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gabál n ā,f. n s. gabaal, Wb. 7a7 . gabál, SR 6290 . gabail,
Ml. 60a12 . 95d13 . gabáil, LU 5126 . d s. and a s. gabáil, q.v.
infra. g s. gabalae, Ml. 83a3 . n p. gabala Wb. 19a4 .
20As vn. of gaibid (q.v.) in all its meanings.
(a) taking (over, into possession), assuming ; passing
occas. into the sense receiving : hi tosuch gabalae toisigechtae
du Moysi, Ml. 83a3 . iar ngabhail righe do Feidhlim, Cog.
4.27 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme taking them [as wives] in spite
25of their defects
, ZCP viii 113.10 . gabail bachla going on a
pilgrimage (lit.
taking a staff), Laws v 296.16 . do gabail
aéir taking the air, Maund. § 190.8 . lā do ghabháil to fix a day,
Ériu viii 137.11 . aithrechus do gabail on pecach to accept
repentance
, BCC 238.4 . gan oba gliadh ná a gabhail, TD
30 26.40 . bala mumia do gabáil a n-aimsir na plaga to inhale,
O'Gr. Cat. 200.2 . ier ngabail tighi ōsta after taking lodgings,
Fl. Earls 66.27 . na luibhe ici ... a[g] gabail na crecht nua ...
n-anabaid drawing together (?) or taking effect on (?) the new
raw wounds
, ZCP x 308.5 . conā gaib greim nō gabāil ina
35tómlim what I eat takes no hold or effect, Aisl. MC 95.2 .
dochúas o Dauid ... fri gabáil nglé for fair reception (?) SR
6303. Of assuming arms : a chētgabāil ṅgaiscid, TBC² 641 .
Of conceiving : féil ghabhála Mhuire i mbroinn, TSh. 3269 .
Of receiving and adopting a foster-child : cidh mac faosma
40d' ainfine ... mad ro badar ar aird ag a gabhail, Laws iv
256.4 Comm. Of removal by death : ar na ghabhail on
bheathaigh so, AU i 8.9 . (?) ma romtoiccthi ecc ind-Hí, ba
gabal di trocari it were a merciful taking (?) Anecd. ii 19.3 .
Of fixing in : ic gabhail férne na pupla don talmain, driving
45in
... (?), RC xliii 42 § 39.
gabáil lámae duine expelling, removing a person (lit.
seizing his hand
, see Irisches Recht, p. 12 ) : fristulaid C. dó
┐ rofóid díis dia muintir do gabáil a láma, Trip. i 146.22 .
adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail, ib. 148.5 . Cf. ii 478.15 .
50 cia epscop uáib no ragad ... do gabail laime Mochuta, Fél.²
94.39 . leth in sechtmaig ar gabail lama nama only for marry-
ing
(of a husband `for bantidnacor'), Laws ii 392.25 Comm.
(see Thurneysen, St. in Ir. Law, p. 59 ). With prep. for
enjoining, commanding : grechus C. C. ar Laogh ... ag
55gabhail a laimhe fair 'man ngaei mbulga d'indioll, ZCP x
296.2 ; cf. TBC 2180 , 3252 ; ML 156.5 . Cf. also : ac gabail
lama ar an feín dochum an mor-chatha `urging on' CF 565 .
See gaibid.
In concrete sense : a collection (of money, etc.) : rogabad
60gabáal dóib leu, Wb. 7a7 . con-gabtis gabala linn ... in
Hierusalem, 19a4 . dinab gabalib (gl. collectis), 13d33 .
dodechatar conimbiud a ngabala (.i. tinola) , Arch. iii 28.16 .
ar cenn Patraic, Trip. 206.8 . doberdis gabala mar (sic)
doib, O'C. 762 ( H.3.18, 359 b ). primiti .i. tosach gabala
65cach nuathoraidh, Laws i 52.7 Comm. Cf. also leth-gabal
under 2 gabal.
(b) seizing, capturing ; conquest ; seizure : gabail etechta
unlawful seizure, Laws ii 84.10 . gabail co toxal, i 64.3 .
caill cen gabail `an unappropriated wood,' v 484.14 Comm.
70 imgeib guin immo-amgeib gabáil he avoids wounding, he
avoids capture
, TBC 860 . co ṅ-gabail iṅgni sebaicc, 2725 . ar
ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119y . fer gabala giall
nErenn (of a predominant king), RC xviii 41.28 (Tig.).
go sluaghaibh Gréag dá gabháil, TD 26.33 . ro po goiste
75gabala don Demun, RC xx 176.17 (ACC Comm.). gabála
báise cis lir ? how numerous are the seizures (?) of folly ?
Tec. Corm. § 14 . do leigthea gan lan-gabail without being
taken prisoner
, MR 200.11 . Cf. Num. xx 1 ; FM iii 306.13 ;
646.2 . set gabhala, O'Don. 540 ( H.3.17, c. 434 ). bó cecha
80gabala, BColm. 64 . in ard-gabail-sea doníat in cuanairt
`high-catching,' Acall. 7385. ? claideb crúaid ... i n-
ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC 5340 . Cf. RC xliii 82 § 84.
ag gach gabháil dár gheabh `any who have conquered her,'
TD 17.4 ; hence Lebor Gabála Érenn The Book of Conquests
(lit. `of the taking'), MS. Mat. 578.24 . cóic gabála ... rogabad
Hériu, Im. Br. ii 286.13 = LU 1229 . faghla is gabhála
5Gaoidheal, TD 28.2 . Of taking and harnessing horses, etc. :
a eich do gabáil do ┐ a charpat do indell, MU 4.12 . Cf.
Maguires of F. § 23 . timargain dam fri a ngabail, Laws v
486.23 ; cf. 152.4 . dá chéd ngargdhamh n-gabhála plough
oxen
(lit. `oxen of harnessing'), BR 220.22 . (?) ni tharraid
10gabail na slabrad batar ar comlaid na slige, Rawl. 131b26
= Y Cymmrodor xiv 104 . fuil muc oc a ngabail a cru (one of
the seven bloods shed by beasts for which nothing is paid),
Laws v 152.4 .
In concrete sense : booty ; spoil ; a captive : iar torach-
15tain cáich cona gabáil, LU 5393 . ocht ngabala fichet tucc
Donnchadh leis, Cog. 210.17 . rangattar D. ... gusan ngabhail
leó, FM ii 878.14 . 1090.3 . bar mná ... iarna mbreith a
ngabalaib ┐ a ndaeraib as captives and bondswomen (?), Alex.
214 . A catch : iasgaire ... gēbaid sē a lāngabāil, ZCP x 345
20§ 5 ; cf. Luke v 9 . A gag, a check : gabail for tengthaib `a
gag on tongues
' (one of the punishments of hell), RC iv
252.23 , 24 .
(c) holding, occupying, maintaining ; fortifying : do gabáil
in chalaid risin coblach, LL 224b22 ( TTr. 545 ). foroprait ar
25g. ¤ in dúnaid, TFerbe 222 . LL 276a33 . fouair in Troi n-
osluici cen neach aga diten nach ga gabail, 398b28 . nipsa
chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . do ghabhail na conaire coitchinne
(i.e. to occupy the common road against the enemy), FM vi
2276.x . do chuir in iustís locht a gabhála inti (of a place
30taken by military force), O'Gr. Cat. 9.16 (= RC xlii 302.5 ).
(d) reserving, reservation (?) of land for cropping , in
phrases like cluain gabála, gl. herbagium, Ir. Gl. 723 . ní
cluain ghabhāla grās Dē, RIA Cat. 4.10 . don aengurt gabala,
`grazing-field (?),' Lism. L. 2866 . ocht fichit bó a férgort
35gabala, Acall. 2069. 2309 . 4181 . 7602 . 7970 . Cf. (?) ar
fheurghort gabhla, Tór. Dh. 60.27 (Oss. iii). mes na caille
gabhála, O'Don. 748 ( H.3.17, c. 63 -4) = O'Don. 2202 ( Nero
A vii, f. 140a ). crim .i. a caill gabala `in an appropriated
wood
,' Laws v 474.15 gloss. ; ib. 30 . im crand ngabala bis i
40ndithrib, i 202.2 = O'C. 2683 ( Eg. 88, f. 58 (59) b ). férbrug
gabala, Acall. 4179 , 7292 . Levying (?) : g s. in phrase bó
gabála a cow levied as a due : (things that may be alienated
from the `fine') ni sanntar ni seacha fine ... acht ... forcomal
chis flatha i cain aicillne ... no boin gabala nothing is alienated
45without consent of the fine, save security for the lord's rent, in
the law of base clientship ... or a cow levied as a due
, Laws v
442.24 . An leg. bó ingabála ? Cf. tiumnaigther uad ... co
ructar bó ingabála dia fuiririud (sic leg.), i 136.2 Comm.
dlighidh saerbiathad deisi ┐ boin lethgabala `... a cow of the
50second quality
' (i.e. that is worth half of the legal levy), iv
350.26 Comm. bo gabhála da gach creich, Fen. 134.11 .
(e) taking, passing, going (a road, etc.): techt co Sipra ┐
can gabáil co Ródus, Maund. 37 . ac gabáil na ndorus fria
thaebh entering by the side doors, Marco P. 77 . gan an t-eolus
55sin do gabhail not to take that route, BCC § 233 . fear gabhála
`a wayfaring man,' Judges xix 17 . lucht gabāla na sligedh,
Fl. Earls 88.20 . coblach do Grécaib do gabáil i purt Ségi,
LL 224b18 ( TTr. 542 ). cuan ghabhala landing place, CF 90.
(f) singing, reciting : na trí cóicait do gabáil, Ériu i 196.7 .
60 do gabail cepoce ... immum, ScM² 19.11 . gabail n-ecnairci,
Mon. Tall. § 18 . fear ag gabháil dúaine duit, IGT Decl.
ex. 683 . sailm tra in tan gabar, cech la gabail dib i sessom,
araile i ssuide, Rule of Céli Dé § 22 . By extension, of that
which is sung, recited : is hí and cétna gabal lais otha beatus
65corrici domine quis , Mon. Tall. § 31 . Cf. § 32 , and Rule
of Tall. § 99 seq.
(g) Used with various prepositions : (for meanings see
gaibid). cen gabáil ar m'aicned without controlling my dis-
position
, Mer. Uil. 243 . gabail ara fual retention of urine,
70 Mon. Tall. § 53 . Cf. gabail foraib, ib. leighister hí ... le
gabáil ar anáil, O'Gr. Cat. 193.32 . o ... na rabha aca comh-
ang gabhala dhibh a chriche d'innrudh ... to prevent them,
RC xliii 114 § 120 . ní éta gabail disside she could not be
prevented
, IT i 71.12 . ni edaim a ghabhail duit-se a dula
75 I cannot prevent your going (?), RC xliii 20 § 13 . atrachtsad
Laigin do gabail foraib to attack them, Anecd. i 18.1 . iar
ngabail for a cetfadaib their senses being stunned, Alex. 28 .
is saoth lium in bachlach ut do gabhail form ar éicin encroach
on me
(i.e. settle on my land), Lism. L. 2279 . ní bhaoí
80cumhang occa gabhail friú im aidhmhilleadh na criche `nor
was he able to prevent them
...,' FM vi 1924.20 . in días do
gabáil immón n-óenfer attacking, LU 8206 ( FB § 15 ). mas
tria anfot rucustar hi ┐ ata ag gabail impi tria anfot (of a
false verdict) `and is adhering to it through inadvertence,'
85 Laws iii 304.12 . gabhail impe tar gealluibh withholding it in
spite of pledges
, ii 70.27 Comm. as dliged in ní sin ... ┐ ní
était sium gabail uime (of the payment of a tribute) they
cannot withhold it
, RC xliii 14 § 8 . Mairc do Priaim gabáil
impe ... gan a tinnlocadh doibh tar cenn tsidha (of the
Greeks demanding the surrender of Helen) Woe to Priam
that he withheld her and did not give her over to them in return
for peace !
King's Inns MS. 12, f. 26rb . mad ail leis connicc
5gabail impe a cetoir cena leccudh uadh (of a branch over-
hanging a neighbour's garden) he (i.e. the owner) can with-
hold it
, O'Don. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 26a ). Conn do gabail
leo a n-aghaidh Hui Neill siding with them, AU iii 228.25 .
Cf. TTebe 3172 . robái ... oc gabáil ac Patraic `a-holding
10by P.
' (= supporting P.), Trip. 556.26 . gabail ic fannaib
taking the part of (indulging ?) the weak, LL 371c39 . LB
151b41 . fer da tuc C. tidhnaicci móra oir ┐ indmais tar cenn
gabhála aigi `for supporting him,' CCath. 535.
(h) leaven (late) : do thógaibh an pobal ... an mhin
15chomhchroitte, sul do cuireadh gabháil innte = antequam
fermentaretur, TSh. 7753 . 'na arán ghlan, gan cumasg
laibhín nó gabhála, 8910 . deocha geura gabhála sharp,
fermented (?) drinks , ITS i 38.25 . Prob. = gabálta, q.v.
See also bó-gabál, duine-gabál.

20 gabálach adj(gabal) o,ā prehensive, rapacious, violent : ba trebur
ar nā bat gabálach, Anecd. iii 13.11 . Ailill Glass, gabālach
fïam, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 28.10 = Rawl. 116a20 . cuibleng ...
guinech gabalach crechtach, Aen. 2486 . gaeth grod gailbech
gabalach, Acall. 3642 n . Of drinks : do deochaib garga,
25gabhálacha, IT ii2 135.339 (v.l. to mesgamla).

gabálaid xsee gabáltaige.

gabálta part. (gabál) (a) taken up, occupied : at gabalta lama
láech ra denam dunad, CRR 6.
(b) taken up, harnessed (of horses) gursad gléasta gabhalta
30ar ngroidhe, CRR² 5 . Cf. sogabaldai (of horses), LU 6911.
(c) With prep. in, taken as the equivalent of, assessed at :
raithi sainemail ... ba gabalta i cumail é, TBC 71 ; cf.
74 (possibly a verb necess. = gabtha).
(d) Of drinks : a ndeocha garga gabhalta míne mei-
35sgeamhla ` fermented ,' ITS i 180.26 , Oss. iii 162.27 .

gabáltach adj o,ā I Active. (a) that which takes or apprehends ;
receptive : masa gabaltach in cu if the hound is a dog of chase,
Laws iii 526.6 . fri slendaibh slegh ... ngobger n-gabaltach
prehensive (`gegabelt', Wi.), TBC 5652 St. aderar íle risin
40cét adhbar ar son a beth gabháltach, O'Gr. Cat. 243.6.
cédfadh g. ¤ `the receptive sense,' 36 .
(b) holding, a (land-)holder : daer da dhenam dan nGaedeal
gé madh gabhaltach `that the G. should be made ignoble though
a landholder
,' Hy Many 142.4 .
45(c) Of drinks, intoxicating : deich. xx. dabach do chuirm
glain gabaltaig ` fermented ,' Acall. 2445.
II Passive. (a) gl. captus, Ir. Gl. 594.
(b) Of diseases, contagious, infectious : as plaig ann galur
gabhaltach, 23 K 42, 266.17 . ata galra Poill go gabhaltach,
50 Flower Cat. ii 353.2 ; ní gabhaltuighe an phláigh do thaobh
na ccorp iná an pecadh do thaoibh na n-anmann, Mac Aingil
211.10 . Prov.: ta mianfuighil gabháltach, Hard. ii 407.z .

gabáltaid n i,m. one who holds or seizes : medóntairismid no
gabaltaid, Sg 37b13 (gl. mediastinus). masa gabaltaid in cu
55`if the dog be a hunter,' Laws iii 518.z ; 520.3 , 8 . nech genes
a Cētāin ... bid tréngabāltaig (gabaltaid v.l.), ZCP x 226.2 .

gabáltaige n(gabáltach) iā,f. power of seizing, prehensiveness ;
seizure, taking : is daithi in ghabaltaighi dogni ... forsna
harmu, Cóir Anm. 146 . Cf. conid Da Thi a ainm óndní is
60dathi gabálaid, LU 2788 [marg. gl.]. ( Arch. i 14. ) Cf. Hy
Fiachr. 20 cited s.v. gabáltas. coin na tri ngním ... .i.
lorgaireacht ┐ g. ¤ ┐ dingbháil fir forana, O'Don. 985 ( H.3.17,
c. 849 ). gabhaltaighe n-aithgina, O'C. 563 ( H.3.18,
280 - 81 ). go ngabaltaide ngell the taking of pledges, ib.
65 1184 ( H.3.18, 469 - 70 ). Cóic Conara 28 § 7 (`mit Annahme
von Unterpfändern
').

gabáltas n o,m. (a) power of seizing or catching : as de
adbheartha ar dhaithe a ghabhaltais ┐ a lamhaigh, Hy
Fiachr. 20.4 ( YBL 191b21 ), cf. cit. from LU s.v. gabáltaige.
70(b) seizure of land, invasion, conquest : do dhénamh
ghabáltais égcóir i dtalam eile, SG 16 , 4 . ni tainig g. ¤ i
nErinn acht on domhan anoir, MS. Mat. 578.28 . Gaill do
dhéanamh gabháltais orra, TSh. 5466 . Gabháltas Gall, the
Norman Invasion
, Keat. ii 4839 . FM v 1680.20 . Content.
75 iv 17 . lán do thréngabaltas ar na tirthaibh uile, L. Chl.
Suibhne § 2 . pl. gur léigheadh libh Gabháltais (= Lebar
Gabála), Content. xv. 9 . tug an oiread so do dhúthaigh
dhóibh os cionn a ngabháltuis féin in Ultaibh. in addition to
their acquisitions in U.
L. Cl. A. B. 50.22 (= TD ii, p. 228 ).
80 o rosfortamhlaigh tra gabháltus Gall (.i. Búrcaigh ...) foran
sliocht sin the [might of] the English invasion (i.e. the Burkes)
Hy Fiachr. 70.17 .
(c) a farm, a holding : dochum leasuighthe do ghabháltuis,
Parl. Chl. T. 586 . do léigeadar ar ghabháltusuibh do ghlacadh,
85 685 .
(d) land-tenure ; stewardship : go bhfuairsiod fearann ar
ghabháltas uaidh, Keat. i 200.2 . gabháltas ar thoil an
Tighearna neamhdha, TSh. 791 . tabhair cúntas do ghabhál-
tais uait, 796 , 7296 (= redde rationem villicationis tuae
Luc. xvi 2 ).