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85 nech indef. pron. m. (= W. neb). g s. neich. d s. neuch (O.Ir.),
neoch; in Mid.Ir. occas. nech; no plural. For neut. forms see .
I As indef. pron. (a) any one ; in positive indef. sent. used
like Lat. quispiam; often folld. by partitive DE, etc. Gl.
quispiam, Ml. 30d22 . quis (indef. pron.), 19d7 . i nnech , gl.
in quempiam, 24a16 . in tan dungni nech olc when any one does
5evil
, 90d12 . día mbé nech occá sirḟegad, FA 10. ind [= a n-]
digní neuch [= nech] fria menmain fadesin whatever any one
does in intention
, Mon. Tall. § 21. coniccim . . . cosc neich
I am able to correct any one, Wb. 20d6 . ba chuta dom ṡeilb-se
sain . . . for seilb neich n-aill n-aile the possession of any one else,
10 CRR 43. a tabairt i lláim neich uaibsi of any of you, FB 76.
cia du neuch, gl. ad quem [angelorum]? Ml. 16a9 .
Freq. folld. by limiting rel. clause in which in strict gram-
matical construction the subj. mood is used: nech bed chare
any one that was a friend to him, Ml. 29c16 . arcessi do
15neuch bes meldach les he pities whomsoever he pleases, Wb.
4c19 . in fagum acaib nech dig do midem bar in slúag? any
one who will go to reconnoitre
, CRR 25. cebe nech doneth
écnach Crist whoever should blaspheme, PH 478. ar lebráin
nos-túirfem | fri nech fora n-íarair for any one inquiring for
20them
, Fél. Prol. 290 (ellipt. sent. = for nech bes fora n-í.).
(with indic.) in fail d'Ultaib nech is ḟerr andá? any one better
than he
, TBC 126.
Esp. common after a neg., corresponding to Lat. quisquam:
nech, gl. quemquam, Ml. 49a13 . nech, gl. nemo, ZCP viii 174.9
25(Fulda Glosses). neich, gl. nullius, Ml. 30a6 . nech huainn cen
fochaid, 93c19 (ellipt.). ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach
n-énirt contempt is not to be shown by any one, Wb. 6c19 . nach
fail do Ultaib nech dobera a agid ḟormsa, CRR 44. arim cech
sluaig . . . ni fail nech rodasfessed, SR 561. asbeirtis ni neich in
30peccad that sin is no one's, Wb. 4c23 . nīm huain fri acallaim
neich, SR 1185. aisneis . . . ní thic do neoch no one is able to
declare
, FA 9. ní thairce tarba do nech, PH 8385. gin faircsi
neich do neoch dia denumh `no one seeing any one doing it',
Marco P. 52.
35Often in sense of indef. pron. one (= Fr. on, Germ. man),
a person (in general): isind aimsir imbi failid nech at the time
that a man is joyous
, Ml. 86d11 . a mesrugud do neuch buddesin
every one should regulate it for himself, Mon. Tall. § 63. mani
beth do bochta neich conā raib aicce almsa unless a man's
40poverty is so great
, PH 4973.
(b) in more definite sense some one (= Lat. aliquis); in this
case the indic. mood is used in a follg. rel. clause: ata nech du
bar ṅdeicsin .i. Dia, gl. est qui inspiciat, Ml. 82a7 . dofoirnde
inrucus neich, gl. significat dignum esse aliquem, Sg. 59b1 .
45 amal nech bis i n-aelscud as one who is in longing, Ml. 56b26 .
aithesc cungeda neich o neoch the address of [one who is]
asking something from some one, TBC 1078. ni he acht nech
is casmail dó some one like him, PH 1228. dobér-sa do thorad
do brónd nech gébus rigi one who shall reign, 2274 . denad
50derc . . . mad nech fhuilnges a dhenam uias ann `if he be one
who can do so
', Ériu xii 252.16 .
II In Mid.Ir. comes to be employed as a subst. = a person
(often equivalent to `duine'), used alone or with art. or cach,
etc.: corop é in nech ros-ail .i. Cathbad that C. was the person
55who reared him
, CRR 2. in nech ic nach fil almsa the man who
has no alms
, PH 4974. Riccard . . . do ég: in nech nach tanic
a nErinn dibercach as mó ro mill anáss than whom no brigand
that came to Ireland destroyed more
, RC xviii 294.13 (construc-
tion loose). an neach bhus sia . . . d'fhuil Ádhaimh, Dán Dé xiv
602 . gá neach . . . dá ndeach th'aithne a absail? who could fail
to acknowledge thee?
xii 22 . antí sires ní ar gach nech he who
seeks gifts from all
, ZCP viii 109 § 2. an t-iarla . . . neach é baí
hi ccion one that was in favour, FM vi 2088.2 , cf. 2092.11 , 2170.6 .
neach saer, gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 378. The sense any one is expressed
65in Mod.Ir. by the prefix aon- (aoin-, én-): gan aon-neach do
Thuaith Dé Danann, Keat. Poems 261.
In appos. to a preceding noun: ac so uan Dé nech tócbus
pectha in domain, PH 3795 (here nech has become a virtual
rel. pron.).
70 III In later Mid. and early Mod.Ir. used as an indecl. rel.
pron. (for all genders) who, which ; generally in the form neoch,
or with art. in neoch . crann grēine . . . nech do labhair re
hAlaxanndar which spoke to A., Maund. § 266. daine glicca
. . . nach [= nech] do innis duinne who told us, ib. gaoithi
75gairbhi . . . nech le croiter an bith uili by which the whole world
is shaken
, RC xxviii 312 § 10. Cf. nímt[h]a a dechmad
d'indisin nech doní do maith I cannot tell the tenth part of all
the good he does
, BColm. 70.6 (leg. neich?). d'fechain an oilein
. . . neoch atá Dia do gealladh dona dáoinibh which God is to
80promise to men
, BNnÉ 49 § 31 . ag so meissi Muire . . . neoch
ro at[ch]aiss whom thou hast besought, Fl. Earls 116.6 ; cf. 134.11 ,
256 z . gur cursed ár adbal ar feraib Erenn in neoch dorad
brōn . . . dá triathaib (a fact) which caused sorrow, Celt. Rev.
iv 206.22 .
85With art., freq. folld. by partitive (= Lat. quicquid): in
nech doberthar do as uaithib all the milk got from them, Acall.
2070. in neoch thuc Finn do thuarasdal dó .i. .lll. uingi d'ór,
970 . cenmothá in neoch ro marbsatar d'ocaib, LL 241b29 .
in neoch narbtar banglasa dib, robtar dubglasa those of them
that were not pale green
, CCath. 966. aneoch d'innmus do-
5bertsat na Rómhánaigh ó Anibhal all the wealth the R. had
obtained from Hannibal
, 1522 . tuc-som leis . . . in neoch roba
lor leis dib as many of them as he thought sufficient, Ann. Conn.
1225 § 7. de (do) neoch, folld. by rel. clause, of that (which),
of all (that) = Lat. quicquid, Fr. de ce qui . . .; a common
10constr. in Mid.Ir., always with a sing. vb. in the rel. clause;
also in reference to persons of those (who, whom). di neoch
atchondarc de delbaib betha, is í delb as aldem díb of all the
world's forms that I have seen
, BDD 99. ron-bia slán do neoch
dorigni-siu we shall get absolution for whatever you have done,
15 Ériu iii 136.44 . nach ret do neoch atcither isin bith, ii 98 § 1 .
for cech sechtmad imbairi do neoch imrulaid i mMumain on
every seventh ridge he traversed
, Trip. 196.7 . trian dō do nech
docuirither muir one-third of all that the sea casts up, Laws iv
194.13 . cech dúil do neoch techtus bethaid every creature that
20has life
, PH 4021. Of persons: óclách do neoch dobeir a láim
i llaim tigerna, CRR 11. atlugud buidi di cach oen . . . do
neoch comallas a ghnim giving thanks to every one of those who
fulfil
, Arch. iii 317 § 53. connach baí d'Ultaib . . . do neoch
do nar bo chotlud of all Ulstermen who were not asleep, TBC
25 2962. carait Césair do neoch ro boí isin Roim dibh all C.'s
friends who were in Rome
, CCath. 526. fer ro diglastar Ultu
for firu Herend .i. do neoch díb ro marbad who avenged all the
Ulstermen who had been slain
, Ériu iv 28 § 19. mórfesear cecha
hairdi i nÉirind do neoch is mó ergna díb the seven wisest in
30every quarter
, 144.11 . as mairg do fhúicfedh Eri do neoch do
fhedfadh beith indte, BCC 282.15 . do neoch focheard doman
de | a mbreith a ndurthech n-ūre (= all that the earth brings
forth are borne to a house of clay
), Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3
(< Lec. 347b2 ). ro throisc . . . im thuismead cloindi do neoch
35bad marthanach di do beith eaturru ┐ mac D. (i.e. that chil-
dren who would survive should be begotten), Lec. 155b22 .
With follg. vb. in pl.: atconnairc sé . . . sochaide . . . do neoch
roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 ; prob. do neoch ,
generally written as one word, came to be looked on as such,
40a rel. pron. See also 2 noch. i nneoch (a) in something (some
place), somewhere (in O.Ir. a neut., d s. of ): ataat iarum i
nneuch forrochongart Dia doib wherever God has ordained
them (to be
), Ml. 145d7 (of the creatures after creation, oppd.
to: in mais = in primeval undifferentiated matter). is ferr
45liumsa buith i nneuch as doiscairem hi tír Israhel oldaas i
nneuch di techdaisib inna [mBa]bellondae I had rather be in
the meanest place in the land of I. than in any of the dwellings of
the B.
, 105b7 . (b) i nneoch má in the case that, if: fer fogaib
frith mbech inneoch mad sechtar faithchi if it be outside (his)
50 green, Laws iv 194.20 . dichenglad cor mbel inneoch ma ra
latar to dissolve contracts if they have been made, 206.13 . i
neoch madrodma in celi in case the tenant has consented, v
384.5 . See ZCP xvi 270 fg . Similarly neoch má: inge .vii.
n-uasalchuru . . . neoch ma ro lathar (leg. latar) if they have been
55made
, Laws iv 210.2 . neoch mani ro oiscet crich if [the bees]
have not changed territory, 188.10 .

1 necht n f. a grand-daughter (? niece), O.Ir. word, early obso-
lete: gl. neptis, Sg. 67b3 . necht .i. ingen . . . .i. ingin isin Duil
Ḟedha Mair, O'Dav. 1286. Cf. Eoganacht . . . .i. necht Eogain
60.i. necht clann, Cóir Anm. 37. neachd `a tribe, family ', O'R.

2 necht adj. (participial formation < nig- `to wash', cf. Lat.
lautus from lavare), clean, pure; white: necht cach glan, Corm.
Y 247. necht .i. ingen no glan, O'Dav. 1286. neacht .i. geal,
Lec. Gl. M 90. nect alainn no geal dicitur , BB 254a31 ( IT
65 iii 368 n .). nemthech necht, SR 573. clía nudh [= núadh?]
n. ¤ `a new clean frame', Laws iv 252.1 . dath-ogam . . . .i. bān,
liath, flann, sodath, necht, Auraic. 5698. pn
As sobriquet? in name Núadu Necht (so interpreted by
later glossators): Núadha Necht .i. Núadha nicht onní is nix
70snechta . . . bá gilithir fri snechta Núadha N., Cóir Anm. 188.
Nuadha Neacht . . . ón fhocal nix .i. sneachta, Keat. ii 3561.
Cf. the npr. f. Necht: Neacht Indbir Scene, Dinds. 130 ( RC
xvi 83 ). g s. dún trí mac Nechta Scéne, LU 5108 = Nechtain,
TBC² 623 YBL; LU has marg. note: Nechtan Scene a
75mmathair. foíd a mmathar . . . .i. Nechta Scene, LU 5151 =
Nechta, TBC² 668 ; Nechtan is the name given in TBC 1219
follg.

nechta io, iā. (part. of nigid) cleansed, hence pure, bright: anim
nechta noíb, Ériu ii 56 § 10 , cf. i 138.21 and ii 65 n. 1 . ara
80ḟlaithcheniul nechta `für sein erlauchtes Herrschergeschlecht',
Bruchst. i § 1 ( IT iii 60 § 119 ).

? nechtach: adj echtach quasi nechtach aidchi, O'Mulc. 368 ; i.e.
belonging to the night, nocturnal? prob. a word coined for
the occasion. Cf. 1 nocht.

85 nechtair adv. (O.Ir. anechtair) outside, without; besides:
neachtair .i. amuig, Lec. Gl. 395 ; 209 M . Cf. tugadh dia uídh
martra aroile do na hapstaloip nechtair do naomhoip no
d'firenchaibh dier fhulaingset bāss let him contemplate the
martyrdom of some of the apostles as well as of the saints or the
righteous
, Fl. Earls 156.16 .