Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


gainne n(gann) iā,f. (a) want, scarcity : do bai gainne lachta
75ann, BNnÉ 151.6 . gan ghainne innill ar a n-oirrigaib
`their captains constrained to [warlike] preparations,' ITS
xxvi 46.29 . arán gan gainne, Deut. viii 9 . gaende no caile
(of a wasting disease), O'C. 2309 ( Eg. 88, f. 23b ). dá ghoinne
an ghaoth however scarce be the wind, Measgra D. 48.26 .
80(b) Hence in moral sense parsimony, stinginess : mas ar
daigin secdachta no gaindi na tuc in fer in biad, Laws iii
206.13 . ní bía rath nā féile | ach déine ┐ gainde, ZCP x 49.33 .
ro choillistar in ṅganni (gl. neoit), RC xx 276 (Amra CC.
Comm.). fleadh dó cach seachtmhadh Samhna | is a cur dó
85cean gaindi, BR 240.8 . cleireach nach ccleachtadh gainne,
Mart. Don. Dec. 26 . Gilla Caemain cen gainne, LL 129
marg. inf. As fictitious name. pn Gainne ingen Diultadhaigh,
Anecd. ii 54.3 .
(c) hardness (?) : amail lic im gaindi ... a thol `like a flagstone
for hardness
,' BColm. 6.25 . lán cruaís is gainde, ZCP x 49.11 .
? asort slúag co ṅgainni, Fél. Oct. 7 . hardship (?) : go ngainne
.i. go ndocamhla, O'Cl. s.v. gann (probably a ref. to preceding
5example). In chevilles (meaning doubtful, prob. indefinite) :
céim-cen gainne, LL 49a9 . toraim ngainde, Arch. iii 294 § 6.

gáinne n a dart, a javelin : `a reed, cane, arrow ,' O'R. le gai-
nnibh gera ┐ ... le soigdib, ZCP vi 46.26 . le slegaibh ... ┐ le
gainnib gera, 60.21 . fuile fuirtbe gainne .i. cend fuirtbe āir,
10 TBC² 1082 . Fig. gáinnidhe an ghráidh cholnaidhe ón chol-
ainn, TSh. 10778 . See O'Rahilly, EIH 519.

gainnech xsee 1 gainech.

? gáinned nin n.l.: tor na ngáinnedh, ALC ii 448.12 .

gáir n f. Orig. i,n.(?) IGT Decl. § 14.18 . n s. a ngáir (reading of
155 MSS, Fél. Oct. 20 . n p. na gáre , LU 2215 ( FA 29 ). g p.
gár, Met. Dinds. iv 262.64 . a shout, a cry (of exaltation,
grief, etc.), a call : ba mor a ngair (: dāil) forsin maig, SR
3743 . `cissi gáir so, a gillai ?' or se. `Inna gillai oc guin na
bo,' Ériu iii 141.8 . focherdat in macrad gair foa, LU 8849
20( FB 64 ). doberat gáir dó, ib. 8846 . tibit ... gáir commaidmi
ocus búada, ib. 8853 . ro lasat gáir mesca, IT i 67.5 . re
úathgráin na gáre, TBC 2443 . gáir míle, Fél. Dec. 6 . Trí
gáire buada do rígh ... gāir ilaig ... gāir molta ... gāir im
fleid, Ériu ix 46 § 9 . innithim immorro na nGréc gáir fói
25 the intention of the Greeks was to shout at him, TTr.² 1189 .
gair ri dogur, CRR § 38 . do-rat gáir tróm ┐ égium ... ass,
PH 2112 . o gul ┐ o gair ban, TTebe 2155 . 3472 . gáir na
mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . truagh a ngáir i ndeaghaidh
Dé, Dán Dé x 10 . gáirguil (s.l.) grednaigh, Cog. 96.3 . do
30bhiodhg mé le a méad do gháir `I was startled at the tumult,'
TD 11.8 . atbertsat uli is-in aen gáir, PH 472 . Cf. ag a rádh
d'aongháir, Keat. iii 1592 . gair .i. cara graece .i. gaudium,
ar is fāilte fodera, O'Mulc. 627 . pl. at trúaga na gáre ocus
na golgaire doníat, FA 29 . rothócbatar ... a n-gáiri guil,
35 IT i 128.21 . gairi catha, CCath. 5908. 1953 . gairi coscair,
TTebe 3470 . gairi duba ┐ domenman, 4535 . re gairib suba
┐ somenman, 3002 . tucsat ... gáire ┐ hilgaire mora écnecha,
LB 143a32 . Later analogical pl. (?) : tugadur tri gartha
bennacht don imper, ZCP vi 49.25 . dorōnsad gartha ... ┐
40nualla, xiii 234.6 . Cidh uma tat na gairthe-sea ?, RC xliii
100 § 104 . Dun na nGairthi ... o gairthib lochta in long-
phuirt, Met. Dinds. iii 434.41 . Psalms xx 1 . Of animals : ba
bind gāir caille lonche, Corm. Y 48 . gair in cailigh cearc,
Laws ii 108.18 Comm. ré gáir ghadhar, TD 34.24 . gáir na
45mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . Of inanimate things : gāir
pe[i]nd do dromaib duillend, O'Mulc. 815 = gair penn, ZCP
ix 167.20 . gair na sciath oca n-imtuargain, RIA MSS. Ser. i
182.19 . gair ... geranach na clocc, ZCP vi 284.25 . le garthaibh
na clog, ib. 27 . g. ¤ clocc often excommunication, malediction :
50 in mac ... fora tucsam in gáir clog, FDG 300 . maircc fa
ttabhraid mo cluig gair, BNnÉ 285.2 . eslainte legas gach
nech | gáir mo clocc is mo chleirech, ib. 286.14 . gáir cheall is
chlog na cruinne, Dánfhocail 11 . Also gáir alone the uplifted
voice
(i.e. excommunication, curse) : gair mo thermainn is
55mo mionn | acc cur anmann i nifrionn, BNnÉ 286.7 . Cf.
Congal Claen | in gáir tucsumar nir ḟaem, MR 40.6 . Fig. of
a person battle-cry, rallying point : Dūnadach ... gáir fer
ndomain, Bruchst. i § 107 (= FM an. 871 ). Colman Cluana
gair gach tuir, FM ii 612.z (an. 924 ).
60Compds. ¤ glór shouting voice : gáir-ghlór ┐ grod-luamhain
na ngruagach, CRR 70.25 . ¤ guba lamentation : gairguba
┐ golgairi, Aen. 528.

1 gair subst. and adj. : neut. n s. a ngair , Sg. 176b2 . Ml.
132d4 . gair n-aigenta, Auraic. 4375. (a) shortness ; esp.
65a short time : used adverbially : cid a ngair romba hi fochaid
even the short time, Ml. 132d4 . gair biuc iartain shortly after-
wards
, Sg. 147a7 . Cf. gair bic ríana chésad, LU 2310 ( RC iv
246.9 ). cid cían cid gair be it long or short, Wb. 3c5 . cēn
gair sooner or later, Ériu ix 48.3 . do láib is d'aidchib cen
70gair | in bi[th], iv 106 § 60 . gair riana dīth (.i. ōenbliadain
... ria ēc), ZCP xii 235 § 51 . bid gair uair dossom, BDD²
1419 . gair siu (s.l.) condristais a sciss shortly before, IT i 158
§ 2 , §4 ( Oss. i .). With cop. as pred. : amal as ndian ade ┐ as
ngair mbis even as it is swift and lasts for a short time, Ml.
75 57c12 . Ní déne tenid ratha | is and is gair a bádud, Ériu i
194 § 5. Attrib. (rare) : iarna sáethur gair-som, Fél. Prol. 59.
Compd. gaire .i. gair-seclæ .i. gair-rē .i. rē gair, Corm. Y 698 .
gaire .i. gair-[r]ae .i. rē cumair, O'Mulc. 619.
(b) Rarely of distance a short space : gāir glám dia guin
80cid cian gair `be it far off or near,' Ériu ix 46 § 10 . ar a gair
`convenient to him' (?), Laws v 84.24 (etym. gl. on gairid).
Fig. ba gair nisleceth a pater (= minimum aberat quin ...)
her father would scarcely allow, Lism. L. 321.24 = Irish Texts
i 4 § 12 .
85(c) In gram. shortness of quantity : eter fot ┐ gair, Sg. 5a9 .
ar gair aicnid, 69a5 . Cf. gair n-aigenta ┐ gair suidigthi i
bfoclaip gairdiph shortness by nature and position, Auraic.
4375 - 6 . a ngair robói hi `ruitus,' Sg. 176b2 . fri realadh
fuid ┐ gair, Auraic. 1552 . for fut no for gair on a long or
short [syllable
], 819 . Caide fot ┐ gair intib ? 1339 . 1547 . See
also 1 gar.