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85 nechtair adv. (O.Ir. anechtair) outside, without; besides:
neachtair .i. amuig, Lec. Gl. 395 ; 209 M . Cf. tugadh dia uídh
martra aroile do na hapstaloip nechtair do naomhoip no
d'firenchaibh dier fhulaingset bāss let him contemplate the
martyrdom of some of the apostles as well as of the saints or the
righteous
, Fl. Earls 156.16 .

5 nechtar pron. one of two, either (= Lat. alteruter), folld. by
part. gen. or prep. DE. In O.Ir. treated as neut. ( Ped. i 392 ,
ii 64 ), cf. expression nechtar n-ái (in which, however, the n-
appears fixed, see Sg. 37b18 quoted below). Sometimes
treated as o-st., but also invariable.
10Folld. by gen. of noun: co nechtar inna dese-si to either of
these twain
, Ml. 42a7 . nechtar na dā idan . . . .i. idu serci ┐ idu
eóit, IT i 122.23 (LU) = n. ¤ dā ní, ib. 7 (Eg.). ní ro gluais in
mac nechtar a dā chois, Ériu i 118 § 11. nechtar dá neche,
CCath. 1008 (n. ¤ do na nechi v.l.). In legal texts, nechtar dá
15lína one of the two parties (concerned in a transaction): cin
folluga do nechtur da lina, Laws ii 72.9 , cf. 312.23 , 318.6 .
g s. cor nechtar da lina the contract made by either party, 356 z .
Folld. by gen. of pron.: ni ain nechtar n-áii he will not pro-
tect either of them
, Wb. 25d14 . ó nechtar n-ái, gl. a neutro,
20 Sg. 37b18 . ni techta nechtar n-ae urtechta neither party is
entitled
, Laws ii 406.20 . ni dergene nectar n-ai olc fri anali
[leg. arali]. ZCP iv 46.21 = nechtar de, TBFr. 420. nechtar
fathar, IT i 336.13 (see below).
With DE, esp. in stereotyped expression n. ¤ de one of the two
25(de = prep.+neut. s. pron.): ni rubi nechtar de cen alail
neither of them (sc. man and woman) can be without the other, Wb.
11c17 . Cf. Ml. 35d24 ; 42b2 (n. ¤ dae). is nectar de, gl. vel Teren-
tius vel Cicero, Sg. 27b6 , cf. 173b6 . ni bá la nechtar de, FB 73
= ni ba la nechtar fathar neither of you shall have it, Eg. ( IT
30 i 336.13 ). conná cumaic nechtar de cobair araile, ZCP viii
314.32 .
Used as quasi-adv.: roga duit . . . a n-imtheclamad no a
n-imscothad nechtar de (= you shall have your choice either
of gathering or of cutting them
), TBC 1407. láech aile for
35áth dō-som nō nechtar de longphort do gabail d'ḟeraib hErend
(to send) another warrior to the ford to (fight) him or alternatively
. . ., 1785 .
In Mid.Ir. the pl. pron. is also used with DE: ni thibre
nechtar dib-so a chuid fen, PH 7590. turbada . . . ar neachtar
40dib, Laws ii 304.28 Comm. ni thucc M. nechtar dib doib,
Ann. Conn. 1235 § 11.
Nechtar de comes to be looked on as a single word and is
somet. folld. by a part. gen. or DE, as in follg. exx. from Laws
Comm.: ac nechtar de in da nannad [leg. in da n-imad] either
45of the two parties
, Laws ii 318.18 ; similarly 358.15 , 366.14 (where
for: in da naimad, read: in da n-imad). do n. ¤ de don lanamain
for either of the married couple, ii 360.24 . ma ta n. ¤ de dib aice
if he has either of them, 332.3 , cf. 406.27 , iii 210.14 .
In class. Ir. also with prep. oc (ic): dā aingel . . . long thúissi
50a laimh nechtair aca, Fl. Earls 234.38 . neachtar acu sin, ITS
xiv 58.3 .

nechtardae adj io, iā. (nechtar) in compd. nemnechtardae `not the
one nor the other
' = neuter, neutral: troeth .i. gach neutur .i.
nemnechtardea [sic], Corm. Y 1220 = .i. cach nechtraige ┐
55cach neotur, Corm. p. 42. nemnechtardha is coir do radh
riu they should be called neutral (neither well nor yet ill), Rosa
Ang. 116.24 .

? nechte n(2 necht) purity: ainmne, nechte co noíbi, Ériu ii
65.1 (anim nechta, ainmne echte MSS.).

60 ? nechtraige, x Corm. p. 42 s.v. traæth, see nechtardae.

nechtu n d s. alliath leo binn i nnechtu nudal `he cried (like) a
melodious lion in
a collection of preys' (?), ACC 133 ( RC xx
408 ).

nefní xsee neimní.

65 nefnigid xsee neimnigid.

neift n plant-name: Rostrum Maratilla .i. neift .i. pis enaín,
Arch. i 333.9 ; `catmint', Stokes (= nepeta of botanists; but
possibly some kind of vetch; cf. písíneán `kidney-bean',
pisneán `vetch', Hog. Luibh.). in [n]eipt, gl. nepta, RC ix 238.

70 neim n n. and f. in O.Ir. of heteroclite decl.: g s. ind neime , Sg.
112a1 . n p. neimi, 139b6 . As d-st. (?): cnuicc nemed malignant
boils
, Goid. 172.23 . In Mid.Ir. and later treated as fem.; often
with g s. nime, hence n s. nim.
(a) poison, venom: neim, Corm. Y 991. fí .i. nim, O'Mulc.
75 597. nem nathrach, gl. venenum, Ml. 33d10 . gl. virus, Sg.
112a1 ; aconitum, 139b6 . tuccad neim doib i llinn, Thes. ii
323.14 ( Hy. iv pref. ). Crist dom imdegail . . . ar neim, 357.11
( Hy. vii 59 ). deog neimhe, Laws i 2.16 . do dail na neime
. . . ar Art, Ériu iii 170.3 . urchar . . . do shaigit nemi `a
80poisoned arrow
', PH 7642. ar comarthuibh na neimhe symp-
toms of poisoning
, Rosa Ang. 134.20 . pl. cruth cen cheill . . .
is neime i n-ōrlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. co nemib ┐ epthaib,
LL 120a12 . Of animal venom: de neim inna nathrach, Fél.
Ep. 480 (see nathair). tri neme nathrach, TBC 5539 St. (fig.
85of three warriors). tria neim na dracon, PH 339. co tard
beach a neim for mo lethrosc-sa stung one of my eyes, FDG 255.
(b) in fig. sense, bane, malefic power: es de boi inn nem sin
fuirri (of Balor's eye), RC xii 100 § 133. sleg co mbricht neme
vii 292.35 . cithnélla neme, TBC² 1950 , cf. co tuitet nemhe
niuil truim, O'Dav. 1281. neim ar cach ḟir díb, TBC 2922
5(description of the `clann Calatín'). bidba troch co tromneim,
Met. Dinds. iii 172.66 . tech . . . robo lór do neim, ib. 326.38 .
neim ar th'urchur ┐ neim fort féin a bane on thy cast and on
thyself
, TBC 1187. (in cheville) marbais, mór ind neim, | a
mbúar uile, Met. Dinds. iv 64.87 , cf. LL 299a35 . ? g s. as attrib.:
10 is neime do iurnn . . . .i. as neimnech do neoch in t-iarunn
baneful, O'Dav. 1135. co ndeachaid neimh an troisccthi for
Diarmait `the virus of the fasting went against D.', BNnÉ 89
§ 189 . sneachta neime do chur oidhche fhéli Sanct Nicolás
`poisonous snow', ALC i 370.3 = snechta na neme, Ann.
15Conn. 1245 § 10. Cf. [snechta] na nemi, Ann. of Boyle 1179
(quoted AU ii 197 n. 8 ) = s. na mure `the snow of the destruc-
tion
', AU ii 196.10 .
Virulence, keenness, penetrating force , often in favourable
sense; freq. in g s. as attrib. ar neim ┐ ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus,
20 Fianaig. 68.30 (qualities of a warrior). a righ L. is lerdha
nimh ! MR 214.3 . Nechtain cosin neim, LL 11a48 = gus an
neimh, Leb. Gab. i 182.3 . lám co neim, LL 154a18 . betit
curaid arna raind | fa neim claidib Con Culaind, TBC 795.
fon crúisig neme, 1286 (of Conchobar's spear). ilcleasa neme,
25 3932 St. céim neime, Ériu v 223.63 . crithir do neimh na
tenedh sin, RC xxiv 381.23 . cú neimhe, ZCP ii 344.7 . Of
feelings: re neim fergi an dúileman, RC xxiv 378.34 . adéura
[Críosd] lán do neimh ┐ d'fheirg, Parrth. Anma 476.11 . Sharp-
ness, bitterness, causticity: érnais cen neim (of St. Brigit),
30 Hy. v 7 , glossed .i. cen imdergad without (causing) a blush,
Thes. ii 328.21 (cf. Stowe Gl. 259 ). uath nime for tengthaib
na filed, O'Mulc. 830c . la neim laidhe (of a satire), Arch. iii
295 § 27. begán glóir do budh mór neimh (i.e. quiet but
incisive words), ZCP viii 223.6 . sanas nemhe na námod,
35 Ériu iv 212.12 . amhail adubhairt Fionn sin, | ro gabsam
náire tré neimh (i.e. his words stung us to shame), Duan. Finn
i 31 y .
Compds. ¤ dénmach o, ā. poison-making (Lat. veneficus):
trí druíd nemdenmacha `poison-giving' (? maleficent), Trip.
40 138.27 (neimd. v.l.). ? ¤ mod: nemmod la saoruib . . . in
mod dogniat tria a neim .i. tria a mbeim (i.e. force, intensity?),
O'Mulc. 830 h (fanciful etym. of word neimed). ¤ tenga
`poison-tongue'; an evil-tongued person, a slanderer: nipsa
nemthenga mo chrích, LU 9335. A standing epithet of
45Bricriu: Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218.11 . la
Bricrind Nemthenga, FB 1. do Bricriu Nemthenga, IT ii1
173.9 .