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níab n m. (? n.) a word of uncertain meaning, possibly vigour,
spirit (cf. W. nwyf and the vb. níabaid) as suggested by K.
Meyer, Wortk. § 10 : in most of the follg. exx. the sense of
níam would be more appropriate. co tarrasar fom' niab glan |
hi fiadnaissi in Duleman, SR 1819 (Lucifer speaks of his un-
5fallen state). deil teilchinni . . . a nniab amal chorcarglain,
4270 (= da dhéil dirge degṡollsi . . . gemma derscaigthe amal
chorcair nglain forru, LB 120b47 ). for nem noebda, niab
nemed, 7135 . sluindfet mar gréin glan [leg. glain?] a níab, LL
35a15 . rabad glē-bán a níab | oc dul dar sliab Sion sáir, Auraic.
10 5301 = LL 37c22 (an example of `mallrugud', the monosyll.
níab being treated as disyll.). ? a p. inreith nith niaba | nertaid
gal cridi, TBC² 3469 (the combat invades [men's] spirits? see
Wortk. 10 ).
As npr. f.: Níab ingen Cheltchair, Death-tales 26 § 9 (Niam
15 v.l., prob. right reading).

níabach adj o, ā. a nnem niabach n-airerda, SR 112 (: triallach):
the sense seems shining, radiant , prob. = níamach, q.v.

níabaid v ā. incites, provokes, stimulates? 3 s. pret. (with pron.
suff.) niabsai iarom at[h]ais n-ádluind óclách uallach, Anecd.
20 i 51 § 10 : a haughty warrior provoked him with bitter taunt (?).
see Wortk. § 10.
vn. g s. nía niabtha drong, Rawl. 148b39 . ? teglach fo
teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = niamda,
FM 890.

25 níabtha n g s. see níabaid.

niach adj o, ā (< 1 nia) valiant, heroic? as subst.: fri niach n-
amulach di Ultaib a beardless champion (?), TBC² 987 (of Cú
Chulaind). compar. na ragthar co forcend in domain . . . bad
chalmu cumachta ┐ bad niachu nert, LL 234b22 ( TTr. 1308 ).
30Compd. niachmacc Ethne, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 3 , cf. LL
393b3 .

niachus n o,m. valour, prowess, etc.: mo niachus (.i. mo nert),
Ériu viii 172 § 2. ar nirt ┐ noísigi ┐ niachus, LL 234b10 ( TTr.
1352 ). in tan atai-si aniu a nert ┐ comachta ┐ niachus mor,
35 Anecd. ii 54.10 . niaachus, IT ii2 123.37 . nert ┐ niaachas,
Ann. Conn. 1362 § 9. id niachais, TBC 1229. d'algib a nirt
┐ a níachais, LL 222a46 ( TTr. 380 ). a llos neirt ┐ niachais,
CCath. 3. Cf. niadachas.

níad n m. Mid.Ir. form of nia, used in forming compds.: ¤
40buiden: tri lic niathbuidne `of a champion band', Ériu viii
156.28 . ¤ nasc (= nasc niad, see nasc): Fer Rorogair fri niad-
nascaib, LU p. 87 m.sup. ( p. 216 n. printed ed.).

níadach adj o, ā. variant (later?) form of niach. meic Nemargen
nert-niadaigh, BNnÉ 35.6 . Níall Noígíallach níathach (nó
45níthach), Cóir Anm. 118 (= niatach, Keat. ii 6387 ). for dreich
níathaigh . . . Néill, 125 .

níadachas n o,m. late form of niachus. briseadh neart niadh-
achas, CRR² § 38. ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus, Fianaig. 68.30 .
ar nert, ar nidechus, ZCP vi 24.26 . rioghdhamhna ba mó . . .
50neart ┐ niadhachus, FM iii 622 y . do fromhadh [sic MS.] a
neirt ┐ a niadhachais, Hugh Roe 148.28 (f. 40a) . neart is
nídheachas, O'Bruad. iii 46 z .

? níal: n scéla Bresail Bregamain | do Lagnib lathar fo níal, LL
44a48 (: Torrían).

55 Níall o, npr. m. g s. Néill. O.Ir. n s. Neel, Thes. ii 263.33 . g s.
Neill, ib. 31 , 35 ( Ardm. 10a2 ). Neil, 281.8 . In Latinized form:
Nellis nepotes (= Uí Néill), 277.4 ( Adamnán VC i c. 49 ).
Níall, IGT Dec. § 96.11 .
Hence the dim. Níallocán little Niall, Ériu iv 94.2 ; and the
60derived names Niallan, AU 868 , g s. Nialláin, Trip. 228.7 ;
Niallghus, AU 757 , g s. Niallghusa, 811 .

níam n ā,f. orig. form prob. ném q.v. níamh, IGT Dec. § 39.18 .
Oft. written niab in early texts. Occas. treated as masc., see
Met. Dinds. iv 340.30 (quoted below) and exx. under níab
65(which may be the same word): d s. do níamh , Keat. Poems
1540 (beside néimh, 99 ); go níamh n-órdha, CRR² 27 ( Todd
Lect. iv 80.15 ).
Lustre, sheen, brilliance ; freq. applied to gold. niam .i.
dath, O'Dav. 1295 (a loose definition). crand airgit ris tatin
70grían | cosmail fri hór a ro-níam, SC 33 ( LU 3701 ). aur-
drochait na ndorus . . . atat fo néim, SR 467 , cf. 7257 . fo
néib, 419 . atchonnacus dabaich . . . co néim n-óir, RC xiii
74.1 . nat[h]racha . . . cosmaile co nnéim n-óir, Alex. 709.
cathair . . . co néim óir forri, PH 853. sluaighthech . . . niamh
75oir fair, Marco P. 74. seomra co neim n-oir fair, 91 . lóegh co
néimh órdai fair, Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 318.8 ). niamh na n-arm
icá n-imert, Acall. 7590. fo néib gréne, LL 371c15 . níam
theined, Fél. 132.23 (see ném). níab nárḟuilt Néill, Ériu iv 94
§ 13 . cóimhgheal re néimh an aoil, Keat. Poems 99. fid
80lomnan do neimh caemc[h]rann, Ériu iii 145 § 26.
Of persons beauty or splendour of appearance: álli a níab
níam nime fairer his beauty than the brightness of heaven, Ériu
iv 108.13 . cid cáem grían . . . áille níab na hingine, 104.10 .
dacī naenmur go neim ngloin (of angelic visitors), Arch. iii
85244 § 4 . co hIngcél noísech néime, Met. Dinds. iii 116.95 .
a ghéag as nua-ghlaine niamh! A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 4. Fig. ro
techt ro-neib cein ro ma[i]r `great fame', AU 1056 = roi-
neimh, FM ii 870.3 (of Aedh Ua Forréidh, fer léigind of
Armagh). co neim nóis, LL 136b23 . Niam Nera Nuall-
brethaig, Anecd. ii 53.8 (name of some literary quality or
5qualification). Compounded with foregoing noun or adj.:
scothníam, TBC 1515. bánníam Dé, KMMisc. 254 § 6.
nocon é in saebniam sarnua `specious splendour', Met. Dinds.
iv 340.30 .
As npr. f.: Níab ingen Cheltchair, Death-tales 26 § 9 (Niam
10 v.l.). Niamh Cinn Óir, Oss. iv 238.9 . d s. Niamh, 262.25 ,
264.6 , 9 . g s. céile Niamh , 260 z , cf. 266.2 . Cf. the npr. m.
Níamán, TBC 3085.
Compds. (a) with adj.: ¤ adbal: huí Néill níamadbuil, LL
133a44 . stuaga nimi niamadbli, 235b42 . lile niamhbhán, A.
15Ó Dálaigh xxv 7 . ¤ corach: atchíu chlaind Neill níam-
choraig, LL 48a37 = SG 373.26 . mac . . . Nessa niabdherg,
Death-tales 18.14 . ¤ glan: for dreich niamghlain Néill, Cóir
Anm. 125. ¤ glonnach: Niall Niamhglunnach, Ériu viii
136.32 . mac Neill Niamglonnaig, TBC 4502. ¤ gorm: for
20dreich . . . niamguirm Neill, Bruchst. i § 101 (< FM a. 844 ).
¤ solus: naóidhin níamhṡolas, Ériu v 170.113 (-ṡolais MS.)
d'ainglib niamṡoillsi, MR 190.19 .
(b) with noun: ¤ brao a shining mill-stone (of a hero), Ält.
Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 3 = niamhbrae (.i. bru), LL 393b2 , niam-
25braei, BB. ¤ cland: o niamchlandaib . . . Neill, MR 258.13 .
¤ cruth: pl. niamhcrotha Neill, MR 116.19 . ¤ dath, IT iii
41 § 43 = Bruchst. i § 6 . ¤ dubad: árna níamdubad di phicc
┐ di thúis (of ships newly painted), LL 235b29 . ¤ glaine,
LU 2483 = RC iv 256 § 25. Lism.L. 3868 . ¤ glanad: do
30niamhglanadh a n-erreidh, BNnÉ 217 § 100 . agá nighe ┐ agá
niamhglanadh féin, TSh. 4206. ¤ glonn: g p. o teacht Nemidh
na niamglond, BB 13b46 . ¤ land: niamland d'ór, Acall. 957 ,
cf. 3895 . pl. niamlando oir, IT iii 238.103 . ¤ lestar, Met.
Dinds. iii 260.16 . ¤ nós: co hOileach Neid gu niamnós, BB
35 25a16 = go ndeaghnós, Keat. i 172.6 . ¤ sét: im níamṡétaib,
Met. Dinds. iii 340.30 .