Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


neimnígid v g. (nemní) makes nothing, nullifies, annihilates:
85 amal nefnígtir airthrialla mac ṁbec, LL 234a45 ( TTr. 1286 ).
pass. pret. pl. ro nefnigit , LB 229a23 marg. (perh. intended
as alternative reading to: díscailfid [ar senchas ┐ ar recht]).
neimhníghim `I annul or annihilate', O'Brien.
Vn. nemnigudh feadha annihilation of a letter, Auraic. 769
= neimtniugud, 3561 (YBL).

5 neimṡenchus xsee neimthenchus.

? neimtenaid (-ach?) adj virulent, satirical? neimtenaigh .i. neim
ara tengaidh .i. doní aír, H. 3.18 p. 243b ( O'C. 458 ). ? ni aes
nenta .i. nocha nemtenaigit e in nendtog cemad aesmar hi . . .
.i. ni neimnig[e] sean na neannta nās a og, H. 3.18, p. 350 ( O'C.
10 732 ); the nettle is none the more venomous for being old (leg.
nemtenaigide? see Laws iv 376.21 quoted s.v. neimthes (I).

? neimthe adj. poisonous (< neim): sruth néimthe, FA 30
( LU 2237 ) = s. neme marbthaigi, LB.

neimthech adj(? neimtech) o, ā. (< neimed) having legal status,
15 enfranchised, privileged? as subst.: do nemtiuch gach graid,
Nero A vii f. 143a ( O'Don. 2207 ).

neimthenaigid v g. (cf. neimthenchus) confers status on; digni-
fies? treidi ara nemtheanaithear laech, R.I.A. 23 P 3 f. 21a ( O'C.
1875 ).

20 neimthenchus n o,m. also written ne(i)mtenchus (perh. correct
form), -tṡenchus and -ṡenchus. Legal privileges due to status,
position, social standing: ar nimtenchus don filigh, Laws i 62.6.
gell don eclais ar ata nemtsenacus, 276.1 . ara nemhtsenchus,
ii 20.10 . nemsenchus, v 14.4 . mesemnaighther ní don uasal
25sin ara nemthenchus, O'Dav. 1220 (nemsenchas v.l.). is o cheol
atá nemte[n]cus don fiallach airfitid, O'Mulc. 830 d , cf. 830 g .
do geibtis neimthenchus no onoir ar gloine an ealadhan, Leb.
Gab. i 158 n. 4 , cf. 160 n. 2 . fer congmhala a neimthenachais
iarna chóir d'urdaibh ┐ d'eccalsaibh, d'filedhaibh ┐ d'ollam-
30naibh `their termon-lands' (? privileges), FM v 1438.16 . Of
cattle: is o lacht ata nemtenc[h]us do cethra valuation ,
O'Mulc. 830 e .
Cf. also: is sochaide . . . co ndeimnigthur a neimtsenchaidh
sidhe `many . . . attest his eminence' (of a sage or author), Laws
35 i 22.27 Comm. (passage seems corrupt).

neimthes (-ius) n u,m. (< neimed?).
I Social or professional status or privileges, qualifications?
cach nemthas nār [a nar v.l.] `every noble privilege', O'Dav.
1290. midither mind nemthesa nāir `a diadem of noble privi-
40lege
', 1220 . nach duine las nā bi fosulgud, ni bi nemthes
fuiririud lais `no person who has not power of releasing has
privilege of binding
' (?), Laws ii 122.18 . dith nemthiussa filed,
ZCP xv 334 § 26 (i.e. forfeiture of his privileged position).
(pl.) a tri nemtigter nemthusa filedh, tenm laegda, imus
45forosnad, dicedul du cennaib, Laws v 56.22 Comm. (quoted
from the Bretha Neimed). neimtheas egulsa `privilege of
church-lands
', SG 79.2 . co nemtesuibh nemed tromuib, Nero
A vii p. 145a ( O'Don. 2210 ). is a nemtesaib doecclamar cach
direch dana, ib. f. 143a-b ( O'Don. 2207 ). Fig. ni haos nennta
50nemtesa (leg. nemthes?) `it is not the age of nettles that gives
them venom
' (i.e. their characteristic qualification, the power
of stinging), Laws iv 376.21 (legal maxim).
Of chattels, etc., perh. valuation: ech tuaithi ┐ ech sliastai
rig is inann nemthes fil forru, H. 3.18 p. 373-4 ( O'C. 808 ). Cf.
55 trian dire neimthusa cathracha fáis `a third of the "dire" of the
"n." of an empty church
', Laws v 120.4 Comm. on text deal-
ing with `cella' not entitled to `díre' through non-fulfilment
of their duties; acc. to the Comm. by `cell' is understood the
erenagh (airchinnech) of the church.
60 II In the follg. exx. neimthes (neimthius) seems to be used
of the power which the `filid' possessed of punishing those
who refused their demands with degradation or loss of social
status. brimon [briamon, LB] smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa
[nemtheossa, LB] dogniat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid
65smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doecce in duine ima ndene
nemt[h]ess. Fīrmod sin, amail is fri duine anechta[i]r ata in
ball sin, sic is fri daoine anechtair ata in duine se, Corm. Y
149 ; transld. in Corm. Tr. 22 `the name of an operation which
poets perform on a person who refuses them [aught
]'; perh.
70rather the name of the power (privilege) which the `filid' exercise
in the case of a person, etc.
, the `neimthes' being in such cases
expressed by a symbolic action, the `briamon smetrach'. Cf.
the gloss on `briamon smetrach' in LL 187a-b (quoted RC xxvi
55 ): .i. cles briatharda sin dognitís ind ḟilid .i. cenéle nemthiusa
75insin .i. smitt a cluasi do gabáil inna láim; amal ná fil cnáim
andsin is amlaid nā fil enech nó nert acontí écnaiges in file.

neimthigid (-ir) v g. dep. and act. (< neimed) qualifies as
`neimed', confers status on, indicates rank (profession, etc.) of
(an individual). As dep.: tréde neimthigedar crossán: rige
80oíle, rige théighi, rige bronn `constitute', Triads 116 (glossed
.i. a n-onoruighther nó uaislighther wherein is honoured or
dignified
, p. 39 ); cf. 117 - 123 . tréde neimthigedar ríg: fonaidm
ruirech, feis Temrach, roimse inna flaith, 202 . co ndentais a
fileda forbthe fó tredib noda-nemthegedar .i. immas forosnai
85┐ teinm laida ┐ dicetal di cennaib, Ériu iv 162 § 24 , cf. Triads
123 . Act.: in treide nemtigius filid .i. teinm laega, etc., RC
v 201 § 19. a trédhi fora nemithir cruitiri doib .i. suantraigi ┐
genntraigi ┐ golltraigi, RC xii 108 § 164. treidhe ara neimigter
cerd . . . treigi ara nimigter brugaid, Celt. Rev. ii 114.11 . Of
cattle: nos-nemtigenn a llacht ┐ a carnae, O'Mulc. 830 k (i.e.
5they are classed by their yield of milk and meat).
Vn. do nemthigud filed i scélaib ┐ i comgnimaib inso sis,
LL 189b44 = MS. Mat. 583 (introducing a list of the tales
required from `filid').