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50 1 glas n o,m. (also ā,f. ? Cf. i nglais láimhe, Maguires of F.
§ 33 , a late text ; eachair do ghlais an ghuidhe, IGT Decl.
ex. 2093 ).
(a) a lock, a fetter, a clasp, a bolt : huan glas (gl. a sera),
Sg. 183b2 . hua chosglasaib (gl. conpedibus), Ml. 83c10 .
55 Cf. ZCP xx 360 . glass .i. serra, Ir. Gl. 226 . glas no gemel no
geibend, Laws i 110.11 Comm. ┐ glas a caraid etir gach
ndis dib, Anecd. ii 78.10 . cach gillchaide i ṅglass, LL
147a45 . i taig fo glas, TBC² 270 . fá ghlas a péin, SG 19.18 .
glas ... ni fuasluicer de, Laws v 196.17 Comm. ro-cuirset
60glas iarnaigi for doras na cubacla, PH 2952 . ní ḟuil glas
gan dá gheimhlech, IGT Decl. ex. 803 . ind lis íatai fó
glassaib, LU 10893 . geíll i nglassaib, Tec. Corm. § 1.8 .
na glais d'fācbail oslaicthi, ZCP xiii 183.18 . daingnigter
for slabraidh ┐ for nglais ┐ bar ngeibenna, CCath. 4257 ;
65 1713 . Alex. 1098 . Tarainn ... fuair glassu fuair carcracha,
LL 143b14 . tall na glasa ... dib, Lat. Lives 64.4 . tuc an
sagart a glasa `out of imprisonment,' Ériu v 82.36 . do
fhuaslugad a carat a glas no slabrad, Laws ii 378.22 Comm.
do facbuis fa glas me, BCC § 368 . do fagaib glas air he
70locked him in,
ib. Judges iii 23 . a dhoirse, a ghlais ┐ a
bharradha, Neh. iii 3 . Cant. v 5 . do fhuaslaig grem a
ghlas lamha (sic leg.), Irish Texts iv 114 § 8 . glas lámh ...
ar ghiall hand-fetters, DDána 119.10 . Cf. Maguires of F. § 33 .
Néill na naoi nglas N. of the nine hostages (lit. fetters), TD
75 25.14 . Of the fastening or fetter of a yoke : .x. coraite
slabrad sgeo glais geil-ia[i]rnd, Ériu ii 4.13 . Of the clasp of
a `ferbolc' or bag for chessmen : a ferbolc ... | glas for-
fācoibh fair in súi | nāchunursloicce nac[h] dúi, Fianaig.
14 § 34.
80(b) Fig. i fudamain péne suthaine forsa n-íadfa glas
brethre Dé, FA § 34 . iadfaitir ... tri glais na pecthach, RC iv
252.12 . trí glais foríadat rúine : náire, túa, dochta, Triads
203 . brū Muiri | ... glas gach duine da-bī a mbroit, | is
ī uile da oslaic, Arch. iii 244 § 1 . cosc ar cheól, glas ar
85ghaoidheilg ... speech is fettered, Ériu viii 192.18 . ní théid
glas do ghothaibh én, IGT Decl. ex. 1590 . do bhrég ... | glas
mo thoile uam, Rel. Celt. ii 242.z . Mac Sibhán ... glas ar
oirbheart Iarmhumhan a check upon ..., Misc. Celt. Soc.
348.10 . IGT Decl. ex. 198 . sluind ... cen trom-glas `tell
without constraint
,' Met. Dinds. iii 302.67 . scaoilis ... an glas
do bhí ar an uisce ag a chongbháil (of a spell or enchantment),
Keat. ii 4980. Dán Dé xix 15. TSh. 3926 . níor dhulta
5dhuit i n-a ghlas `you should not have bound yourself to
him
,' Content. xxvii § 9 . Dán Dé xxxi 38 . winding up,
conclusion : Amen ... glass sin ┐ foriadud na hernaigthe
coimdetta, PH 7981 . benait glass ... for slúaiged Iúin they
wind up
(lit. clap the bolt on) the hosts of June, Fél. June 30 .
10(c) Compds. ¤ díl ransom, price of freedom , Hackett xxv 19 .
¤ snaidm a fetter : glas-shnaidhm dosgaoilte ... ar a anam,
TSh. 7560. IGT Decl. ex. 623.

2 glas o,ā adj. descriptive of various shades of light green and
blue, passing from grass-green to grey , opposed on the one
15hand to uaine green and on the other to gorm blue. It appears
in the list of colours given as names to the winds in SR 58 seq.
and Laws i 26.31 Comm.
I (a) of green or greenish hue (esp. of growing things,
grass, trees, etc.): géga glasa, Buile Ṡ. 30.17 . ith nglass,
20 SG 80.9 . do glas cainnind, Laws ii 254.9 . a gcrích bhranach
na mbenn nglas, O'Gr. Cat. 513.6 . ar chraoibh dhuilleaghlais,
TD 1.53 ; 6.4 . Compar. glaisiu geltaibh gort `greener than
pastures is ivy
,' Auraic. 1189 . Superl. glaisium cnis `most
silvery of skin
' (of the birch-tree), 5617 . As subst. : fiad-
25ubull ... amail glas fiadan he, Laws v 474.17 Comm. Glas
nenta (name of a cat `Nettle-Green'), O'Dav. 1045.
Compds. ¤ choll green hazel , LB 155a26 . ¤ chraíbech green
branches : tene do glas-chrāibech, Aisl. MC 115.13 . ¤ dair
green oak : dairbre glas-darach, CRR § 37 . ¤ désach green-
30spiked (of corn), FM v 1628.3 . ¤ ḟér : luigfér glasfeóir ┐
arbar, LU 8124 ( FB 9 ). Fen. 50.22 . ¤ ḟérach green-grassy ,
TTebe 2268 . ¤ géc glaisgēg darach, SG 328.20 . ¤ gésca :
glas-gesceda darach, CRR § 37 . ¤ gort a green cornfield ,
CCath. 4915 . FM vi 2332.28 . ¤ míne `a green sward ,' Buile
35Ṡ. 90.y .
(b) blue, greenish blue ; greyish blue : dubglass (gl.
caeruleum), Sg. 70b12 . ba glas ┐ ba téntide a sliab, Ml.
96b17 (ref. to Ex. xxiv 10 : quasi opus lapidis sapphirini).
Cf. dath glas ... forsind sl[é]ib fo chosmailius saphirr, 84d4 .
40Of the eyes : súil glass, IT i 79.5 . rosc glass, TBC 206 .
Equative glasidir buga indala suil, BDD 97 . Cf. IT i
119.27 (glaissigtir). O'Cl. s.v. bugha. TBC 5270 . rinn-glas
keen and blue (?) : M. an ruiscc rind-glais, Cog. 102.22 . Of
the sky : Compar. nem ... as glaisiu cach ligdath, Ériu ii
45110.2 . Of the sea : itir glasmuir ocus tír, Im. Br. i 25 § 53 .
Acall. 741. CCath. 3495 . tar glas-muirib, Hy Many 134.15 .
clo do glasré[i]n, RC xiii 222.3 (B. na F.). on tSúir ... glais,
TD 17.33 ; 2.1 . na mara glastonnacha blue-waved , CF
(Eg.) 20 .
50(c) Seems to be used of the blue dye extracted from woad
(hence called `glasen') : croceo .i. glas vel tinctura, Thes.
ii 361.8 (= Ecl. iv 44 ). ? To this : amail glas fiadan `like a
wild herb
,' Laws v 474.17 . Probably to this is due the doubt-
ful gl. : glas .i. cron no buide, Mann. and Cust. i 436. Of the
55practice of tattooing with woad : Amargen ... gairglas gl.
icatá in colpa glas iarna crechad, Anecd. v 22.18 and n. 7 .
crecad glas ar na roscaib blue tattooing on the eye-lids, Laws v
108.30 Comm. See ZCP x 400 - 401 (Meyer). ediudh dearg
ocus glas ocus dond do macuiph airiuch ; ediudh corcrudh
60ocus gorm do macuib rig, Laws ii 146.12 Comm.
(d) Of metal : co scenaib glasgéraib, SC 40. BDD 82 .
scíath glass, TBC 5413 . do chainnlig na ṅglas-gae, Ériu iv
26 § 15 . taitnem ... na [n]glasluirech, CCath. 5447 . Ériu i
88 § 35. Cf. Cog. 202.9 ... a chlaideb ṅ-glasseltach, TBC
65 4603 . as bhar n-geimlechaib ... glas-iaraind, MR 178.4 .
CCath. 2627 . catháir glas airgdidi (glassairgit v.l.), BDD
105 . glas-ghall a Viking (so called from their steel armour),
MacCarthy 422.z . Ériu i 88 § 35.
(e) Of frost or ice : madain ghlaisreódha `shining with
70frost
,' Buile Ṡ. 90.z .
(f) Of shades of grey : cói ... hi ṁbrot glass the cuckoo in a
grey mantle
, Thes. ii 290.9 . graig n-gabor n-glas, SC 33.14 .
dá ech ... brecglassa, LU 8590 ( FB 45 ). glas-chullach a grey
stallion , Dinds. § 107 (RC xvi). an Glas gaillmhe (name of a
75horse), Acall. 282 . mong glas gaisidech, RC xxiv 196.17 .
glas-chlocha, CF 739 . forsan nglaslicc cloiche on the grey
flagstone
, RC xxvi 370.3 . xiii 66 § 68 . TBC 750 . ¤ chéo
a grey mist , 5042 . ¤ nél dub dorchaidhe, TTr.² 848 . glas-
neoill ... na maitne, CCath. 4362 . snath glasolla unbleached
80woollen thread
, Laws i 152.10 Comm. See also (c).
(g) wan (of complexion) ; bluish, livid, discoloured ; faded
(of garments) : glas mo ghrúadh, Buile S. 118.23 . beid cassa
is lāma ... glassa (of corpses), Arch. iii 239 § 22 . cech det
glasbuide, FB 37 (Eg.). corran glaisḟiacla, RC xxiv 196.19 .
85 se glunmár ... glasingnech, FB 37 (Eg.). cruib garbae
glaissfet[h]ac[h]a with livid sinews (?), CCath. 4029 . an tí
ghlas ní dheachaidh de the livid mark (of Goídel Glas),
Keat. ii 306 (poem). nídat glasa slíma a mbruit, Acall. 797 .
As subst. a livid mark : ni thernó ... gan chned no gan glas
no gan derg, RC xv 202.10 .
(h) Modifying or modified by another adj. of colour :
aghaid glasban pallid , CCath. 4022 . each glasbhán, Rev.
5 vi 8 . na gruaidhe arna nglas-bhánadh, TSh. 1094 . det
glasbuide, FB 37 (Eg.). cleirech glaisliath, Anecd. i 70 § 173 .
madra ... glasodhar, Acall. 1900 . in t-ṡódh ... glasrod (v.ll.
glasródh ; ghlasrúadh) russet, TBC 2366 . go ganem nglasruad
reddish-grey , TTebe 1967 . brat dubglas dark-blue , TBC 5450
10 St. baill dub-glassa livid , Thr. Hom. 80.16 .
II Fig. (a) glasmartre : a stage of self-mortification midway
between bán- and dergmartre (glas being an intermediate
hue) : filus trechenélæ martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich
... báanmartre ocus glasmartre ocus dercmartre ... issí ind
15glasmartre dó in tain scaras fria thola léo ł céssas saithor i
ppennit ocus aithrigi, Thes. ii 246 - 247 (Camb. Hom.).
(b) fresh, young : glass glēthach Nūadu, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i
41 § 36. Cf. glasaigne, glasláth. Fig. iar mbethaid glūair
glasglain, ZCP vi 265 § 20.
20(c) fresh, raw, sharp . (1) Of the weather (prob. orig.
grey, overcast) : Ingoeth glas, IT iii 17 § 45 . is glas errach
oighreta, KMMisc. 313.23 . re sidi ṅglasfuar ṅgaithi, TTebe
2402 . aimṡer lethglas, ZCP viii 195 § 16 . glas ūar errach
aigide, Ériu vii 4 § 3. (2) Fig. in moral sense harsh :
25 rochertus for Lagniu lánēraic glais gluind, PRIA 3 Ser. iii
552 § 42 ( LL 147a49 ). Intensive, out and out, stark : 'na gheilt
ghlas, Buile Ṡ. 6.y . gleo glasgharbh, Acall. 604 . Possibly
also ZCP vi 265 § 20 . See II (b) supra.
(d) neutral-tinted, hence fig. plain, unpretentious, unassum-
30ing : re dán nglas ... | dán breaghdha do bhreágnachadh,
Content. vii § 13 . is glas an sníomh an sníomh sin, ib. n.
(e) Leg. cú glas an immigrant from overseas (lit. grey wolf) :
secht n-aithre la Feine nad icat cinta a mac, ri ocus esbog ...
ocus cu glas, Laws v 234.24 . mac con glais .i. mac in con tar
35glas na fairgi, ib. 202.5 . Cf. Ir. Recht § 33 ; ZCP xix 348.
III Various compds. ¤ aigne, see separate heading.
¤ bachall name of a crozier (prob. so called from its colour),
BNnÉ 315 § 10 . ¤ fhian (1) name of some sept (?) : in
ghlaisfhian do mharbad ... ┐ rí na glaisfhéine .i. Mant na
40mulchán Ua Ruairc, ALC i 232.14 , 16 ( FM iii 124 ). (2)
a warrior-band of the Fianna (named from colour of armour
or standards ?), Oss. iii 88.13 . ¤ fhine the child of an Irish woman
by a foreigner : glasfine mac mna ditfini beres do albanach,
Laws iv 284.19 . glasfine .i. gabair tar glas na fairge .i. mac
45murcuirthe .i. mac ... beres bean don ḟine d'albanach, 290.6 -7.
¤ láith, see separate heading. ¤ mes (?) : grúaca a cennaib,
glasmes ndóine `na ré (i.e. in reign of Flann Sinda), ZCP
xii 235 § 52 . ¤ reng a boar : glasreng .i. torc, LU 1287 ; 1327 .
a wolf (?) : g s. co rucsat (leg. ruca sat) glasrinde ... fon
50muine (v.l. sod maic thíre), D iv 2, 63rb46 (= fol. 86 ).
IV o, npr m. Glass mac Caiss, Trip. ii 570.16 ; 122.25 .
pl. na trí Glais, LU 9083 ( FB 83 ). See also Heldensage
(Index) ; Rawl. (Index). f. an Ghlas Ghoibnenn (name of a
cow), see Goibniu.