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gainem n ā,f. and o,m. In later MSS. occas. treated as n-stem
in d s. and a s. gainemh m. IGT Decl. § 53. (a) sand, gravel:
85 int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 . glé nodonselni sládar
iasc mbrec for ganim deirg, FB § 48 . amail tuaircther iasg
fór gainemh, TBC p. 881 n.1 . ro gab lán a duirnd don
ganium, LU 9728 ( ZCP iii 218.20 ). i ngainem na tragai,
Three Hom. 122 (LB). risin tracht .i. in gainimh, Laws v
270.24 gloss. cor'bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara,
RC x 54.5 ( LU 1883 ). gainem lir fo longaib, Three Hom. 34
(LB). a gainemh glan, Buile Ṡ. 156 . roerig a luaithred ┐ a
5langainem, TTebe 2933 . rotbía ... deog de ganim (i.e. a
specially cool draught, cf. 2353 ), TBC² 1170 ( LU 5648 = deoch
a gaineamhain, ZCP viii 550.21 [H.2.17] = deoch a gaineamh,
x 280.12 [Fr.]). gur lá ... in grian ┐ in gainemhain ┐ in gri-
nneall, TBC, p. 317 n. 1 (H.2.17 and Eg.). go ganem nglasruad,
10 TTebe 1967 . amhail shnigheas gainimh na huaire san
urláisde, TSh.² 112 . gur fholuigh san ghainimh é, 10540 .
san ghainimh, Keat. iii 1638 . is in ngaineamh, 1641 (poem).
Matt. vii 26 . bí an gaineamh muirighineach the sand is
weighty
, Prov. xxvii 3 . an ghaineamh mór mhuiridhe, TD
15 4.17 . is gat im ganem (of a cheat or illusion), TBC 4057 .
is gnim for gainem a structure on sand (of a useless labour),
RIA 23 Q 6 ( O'C. 1613 ). g s. sreabh glas gainimh, IGT Decl.
ex. 1368 . landgur a ngainme, BB 495a4 . ríomh ... gainimh
ghil, Content. xxviii 24 . ag spréachadh ... na gainmhe, TSh.²
20 9289 . ós cionn ghainimh na fairge, Jer. xv 8 . n p. it mathi
inna ganema oc óul ind lenda, Ml. 129d14 . Ní mhar acht a
ngainmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1342 . d p. cethra srotha ... co
ngainemaib oir, Ériu ii 114 § 41 . gaineamh beó a quicksand ,
Acts xxvii 17 . tainic an peist ... ┐ tucc iascc chuccam, ┐
25gainemh do thellach do dhenamh teinedh eter a da cois tos-
aigh ... do benusa teine, ┐ doronus a fadodh leisan ngainemh
`hearth-flint (?),' BNnÉ 69 § 114 . The Latin original has
`fasciculum de sarminibus' ( BNnÉ ii 333 ), and the Vita
Secunda ( VSH ii 289 ) `sacculum similiter alga sicca plenum
30collo eius suspensum
.' In the French version of the legend
an otter brings the saint to kindle his fire `marin werec' (i.e.
sea-wrack). Cf. gainel.
(b) Med. gravel (in the kidneys): gaineamh no clocha na
n-aronn, Gwynn Cat. 317.

35 gaínem superl. of gaíne, q.v., used as an adj.? (cf. gaoine .i.
maith O'Cl. ): samchorgus nō gemchorgus isa gāinem (cairem
v.l.) glēss, ZCP xiii 29.3 .

gainemda adj(gainem) io,iā sandy: ráthaigsit indsi moir ...
ganemdha a talum, RC ix 464.13 . isin Moab n-gainemdai,
40 Alex. 331.

? gainethar : ind gongáinethar cath for Gárich ┐ Ilgarich, TBC
4968 (retoric) = rogenetar, Lec. (leg. dogéntar, Wind.).

gainithir vConjug. (1) In O.I. and gen. in Early Mid. Ir.
deponent. See Ped. ii 533 . Further : pres. ind. 3 s. genither
45 Laws iv 38.14 . rel. genethar, Corm. Y 1224 . pl. geniter,
LU 3477 . nad genetar , 701 . fut. 3 s. gignither, Three Hom.
98 (LB). nochon gignethar (s.l.), FM 472 . gigne, TBC 4015 .
gignidh, Anecd. ii 8.23 . rel. gignathar, Ériu iii 137.20 .
gignis, LL 380b47 . gēntar, ZCP viii 113.16 . pl. gignitir
50 RC xxvi 48.255 . gentair, LL 147a39 . (2) In Mid. and early
Mod. Ir. active forms with the stem gein (gen) are frequent.
See below. Further: pret. 1 s. (?) geinsiu, FB 22 ( LU 8287 ).
3 p. rogeinset, Rawl. 70a5 . ro-genset, PH 7060 . sec. fut. rel.
35 . no genfed , LU 4261 . vn. gein, q.v.
55 I Intrans. (a) comes to life, is born : is hé Crist rogenir,
Wb. 11a17 . corogenar sa ... triut su, Ml. 44c11 . nogigne[d]
(gl. nascebatur), Sg. 138b1 . 31a6 . annogenad (gl. nascente),
Enchir. Aug. 81b ( ZCP vii 483.34 ). génair Patraicc i
Nemthur, Hymns ii 1 ; vi 26 . Rí rogenair imBetheil, SR
60 7522 . gigned i flaith Ochtauein, 7524 . tuiregin ... .i. gein
ngenethár ┐ a dā chois riam, Corm. Y 1224 . in Tarso C.
ro-genir, PH 1648 . in berla i-n ro-genamar, 5380 . as amram
rogénair, Fél. Sept. 24 . co rogentea-su in n-uair genemna
do ríg, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 546 § 7 ( LL 147a8 ). géntair amal
65turcu `they will breed like wild boars,' 550 § 32 . rogēner co
ndechaid dochum neime, BColm. 4.19 . a comainm in lae
cétna geinfis in gein, RC vi 175.57 . cuirp na ndaine ... genit
┐ tusmitir, xxv 252 § 37 . mac gheinis inocht, Anecd. ii 1.9 .
ōn lo ro ghenis a huigh, Anecd. i 25.10 . Tāilcend gignid 'na
70ré, ZCP xii 238.3 . flaith fial ... nochon gignethair, FM i
472.16 . Níor ghein úr eile mar í, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . gur
ghein eo na dtrí dtobar, Dán Dé xii 4 . geintear piasda i
ndeilbh dhuine, TD 4.26 . is procreated : curo genir Abel mac
Adhaim eatura, D iv 2, 42vb36 . Cf. in mac gēntar ūatha ar
75áen, ZCP viii 113.16 . With prep. ó is born from, springs
from, descends from : intan gainethar hon mathir, Ml. 44a11 .
dun genim rongenair-som hua athir, 85b11 . ó oínsíl rogé-
nartar (leg. rogénatar ?) da macc de, Wb. 4c12 . SG 84.1
( LU 4261 ). Críst ó Mairi ... gēnair, Fél. Dec. 25 . na huli
80chenela ro-genset o thri maccu Noe, PH 7060 . cia ór' genis,
RC xxiii 406 § 16 . mormenma na fer mor or-geinis, TTebe
1114 . Breathnaigh uile ... uaidh ... rogheinsiodar, Keat. i
186.23 (poem). With de : Ionan ... dia roghenedar Greic,
Auraic. 176.
85(b) With extension of meaning : is produced, is derived,
is formed, arises, originates : nicon gainedar (sic leg.) ní ó
thucidib écsamlib, Thes. ii 5.30 ( Aug. 12b ) inna ṅdobriathar
... huaṅgainetar comparaiti, Sg. 39a26 . ranic maige mós nad
genetar ciuil (Amra CC.) with gl. .i. inid bes nemgenemain
ceol sed sunt semper in se, RC xx 174 § 36 ( LU 701 ). genithir
tri coire in cach duine, Anecd. v 24.5 . fo miad grian genither
`according to the size of the land it (i.e. the cumal) is produced,'
5 Laws iv 38.14 (`the land is graded (?),' Stud. in E. Ir. Law
143 ). it ē ... fodlai genethar ó ainmnit, ZCP iii 25.9 . ib.
23 . Is si tra cland gainethar on dualaich so, Ériu vii 138.12 ;
160.19 ; 164.29 ; 174.5 . fuacht a n-agaidh gignithir, Ériu vii
197 x ; `cold will spring up in one's face,' ib. 5.9 . gignithir
10breo a muig Breg, LB 220 (marg. inf.). in cu hoband ro-
gein in rédlu? PH 6977 . in ball-sin in ro-gein in galar the
member in which the disease originated
, 4225 . an bás do ghein
a truailleadh an chraois, TSh. 2487 . an céolchuire fár ghin
goimh, Gleanings 14 § 2 . ge ra gin coll cana Cathaeir, Ériu
15 x 83 § 64 . Of a tree, wood, lake, river, etc. springs up, springs
forth : as innte (i.e. san oidhche sin) ro-ghenisiod crainn
thoraidh tré thalmhain i n-Eirinn, ML 94.21 ; 96.12 . Eo
Mugna ... rogein a talmain, Ériu x 82 § 55 . nir genar fiodh
ann riam `no tree ever grew there,' CS 8.5 . genid buindi asin
20talmain, ZCP xiii 26.11 . genid tipra and, Met. Dinds. iii
326.35 . loch geinfes a sruthar na Slaine, RC xv 429 § 6
( Dinds. 40 ).
II Trans. and active (a later usage). (a) begets, procreates :
(Crist) mar nar geineadh e fein o einneach is mar sin nar
25gein se nech, ITS xix 54.19 , 20 . an fheis ... dār geined
Bē-binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 . go raibhe Z. balbh an tan do
geineadh Eóin leis, TSh. 8692 . Eíst red athair, noch do ghin
thú, Prov. xxiii 22 . an té ghineas amadán, xvii 21 . níor
geineadh, ní geinfidhear ... a samhail, TD 7.8 .
30(b) conceives : as annsan oidhce cetna sin do geinedh an
nech naomhtha ... i mbroinn a mhathar, BNnÉ 190.21 .
(c) produces, brings into being : cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích,
LL 380b47 . geinter balsamum anorach uadha, Marco P.
§ 43 . genid na neithi millsi tochus ┐ bruth, Irish Texts v
3580.2 . na biada genes fuil derg, 80.36 . geinter ... nesgóid ó'n
gerradh sin (= quibus ... apostemata gignuntur), O'Gr. Cat.
272.14 . an tan chríochnuighthear an peacadh, geinidh sé an
bás, TSh. 1496 . mar gheinter iómháigh ó dhuine ag féchain
a sgathán, O'Hussey T.C. 22.
40 III pret. 3 s. (3 p. occurs once in Ml. 90b12 ) is used with
mad- (later ma-, mu-, mo-, mon-) as a stereotyped phrase in
sense blessed (fortunate, happy) is. For exx. and usage see
mad- (a weakened form of maith).