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neimed n o,m. orig. s,n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts;
cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the
65shrine
', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in
nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v
14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 .
neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .
I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place,
70= Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγυστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod.
Clermont Ferrand; see Ped. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob.
represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de
sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida
(< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig.
75 fem. In Irish lit. a sanctuary ; in early Christian lit. prob. a
small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood),
freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU
754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC
xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh.
80 for sén-n. ¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection.
ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed
cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib.
24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain
Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems =
85 tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog.
152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha,
138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh
no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196.
cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16.
? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth
5cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid
(sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 . pn
Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19
(place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait,
TBC 5355 = o nemiud, TBC² 3298. i nNemiud, Met. Dinds.
10 iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im
rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.
II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities
or honour attached to a consecrated spot. (a) privileges or
insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity:
15 nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962.
nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ).
nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym.
glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly
O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath;
20 cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.]
iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain'
= the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the
Church
?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc
┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib.
25Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip.
564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i
talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis?
Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa
[sic leg.] Petair, H. 3.18, p. 17a ( O'C. 46 ). Colum ar chennsa
30. . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .
Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab
nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh ,
Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 .
(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always
35to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of
persons
) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill,
Law of Status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having
the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes
employed collectively of an entire class); used with much
40latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln. ¤ )
of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid',
somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of
handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf.
Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-
45cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-
nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead
imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes
cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer
cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free
50`neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the
subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase
franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter,
eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'C. 2272 ). admestar díre
cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95
55§ 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid,
Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid
by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the
coffer of a privileged poet
', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting
privileged persons
', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib
60nemid ! LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím
no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his
brother saints and churchmen
(?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a
nemed, Arch. iii 226 ( Aibidil Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its
practiser
', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán
65da ndernta, Met. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with
the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no
gach ealadha, O'Cl.
A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which
contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical
70points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or
poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh)
and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 =
Nemid, Corm. p. 7.
(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter
75fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are
founded on `neimed'
, Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con.
Fug. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred;
from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements
of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of
80law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or pre-
cedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i.
. . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an
article of little value
' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in
cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe
85riana ferunn, H. 3.17 c. 132 ( O'Don. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed'
property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the
latter before land. cís . . . do chondadh is do nemheadh, BR
222.20 (of the tribute due from `daerchlanda'; transld. `wood';
perh. in sense d). Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi com-
dire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 .
5 ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H. 3.17 c. 131 ( O'Don.
159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .
(d) in special sense of landed property, esp. glebe-land:
neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais,
O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i.
10talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', FM ii 1082.21 .
? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh
nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe
neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of
church and science
, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro
15croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land',
Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan
indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) .
? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh
Connacht, Lism.L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel'). pn
20 Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the
Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x
155 ); also N. ¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the
same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.

néimed n o,m. dirt, filth, slops? ambor co némiud, RC x 216.34
25= ammor co nnemid, ib. 38 . i lloc nemid no otraigh, Laud
610 f. 22b (Plummer MS. notes). neimhedh .i. ainm don uile
salchar, O'Cl. neimhedh `dirt, filth', O'R. See néimidecht.

neimedach adj o, ā. (nem) also nimidech, secure of heaven, elect: is
nemedach gach aen . . . ic dol fria bás, Death-tales 10 n. cipe
30gebus m'imund hi llou a etsechta corub nemidach, LB 28b61 .
bidhit neimedach , thou shalt gain heaven, BNnÉ 93 § 204 . bát
nimidech, ZCP iii 210.12 = LU 9633. ni ba nimhidh[ech] nā
talmanda intí millfeas ar n-aentaidh, Lism.L. 4282 . nimedach,
RC xxiii 430.5 .

35 neimélach adj o, ā (neiméle) plaintive, piteous: nuallghubha nei-
melach, Anecd. i 77.22 . tromghair tuirseach tromneimelach,
CF 430. ro caidh frasa dichra dēr ┐ torrsi truaghnemelaigh
[sic leg.], ZCP x 307.31 , cf. Ériu viii 32.7 . co truag nemelach,
Cog. 62.4 . Of persons: Nemed mac F. dalta nemelach do
40Guari, LB 273b12 ( SG 53.8 ) = neimelach YBL ( Med. & Mod.
Ir. Ser. iv 7.224 ); `an uncontaminated fosterling', O'Grady,
as if = nemélnide; rather sorry, abject , as suggested by
sequel.

neiméle n iā,f. plaint, sorrowful pleading ; in rel. lit. generally of
45imploring pity for oneself or others. fer fri bun cruche, ind
nemeli no ferfad frisin rig immo saerad, is fo ion iondas sin
fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. § 1.
is for Pátraic is mó ata neméli airchisechta fer nErenn, RC
xii 424 § 6 ( LB 258b26 ). ferad cach a neimele fri Dia, SR 8073
50(: gel-ḟéle). ciid fri Dia ┐ ferais nemeli fris, ZCP iii 30.13 . oc
tróge ┐ oc neméle frisin Comdid [sic leg.], LU 2227 ( FA 30 ).
gabaid oc neméle moir ┐ oc aithrige fri Dia, PH 814. nuall ┐
nemeli do denam frisna deib, CCath. 981. ro badh lór do
truaighe ┐ do neimhéle an lamhchomairt, FM vi 2292.3 , cf.
55 Hugh Roe 320.25 (f. 83b) . ro gab truaighi ┐ tromneimeile iat,
ZCP vi 277.8 (of would-be assassins, almost = pity, relenting ).

neimemail adj i. poisonous, baneful: an greim urchóideach
neimheamhuil d'ubhall na haithne, TSh. 2434.

neimid vb. bāid Gilla Brighde assī sin | ar cēd-bāidh re
60Clainn Dalaig; | gé dorad mé deridh [leg. deiredh] di | ni do
neimhedh é indte, Ir. Texts ii 39 § 33 (poem of 15th cent.).
Cf. neimhim `I corrupt, spoil ', O'R.

neimide adj io, iā. (neim) poisonous, venomous : sruth nemnech
nemide, SR 7150. nathair nemidhe, Leb. Gab. i 196.18 . for
65piastaib nemide, Aen. 2185. for fēraib nemhidibh poisonous
grasses
, CCath. 3944 ; cf. 903 .

néimidecht n f. (cf. néimed) filth, foulness? néimhidheacht .i.
salchar, O'Cl. neimhidheacht `filth, dirt ', O'R. ? g s. lin[n]ti
dubfola co faircsi neamglaini ┐ nemidechta mōiri forro,
70 CCath. 964 ; ` virulence ' (< neimide), Stokes, but the sense
foulness seems more appropriate.

1 neimnech adj o, ā. (neim) in later lang. also nim(h)nech. (a)
poisonous, venomous: ind ibair báis neimnich the deadly
poisonous yews
, Sg. 33b11 . sruth nemnech, SR 7150. marai
75nemnecha, FA 30 LB ( IT i 191.10 ). fuair dig nimnid [leg.
nimnig], LL 129b38 = MacCarthy 210 § 2 (:hingin). for
nathrachaib némnechaib, PH 4846. gerrta ainmidhi neim-
nigh, Rosa Ang. 146.5 .
(b) fig., of things (actions, qualities) envenomed, deadly,
80 dangerous, keen, intense: alind á óiph in forcitil, nemnech
immurgu a inne, Wb. 7c1 . is nemnech in gáeth hísiu, ZCP
viii 175.19 (Laon Glosses). gai nemnech, LU 4339 (perh.
poisoned). lind nemnech núa (i.e. strong, heady), Ériu vii 222.10
( LL 208b31 ). nogo rainic an sliabh neimhneach n-oigrita,
85 iii 166 § 22 . cath fuilech fírneimnech, ZCP vi 56.16 . dogniat
nuallguba . . . némnig, PH 8315. cride . . . co ngoirtius nem-
nech, 6443 . doilghios gér nimhneach, Mac Aingil 5.1 . peacadh
neimhneach, TSh. 2303. gud bhois nuídhe neimhnigh `death-
dealing hand
', KMMisc. 170.6 . buille ró-nimhneach, Jerem.
xiv 17. superl. mionna as neimnighe ar talmain `halidoms the
5most potent
' (i.e. the most deadly to those who swear falsely
by them), Misc. Hag. Hib. 116.28 .
Of persons, venomous, vindictive, dangerous (to deal with);
occas. in favourable sense: fer nemnech drochthengthach in
Bricriu, Ériu iv 32.1 . slog . . . néimnech naimtige (of devils),
10 PH 8105. ba nemnech in lanamain (of Nét and Bé Néit),
O'Mulc. 132. duine nimhneach a wrathful man, Prov. xv 18.
fer nemnech naimdemail (of Caesar), CCath. 351. aithesc
Néill neimnig, Ériu iv 104.3 . fir niata nemnecha, Ériu viii
44.35 . brugh na n-onchon n-oscardha nimhneach, Keat.
15Poems 857.
Adv. ro escain in flead amail is neimneachu forcaemnacair
a heascaine, FDG 135.
(c) as subst. ā,f., name of a poetic composition (satire or
lampoon?): ind nemnech drisecca, BB 305a30 = in damnech
20drisiucca, IT iii 65 § 133.