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galdae adj(gal) io,iā warlike : gaí géra galdai, LL. 219a42
( TTr. 166 ). fúair gním ngalla (: cranda) ō ríg Chrinna `he
got valiant service from C.'s king
,' Arch. Hib. ii 70.4 ( LL
183b24 ).

galfa ind .i. fairsing, Lec. Gl. 232 . Cf. gulfa.

1 galgat n ā,f. a champion, a warrior : galgad .i. gaisgeadhach,
5 O'Cl. galgat .i. tria gail gætas .i. gonas, Corm. Y 700 . cetna
galgat rogaedadh (gl. ced gaisgedhach rogonadh), Leb. Gab.
i 62. Ó Bruad. iii 186 . pl. rob imdha ann ... galgata gonta,
CCath. 6091 . na galgata gaisccidh, 5841 . immad már galgat,
FB 29 ( LU 8432 ). for galgataib Gréc, TTr. 1985 ; 856 . do
10gleire gaithlennach ocus galgat, MR 224.10 . CCath. 5450 ,
5840 , 5944 , 5964 , 6091 . do faósad mor ngalngad ann, CS
136.2 = mór ngerat, FM i 438.10 . go ttorchair ... don anbfor-
lann galccad, FM iii 224.7 . vi 2116.19 . gaoi chorra ar
guaillibh galghud, L. Cl. A. Buidhe xxv 18 . ban ¤ a female
15 champion : ar slicht na bangalghaite mná mic Nechtain,
AF 29.

2 galgat n ā,f. a calamity ; a crime, an outrage (confined to
poetry and cryptic style) : galgat .i. liach, O'Mulc. 689 .
galgat .i. tesbad imefuilnge gol ut dixit Guaire fri O. ag
20caoinedh Laignēin : ... is tind galgat nochāine, Corm. Y
726 (cf. Bruchst. i § 95 ). mara golgatha (.i. gotha mora in
guil), LL 387a17 . In gnīm dorinne Iudas | ba liach ┐ ba galgat,
Ériu i 41 § 4 . égem iar ngalgait an outcry after outrage, Tec.
Corm. § 37 (cf. ZCP xv 350 § 39 ). dorigni galgait ... Cellach
25... do guin, Rawl. 84a29 = LL 35a41 . LL 44a33 . mór ṅdirsan,
mór ngalgat, 123a20 (Nuallguba Emire). Mōr galgat ... nā
tormalt cid ōenbliadain, Rawl. 85a45 . golget .i. gol oc
nech rogāet, O'Mulc. 668.

? galgud : ind is anbal do cach duine ar tuinide tarrachtain
30galgudh ngó do lugha, O'D. 623 ( H.3.17, c.463 - 4 ).

galingan xsee gailingan.

? galiud : ind is leth ṅ-glíad sain, is galiud (clariud, Lec. ; St.)
comlaind ... cách tanic and `Zuteilung ?' (Wind.), TBC
5316.

35 1 Gall pn o,m. a p. Gollu, Golla, AU 1026 . gaillu, LL 184a12 .
gullu, Cog. 110 n. 2 ; gulla, Lism. L. 202 . v p. Gulla, IGT
Decl. ex. 681.
(a) Oldest meaning a Gaul : Gaill .i. Frainc. Gaill dano
ainm do ... ṡaerc[h]landaib Franc .i. tribus Gallie , Corm.
40Y 683 . Labraid for a loinges hi tirib Gall, RC xv 299
( Dinds. § 9 ). dolluid Forgall Manach ... amail bítís techta
ríg Gall, RC xi 438.25 (Tochm. Em.). marggad mór na nGall
ngrécach, Met. Dinds. iii 24.307 . epscop fīna ... .i. escra
tomais fīna la ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc, Corm. Y 539 .
45 Ériu iii 140.173 . a tuirc óir a tírib Gall, LL 49b40 = Hail
Brigit § 11 . In pl. used as a place-name : i ndesciurt Etale
... sed verius ... i[n] Gallaib itá, Thes. ii 311.32 .
(b) a Scandinavian invader (finn-gaill being the Northmen ,
dub-gaill the Danes ) : Niall Glundubh ... co torchair i cath
50Atha-cliath la Gallaibh, MacCarthy 404.22 . co Galliathaib
na nGall .i. co Ámlaib ... rig Lochlainne, CRR § 7 . Roiniudh
for Gallu Locha cuan, AU 942 ; 1026 . Brian ... ardrī Gall
ocus Gāedel, ZCP viii 120.1 . ar slanaib ... Turcaill righ
Gall, BCC § 435 ; § 373 . Ard Macha do orgain ... la Gallaibh,
55┐ ní ro hoirgedh la heachtarchenela riamh go sin, FM i
444.9 . ? dord gaill iar nderach a bárc, ib. 272.8 . Dán-
Fhocail 271 .
(c) an Anglo-Norman, an Irishman of Norman descent, an
Englishman : Díarmait Gall, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . a Gulla
60Fáil, ex. 681 . langfiter ... .i. glas na nGall, Corm. p. 26 .
(Cf. langp[h]eitir .i. anglis insein, Corm. Y 812. ) slóiccheadh
lá hUilliam ... de Lathi ... ┐ lá gallaibh Midhe, FM iii 268.13 .
gabháltas Gall the Norman Invasion, Keat. ii 4840 . Fine
gaoidel senghoill féin `the old English themselves,' O'Gr. Cat.
65 467.11 . sduagha do gheibhthe re Goll (of a castle) arches
that used to be found with the foreigner
(i.e. built in Norman
style ?), DDána 119.16 . Applied to the Geraldines, Ériu
ix 164 § 12.
(d) a foreigner : fer doberait gaill amach, Laws v 244.18 gl.
70 o luibib gall, 84.6 Comm. gaill comlaind (among a king's
rights) foreign mercenaries for combat, iv 340.18 . cin a gall
┐ a deoraidh, O'C 290 ( H.3.18, 159 ). scrisfaid siad goill ┐
allmaruidh a hErind, BCC § 127.
Compds. ¤ assa a Gaulish sandal : a p. gallasu (gl. gallicas=
75caligas, Vulg.), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 178b2 ). ¤ at foreign helmet ,
IT iii 100 § 171 . ¤ bádach partial to foreigners (?) : comairleda
... guthmilse gallbadhacha in ghlaniarla `prompted by
inherent leaning to the English
,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.37 .
¤ baile a foreign stead : ZCP ii 339.34 . gallbailti gan gall-
80dacht, Studies 1920, 416.z . IGT Decl. ex. 1915 . ¤ bélre
foreign speech : sluag guillbelrai, Fen. 222.10 . can latin, acht
gall-berla, ZCP xviii 12 , note. milc ... focul gallberla, O'Dav.
1215 . ¤ biail a foreign (i.e. Scandinavian) axe : O'Dav.
532 . .iiii. sgribaill .x. is fiu in gaillbiail .i. in crostuadh lethan,
85 O'C. 241 b ( H.3.18, 136 ). slicht gall-bela, O'C. 810 ( H.3.18,
374a ). See Mann. and Cust. iii 29 . ? ¤ blach, IT iii 99 § 163 .
¤ brat foreign booty : ? nímo gradh gallbraide, ib. 95.1 . ¤ bróc
foreign shoe : Guaire na ngallbrocc, ib. 101 § 179 . ¤ cerd name
given to the Scandinavian sport of tossing children on spears
,
VSH i 164 § xxxiv (v.l. gialcherd); cf. p. xxii n. 4 . ¤ cét
(lit. foreign hundred) the old Scandinavian (Teutonic ?)
long hundred the hundrad tólfráett, i.e. 12 tens: o na rigaib
5anall gabar comad gall-ced (sic leg.) do beth and sin, Laws
v 78.21 . da ced bairgen .i. da gallced (sic leg.), ib. 110.21
se fichit in gach ced, O'C. 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b43 ). ¤ cliar: an
ghaillchliar the Reformed clergy , Mac Aingil² 4297 ¤ cloch
` foreign castles ,' Studies 1920, 416.2 . ¤ cochal a Norse
10 hood , KMMisc. 364.9 . ¤ cú npr m.: Gallchū, Rawl. 151b40 .
¤ cúirt foreign palace , Studies 1924, 242.2 . ¤ dírna a foreign
dírna (i.e. weight), O'Dav. 679 . ¤ écosc Gaulish garb:
doluid Forcoll M. ... isna Gaillecuscaib, ZCP iii 246 § 57 .
¤ écoscda of foreign appearance: cloidemh mor gaillecasgda,
15 TBC 5478 (St.). ¤ espoc a foreign bishop: ag an ngaillespuc,
ALC i 242.28 . ¤ focal: dot dhíon ar ghallfhocal ghall the
pledged word of the English
(i.e. Punica fides), O'Gr. Cat.
485.8 . ¤ fothannán the herb bearsbreech or bearsfoot , RC ix
227.21 . O'Gr. Cat. 184.30 . ¤ fuil foreign blood: easbaid
20Goill ó gleo an Mullaig | ód roinn sa gleo ar an Gallfhuil, Ir.
Texts ii 60 § 24 . ¤ ga a foreign javelin, an English spear ,
IGT Decl. ex. 967 . AU ii 212.22 . ¤ gabul: ? gréas gach
gall-ghabhla (from description of a building), DDána 119.33 .
¤ glas a foreign lock , Laws i 142.12 Comm. ¤ góidel one of
25 mixed race, i.e. Viking and Irish blood . For an account of
the Gall-Goidil see RC xxxix 176 - 177 (Sommerfelt); TFrag.
138 n. ; Bidrag, p. 4 seq.; Watson, Celtic Place-Names, 172
seq. In the Annals the word is used of inhabitants of Ireland
only between 855 and 858 (Sommerfelt, loc. cit.). In TFrag.
30 138 (an. 857) the name is applied to the Irish who had
adopted Viking ways and relapsed into paganism. Cf. also
ib. 232. cocadh mor etir Gennti ┐ Maelsechnaill co n-Gall-
ghoidelaibh leis, AU i 364.x ; ib. 366.8 . loingius na nGall-
nGaoidheal (sic) .i. Scuit iad ┐ daltai do Normannoibh iad,
35 TFrag. 128.8 . FM i 490.8 (an. 856). gic-goc Gallgaidhel,
Anecd. ii 72.6 . inghean ríogh Gallghaedheal, Keat. ii 5540 .
Used of inhabitants of western Scotland: téit iarum Donnan
in Gallgaidelu ┐ geibid aitreb ann (where apparently the island
of Eigg is meant), Fél. 116.13 . Bláán .i. Balaan (sic) epscop
40Cinn Garad hi nGallgaidelaib (Bute), ib. 184.28 . As a place-
name connoting Galloway: Suibne mac Cinaedha, ri Gallgai-
dhel, AU i 568.z (an. 1034); ii 234.1 (an. 1200); ii 290.17 (an.
1234). Toirberd mac Gall Ghoeidhil, ALC i 242.25 (an. 1210)
= mac righ gallgaoidhel, FM iii 164.13 . Samaisc ┐ Artúr ┐
45Ínber tri meic rig Gallgaeidel anall, AS 4560 . Bressal mac
Eirge, mac ríg Gallgaeidel anall, ┐ taissech teglaig rig Eirenn
he, ib. 7951 . Watson seeks to explain the form Galloway,
Celtic Place-Names 174 . ¤ gruaim: ó ghall-ghruaim a nglóir, A. Ó
Dálaigh xxi 5 . ¤ gruitne Norse curds: do gallurad gall-
50gruitni, Hib. Min. § 66.32 . ¤ iall a foreign thong: pl. gaillialla
(.i. oígeich .i. lomhna connaigh), Ériu ii 4.14 . ¤ iasc a pike,
Iar. Conn. 11 note y . ¤ íath foreign territory , CRR 10.y ; 20.10 .
¤ manach, Anecd. iii 9.20 . ¤ merge a foreign standard; rie
bar ngaillmeirgib grīanṡrōill, Bruchstücke no. 25 . ¤ mías
55 a quoit (?): in gaillmias (gl. discus), Ir. Gl. 478 . ¤ mil a foreign
soldier: pl. gaillmilid ... na Gaillia, CCath. 5369 . ¤ óclach
orig. a Scottish soldier or mercenary, in service of an Irish
chief; a `gallowglass' or heavy-armed foot-soldier opposed to
the light-armed kerns (see Hayes-McCoy, Scots Mercenary
60Forces in Ireland, pp. 15-76 ). The word is common in the
Annals of the 13th-15th centuries: tre cumachtain cinidh a
mathar idon Clainni Domnaill ┐ Gallóglach n-imda aile,
AU ii 372.17 . galloglacha uaisli 426.9 . ocus a ngallóg-
láchaibh ina n-éidedh timchioll chuirp an airdrígh, MS.
65Mat. 540.36 . FM iii 450.11 . ib. 588.1 . ¤ óclachus: leader-
ship of gallowglasses: fear ... ba mó ainm la gallócclachus,
FM iv 1140.12 . ¤ óg an English soldier, Content. xi § 14 .
¤ ogam Viking Ogham , Auraic. 6157 (called also Ogam Loch-
lannach, 6155 ). ¤ ráith a foreign rath or fort , see O'Gr. Cat.
70 502.22 . ¤ sail a foreign (non-indigenous ?) willow: i nglotuinn
géag ngall-ṡaileach, DDána 85.45 . ¤ salann, foreign salt , glac
gallsalaind, IT iii 93 § 139 . ¤ sax English foreigner: eiritigidh
Gallsax, Hy Fiachr. 172.6 . ? ¤ semind, IT iii 93 § 139 (BB).
¤ sét a foreign treasure: pl. na gall-seoit tar muir tocairter,
75 Laws v 220.22 gl. (etym. gl. on gaillite tacair). ¤ sgiam: a
ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh `O youth of foreign beauty', Studies
1924, 241.1 . ¤ sciath: Tuathal Mælgarb na ngall-sciath, LL
130b12 . ¤ sochraite foreign auxiliaries , Cog. 168.7 . ¤ tech
foreign palace , Studies 1924, 241.y . ¤ Tór: Tór the Viking,
80 Caithr. CC. 138.z . ¤ trumpa a trumpet, a clarion: itir orgán ┐
gitart ┐ galltrumpa, ZCP vi 52.8 . Matt. vi 2 . ? ¤ urad: do
gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. 66.32 .