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70 neim n n. and f. in O.Ir. of heteroclite decl.: g s. ind neime , Sg.
112a1 . n p. neimi, 139b6 . As d-st. (?): cnuicc nemed malignant
, Goid. 172.23 . In Mid.Ir. and later treated as fem.; often
with g s. nime, hence n s. nim.
(a) poison, venom: neim, Corm. Y 991. fí .i. nim, O'Mulc.
75 597. nem nathrach, gl. venenum, Ml. 33d10 . gl. virus, Sg.
112a1 ; aconitum, 139b6 . tuccad neim doib i llinn, Thes. ii
323.14 ( Hy. iv pref. ). Crist dom imdegail . . . ar neim, 357.11
( Hy. vii 59 ). deog neimhe, Laws i 2.16 . do dail na neime
. . . ar Art, Ériu iii 170.3 . urchar . . . do shaigit nemi `a
80poisoned arrow
', PH 7642. ar comarthuibh na neimhe symp-
toms of poisoning
, Rosa Ang. 134.20 . pl. cruth cen cheill . . .
is neime i n-ōrlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. co nemib ┐ epthaib,
LL 120a12 . Of animal venom: de neim inna nathrach, Fél.
Ep. 480 (see nathair). tri neme nathrach, TBC 5539 St. (fig.
85of three warriors). tria neim na dracon, PH 339. co tard
beach a neim for mo lethrosc-sa stung one of my eyes, FDG 255.
(b) in fig. sense, bane, malefic power: es de boi inn nem sin
fuirri (of Balor's eye), RC xii 100 § 133. sleg co mbricht neme
vii 292.35 . cithnélla neme, TBC² 1950 , cf. co tuitet nemhe
niuil truim, O'Dav. 1281. neim ar cach ḟir díb, TBC 2922
5(description of the `clann Calatín'). bidba troch co tromneim,
Met. Dinds. iii 172.66 . tech . . . robo lór do neim, ib. 326.38 .
neim ar th'urchur ┐ neim fort féin a bane on thy cast and on
, TBC 1187. (in cheville) marbais, mór ind neim, | a
mbúar uile, Met. Dinds. iv 64.87 , cf. LL 299a35 . ? g s. as attrib.:
10 is neime do iurnn . . . .i. as neimnech do neoch in t-iarunn
baneful, O'Dav. 1135. co ndeachaid neimh an troisccthi for
Diarmait `the virus of the fasting went against D.', BNnÉ 89
§ 189 . sneachta neime do chur oidhche fhéli Sanct Nicolás
`poisonous snow', ALC i 370.3 = snechta na neme, Ann.
15Conn. 1245 § 10. Cf. [snechta] na nemi, Ann. of Boyle 1179
(quoted AU ii 197 n. 8 ) = s. na mure `the snow of the destruc-
', AU ii 196.10 .
Virulence, keenness, penetrating force , often in favourable
sense; freq. in g s. as attrib. ar neim ┐ ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus,
20 Fianaig. 68.30 (qualities of a warrior). a righ L. is lerdha
nimh ! MR 214.3 . Nechtain cosin neim, LL 11a48 = gus an
neimh, Leb. Gab. i 182.3 . lám co neim, LL 154a18 . betit
curaid arna raind | fa neim claidib Con Culaind, TBC 795.
fon crúisig neme, 1286 (of Conchobar's spear). ilcleasa neme,
25 3932 St. céim neime, Ériu v 223.63 . crithir do neimh na
tenedh sin, RC xxiv 381.23 . cú neimhe, ZCP ii 344.7 . Of
feelings: re neim fergi an dúileman, RC xxiv 378.34 . adéura
[Críosd] lán do neimh ┐ d'fheirg, Parrth. Anma 476.11 . Sharp-
ness, bitterness, causticity: érnais cen neim (of St. Brigit),
30 Hy. v 7 , glossed .i. cen imdergad without (causing) a blush,
Thes. ii 328.21 (cf. Stowe Gl. 259 ). uath nime for tengthaib
na filed, O'Mulc. 830c . la neim laidhe (of a satire), Arch. iii
295 § 27. begán glóir do budh mór neimh (i.e. quiet but
incisive words), ZCP viii 223.6 . sanas nemhe na námod,
35 Ériu iv 212.12 . amhail adubhairt Fionn sin, | ro gabsam
náire tré neimh (i.e. his words stung us to shame), Duan. Finn
i 31 y .
Compds. ¤ dénmach o, ā. poison-making (Lat. veneficus):
trí druíd nemdenmacha `poison-giving' (? maleficent), Trip.
40 138.27 (neimd. v.l.). ? ¤ mod: nemmod la saoruib . . . in
mod dogniat tria a neim .i. tria a mbeim (i.e. force, intensity?),
O'Mulc. 830 h (fanciful etym. of word neimed). ¤ tenga
`poison-tongue'; an evil-tongued person, a slanderer: nipsa
nemthenga mo chrích, LU 9335. A standing epithet of
45Bricriu: Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218.11 . la
Bricrind Nemthenga, FB 1. do Bricriu Nemthenga, IT ii1
173.9 .

1 néim (? néib) nonly in a s. (? d s.) in phrase: léim dar néim
(one of Cuchulaind's feats), TBC 2105 ( = néimh, St.); Ériu
50 iv 30.10 ; LU 10341 ; 9289 (neim); léim dar néib, LU 5971
( = neib, TBC² 1503 YBL); possibly a hurdle or obstacle of
some kind.

? 2 néim adj. fine, splendid (a cogn. of níam)? mod neim
(: gréin), SR 4417 (chev.). máthair Diarmata . . . curad na
55nOssairgech néim, LL 141a19 = RC xlvii 312.5 ; perh. in both
exx. we should read n-éim. ? asbert C.: Mainech neim naiscid
Nere naidm coir, IT iii 202.1 . equative. ni fuaramar . . .
lilcach badid némithir, RC xxiv 56.19 . Cf. ném.

néime n f. (abstr. of níam) brightness, splendour: gurab noisicch
60a neimhe (: Ére), Leb. Gab. i 130.14 (from a poem by Tanaidhe
Ua Maoil Chonaire † 1126); glossed: go mba heallomh a

neimed n o,m. orig. s,n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts;
cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the
', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in
nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v
14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 .
neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .
I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place,
70= Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγυστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod.
Clermont Ferrand; see Ped. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob.
represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de
sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida
(< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig.
75 fem. In Irish lit. a sanctuary ; in early Christian lit. prob. a
small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood),
freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU
754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC
xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh.
80 for sén-n. ¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection.
ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed
cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib.
24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain
Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems =
85 tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog.
152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha,
138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh
no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196.
cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16.
? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth
5cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid
(sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 . pn
Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19
(place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait,
TBC 5355 = o nemiud, TBC² 3298. i nNemiud, Met. Dinds.
10 iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im
rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.
II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities
or honour attached to a consecrated spot. (a) privileges or
insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity:
15 nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962.
nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ).
nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym.
glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly
O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath;
20 cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.]
iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain'
= the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the
?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc
┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib.
25Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip.
564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i
talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis?
Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa
[sic leg.] Petair, H. 3.18, p. 17a ( O'C. 46 ). Colum ar chennsa
30. . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .
Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab
nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh ,
Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 .
(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always
35to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of
) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill,
Law of Status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having
the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes
employed collectively of an entire class); used with much
40latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln. ¤ )
of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid',
somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of
handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf.
Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-
45cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-
nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead
imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes
cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer
cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free
50`neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the
subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase
franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter,
eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'C. 2272 ). admestar díre
cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95
55§ 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid,
Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid
by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the
coffer of a privileged poet
', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting
privileged persons
', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib
60nemid ! LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím
no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his
brother saints and churchmen
(?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a
nemed, Arch. iii 226 ( Aibidil Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its
', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán
65da ndernta, Met. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with
the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no
gach ealadha, O'Cl.
A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which
contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical
70points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or
poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh)
and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 =
Nemid, Corm. p. 7.
(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter
75fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are
founded on `neimed'
, Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con.
Fug. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred;
from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements
of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of
80law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or pre-
cedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i.
. . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an
article of little value
' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in
cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe
85riana ferunn, H. 3.17 c. 132 ( O'Don. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed'
property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the
latter before land. cís . . . do chondadh is do nemheadh, BR
222.20 (of the tribute due from `daerchlanda'; transld. `wood';
perh. in sense d). Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi com-
dire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 .
5 ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H. 3.17 c. 131 ( O'Don.
159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .
(d) in special sense of landed property, esp. glebe-land:
neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais,
O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i.
10talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', FM ii 1082.21 .
? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh
nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe
neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of
church and science
, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro
15croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land',
Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan
indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) .
? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh
Connacht, Lism.L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel'). pn
20 Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the
Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x
155 ); also N. ¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the
same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.