fo glére a ngell, Met. Dinds. iii
60398.1 . fo ghaoine freastail ocus friothalma, ZCP xiv 220.6 .
nos friothailet do ghaoine cecha maithiusa, Leb. Gab. i 224.17 .
occ fledhuccadh ... do gaoine bidh ┐ leanda, Hugh Roe § 70b .
In chevilles: fri gaine ngart, MacCarthy 410.3 . gáine gaile
(: Māile), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 11 . ? gaíni a comráid do neoch
65aile acht dósom, LL 267b6 ( MU 36 ). co cruaidh iar ngaoine
gan creancha, FM ii 962.24 (poem).
(b) a feat, a prank, a jest: is cluchi ┐ is gáini lem-sa cach
comlond ... darónus, TBC 4160 . cluchi cach gáine cach | go
roich Fer[ṅ]diad issin n-áth, 4164 ; 4170 ; 4176 (v.l. cluithe
70cach caine cach). ben rognathaig gaíni dligthig, LL 140a24 .
(c) npr m. Gaíne, CRR. § 31 . Acall. 551 . Duan. Finn i
25.25 . Gaeine, Acall. 552.

1 gainech n(gainnech): scurf, scab on the skin: is uadha aderar
sgabies ria on gainnech bis ac tuitim de, Irish Texts v 78.1 .
75 is edh is tinea ann, brusgar no gainech in chinn, ib. 78.8 .
clam .i. occultus, ar doeim in gainech (s.l.) a chorp, O'Mulc.
198.

2 gainech adj o,ā: eisg beca gainecha, Irish Texts v 42.15 .

gainel n some kind of kindling or tinder (?): cia mac beo genes ho
80mnai mairb ? Adudh i ngin gainel (riddle and answer),
ZCP xiii 272 § 15 (= fadadh ingni gaim v.l.). See under
gainem for ex. of gainem used for kindling.

gainem n ā,f. and o,m. In later MSS. occas. treated as n-stem
in d s. and a s. gainemh m. IGT Decl. § 53. (a) sand, gravel:
85 int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 . glé nodonselni sládar
iasc mbrec for ganim deirg, FB § 48 . amail tuaircther iasg
fór gainemh, TBC p. 881 n.1 . ro gab lán a duirnd don
ganium, LU 9728 ( ZCP iii 218.20 ). i ngainem na tragai,
Three Hom. 122 (LB). risin tracht .i. in gainimh, Laws v
270.24 gloss. cor'bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara,
RC x 54.5 ( LU 1883 ). gainem lir fo longaib, Three Hom. 34
(LB). a gainemh glan, Buile Ṡ. 156 . roerig a luaithred ┐ a
5langainem, TTebe 2933 . rotbía ... deog de ganim (i.e. a
specially cool draught, cf. 2353 ), TBC² 1170 ( LU 5648 = deoch
a gaineamhain, ZCP viii 550.21 [H.2.17] = deoch a gaineamh,
x 280.12 [Fr.]). gur lá ... in grian ┐ in gainemhain ┐ in gri-
nneall, TBC, p. 317 n. 1 (H.2.17 and Eg.). go ganem nglasruad,
10 TTebe 1967 . amhail shnigheas gainimh na huaire san
urláisde, TSh.² 112 . gur fholuigh san ghainimh é, 10540 .
san ghainimh, Keat. iii 1638 . is in ngaineamh, 1641 (poem).
Matt. vii 26 . bí an gaineamh muirighineach the sand is
weighty
, Prov. xxvii 3 . an ghaineamh mór mhuiridhe, TD
15 4.17 . is gat im ganem (of a cheat or illusion), TBC 4057 .
is gnim for gainem a structure on sand (of a useless labour),
RIA 23 Q 6 ( O'C. 1613 ). g s. sreabh glas gainimh, IGT Decl.
ex. 1368 . landgur a ngainme, BB 495a4 . ríomh ... gainimh
ghil, Content. xxviii 24 . ag spréachadh ... na gainmhe, TSh.²
20 9289 . ós cionn ghainimh na fairge, Jer. xv 8 . n p. it mathi
inna ganema oc óul ind lenda, Ml. 129d14 . Ní mhar acht a
ngainmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1342 . d p. cethra srotha ... co
ngainemaib oir, Ériu ii 114 § 41 . gaineamh beó a quicksand ,
Acts xxvii 17 . tainic an peist ... ┐ tucc iascc chuccam, ┐
25gainemh do thellach do dhenamh teinedh eter a da cois tos-
aigh ... do benusa teine, ┐ doronus a fadodh leisan ngainemh
`hearth-flint (?),' BNnÉ 69 § 114 . The Latin original has
`fasciculum de sarminibus' ( BNnÉ ii 333 ), and the Vita
Secunda ( VSH ii 289 ) `sacculum similiter alga sicca plenum
30collo eius suspensum
.' In the French version of the legend
an otter brings the saint to kindle his fire `marin werec' (i.e.
sea-wrack). Cf. gainel.
(b) Med. gravel (in the kidneys): gaineamh no clocha na
n-aronn, Gwynn Cat. 317.