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gabul n o,m. and ā,f. gabhal (ā,f.), IGT Decl. § 12 ; gobhal,
gabhal, ā,f., § 192 . Gender seems to vary sometimes with
sense. n s. gabul, Sg. 45b20 . LU 4804 . gobul, LU 401 . g s.
na gabla , LU 4800 ; 4811 ; 9193 . TBC 683 . goible, Laws v
45360.15 . gaible, LL 193b52 . gaibhle, Tribes of Irel. 58 . in
(mur-)gabuil, Met. Dinds. iii 194 ( LL 196a38 ). gabail, Fen.
120.18 . d s. gabail, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . RC xxvi 12 ( LL 186a56 ).
TBC 2360 . gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). Ériu ii 194 § 9 . gabhal,
RC xiv 52.19 . a s. gabail, LU 4796 . TBC 673 . LL 142a39 .
50 gabal, CCath. 2960 . gabol, LL 284a16 . gobol, ib. 11 . n p.
(muir-)gobuil, Ml. 45d12 . gabail, Laws iv 282.13 . a p.
-gabla, LL 172b26 . gábla, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 (s.v. prull).
cetheora gabla , TBC 5645 (St). gablu, Laws iii 78.20 . g du.
Mag Dá Gabul , LU 8508 ( FB 36 ).
55(a) a fork: gl. furca, Sg. 45b20 . librither gabla a láma
as long as pitchforks, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 . Fig. of wreaths
of steam, etc. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile, Aisl. MC 35.1 .
g. ¤ dluta some sort of a tool, pincers (?): gulban .i. gobul dlūta
la sāiro, O'Mulc. 675.
60(b) a forked branch of a tree: for cethora benna na gabla,
LU 4800 = co tuc gobal ceithri mbeann fo a cinnu, Dinds.
144 . crichiditi limsa in gabul, TBC 781 . topacht gabail
cethri ṁbend, 673 . i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 ( TBC² 316 ).
TBC 683.5030 . co ngabail chain ina lamaib, Anecd. i 57 § 59 .
65Used of a larger branch than the `cráeb,' the `gabul' being
prob. a bough direct from the trunk and the `cráeb' a
branch of such a branch: colpach ina ngablaib, dairt ina
craeba, a `colpach'-heifer as fine for cutting their `gabla,'
a `dairt'-heifer for their `cráeba,'
Laws iv 146.23 . Cf. i 164.1
70Comm.
(c) the fork of a gallows, a gibbet: riag no gabul (gl.
patibulum), Sg. 53a20 . fer soerus di gabail `a man whom
he frees from the gallows
,' AL iv 338.3 ( Críth Gablach 579 ).
daer gabla an unfree person whom his patron has redeemed
75from the gallows:
doer-ḟuidir .i. in daer aigenta noco n-e
deirim acht daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. Cf.
however: in daor aicenta .i. fear gabar do ... gabail he,
O'C. 1212 ( H.3.18, 485a-b). in deoraidh .i. daer aicenta .i.
[daer] gabla, Laws i 106.7 Comm. fuidir gola (.i. gablai .i.
80crucis), Ir. Recht, p. 65 § 7 (see also ib. pp. 25 , 76 ff., 79 ).
fuidir goible (.i. gabar o gabail na croici .i. tar bragait),
Laws v 360.15 . na manaig nuna ┐ gola ┐ gabla, iii 10.24 .
furail gabla arda do breith ann `order high gibbets to be
brought there
,' Fier. 148.
85(d) a (forked ?) beam, support or shaft (for diverse uses):
(1) a beam, a rafter (of a house): dolluid ... co rrabi inna
sessom i mbun na gabla roboí hi ciund tened, LU 9193
( FB 92 ). luid is tech ... co mbaí forsin irlár ┐ a lám forsin
gabail, RC xxvi 12.22 (v.l. tuirid, H.3.18, 543yb ). Cf.
rosforbair in gabul ... uas in tig cona torad forri, PH 1315 .
gabhla ar ttighe `beams,' Canticles i 17 . gréas gach gall-
ghabhla `the ornament of each foreign arch,' DDána 119.33 .
5 ar bhun na gaibhle `on the rafter's end,' Tribes of Irel. 58.
(2) a support (a crook ?) for hanging a cauldron: in coire
fiuchus for a gabluib, Laws i 46.26 Comm. cuit in tslóig
... ni berbther é ar oengabail, TBC 2360 . as iad ba gabhla
dá ccoiredhaibh cáirn do chorpaibh na Lochlann, Thr. Frag.
10 124.1 . ra chuirset [in banb] forsin gabail i cionn na teined,
SG 88. 18 , 21 . nech do chur fo ghabhail (an) choire (a
mark of contumely): go gcuirfedh ... Fiond fo ghabhail an
choire, Duan. F. i 4.8 . cur Cormaic mic Airt d'Fhiacha fo
ghabhail coire, Content. iii 27 . Cormac fo ghabhail do
15chor, vi 119 . Cf. xv 50 ; xviii 107 . (3) a pillar; with or
without fulaing (g s.) a prop, an undersetting: cf. gabhal-
fulaing, posd[a], úaitne, más, `a base, pillar, undersetter,'
Eg. Gl. 365 . co tugdais leo gabla oir ... i mbidis cu[i]g
troigti fichet ┐ co scribdais a uili ... gnimrada ... intib
20(memorial pillars ?), IT ii2 105.8 . flesc for dib ṅgablaib
lasin conair immetiagat `a rod on two forks' (a rail-fence ?),
Ml. 45c9 . airdither slegh curadh cach cathgabal diobh agus
rosuidigsetar cetheora gabla fo cech roth, TBC 5645 St. = da
cathuaithne dec, 5643 . (Prob. props fixed under the wheels
25of portable besieging castles to act as brakes ?) Cf. cliatha
iomdha do ghénamh aca, ┐ gabhla do chur fotha, ┐
tolladh an mhuir fotha, TFrag. 232.14 . Cf. in Carr B.D. [i.e.
a spear] ... amlaid nobid, ┐ gobal fo bragaid `with a fork
under its neck
' [i.e. supporting it], Dinds. 14 . Of supports
30of the heavenly bodies: fúaim na ... rann ... ac tuitim ...
da gablaibh fulaing, RC xxiv 382.17 . tuitfidh grian ┐ éasga
dá rothaibh ┐ da ngabhlaibh go talamh, Uncat. MS. Cashel
Lib. tuitim ó gabhlaibh don ghrein | go talmhuin, 24 L 5
(RIA.) 2.12 . go buain a gabhal ón ngréin, Timthiridh 1917.8
35§ 10 . 1 Kings vii 34 . Fig. upholder: Banbha ... ga chloinn |
gabhla foirtille fulaing, IGT Decl. ex. 1918 . Giolla Criost
... gabhal fulaing chogaidh ┐ cosnamha Cenil Conaill, FM ii
834.14 . Cf. ALC i 40.1 . FM vi 2348.13 . na trí subáilche
díadha ... as uaitnedha ┐ as gabla fulaing fán mbethaidh
40sbioradálta, O'Hussey T.C. 13 . gabhla Thighe na Teamh-
rach, TD 9.3 . gabhla caomhChaithreach Cröoinn, 4.13 . fa
gabhal de ceithre ghabhlaibh na hEagluise é (of St. Jerome),
Eochairsg. 31.9 . (4) yards (?) of a sail: corr-gabla siúil,
CRR 11.4 . (5) a weapon, a pronged spear (?): gabhal .i.
45sleagh, P. O'C. gabhla .i. sleagha, BB 191b sup. marg. O'Cl.
la hiolar a n-éidedh n-allmharda ┐ a ngabhladh nglais-
iaroinn, Hugh Roe § 31 . (6) a pair of compasses (?): hi
catraig choéimchumaide fo gabulrind gábla, LB 130a56 .
Cf. cathair coir fa gabulrind, SR 6664.
50(e) the fork of the body, the thighs: bá fodeirc dó folés na
farrci foa gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). ecnach nem ┐ grían fo
[a] gabal ara ḟot, Ériu iv 138.26 . co tuc glun ina gabal do,
CCath. 2960 (Inguina ... insertis pedibus ... Phars. iv 628 ).
is ech tened bís hi n-gabul (inna gabail v.l.) a marcaig a n-
55iffirn, Ériu ii 194 § 9 . each teneadh am gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 .
caeca cubat 'na gabul, Dinds. 23 . fer na ra leic leithet da
gabail bhadéin ... dit ḟerand dait, TBC 5997 . ech gabail ┐
sliasta, a riding-horse, Fen. 140.17 ; cf. 120.18 . coslom-
nocht ┐ a (sic leg.) leinte a ngobhal gc aon aca, their shirts
60tucked between their legs
, Rel. Celt. ii 200.13 . maith a banscal
roriastrat drochdoíne do gabol, ZCP xviii 92.8 ( LL 284a16 ).
ib. 91.22 ( LL 284a11 ). a ndluigi in-a ṅgablaib na mna (as a
mode of execution), LB 154b52 . urthach saer dobeir in ben
fri uaitne, no a brisid oc a gabal, Laws i 180.12 Comm.
65(alternative gl. on: im sarurrach mban fri uatne, 176 ).
gabul cumung na clainne, O'D. 81 ( H.3.17 c. 69 ) = Laws i
180.27 Comm.
(f) a bifurcation or angle in a glen, pass, etc.; the spit of land
between two rivers (?): i ngobhal na ngleann, ZCP ii 362.38 .
70 gabhla gruaid-fhliucha glenn, O'Gr. Cat. 459.4. In Laws
some kind of enclosed land with special privileges (?): tar cro
no tar gabail tire, Laws v 258.21 Comm. dar cro no gabal
tire, i 98.20 Comm. Cf. geni goba acht lethgabail de
`though it (the water) should pass through only half a step of it,
75 AL iv 212.2 .
(g) a branch of a river, an arm or inlet of the sea forming a
creek or river estuary (see muir, Compds.): gabhal do sruth
Órt[h]anain, Anecd. ii 29.3 . coneracht g. ¤ fairrge etarru,
Trip. ii 486.21 (LB). gabhal mhara, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . Lism. L.
80 1486 . gabhal (sic leg.) mhuiridhe, Ériu iii 168 § 24 . tar
gabail mara, Laws v 440.29 Comm. ised is gabhol mara
ann cach bail na fetar cen luing no cen snam, iii 318.4 .
(h) Fig. a branch or ramification of a family; of a genea-
logical tree: fodla ┐ ilgabla mac Noe, Rawl. 72a48 . ben ... o
85dib gablaib, is de a athair d'Ulltaib ocus a mathair do feínib
Temrach, Laws iv 18.2 gloss. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu
fine, ... on the branches of the `fine,' iii 78.20 . riasiu ranntar
a lín cenn ngabal , O'D. 549 ( H.3.17, c. 437 ). ar a lin do
gablaibh i fodlaither gra[d] tuathe, Críth Gabl. 3 . RC
xxxii 392.2 . sech flaith, sech eclais, sech ilgobhlai fine,
ZCP xii 365.22 . aenfine iat ... ┐ ragablaighset iat ... in
darna gabul ... in gabul eile, O'D. 2259 ( Rawl. B 506 21a ).
5 roiadus gabail Chaim, I closed up (i.e. completed) the genealogy
of C.
, LL 142a39 . gnáith-bérla na ngabal ngrinn | cétna
tharla for Eirinn, SG 348.4 . a gabhla gaoil, those of her kin,
A. Ó Dálaigh iii § 4 . ite fodlai fine cacha flatha; a fuidri, a
ciniud, a gabail fodagniat, his branches (i.e. his dependants)
10 who serve him (?), Laws iv 282.12 .
(i) a branch or division of a subject : atait secht ngabala
a-ra-fognad brethemnacht an betha .i. a secht do gablaib,
Laws v 364.1 , 3.
(j) Metr. term: gobhal imairnd deínd for ardchassbairdní
15(name of a metre in which there is triple alliteration), IT iii
103 § 198 . is gobul dí .i. recne dechubaid .i. dá son nó a tri
do thinscital ó oen fid ... ┐ son o fid ecsamail ina ndiaid-sede,
ACC 146 Comm.
In n.l.: Fid nGaible ... nó comad Gabal ainm na haband
20do taot trit or G. may be the name of the river that flows through
it
, Dinds. 11 . Fid ṅGabli ... is aire ainmnigther Gabal dind
abaind ..., LL 159b12 (see remainder of passage, cited s.v.
gablaigid). in Gabol glan, Met. Dinds. ii 58.1 . Cf. tri
Guare Gabla, TBC 5939 = Gaible, TBC² 3494 . Cf. rig Gaible,
25 Met. Dinds. iii 16.204 . Abhainn Ghabhla, the Forked River,
Iar Conn. 102, n . a iath na trenḟer tigba | úaim do thriath
(sic leg.) glegel Gabla, LL 5142 . reidfid Dubgilla delbda | dín
mo debra mind ṅGaible, 193b52 .
Compds. ¤ chos fork of the leg, leg : gur amuis idir an dá gha-
30bhailchois ... é, ITS xxiv 126.30 . ¤ dub: Ingen Chonmaír ...
inna gorm-daíl gobul-duib `that dark-forked terror,' Met.
Dinds. iv 26.5 . ¤ fada long-shanked : Aed G., Laud 610, f. 39e .
¤ fine branching `fine' : senathuir senathur is esidhe athuir
na gabal-fhine, O'C. 361 ( H.3.18, p. 201 ). ¤ gicce a pronged
35 pole (?) : (of Conaire's swineherds) tri gabulgici úasaib hi toíb
fraiged, LU 7585 ( BDD 112 ). (of the Dagda) gabol gicca
rothach (sic leg.; gicc aroth, MS) feidm ochtair ina diaid,
RC xii 86 § 93 . ¤ gorm: coic eich ... gabalguirm ` grey-riding ,'
Fen. 368.8 . Cf. BB 275b11 ¤ lorc a forked or pronged pole
40or shaft:
gabollórg íairn (sic leg.) inna láim, LU 6825
( BDD 38 ). RC xliii 78 § 78 . briugu, filed, ┐ fer do-airgair
a bith-erchuiliud; are sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga
olldate a n-airm ` supporting-staves ,' Laws v 420.11 ;
` walking-sticks ,' 17 gloss. tri .l. gabal-lorg ina lámaib (of a
45`brugaid' and his retinue), Acall. 2442 . ¤ rind a pair of
compasses : a circino .i. o gabulrind, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 9 (= Corm.
Y 210 ). rosmathig ... cathir coir fa gabulrind (= aedificavit
per gyrum, 2 Reg. 5.9 ), SR 6664 (= LB 130a56 ). fo treith
gabail-rindedh (-dech ?) a fork-pointed trident (?), O'C. 573
50( H. 3.18, 286 ; see 2 gabair, supra). ¤ ṡliasait groin (?) : con-
beicidís as a broind ... rodusmhuch fo gabalsliasaid, BB
257b33 . ¤ ṡreng a plumb-line : Ni heasbhaidh don bhláith
bháirrṡlim | ríaghail ghrinn nó gabhailṡreing, Essays and
Studies (Ridgeway), p. 6 .