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nathair n k,f. in O. and early Mid.Ir. generally nathir. The qual-
85ity of the medial consonant varies: n s. naithr, Tur. 129
( Thes. i 493.24 ); naithir, Hy. v 6 (reading of T). naithir, IGT
Dec. § 120. g s. nathrach, ex. 1883 . A snake or serpent, generic
term; of a venomous snake, often n. ¤ nime: nathir, gl. anguis,
Sg. 6h13 . gl. colubra, 181a5 . ind nathir , gl. natrix, 69a11 . g s.
cenelae nathrach , 114b4 . amal nathracha bodra, gl. sicut
5aspides surdae, Tur. 11 ( Thes. i 485.19 ). nem nathrach (vene-
num aspidum), Ml. 33d10 . nathir Moisi fuabrad cath | fri
nathracha na ndrúad, SR 3857. denaid nathraig n-umaide,
4162 . co mbruth dracon co n-anāil nathrach, TBC² 966. la
dá natraig , LU 3748 = SC 34 (a du.). in nathair nemi ré
10n-abar serpens, PH 7674. bésti ┐ nathracha, 7587 (n p.). oc
nathrachaib nime, 7589 . dobicfat . . . nathraig lúamnig
flying serpents, Ériu ii 196.4 . a richt nathrach dom naithrib
in the form of one of my serpents, Ériu iv 112 § 8 (< Bk. of
Fermoy). amhuil naithir nimhe, Prov. xxiii 32. do rinne
15Maoise n. ¤ nimhe do phrás, Numb. xxi 9. nimh na náithreach,
Job xx 16 . naithreacha neimhe, TSh. 3072.
Fig. nathir cach ben, gríb cach ingen, ZCP viii 196 § 15
(sign of degenerate times). nathir mad sādal sērech (the cleric
is) a serpent if fond of ease and good cheer
, vii 298 y . n. ¤ nimhe
20an ocrais, Keat. Poems 1208. n. ¤ ionghuire a himill guardian
dragon of her border
(of a chief), Ir. Monthly 1920, 108 § 8 .
Conchobar . . . n. ¤ neme na nGaidel, Ann. Conn. 1403 § 4.
Prov. naithair a [= i] cris a serpent in the bosom (of one fair
but false), ZCP vi 267 § 5. ba laum [= lám] a net natrach
25. . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96 § 127 (of a dangerous
and futile attempt). ba lám i nnet nathrach . . . insaigid fair,
LL 225b8 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan . . . ropsat láma i nnet
nathrach, LL 304b20 = RC xiii 92.4 (robo lam, Lec.). Aen.
751.
30 nathair im ceann snake round the head (name of a cryptic
Ogham script), Auraic. 5821. bricht nathrach Nede (name of
a metre), IT iii 103.1 .

1 nathan adj illustrious, pre-eminent? nathan .i. ordeirc . . .
nathan quasi nath in-aon [.i.] ind ollaman, Corm. Y 982.
35 n. ¤ .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl. O'Brien.

2 nathan n o,m. (nath) a cant saying; a commonplace or flippant
remark? g s. ac togbhail nathain tre phrois dona biadhaibh
(= superstitiose cibos diiudicando), ITS xxix 136.1 (instruc-
tions for nuns, the allusion is to grumbling about food). pl.
40 nā habair briathra nāid nathain iomdha (= neque verbum
aliquod vel sillabas proferas), ib. 138.17 (of flippant or equi-
vocal remarks). nathán `an old saying, a proverb ', Dinneen.
nathain `a short poem, also an adage ', P. O'C.

nathar (náthar) pron gen. du. of 1st pers. pron., see .

45 natharda adj io, iā. (nathair) serpent-like ; used in fig. sense venomous,
deadly: claideb nua natharda, LL 231a47 = TTr. 1040. do
bhí sé i n-armaibh nathardha nimhneach (of a chief), Keat.
Poems 784. ina n-aonbhróin nathardha, FM v 1614.3 . superl.
feidhm as natharda fuair fer `task most invidious that man has
50ever had
', O'Gr. Cat. 469.14.

? nathari ngl. pant[h]era, Ir. Gl. 88. Stokes emends: nathair.

nathir xsee nathair.

náthó adv. used in reply to a question, etc. in the neg., no, nay,
by no means . By Thurneysen Hdb. 492 regarded as a compd.
55of tó `yes'; by Pedersen Vgl. Gram. ii 260 derived from Mid.
W. nado (mod. W. naddo).
In answer to a question: ceist tra et mulieres . . . hi [= in]
pridchabat? nathó ol Pol taceant will they preach? No, says
Paul
, Wb. 13a13 . `In raga-so lim-sa?' `Nathó' ol sisi, IT i
60127.30 (LU) = ní tó, ib. 13 (Eg.). `Cesc [leg. cest], ind der-
bgelsid?' ol M. `Nató'. [o]l sesom, Mon. Tall. § 21. `In frithalaid
nech . . .?' ol se. `Natho' ol C., TBC² 511. `Nach leór a com-
ram sin . . .?' or A. `Nátho' or C., FB 57.
Expressing dissent or refusal: `is cōru mo lecud-sa' ar E.
65`Náthó' or F. `messi leicfidir', SC 44. `Fearr damsa a n-
edargairi' ol N. `Nato' ol T., RC xxiv 194 y . `Táet ille in gilla
. . . co comairsem'. `Nathó' for C., FB 31. `Gad mo moing
dim!' or se. `Natho' or in gilla (= I will not), ZCP xiii 178.26 .
`Ná hindis do neoch in ní atc[h]onnacais' `Nát[h]o' ar L.
70.i. amnas leis a cleith (= I will tell it), Ériu xi 48.13 . co
targaid in mnaí cetna do C. . . . `Natho' ol C. (declining the
offer), CCath. 1142. buí oc iarraid a marbhtha ar in rígh. `Nato'
ar Cesair, `acht beir buidhe do betha[d]', 1294 . See níthó.

nathrachda adj io, iā. abounding in or pertaining to serpents: i lluc
75nat[h]rachda biastamail a place full of serpents and wild beasts,
Alex. 641. neimh nathrachda serpent's venom, TSh. 3302.

nau n boat see .

naue adj. see nua.

-ne emphasizing pron. see -ni.

80 ? né: n slemon a gruad nār a nē (: é), Arch. iii 306 § 5 (of the
bishop Aedh Ua Farreith). ? bem torbach[u]-sa duitsi oldas
ind ne no ind re no in de foruallach . . . fil immut, Corm. Y
1059 (p. 91 z) = oldás in écsi no in re, Corm. p. 36.

neb- neg. prefix, see nem-.

85 nech indef. pron. m. (= W. neb). g s. neich. d s. neuch (O.Ir.),
neoch; in Mid.Ir. occas. nech; no plural. For neut. forms see .
I As indef. pron. (a) any one ; in positive indef. sent. used
like Lat. quispiam; often folld. by partitive DE, etc. Gl.
quispiam, Ml. 30d22 . quis (indef. pron.), 19d7 . i nnech , gl.
in quempiam, 24a16 . in tan dungni nech olc when any one does
5evil
, 90d12 . día mbé nech occá sirḟegad, FA 10. ind [= a n-]
digní neuch [= nech] fria menmain fadesin whatever any one
does in intention
, Mon. Tall. § 21. coniccim . . . cosc neich
I am able to correct any one, Wb. 20d6 . ba chuta dom ṡeilb-se
sain . . . for seilb neich n-aill n-aile the possession of any one else,
10 CRR 43. a tabairt i lláim neich uaibsi of any of you, FB 76.
cia du neuch, gl. ad quem [angelorum]? Ml. 16a9 .
Freq. folld. by limiting rel. clause in which in strict gram-
matical construction the subj. mood is used: nech bed chare
any one that was a friend to him, Ml. 29c16 . arcessi do
15neuch bes meldach les he pities whomsoever he pleases, Wb.
4c19 . in fagum acaib nech dig do midem bar in slúag? any
one who will go to reconnoitre
, CRR 25. cebe nech doneth
écnach Crist whoever should blaspheme, PH 478. ar lebráin
nos-túirfem | fri nech fora n-íarair for any one inquiring for
20them
, Fél. Prol. 290 (ellipt. sent. = for nech bes fora n-í.).
(with indic.) in fail d'Ultaib nech is ḟerr andá? any one better
than he
, TBC 126.
Esp. common after a neg., corresponding to Lat. quisquam:
nech, gl. quemquam, Ml. 49a13 . nech, gl. nemo, ZCP viii 174.9
25(Fulda Glosses). neich, gl. nullius, Ml. 30a6 . nech huainn cen
fochaid, 93c19 (ellipt.). ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach
n-énirt contempt is not to be shown by any one, Wb. 6c19 . nach
fail do Ultaib nech dobera a agid ḟormsa, CRR 44. arim cech
sluaig . . . ni fail nech rodasfessed, SR 561. asbeirtis ni neich in
30peccad that sin is no one's, Wb. 4c23 . nīm huain fri acallaim
neich, SR 1185. aisneis . . . ní thic do neoch no one is able to
declare
, FA 9. ní thairce tarba do nech, PH 8385. gin faircsi
neich do neoch dia denumh `no one seeing any one doing it',
Marco P. 52.
35Often in sense of indef. pron. one (= Fr. on, Germ. man),
a person (in general): isind aimsir imbi failid nech at the time
that a man is joyous
, Ml. 86d11 . a mesrugud do neuch buddesin
every one should regulate it for himself, Mon. Tall. § 63. mani
beth do bochta neich conā raib aicce almsa unless a man's
40poverty is so great
, PH 4973.
(b) in more definite sense some one (= Lat. aliquis); in this
case the indic. mood is used in a follg. rel. clause: ata nech du
bar ṅdeicsin .i. Dia, gl. est qui inspiciat, Ml. 82a7 . dofoirnde
inrucus neich, gl. significat dignum esse aliquem, Sg. 59b1 .
45 amal nech bis i n-aelscud as one who is in longing, Ml. 56b26 .
aithesc cungeda neich o neoch the address of [one who is]
asking something from some one, TBC 1078. ni he acht nech
is casmail dó some one like him, PH 1228. dobér-sa do thorad
do brónd nech gébus rigi one who shall reign, 2274 . denad
50derc . . . mad nech fhuilnges a dhenam uias ann `if he be one
who can do so
', Ériu xii 252.16 .
II In Mid.Ir. comes to be employed as a subst. = a person
(often equivalent to `duine'), used alone or with art. or cach,
etc.: corop é in nech ros-ail .i. Cathbad that C. was the person
55who reared him
, CRR 2. in nech ic nach fil almsa the man who
has no alms
, PH 4974. Riccard . . . do ég: in nech nach tanic
a nErinn dibercach as mó ro mill anáss than whom no brigand
that came to Ireland destroyed more
, RC xviii 294.13 (construc-
tion loose). an neach bhus sia . . . d'fhuil Ádhaimh, Dán Dé xiv
602 . gá neach . . . dá ndeach th'aithne a absail? who could fail
to acknowledge thee?
xii 22 . antí sires ní ar gach nech he who
seeks gifts from all
, ZCP viii 109 § 2. an t-iarla . . . neach é baí
hi ccion one that was in favour, FM vi 2088.2 , cf. 2092.11 , 2170.6 .
neach saer, gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 378. The sense any one is expressed
65in Mod.Ir. by the prefix aon- (aoin-, én-): gan aon-neach do
Thuaith Dé Danann, Keat. Poems 261.
In appos. to a preceding noun: ac so uan Dé nech tócbus
pectha in domain, PH 3795 (here nech has become a virtual
rel. pron.).
70 III In later Mid. and early Mod.Ir. used as an indecl. rel.
pron. (for all genders) who, which ; generally in the form neoch,
or with art. in neoch . crann grēine . . . nech do labhair re
hAlaxanndar which spoke to A., Maund. § 266. daine glicca
. . . nach [= nech] do innis duinne who told us, ib. gaoithi
75gairbhi . . . nech le croiter an bith uili by which the whole world
is shaken
, RC xxviii 312 § 10. Cf. nímt[h]a a dechmad
d'indisin nech doní do maith I cannot tell the tenth part of all
the good he does
, BColm. 70.6 (leg. neich?). d'fechain an oilein
. . . neoch atá Dia do gealladh dona dáoinibh which God is to
80promise to men
, BNnÉ 49 § 31 . ag so meissi Muire . . . neoch
ro at[ch]aiss whom thou hast besought, Fl. Earls 116.6 ; cf. 134.11 ,
256 z . gur cursed ár adbal ar feraib Erenn in neoch dorad
brōn . . . dá triathaib (a fact) which caused sorrow, Celt. Rev.
iv 206.22 .
85With art., freq. folld. by partitive (= Lat. quicquid): in
nech doberthar do as uaithib all the milk got from them, Acall.
2070. in neoch thuc Finn do thuarasdal dó .i. .lll. uingi d'ór,
970 . cenmothá in neoch ro marbsatar d'ocaib, LL 241b29 .
in neoch narbtar banglasa dib, robtar dubglasa those of them
that were not pale green
, CCath. 966. aneoch d'innmus do-
5bertsat na Rómhánaigh ó Anibhal all the wealth the R. had
obtained from Hannibal
, 1522 . tuc-som leis . . . in neoch roba
lor leis dib as many of them as he thought sufficient, Ann. Conn.
1225 § 7. de (do) neoch, folld. by rel. clause, of that (which),
of all (that) = Lat. quicquid, Fr. de ce qui . . .; a common
10constr. in Mid.Ir., always with a sing. vb. in the rel. clause;
also in reference to persons of those (who, whom). di neoch
atchondarc de delbaib betha, is í delb as aldem díb of all the
world's forms that I have seen
, BDD 99. ron-bia slán do neoch
dorigni-siu we shall get absolution for whatever you have done,
15 Ériu iii 136.44 . nach ret do neoch atcither isin bith, ii 98 § 1 .
for cech sechtmad imbairi do neoch imrulaid i mMumain on
every seventh ridge he traversed
, Trip. 196.7 . trian dō do nech
docuirither muir one-third of all that the sea casts up, Laws iv
194.13 . cech dúil do neoch techtus bethaid every creature that
20has life
, PH 4021. Of persons: óclách do neoch dobeir a láim
i llaim tigerna, CRR 11. atlugud buidi di cach oen . . . do
neoch comallas a ghnim giving thanks to every one of those who
fulfil
, Arch. iii 317 § 53. connach baí d'Ultaib . . . do neoch
do nar bo chotlud of all Ulstermen who were not asleep, TBC
25 2962. carait Césair do neoch ro boí isin Roim dibh all C.'s
friends who were in Rome
, CCath. 526. fer ro diglastar Ultu
for firu Herend .i. do neoch díb ro marbad who avenged all the
Ulstermen who had been slain
, Ériu iv 28 § 19. mórfesear cecha
hairdi i nÉirind do neoch is mó ergna díb the seven wisest in
30every quarter
, 144.11 . as mairg do fhúicfedh Eri do neoch do
fhedfadh beith indte, BCC 282.15 . do neoch focheard doman
de | a mbreith a ndurthech n-ūre (= all that the earth brings
forth are borne to a house of clay
), Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3
(< Lec. 347b2 ). ro throisc . . . im thuismead cloindi do neoch
35bad marthanach di do beith eaturru ┐ mac D. (i.e. that chil-
dren who would survive should be begotten), Lec. 155b22 .
With follg. vb. in pl.: atconnairc sé . . . sochaide . . . do neoch
roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 ; prob. do neoch ,
generally written as one word, came to be looked on as such,
40a rel. pron. See also 2 noch. i nneoch (a) in something (some
place), somewhere (in O.Ir. a neut., d s. of ): ataat iarum i
nneuch forrochongart Dia doib wherever God has ordained
them (to be
), Ml. 145d7 (of the creatures after creation, oppd.
to: in mais = in primeval undifferentiated matter). is ferr
45liumsa buith i nneuch as doiscairem hi tír Israhel oldaas i
nneuch di techdaisib inna [mBa]bellondae I had rather be in
the meanest place in the land of I. than in any of the dwellings of
the B.
, 105b7 . (b) i nneoch má in the case that, if: fer fogaib
frith mbech inneoch mad sechtar faithchi if it be outside (his)
50 green, Laws iv 194.20 . dichenglad cor mbel inneoch ma ra
latar to dissolve contracts if they have been made, 206.13 . i
neoch madrodma in celi in case the tenant has consented, v
384.5 . See ZCP xvi 270 fg . Similarly neoch má: inge .vii.
n-uasalchuru . . . neoch ma ro lathar (leg. latar) if they have been
55made
, Laws iv 210.2 . neoch mani ro oiscet crich if [the bees]
have not changed territory, 188.10 .