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nert n o,n. and m. n s. (with art.) a nnert , Ml. 35d14 , Sg. 222b7 .
nert n-irisse, Wb. 11c4 . na neurt, ZCP iii 451.22 . a s. na nert
20n-aile, Ml. 29d5 . g s. neirt, Ml. 48c15 . LU 9141 ( FB 88 ).
Mid.Ir. generally nirt. d s. neurt, Wb. 16c4 , Sg. 1a6 et pass.
niurt, Hy. vii 2 fg . Mid.Ir. neurt, neort, ni(o)rt. n p. inna nert ,
Ml. 108c14 . nerta, 73c2 . a p. inna nert, Sg. 105a1 . nerta, Ml.
85a4 . LU 8894 ( FB 68 ).
25 Strength, might, power, in physical and moral sense. Freq.
renders virtus in Glosses; also robur, Ml. 22d2 , firmitas, 48c15 ,
vires, 73c2 (in pl.), cf. Sg. 105a1 . nert quasi uirt a virtute ,
Corm. Y 976. uis nert, O'Mulc. 152. In general sense of power:
nert Dé, Hy. v 45. iar neurt in spirito noíb, Wb. 29d21 . hi
30niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . nert
Demuin, Fél. Prol. 253. atai-si aniu a nert ┐ cumachta,
Anecd. ii 54.10 = a nirt, ZCP viii 107.11 . focicher don nirt
i ttá from the power in which he is, BNnÉ 307 § 29 . dochuadar
i neart i nÉirinn (of the Norsemen), Keat. iii 2912. In moral
35sense: is ed a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc, Ml. 35d14
(defining `perfecta virtus'). ibunt ... de uirtute in uirtutem .i.
raghait ... do nirt for nirt, RC xxv 390 § 4 , cf. PH 4674 (do
nirt for nert). coic nert deac inna hanmo .i. nert n-iresi, nert
cennsa, etc., ZCP iii 451.18 . nert (one of the seven gifts of the
40Holy Spirit), ZCP v 499 § 4 (so also in later rel. texts, Luc.
Fid. 149.8 , Parrth. Anma 233.7 ). neart, Parrth. Anma 225.8
(one of the four cardinal virtues = Lat. fortitudo). Of sway
or dominion: noí mbliadna ós Herind a nert (= he reigned
for nine years), LL 129a19 . cethri cóic bliadna ... ro giallad
45do niurt Nathí, 129b41 ( MacCarthy 192 § 4 , 212 § 4 ). Of
physical strength: nert in bulli the force of the blow, LL 160a7 .
ra immir Carpre a nert for Coin Culaind, LL 177a50 ( CRR 51 ).
da mbeind-sea do nirt beith dom chois if I were able (strong
enough) to be afoot
, TBC 5775 , cf. 5868 . dia mbend-sea for mo
50nirt, ni thóetsaitis in macrad had I been in my strength, 2510 , cf.
TBC² 1856. i neart slainte [sic leg.] in sound health (oppd. to:
fri bás), Laws iii 34.14 , cf. 42.30 , 46.21 , 52.1 , ii 344.29 and see
Ériu ix 31. go niort leoman, BNnÉ 77 § 146 .
Power, ability (to do someth.): ní fhuil nert agad gun
55[= gan] techt lium (= you must perforce come with me), ZCP
vi 48.12 . ro raidh ... nach raibhi nert a tidlaicthi aige that he
was not empowered to give it up
, Marco P. 169. Power, control
(over someth.): ata nert agan duine ara chaint nogu leige se
amach hi a man has power over his speech until he utters it,
60 Ériu v 132.1 .
gaibid nert for ... overpowers: do gab [in bás] nert ormm,
PH 7807. ro gab Érnai nert for sil nEbir, ZCP vii 303.13 . do
gabail nerta for Laighnib, RC xviii 274.6 (Tig.). Keat. ii 989.
do breith neirt ara bhidhbhaidh, Duan. Finn. i 86.30 . (with
65obj. gen.) seizes the power of, subdues: slóigh le Maghnus ... a
Sil Muiredhaigh, gur ghabh a nert ┐ a mbraighde, AU ii 368.20
(a. 1288 ). dochuaidh do ghabháil neirt na Fraingce, Keat. ii
983 , cf. 1776 .
a (i n-, ó) niurt (with gen.) by strength of, by dint of: ni
70ḟuigbitis uile acht a nirt catha ┐ chomlaind, LB 122b17 .
faidhis C. slúag dia irghabail a nirt chatha, Marco P. 117.
i nirt imghona by dint of fighting, ZCP xiv 246.16 . docuadur
... a nirt a n-imrama, CCath. 2226. ní ó nirt góei nō chlaidim
acht o nirt ernaigthe, PH 8044. tre nert imgona, Ériu ii
75180.17 . In absol. constr.: ro héige in ben nert a cind, SR
3215. cosnaid Temair ... nert bar nduirnd [sic leg.], Cog.
122.14 .
Transf. import, significance, etc.: nert comaccomail the force
of a conjunction
, Sg. 222b9 . nert n-ainmnedo anmmae the
80force of a nominative
, 215a9 . caite deochair eter a cumang ┐
a neart?, Auraic. 965 (of vowels; `cumang' is when they are
sounded alone, `nert' in combination with consonants).
Rarely in concrete sense a force, troops: co tanic nert Ulad
fris coro-n-innarbsat é, LL 328b18 . gur thinoil ... sluag-
85neart Saxon, MR 110.10 . Cf. treṡess cona nirt nonbair, LL
108a29 = RC xiv 404.2 (`with its crew of nine').
g s. as attrib.: rigi nirt a strong kingdom (?), IT i 124.12 .
Hériu ardneirt, Ériu iv 110.2 . is hí sein comairle ba nirt leo-
som which prevailed with them, TBC 2908 , cf. 4574 , 4598 .
Clann M. ... do denamh imerce neirt ar muintir Ruairc
5 a hostile incursion, FM iv 718.10 . corbat nirt i fus `mighty in
this world
', P.R.I.A. iii 548 § 15 ( LL 147a17 ). do denam
imirgi neirt ar Muintir R., Ann. Conn. 1390 § 6.
Occas. as adj.: ba nert leis a menma his courage was high,
TBC 2496. ar Niall nert, Ériu viii 69.59 . Forming a spurious
10compar.: ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla his courage was
raised by the tidings
, SC 20 ( LU 3435 ).
In pl. generally in distrib. sense (in Glosses somet. in
imitation of Lat. vires): in tan aracrínat a nerta (gl. defectu
virium), Ml. 73c2 . traithaid nerta lochnamat, FB 68 ( LU
15 8894 ). tancadar a nerta ┐ a mbriga doibh, CCath. 2581. a
serc o ulib nertaib with all (thy) powers, LB 261a3 . ro tarrngid
... a nertaibh damh ┐ assan, CCath. 1763. ro srained in cath
tria nertaib laoch, Ériu viii 178.15 . inis na neart, Keat.
Poems 1157.
20 nerta (= Lat. virtutes, a rank of the Celestial Hierarchy),
SR 693 , PH 6249.
Compds. (a) with subst. in adjectival sense strong, mighty:
¤ bág: co nertbáig `with strong fight', RC xx 12 § 21. ¤ bla
`mighty fame', Met. Dinds. iii 298.2 . ¤ blad id., Acall. 1264
25(-bhladh). ¤ bríg, LL 27a9 . fo nirtbríg a chumachta, Alex. 74
[sic leg.]. a p. neirtbhríga, MR 242.2 . ¤ brised: ag neart-
brisiud `routing', MR 156.14 . ¤ chlann: Colum cádh nert-
chlainni Neill, ZCP x 53.29 . MR 262.19 . ¤ chomairle, Alex.
574. ¤ c[h]ride, ZCP viii 306.11 . ¤ fhlaith, Fél. Ep. 170 (of
30Christ). ¤ gabál: neartghabháil námhad, ML 134.21 . ¤ gal:
le neartghoil céimeann `prowess of battle-deeds', Content. xxx
21 . TSh. 2126. ¤ Goídel: do ṡil noesech nert-Gaedel, LL
4a46 , cf. Leb. Gab. i 220.8 . ¤ lia f. a large stone used as a
missile, etc. by warriors: nertlia míled forsa n-indsmatís slega
35... ┐ fria meltís renda ┐ faebra, Aisl. MC 47.16 . TBC 5527 St.
gebis nertlia cloche fria ais, TBC 1569 = liic mair, TBC² 889.
ro léic D. a urchur do nertlic miled, Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335.6 ).
Fig. of persons: nertlia gaíse, SC 38 ( LU 3849 ). n. fergi,
TFerbe 312 . ¤ maín ( ¤ maen): fúair núachar co nertmaín
40 with great treasure, Met. Dinds. iii 298.10 . ¤ saegal: do nert-
saegul, TBC² 1817 (ret.). ? ¤ sluag: re nertmairi nirt sluaig
[? nirtsluaig] adbail Eorpa, LL 236a42 .
(b) with adj. in adverbial sense: ¤ adbal, see Fen. 328.18 .
¤ brethach: la sil Nemid nertbrethaig, LL 8a38 . ¤ buan,
45see ML 82.24 . ¤ calma, MR 296.20 . ¤ cráibtech: toghairm
an naoimh nertcraibhtigh, BNnÉ 265 § 229 . ¤ chrechach,
Fen. 318.14 . ¤ cubrach: inbher ... na habhann nertcubraidhe
foaming, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . ¤ giallach: ós chlaind Nemid
nertgiallaig `seizer of hostages', Met. Dinds. ii 42.12 . ¤ maí-
50nech: mac Niúil nertmaínig, LL 3b11 = nertmaenig `des
Kraftreichen
', ZCP xiii 154 , nertmaoinigh `of mighty wealth',
Leb. Gab. i 210.7 ; cf. nertmaín above. ¤ menmnach: comtís
nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b24 , cf. 235a39 ( TTr. 185 ,
1212 ).

55 nertad u,m. vn. of nertaid. g s. nerta (< *nert'tha), Wb. 31b11 .
g p. nertae, Ml. 34d1 . Somet. by analogy treated as neut., see
ZCP iii 25.25 below; n. ¤ n-óg, BColm. 100.8 (n s.).
Strengthening ; nearly always in fig. or moral sense: gl.
corroboratio, Ml. 66d7 . díar nertad-ni hi fochidib, Wb. 6c31 .
60 asbert in gilla oc nertad Con Culaind encouraging, SC 28. ro
raid na briathra-sa do nertad a apstal, PH 1611. oc nertad
neich ro pri[d]cad dúib-si confirming what has been preached,
Wb. 7b12 . nertath n-irisi, ZCP iii 25.25 do nertad irsi doib,
Mon. Tall. 62. Exhorting, urging , with obj. gen. of thing
65urged: gl. adhortatio, Ml. 79b1 . exhortatio, 53a18 , 34d1 ; cf. Sg.
161b6 . is tualáng a nerta act rachomalnathar (= potens
exhortari [in doctrina]), Wb. 31b11 . nertad den[ma] maith
an exhortation to do good, Ml. 35c11 . in sidh do nertadh to
advise peace
, Aen. 2766. im nertad in catha fair, CCath. 539.
70Rare in physical sense: dobretha F. nertad forsin ṅgabail
exerted all his strength (?), TBC 760.

1 nertaid n i,m. a strengthener: gl. roboratus, Ml. 48d26 (the gloss
like the preceding one refers to Dominus of the text). nertai-
dib, gl. exhortatoriis, 115a5 .

75 2 nertaid v ā. denom. from nert. pret. 2 s. ro nertais, Pcr. 2a2 .
3 s. ru nert, Ml. 130b2 ; with pron. suff. nertsus, BB 45a4 . pass.
fut. s. nertfidir, Wb. 10c9 . part. a s f. nertai, gl. animatam,
Ml. 41b8 . vn. nertad.
(a) strengthens, confirms: is hé no-don-nerta-ni, Wb. 6d11 .
80 corro nertam-ni cách hi foditin fochide amal non-nertar-ni ho
Dia that we may strengthen ... as we are strengthened, 14b13 .
intí is trén, nertad in fand, PH 5825. in spirut noem ...
nos-nertand fri cech súalaig, LB 251b5 . nertad firinni, na-
nertfa let him strengthen justice, it will strengthen him, ZCP xi
8580 § 6 . beim n-aillech nad nertad tuatha `an oath which the
country does not confirm
', Laws i 232.1 . Tadg mac N. nertaid
gail `who strengthens valour', Met. Dinds. ii 72.21 . mairg neartas
leis an díomus `who fosters pride', Content. xiv 65.
(b) exhorts; urges ; gl. cohortari, Ml. 130b2 , 133d6 . exhortari,
Wb. 5d11 . With acc. of pers.: roda nertsat-side do chomollod
5. . . urged him to fulfil, LU 8029 ( BDD App. § 168 ). ro nert
Coirpre um dighail a dhalt[a], ZCP xiii 171.20 . ro nert A.... a
thaisecha con nderntais calma, Aen. 2673. With acc. of thing:
ro nertais damsa co ndernain . . . (gl. huius operis te hortatorem
sortitus), Pcr. 2a2 . issed ro nert combadh Agmemnón no
10gabhtáis advised, TTr.² 1340. ro nert in cath forro, CCath. 622.
guro nertad for in stiurusmann . . . snamh asin luing amach
the steersman was impelled to swim, 791 . Cf. adbertsadar ┐ ro
nertsadar . . . cia bad choir do thabairt for āth, TBC² 2202
(argued or reiterated?).