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85 ? 5 ní n evil? ni .i. olc ut est: arsaidh ni dicenn .i. astar olc do
neoch a nglam dicend, H. 3.18, 61b ( O'C. 79 ), from Bretha
Neimed; same citation in O'Dav. 32 , where Stokes translates
`the "d." avenges something'. Cf. níe.

-ni (-ne) emph. pron. of 1 pers. pl., see mé V.
In later bardic poetry -ne (-ni) is for metrical purposes
5treated as one with the word it follows and may palatalize a
preceding consonant: créad adéara sí ar ar soin-ne | dá dtí
Éabha i gcoinne cáich? what will she say on our behalf? x 19 .
dá ndeachaim-ne dhá reic ruibh | fuil Mheic ar seathair-ne sin,
IGT Dec. ex. 899. ar mbeannaicht-ne (: ceangailte), Ir.
10Review 1913, 623 § 6 . dhar cruithneicht-ni (: eitni), Quigley
Brit. Ac. v 38 n. 16 .

1 nia (niae) n d,m. a warrior . For a discussion of the origin of 1
and 2 nia see MacNeill, Ir. Ogham Inscriptions, P.R.I.A. xxvii
C 15 p. 369 fg. ; ZCP viii 185 ; x 405 fg. g s. O.Ir. (in npr.)?
15 Nioth, Thes. ii 267.39 , 269.34 (< Ardm. 14a2 , 15b2 ; acc. to
Pokorny ZCP x 404 this form represents 2 nia). Neth, 273.7
(Adamnán), archaic form. Niath, 274.38 (ib.). niath, 8.38
( Aug. Cr. 26v5 ). ind niäd , Hy. v 71. Mid.Ir. niath, TBC 2630.
TBC² 1967. niad, pass. Nia, LU 7685 (npr.). d s. do niaid ,
20 TBC² 1646. ra níaíd , TBC 3410. n du. na dā niad , TBC 3768 =
dá nía, St. n p. niaid, LL 190b42 . tri nia , BDD 134 (= LU
7786 ), niaid v.l. g p. tricha níad (: tríath), LL 206a51 = nia ,
Acall. 465. níad, SR 4085. d p. níathaib. LU 9319.
Later often written niad(h) in n s. (so almost always in Cóir
25An.). a s. cin niadh , LL 393b19 .
In O.Ir. the word was a disyllable, cf. bebaid and in rignía,
ZCP xiii 377.4 ( Baile in Scáil 14 ). ar ulc fri fraicc ind niad,
Hy. v 71. fidchell Cremthaind niaid [leg. niad] Náir, LU 1103.
LL 121b51 (see below); all heptasyllabic verses.
30In Mid.Ir. treated as monosyll.: iar cathaib iar nithaib níad,
SR 4085 (7 syll.), cf. TBC 604. ní hopair niad náre, TBC
3275 = TBC² 2465 (6 syll.), cf. TBC 3410 and LL 44b36 .
In compds. the form niad- is used.
A warrior, champion , apparently used somet. of a recog-
35nized or professional champion in attendance on a king or
chief; confined to heroic romance and poetry.
nith .i. guin. Nie in fer dodgní, Corm. Y 973. nia .i. trenfer,
978 ; same gloss Hy. v 71 Comm. , LL 44b36 , 208a30 , 377b16 ,
BB 119b27 , Met. Gl. Ff. 23 , O'Cl. níadh .i. trén, Cóir Anm. 106 ,
40 180 , 192 . is ionann nia is gaisceadhach nó tréinfhear, Keat. ii
3644 . 6273 . in nia, SR 6827 (of David's captain Joab). nia
tire, ZCP viii 311.25 . ba niad side, ba fenid, YBL 179b32 .
Glas mac Luinde . . . nia sin Fiachach Sraiphtine, BB 358b4 .
am niadh frí huair iorghaile, Todd Lect. iv 98.13 . cless níad,
45 FB 51. cride níad, SC 38 ( LU 3848 ). ferg niad, TBC² 2179 ,
cf. 1706 . nasc niad, Corm. Y 978 (see nasc). naidm níad,
TBC 604. nert niad, Aen. 2569. Huatu o tat noí maic niat[h]
in cach bailiu, ZCP viii 334.20 (techn. term?). ro batar cethri
niaid do chlaind aicce .i. Uathnia ┐ Druthnia. Cáinnia ┐
50Deochnia, LL 190b42 . catha Fosta ba forrach niad, LL 44b36 .
As abstr. = strength, valour? da mbeith do nert nō do
níagh, ZCP x 301.25 . Possibly also in follg. exx. from B. na
f.: Oisin ro chan indsin . . . ar nia na mucci, IT i 163.6 = LL
208a22 (note follg. a poem on a monster pig). mu leo úam
55ḟaesum dum niad, IT i 163.4 ( LL 208a21 ) = dom niadh, Ed.,
where the glosses .i. ar mo chommus féin, L., .i. mo bhoill as
comairce diob nert, Ed., seem to include the word niad.
In compos. with a preceding noun: bār-nia lond Labraid
princely champion, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 2 = barniad, Rawl.
60 118a11 ; bar (.i. sai) nia (.i. trenfer), LL 377b16 . Cf. bár níad,
Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433.12 ). grithniad, MR 170.10 (g p.). rignía,
ZCP xiii 377.4 . frisin rígnia, Alex. 55.
As fictive npr.: imda Nia ┐ Bruthni, dā foss mési Conairi,
BDD 127.
65Folld. by a gen. or adj., freq. as sobriquet or even npr.:
Níad in Chairnn the Champion of the Cairn, Cóir Anm. 276
(sobriquet of Cormac Conloinges). Níadh Corb, 192 , cf. Mocu
Neth Corb, Thes. ii 273.7 . Carpre Nia fer, CRR 19. in regno
Coirpri Nioth fer, Thes. ii 267.39 . d'airsciu Cairpri Niod fer,
70 LL 121b51 (7 syll.). do choígedh Choirpri Níadh fer, Cóir
Anm. 205 (7 syll.). Crimthan Nía Nár, 106 . Nía Naí nGraínde,
119 . Nia Segamain, LL 129a8 . Cóir Anm. 26 (Niadh).
nepos Niath Taloric, Thes. ii 27 4.38 . Cf. mac Nioth, BB
149d35 .
75See gnia.

2 nia (niae) n d,m. g s. niotta in Ogham inscriptions (see ZCP
ix 72 ). iugulatio . . . nieth Neill, AU 692.
A sister's son, a nephew: [n]ia .i. mac sethar, ut dixit Cu
Chulaind profetans de Christi aduentu . . . Nia duine tiucfae
80(.i. mac sethar duine), Corm. Y 959 = niae, Corm. p. 31 ; for
quotation see LL 123a3 (nia doíne). Calatin Dána . . . ┐ a úa
Glass, TBC 2930 = a nia .i. Glas, St. = mac a deirbsethar .i.
G., TBC² 2185. orba niad .i. ferand gormeic .i. meic seatar,
Laws iv 284.20 ; 290.7 . orba niath .i. cumal tsenorba do
85gormac, H. 4.22 p. 31 ( O'C. 2004 ), cf. Laws i 206.16 .

níab n m. (? n.) a word of uncertain meaning, possibly vigour,
spirit (cf. W. nwyf and the vb. níabaid) as suggested by K.
Meyer, Wortk. § 10 : in most of the follg. exx. the sense of
níam would be more appropriate. co tarrasar fom' niab glan |
hi fiadnaissi in Duleman, SR 1819 (Lucifer speaks of his un-
5fallen state). deil teilchinni . . . a nniab amal chorcarglain,
4270 (= da dhéil dirge degṡollsi . . . gemma derscaigthe amal
chorcair nglain forru, LB 120b47 ). for nem noebda, niab
nemed, 7135 . sluindfet mar gréin glan [leg. glain?] a níab, LL
35a15 . rabad glē-bán a níab | oc dul dar sliab Sion sáir, Auraic.
10 5301 = LL 37c22 (an example of `mallrugud', the monosyll.
níab being treated as disyll.). ? a p. inreith nith niaba | nertaid
gal cridi, TBC² 3469 (the combat invades [men's] spirits? see
Wortk. 10 ).
As npr. f.: Níab ingen Cheltchair, Death-tales 26 § 9 (Niam
15 v.l., prob. right reading).