Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


1 nem- (neb-, neph-) neg. prefix used in composition with
nouns and adjectives in temporary formations, serving
merely to negate the positive sense of the word or denote the
absence of the object (action, quality, etc.) expressed thereby,
45without adding any new meaning as do the prefixes an-, é-,
mí- (e.g. nebchretem = not believing; anchretem = unbelief).
In O.Ir. the forms neb- and neph- are used; in Wb. neb-
before a vowel or voiced consonant, neph- before a voiceless
cons.; in Sg. and Ml. only neph- (often written as a distinct
50word). In early Mid.Ir. neph- (nef-) and nem- are used, before
voiceless and voiced consonants respectively; during the
Mid.Ir. period neph- is ousted by nem- (also written nemp-,
nemth-). Before a palatal vowel in the follg. word the final
consonant is affected (later expressed by the spelling neim-).
55Mod.Ir. neamh-, (before palatal vowel) neimh-. Lenites follg.
consonant; occas. (in late texts) eclipses a follg. b: nemhmbith,
Ériu ii 64 n. 31 ; neimmbind, ZCP iii 32.2 ; neimmbisid
(leg. -mbisig), O'Gr. Cat. 289.32 ; neamhmbáidh, Keat. i 50.22 ;
neambocht, Keat. Poems 30. nemtsomainech, ZCP x 306.34
60is due to analogy of cases in which lenited s prefixes t after
the article; cf. nemtsos.
In Glosses common esp. with verbal abstracts, participles
and nomina agentis. With vn. commonly used in O. and
Mid.Ir. in the sense not to (do someth.), to refrain from (doing
65someth.
), where in Mod.Ir. the prep. gan would be used. With
adj. in Glosses freq. renders Lat. in-.
With nouns and adjs. often used to express an alternative
or contrast to a foregoing corresponding positive: imdibe Tít
nó a nebimdibe Titus' circumcision or his non-circumcision,
70 Wb. 18d9 . eter gess ┐ nemgess, BDD 59. ní ébairt riu a
chathim ┐ ní ebairt a nemchathim to eat it . . . not to eat it,
TBC 137. ni tharat aichne for charait nā for nemcharait, FDG
238. o na comarsannaib ┐ ó na nemchomarsannaib, PH 7576.
náire fri maith, nemnáire fri holc, PH 8228. ara hingin do
75tabairt do Aenias ┐ ara nemtabairt do Thuirn, Aen. 1644. do
ced Gall ┐ do neimhchet Chloinne Taidhg, FM v 1708.7 . an
laphuirt ┐ a[n] nemhlabhuirt speech and silence, Ériu v 130
§ 47 . ri ro gni cach ṅdūil . . . aicseid ocus nemaicseid, SR 330.
cia lasmad laind nō nemlaind in sluagad, TBC 413. longa na
80cenntur foicsi ┐ nemhfoicsi near and far, Marco P. 5.
In many cases compds. with nem- come to be stable and
assume a more or less positive meaning; cf. marbum na nem-
caraid ud Crist those foes of Christ (i.e. the Saracens), RC xix
164.2 , with FDG 238 quoted above.
85In later Bardic poetry compds. of neamh-, neimh- somet.
serve mainly to supply a rhyme.
In later Mid.Ir. occas. compounded with finite forms of
verb.
The following lists are illustrative only: (a) with subst.
¤ acallam: ba himned la F. nempaccallam ina hingine not to
5converse with
, ZCP iv 38.4 = cen acallaim na ingine, LL 249b
26 ( TBFr. 155 ). ¤ accomol: dliged nephaccomoil inna teora
liter of not joining the three letters, Sg. 7b9 . ¤ ág ill luck:
ZCP ii 354.24 (nemagh). neamhágh, Keat. Poems 1033.
¤ airchóit harmlessness: istait na nemurchoite, PH 7773. ¤ áirem:
10 hó nephairim, gl. innumero, Ml. 17d6 . ¤ airitiu: tri nebairitin
lóge not accepting pay, Wb. 11a12 . nemfairitiu, Mon. Tall.
35. nephairmid a non-computer , Ml. 50d2 (gl. incompotem,
connected by glossator with compoto = computo) ; cf. Sg. 67b16 .
nephascnaidid, gl. impos, Sg. 106a1 . neimbiathad laech a tri
15corgusaib na bliadna no refection of laymen, Anecd. i 44.10 .
¤ breth: fochund a facbála ┐ a nembrithi leis of not bringing
her
, TTr.² 15. ¤ buith not being: n s. nebud, Wb. 24d11 .
nébeth, 9b17 . i nepbuith dia réir in not being subject to his
control
, 14a16 . ón nepuid hi cumgaib from not being in straits,
20 Ml. 122a11 . Ériu ii 64 § 6. nemhchaint holding one's tongue,
Ériu v 130 § 50. nemchaithem, TBC 137 (see above). tre
neamhchaitheamh bídh abstaining from food, Keat. iii 2096.
¤ chara, FDG 238 (see above). O'Gr. Cat. 384.17. ¤ cenél: hi
nephchenéil, gl. in non gentem, Wb. 5a14 . neimhcert wrong
25(injustice), KMMisc. 174.9 . neimhchert gaoidhilghi incorrect
Gaelic
, Mac Aingil Pref. 8 . ¤ chet, FM v 1708.17 (see above).
neimchin (< cin guilt) guiltlessness, ZCP vi 277.12 . neimchin
(< cin regard, affection), BCC 304.4 . ¤ comainsid: g s. ind
nephchomainsedo of the non-trampler, Ml. 42b28 (gl. inculca-
30toris, in- taken as neg.). ¤ comairle: rena nemcomhmairle do
denamh by heeding not his counsel, BCC 246.34 . nebchomaitecht
non-indulgence , Wb. 6c12 . as crād don cach . . . nemchomaitecht
doib im caomclód praindi not to be indulged with a change of diet,
Mon. Tall. 64. nemchomall non-fulfilment , PH 7951. nebcho-
35malnad not fulfilling, Wb. 19c4 , cf. 14a15 . ónd nephchomḟogur,
gl. inconsonantia, Sg. 152b3 . nebchongabthetu, gl. inconti-
nentia, Wb. 9d24 . nemchotlud not sleeping, TBC 1703. nem-
colladh insomnia, RC xlix 18.4 ; 23.9 ( ¤ codladh). nebchretem
a n-ad[f]iadar di Crist not believing, Wb 27a10 . ¤ crích: ar
40neachrích (= unsettled, aimless), Measgra D. 64.48 (neimh-
crich v.l.). nemhchuimhne not remembering; an amnesty, FM
vi 2182.1 . nephcuimsighe incapacity, O'Gr. Cat. 222.9. neph-
chuindchid anmae Dáe not seeking, Ml. 104c1 . neamhchuid
non-participation, indifference , TD 16.10 . nephchumsanad not
45resting
, Ml. 33d20 . nephchumscugud immutability , Sg. 10a14 .
LL 38b37 (nem-). ¤ déicsiu not looking, g s. nephdéicsen, Ml.
50d11 . ¤ déine lack of vigour , see CCath. 4417 ; Dán Dé xiii 8 .
nephdéirge not deserting , Sg. 209b26 . Ériu iii 106 y . neph-
dēnum neich di ulc not doing any evil, Ml. 23c20 . nebdénum,
50 Wb. 5c23 . fil ara nemdénam de | maíle is meth the penalty
of not doing it is baldness
, Met. Dinds. iii 24.313 . nephdiall
absence of declension, Sg. 75a1 . nemhdileghadh indigestion ,
O'Gr. Cat. 207.11. a leth an nemdileghtha, RC xlix 8.5 .
nemduine, gl. nemo, Ir. Gl. 954. nephetarcnae inna timnae
55 non-discernment, Ml. 58a20 . -fagbá(i)l not finding, PH 3699.
ZCP viii 543.17 . nemagbail in measa, Arch. iii 240 § 3.
¤ faicsin (= O.Ir. aicsiu): fer a nemhfhaixena gusin tan sin
one who had never seen it till then, Fl. Earls 188.12 . Cf. i nem-
fecsiu inda gnuis `without looking on their faces', Mon. Tall. 62.
60 nemfheodaigecht unfadingness, LB 221b65 . ¤ fis(s) ignorance:
nephis, Ml. 58a20 . nemhforbunn, Lism.L. 4617 (of the Law
of Moses, oppd. to forbann = heathen law). némfreccra
epistle not answering, Alex. 826. ¤ fuigell: nemfugell do
chiunn fria membru that the head should not pass judgement on
65the members
, ZCP xv 331 § 23. ¤ gabál: is ferr a nemgabail
not to accept it, Mon. Tall. 35. nephgabaltaid, gl. incapax,
Ml. 117a1 . ¤ gess non-taboo, BDD 59. nemhghlóir inglorious-
ness
, O'Gr. Cat. 466.19. nephícc non-salvation, Ml. 88b8 .
neimhiocht lack of trust, suspicion , Keat. ii 2504. nebimdibe,
70 Wb. 18d9 . nemimniche (.i. cen imnedh do beth air) freedom
from care
, Anecd. v 25.4 . nephinotacht non-entrance , Wb.
33b5 . nephithe, gl. inedia, Ml. 127c18 . nemláthar `mean
spirit
', Met. Dinds. iii 56 z (: derbráthar). ¤ lécud: bui
comairli . . . im nemlegodh Logai isin cath not to let L. into the
75battle
, RC xii 88 § 95. neamhlón lack of support, Content.
xxix 14 (: mearshlógh). ní lour in nebmaldachad mani
bendachae it is not enough not to curse, Wb. 5d23 . ¤ marb-
tacht, gl. immortalitatem, RC xxviii 320 § 47. nebmarbtu
immortality, Wb. 29d24 , cf. 15c13 . nebmess for nech not
80judging any one
, Wb. 8d26 . nebmoídem not boasting, ib.
nephmolad Dáe not praising, Ml. 145c3 . nemnáire lack of
diffidence, boldness , LL 400a22 . 187a24 ( ¤ nári). PH 8228.
nemnerte want of strength, Aen. 2889. ¤ ní see neimní. ¤ olc: o
nach ulc nó nephulc, ZCP vii 481 ( Enchir. Aug. 74a ). ¤ opair,
85 O'Mulc. 446. ¤ pecad, ib. 97 . hond nephpiandatu, gl. impuni-
tate, Ml. 28a11 . ¤ praind: g s. nepproinde la geinti of not dining,
Wb. 19a10 . ¤ ríar: dá neimhréir against his will, Dán Dé xxviii
13 . ¤ sástid (lit. a non-satisfier): ind nephsastid, gl. inexplebili-
ter, Ml. 62a7 . nephscríbend omitting to write, Ml. 94a1 . Alex.
826 (nem-). nemhshén misfortune, ill luck, FM iii 226.20 .
5 nephthabart, Ml. 51d2 ; 54b22 . tre nebthabirt dígle fuirib, Wb.
18b13 . nephthairmthechtid an intransitive verb, Sg. 189a7 .
¤ tathaige: o ro airigh sidhe a nemhtathaighe asa sccoraibh
`that they were not in the habit of going outside their encamp-
ments
', FM vi 2192.21 . nemhthathaidhe deuosioin, Fl. Earls
10 120.1 . ¤ techt: dogena nephthecht dia cungid thou shalt
not go to look for them
, LL 251b36 ( TBFr. 360 ). neimhtheacht
ré chéile discrepancy, variance, Keat. i 86.65 . nebthobe non-
circumcision
, Wb. 1d18 . nephthoimtiu bed peccad són not
supposing that it was sin
, Ml. 43a15 . ¤ tol: asa ndérnad
15nemthoil Dé ┐ toil ar máigistrech-ne, PH 8142. toil ┐ nemtoil
na naturae, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33. do nemhthoil Rígh Saxan
against the wishes of, FM iii 200.11 . nemthomailt fheola
abstention from eating meat, PH 6542. nebthórtrommad not
pestering
, Wb. 27c24 . ¤ tráth: codla nemhthrátha `unseasonable
20sleep
', Ériu i 32.4 . ¤ tuath: bid tuad dom-sa mo nebtuad (= non
plebs mea), Wb. 4d1 . ¤ tuidecht: nephtuidechd do Dia not
coming
, Mon. Tall. 21. PH 5462. ¤ uall: a dhuine doní
neamhuaill `who art humble', Dán Dé vii 31 .
(b) with adj. (in O.Ir. chiefly participial formations render-
25ing Lat. compds. with in-): ¤ acnatae unnatural: neph-
acnataib, gl. insolitis, Ml. 129d3 . nephadnachtae unburied ,
Sg. 20a4 . ¤ aerda `non-aerial', material, gross, YBL 161a21
(of demon host). ¤ aicside invisible: aicseid ocus nemaicseid, SR
330. i rétaib nebaicsidib, Wb. 4a24 . na huli dúli aicsidi ┐ nem-
30aicsidi, Trip. 120.2 . iarndligud nemaicsidi, LU 2557 ( RC xxv 238
§ 9). tuirsi inmhedónach nemhfhaicsidhe, Parrth. Anma 352.3 .
slainte nemaidilcnech o legessaib not in need of medicines,
Alex. 844. ¤ airchóitech harmless, innocent: nepherchoitecha,
gl. innocuos, Ml. 74c6 . fuil nemurcóidech, Maund. 86. i
35mbéalaibh na leanbh neamhurchóideach, Keat. iii 1596.
¤ airchradach: cēt guth nemircradach never-failing, Cog.
50.17 . ¤ airdirc: marbhta nemhoirderca `not illustrious', FM
vi 2230.7 . nephaithimfolṅgidi, gl. inefficaces, Ml. 80c12 .
nephanmanaigthi, gl. nec spiritu viventium animati, 124c20 .
40 nephanmandi, gl. inanimata (a p n.), 60b5 , cf. 130a3 . ¤ arsaid
not old: co nemarrsaid with fresh vigour, ZCP vi 41.27 .
nephatdānaigthe, gl. inremuneratus, Ml. 138a5 , 116b7 . sluag
. . . neambāid unloving, unkind, YBL 161a20 . ¤ bec: nephbic,
Ml. 39d21 (gl. immodicae [laudis]; the glossator uses gend. of
45`molad'). ¤ bind, ZCP iii 32.2 (neimmbind). ¤ boc[h]t, Thes.
ii 351.37 (gl. díbocht, Hy. vi 8 ). ¤ bras(s): triath n. (of
Christ), Anecd. i 39 y . Met. Dinds. iii 360.2 (`mild'). ¤ brisc
infrangible , Aisl. MC 105.17 . nephchainchomracacha, gl.
impacata (neut. pl.), Ml. 26b13 . nephchathaigthe, gl. in bellum
50(taken as compd. adj.), 126c22 . ¤ cetaigthech unallowed: mian
nemhcedaighteach, ITS xvi 12.21 . go neamhcheaduightheach
without leave, Keat. iii 3185. nephcētbatai, gl. inanimata
(neut. pl.), Ml. 130a4 . ¤ cintach guiltless , see ZCP vi 277.19 .
FM ii 1138.25 . ¤ clóithe: nephchloithi, gl. invicti, Ml. 83b7 .
55 is nemchlóti Dia, PH 799. cenél nemclaeti, Aen. 2752. nemh-
choigealtach unsparing, ruthless, Fl. Earls 198.9 , 18 . ¤ coim-
se(-ch) immeasurable, beyond reckoning: is nemchoimsi mét
anóra na mainistrich, Maund. 183 , cf. 162 . nemchoimsigh, 78 .
is nemchoimseach do mōrchomachta, Fl. Earls 138.18 . neamh-
60choimsigh ` incomprehensible ', Eg. Gl. 764. nephchomtetar-
rachti incomprehensible , Ml. 55d11 (n p.). nephchorpde (= in-
corporalis), Sg. 59b16 . nepchostae footless (gl. apes), 102b4 .
¤ creitmech: isin tír ngentlighi neimchreitmidh unbelieving ,
Ériu v 156.3 . ¤ chrín unwithered, unfading , CCath. 4717. craind
65nua nemchrína, LL 218b32 . ¤ chrínda id., LL 295b7 = RC xiii
40 § 10 . nephchumscaigthe immovable, Ml. 40d23 . nemcums-
caighthi (= immobiles), Trip. 4.24 . nephchutmaide, gl. illap-
sam, Ml. 89d4 . ind nephdeithbir, gl. immerito, Ml. 38d10 . 94a8 .
¤ dermatach not forgetful, PH 8254. ¤ desctha unleavened: arān
70n., SR 4352 , cf. PH 5073. hi cét-ló na némdescata (= azymo-
rum), 5028 . nephdiachtae (= inultus), Ml. 111b6 . ¤ diada: ar tír
a ndéé nemṡuthain nemdiadai Neptúin not divine, LL 224b10
( TTr. 535 ). duine neimhdhiadha ungodly , Prov. xvi 27. co
sollsi némdibaide inextinguishable , LB 138b5 . ¤ dil not dear:
75 nir bo n. la Dia hé acht robo dil, LU 1110 (gl. ni andil, ACC
116 ). arccain a n-eccrat ┐ a neimhdheala foes, Hugh Roe
188.18 (f. 50b) . ¤ díles: in nephdílius, gl. improprie, Ml.
28d4 . duine neimhdhílios unfaithful , Prov. xxv 19. neph-
dilledach indeclinable , Sg. 91b5 , cf. 35a13 . ¤ dimde (< dim
80`thing') unreal: it nephdimdi .i. nidat ní, gl. nihil, Ml. 130d7 .
¤ dingbala ( ¤ bálta) unworthy: cidat nemdingbal-su [sic] do
thabairt onora, LB 236a1 . nemdíngbala, 233b34 . airdeaspog
neamhdhiongmhálta, Keat. iii 51. nephdíte, gl. indefensus,
Ml. 103c5 , cf. 85d13 . ¤ dligthech irrational , see Ml. 16b12 .
85 ¤ dorcha: neithe nuaidhe nemhdoirche clear, manifest , ZCP
x 6.23 . nebdruailnithe uncorrupted , see Wb. 13d20 . neph-
dudrachtach (= ¤ duth-) gl. indevotus, Ml. 49c1 . nephecailse,
gl. indiscussum, 56c8 , cf. 114b4 . ¤ élnide (élnigthe) undefiled , PH
2390 , 2391 . o'n ōig nemelnigthe, 176 . in t-Uan neimelnidi,
Lism.L. 1119 . nephǽrnaidi (< ess-ro-snī-) not escaped, Ml.
5 134b9 (g s f.), gl. invasae (in- taken as neg.). neimheasbadhach
without want, Ériu v 64.13 . nephéscide moonless , Ml. 29d14 ,
cf. 30a1 , 5 . neamhfhann not feeble , Buile S. 26.19 . ¤ féig
not keen-sighted: n p m. nephfegi, Ml. 42d8 . nemfegtach
unobservant, unheeding: co hanbḟaitech n. ¤ , LB 234b23 . neimh-
10fhealltach free from treachery, see Fl. Earls 92.22 . neim-
fhirindech untruthful , Acall. 3903. neimhfhírinneach un-
righteous , Prov. xiii 5. nephfodlaide indivisible , gl. impertitum
(taken as = in-partitum), Ml. 26a9 . gl. insecabilem, Sg. 189b6 .
nephḟodlaidi, gl. atoma, 28b23 . nephḟograigthi, gl. inconcinna
15(neut. pl.), Sg. 138a8 . ¤ foirbthe imperfect , see Fl. Earls
126.22 . íodhbairt neamhfholamhail bloodless, Eochairsg. 24.9 .
¤ forcennach boundless (of the ocean), Ériu iv 142.10 . mur-
brucht nemḟorcnedach, LL 168b10 . neph[ḟ]repthae, gl. imme-
dicabile, Ml. 58a17 . neph[ḟ]rept[h]anaigthe, gl. immedicabilem,
20 76a17 . nepfrescastae unexpected ; gl. insperatus in Ml. 36b9
( ¤ frescestu), 56d1 ( ¤ rescastu), 40b10 ( ¤ rescastib). nephfrith-
gabthe, gl. ineffrenata (n s f.), Tur. 114. nephfrithortae, gl.
inlaesum, Ml. 39a4 . ¤ fhuirechair, gl. [im]provigil, Ir. Gl. 985.
neamhfhuirithe unprepared , FM v 1430.8 . neamhghann
25 ample, unstinted , Dán Dé xxvii 21 . ¤ gel not fair, swarthy:
re cois nglúine neimhghil Néill, IGT Dec. ex. 1233 , cf. KM
Misc. 170.7 . cathugud neimgēr can arm not keen, spiritless,
BColm. 2.25 . nebglan, gl. inlustratus, Thes. ii 234.13 . an dá
ghuthaidhe neamhghlana impure vowels (i.e. the semi-vowels
30 u and i), IGT Introd. § 9. neimhghlic unwise , A. Ó Dálaigh
xxxii 8. nephglidi (part. of gelid), gl. intonsi, Thes. ii 46.21
(Philarg.). ¤ glinne not secure (?), see Thes. ii 352.41 . ¤ gnáth
unusual, unwonted , LB 234b40 . nephgnatha, gl. insoliti, Ml.
40d15 . ceardacht neamhghnáth rare, Dán Dé vi 39 . ¤ gnáth-
35ach id.; Fl. Earls 236.34 , FM vi 2226.24 . neimhiarmartach
regardless of consequences, reckless , CCath. 5904. nephícthe,
gl. immedicabilem, Ml. 76a17 . nephimmaircide, gl. incon-
veniens, 17b6 . nephimfolngidi, gl. inefficaces, 17a5 . nephim-
gabthi unavoidable , 40b9 . neimhionann not the same, different ,
40 Fl. Earls 100.8 . go neimhionann unevenly, irregularly , TSh.
1655. nephindlachtae, gl. inscissus, Ml. 96a8 ( ¤ indlachtu
d s m.). nephinducbaide, gl. ingloriosus, 139d2 . neimhiongnadh
not strange , Keat. ii 4878. cocad . . . nemlac not weak, Cog.
100.26 . ¤ laind unenergetic , TBC 413. nephlesc, gl. impiger,
45 Ml. 106c7 . nebleisc, gl. non pigri, Wb. 5d17 . go neimhlescc,
FM v 1658.13 . brúti nemliterdhai illiterate , Aisl. MC 29.21 .
¤ lochtach faultless , see LU 4250 , PH 2399. ¤ lochtaigthe
unblamed, blameless , SR 592. nem[m]aithmech unforgiving ,
Fianaig. 82.13 . cunntas nemmhaithfech inexorable , O'Hussey
50TC 172.7 . ¤ marbda not mortal , IT i 191.26 ( FA 30 LB). ní
mhuirbfitis in nemhmarbdhai, LB 229a54 . ¤ meirgide un-
rusting: d'uma nemergidi, Cog. 152.10 . nemergdi, 50.16 .
nem[m]ertnech unflagging , Cog. 100.26 , cf. 160.7 . neimmert-
nech, LL 224b14 . nephmesse, gl. inexaminatum, Ml. 117a2 .
55 ¤ munnterdha unfriendly , RC xxviii 316 § 26. ¤ nár un-
abashed, bold, shameless: LU 5253 = TBC 775 (neph-). co
nefnar, LL 3b23 = co nemnár, Leb. Gab. 212.2 . ¤ nech-
tardae neutral, see nechtardae. ¤ opthach non-refusing?
n. ¤ fri hernail cech uilc ` consenting to', PH 8181. ¤ pecthach
60 sinless , see BNnÉ 196.29 . ¤ pudrach harmless , Alex. 837.
neamsádhal ` ungentle ', Ériu iv 114.10 . FM v 1314 y . neph-
saithrach, gl. inlaborata, Ml. 103b4 . neamhsgaoilteach ` nig-
gardly ', Ériu v 52.2 . ¤ scélach not given to tattle, ZCP iii 29.14 .
neimhsciamhach unsightly , Fl. Earls 36.22 . ¤ scíth un-
65wearied , LL 224b14 . ¤ scíthach id., LB 137b1 . nephsētaigthi,
gl. invias, Ml. 126a13 . ¤ snímach unanxious , PH 5923. FM
v 1756.2 . ¤ somaínech unprofitable , ZCP x 306.34 (nemts-),
cf. 289.1 (nemhsh-). nephsuande, gl. insomnis, Ml. 95d12 .
nephsūilig, gl. minus oculati, 42d8 . neamhshunnartha indefi-
70nite , IGT Introd. 7.20 . ¤ suthain transitory, mortal , see
¤ diada. ¤ thairberta unsubdued , Alex. 524. nephthairis-
mech (gl. instans. . . . quod vix stare potest), Sg. 147b1 . neph-
teipirsnechaib, gl. influidis, Ml. 129d4 . neimtim ` undaunted ',
CCath. 3356. nemhtindisnech, gl. infestinosus, Ir. Gl. 617.
75 ¤ tláith, Ériu iv 222.10 . nephthoachtae, gl. inbellum, Ml.
126c22 (part. of to-fich-). nepht[h]oimtiu (d s m.), gl. insperatâ,
56d1 (< to-muin-). nephthort[h]ech unfruitful (?), Ériu iii
6.1 . nemhthonnach waveless , Ériu ii 112 § 34. ¤ threbtha
uncultivated , viii 8.13 . neimhthréith not weak, strong , BNnÉ
80 280.24 . ¤ thremeta, gl. impenetrabilis, Gild. Lor. 66. ¤ throeta
unconquered , ib. ¤ thrócar unmerciful , PH 7627. ¤ tromm: hua
Néill nemthruim, LL 182a8 = Arch. Hib. 49 § 27. ¤ thruaillnide
uncorrupted , PH 6750. neamhthuitimeach not liable to fall. Luc.
Fid. 333.16 . ? ¤ uis bold, insolent: dochodar co nemuis niata
85namdemail . . . dar in mbadun, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8. Cf. uiss
.i. umhal, O'Cl.
(c) in late Mid.Ir. occas. with verbs: croch Chríst . . . 'com
dhín anois nemhcheilter be it not hidden, Misc. Celt. Soc. 338.
14 . do neimchreit se do recht Dé believed not, PH 7770. do
neimhmheirtnigh iad encouraged , ML 82.12 . neamhmúchaidh
5ghlóir na nGaoidheal quench not, Ir. Monthly 1919, 341.44 .
dontí neamhonóruigheas a anam féin (= exhonorantem ani-
mam suam), TSh. 1385. ara nemrenar enechcland on which
honour-price is not paid
, O'Mulc. 403. nemhtaisigh [mo
phectha] deal not gently with (?), Ir. Lit. 8 n. 14 . ? atat cóic
10dualiche co nemthiagat in aíne i nfhóimtin, PH 8386 ; leg.
conimthiagat there are five vices which accompany fasting to
be guarded against
?

2 nem- pref neuter? ferurlonn banurlonn nemurlonn, Auraic. 1712.
nemdialt neuter declension , 1879 (dist. from ferdialt and
15 bandialt). A corruption of dem-? cf. deimdialt, 1858 ; dem-
hinsce, 521 , 542 , 550 ; deme `neuter', 566 , 569 . Cf. also: masgal
┐ feimin ┐ nemutur lasin Laitneoir, 3025 . iter femin ┐ mascol
.i. nemotar, Anecd. v 23 n. 14 ; these exx. seem a fanciful
combination of 1 nem- with Lat. uter.

20 ném na variant (? original) form of níam? Lustre, radiance .
ném, gl. onyx, Sg. 113b1 (i.e. a bright or yellow stone?). ? is
nem im grēin, Thes. ii 294.29 ( SP iv 2 ), where Strachan sug-
gests reading ném. ? ropo nem tened tír úa Néill imbi, BDD
25 ( LU 6743 ); `a cloud of fire ' Stokes, taking as 1 nem; a blaze,
25 illumination? combo nem tened indala leth don rígthig lasna
claidbiu, FB 15 ( LU 8201 ); cf. atchonnairc epscop E. indair
leis niam theined dar crích Altraige, LL 371b9 ( Fél. 132.23 ;
Lism.L. 350.5 ). a ghluine mar néamh nuaghrís, Dánta Grádha
xxxvii 68 . néimh .i. dealradh, O'Cl. (prob. d s. of níam).
30Compd. ? Nemglan ri enlaithi, BDD 13 (name of Conaire's
`bird-father').

nemaide adj io, iā. (1 nem) heavenly: bolltanad nemaidhe, BCC
§ 363.

nemain n f. (a) as npr. f. name of an ancient war-goddess, the
35wife of Néit and somet. identified with the Badb. Neit mac
Indúi 's a dí mnaí Badb ┐ Némaind, LL 11b18 = Nemain,
Leb. Gab. i 184.18 . Neid .i. dia catha . . . Nemon uxor illius ,
Corm. Y 965. Be Neid .i. . . . Nemon, 181 . Némhan .i. badhb
chatha no feannóg O'Cl. Nemain is Nét, Met. Dinds. iv 96.4
40(: dremuin). dosfóbair thrá ind Nemain (.i. in Badb), LU
4683 = ind Emain , TBC² 211 YBL. cordas-mesc ind Némain
forsin tslóg, LU 6286 ( TBC² 1784 ) = coro mesc ind Neamain
(.i. in Badb), TBC 2444 (ineamain, St., anemain, H.2.18 , Eg.
93 ). ind Neamain, TBC 5004 (anemain, St., ineamhain, H.) =
45 ind Emain, TBC² 3091.
(b) battle-fury, warlike frenzy, strife: tuc dóib nemain ┐
neim | in draic dremain ` murder ', Met. Dinds. iv 14.21 . Érne
nóisech cen nemain ` malice ', iii 464.53 . nos-geb omun ┐
nemain ┐ dasacht, BB 436b1 . nemhain ┐ dobhar ┐ dásacht,
50 Buile S. § 11 . némhain .i. dásacht nó mire, O'Cl. Cf. nemain
dega .i. aibli tened, O'Mulc. 839. ? némain i fothud, RC xxvi
24 § 87 (part of the art or functions of a `fili': `a pearl in
setting (?
),' Stokes as if = némainn: so also glossators).

némann n ā,f. and o, m. also níamann (a later form prob. due to
55analogy of níam, with which as with ném the word is no
doubt connected); the orig. gend. is fem.: a s. némaind, LL
187b23 . d s. do némaind , Met. Dinds. iii 262.34 . n p. némna
(< némanna), ib. 36 (: dénma). níamann némann f., IGT
Dec. § 12.4 . d s. níamainn, ex. 502 (niamann, niamhuinn v.l.).
60 níamann némann m. § 11.15 . g s. némaind, ex. 356 .
A precious stone or gem of some kind; a pearl (mod. sense).
gilidir némaind, LL 187b23 . fross . . . do némaind chaím
chorcarglain, Met. Dinds. iii 262.34 . co n-immdenam di ór
. . . ┐ di némaind, Alex. 176. clocha nemuindi (= margaritae),
65 Rosa Ang. 142.7 . mill nemunn balls of pearls (i.e. round
pearls), Laws i 2.14 Comm. sciath . . . lan do gemaib carr-
mogail ┐ liag logmar ┐ nemthand, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv
94.10 ) = nemann, p. xvi y . indar latt ba fross do nemannaib
boí inna bélaib .i. a fíaclai, TBC² 32 ( LU 4517 ) = frossa
70findnémand, TBC 208 ; a common simile, cf. LU 9272 , 10225
( IT i 310.26 ), BB 260b67 (fros do nemthondaibh). in dét ar
dath niamuinne, O'Gr. Cat. 412.3. immut níamhann ┐ cloch
mbuadha, Marco P. 105. nemanda gan tollad unbored pearls,
Rosa Ang. 142.22 .
75Fig. of persons: ropo nemann in grib glan, | ro lin ferann
a athar, BB 412a27 (note rhyme). néamhonn na nÉamonn
dá fhíonfhuil, Hackett xxxix 97 (elegy on Éamonn Mac
Piarais) = neamhon(n) na neamhonn or neamon(n), MSS.

némanda (níam-) adj io, iā pearl-like, pearly; freq. epithet of
80teeth. dét nemanda, TBC 207. detgein némanda, IT i 80.15
(LL) = nemannto, Eg. deidghin nemonnta, 119.27 . fiacla
némannda, RC xxiv 200.5 (niamanda v.l.).

némannach adj o, ā. abounding in pearls (or white pebbles)? Nith
nemandach (.i. mill nemunn fogabtais ina trāig), Laws i 2.4 ,
85 13 (name of a lake). Níth nemannach, LL 19b2 .

nemda(e) adj io, iā. (1 nem) belonging to heaven, heavenly: nemda,
gl. celestis (g s m.), Gild. Lor. 24 , cf. 13 . int athir nemde, Wb.
4b13 . lassin n-athair nemdae, Fél. Ep. 356. in spirat naemh
nemhdha, Ériu i 226 z . Rí neamhdha, Dán Dé vii 36 . na
haingil nemda, PH 3389. in eclais nemdai ┐ eclais talmanta,
5 3588 . ar ḟochric nemda, Laws iii 24.10 . no hetarscarad ... a
menmain óna talmandaib cusna nemdaib from earthly things
to heavenly
, BColm. 104.22 . plúr neamhdha (i.e. manna) see
TSh. 1572. cuirp neamhgha, 1 Cor. xv 40.
Used somet. in neut. pl. in sense of sky or heaven: cura
10etelaiger cusna hardaib .i. cusna nemdaib, gl. ad alta evolare,
Gild. Lor. 264. do rosc féig frisna nemdaib, SR 1604 = tócaib
do r. frisna nemdaib, LB 112a57 . Cf. SR 2116 , and 606 : in
ri ro hordaig in guth | dona nemdaib fri tinphiud, where
angels are perh. meant. tairlaicid forchai tentide di nemdib,
15 Trip. 60.19 . techt do nemdaib, Ériu vi 115.6 . Cf. iar nemh-
dhaibh nath, ZCP x 340.2 .