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níam n ā,f. orig. form prob. ném q.v. níamh, IGT Dec. § 39.18 .
Oft. written niab in early texts. Occas. treated as masc., see
Met. Dinds. iv 340.30 (quoted below) and exx. under níab
65(which may be the same word): d s. do níamh , Keat. Poems
1540 (beside néimh, 99 ); go níamh n-órdha, CRR² 27 ( Todd
Lect. iv 80.15 ).
Lustre, sheen, brilliance ; freq. applied to gold. niam .i.
dath, O'Dav. 1295 (a loose definition). crand airgit ris tatin
70grían | cosmail fri hór a ro-níam, SC 33 ( LU 3701 ). aur-
drochait na ndorus . . . atat fo néim, SR 467 , cf. 7257 . fo
néib, 419 . atchonnacus dabaich . . . co néim n-óir, RC xiii
74.1 . nat[h]racha . . . cosmaile co nnéim n-óir, Alex. 709.
cathair . . . co néim óir forri, PH 853. sluaighthech . . . niamh
75oir fair, Marco P. 74. seomra co neim n-oir fair, 91 . lóegh co
néimh órdai fair, Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 318.8 ). niamh na n-arm
icá n-imert, Acall. 7590. fo néib gréne, LL 371c15 . níam
theined, Fél. 132.23 (see ném). níab nárḟuilt Néill, Ériu iv 94
§ 13 . cóimhgheal re néimh an aoil, Keat. Poems 99. fid
80lomnan do neimh caemc[h]rann, Ériu iii 145 § 26.
Of persons beauty or splendour of appearance: álli a níab
níam nime fairer his beauty than the brightness of heaven, Ériu
iv 108.13 . cid cáem grían . . . áille níab na hingine, 104.10 .
dacī naenmur go neim ngloin (of angelic visitors), Arch. iii
85244 § 4 . co hIngcél noísech néime, Met. Dinds. iii 116.95 .
a ghéag as nua-ghlaine niamh! A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 4. Fig. ro
techt ro-neib cein ro ma[i]r `great fame', AU 1056 = roi-
neimh, FM ii 870.3 (of Aedh Ua Forréidh, fer léigind of
Armagh). co neim nóis, LL 136b23 . Niam Nera Nuall-
brethaig, Anecd. ii 53.8 (name of some literary quality or
5qualification). Compounded with foregoing noun or adj.:
scothníam, TBC 1515. bánníam Dé, KMMisc. 254 § 6.
nocon é in saebniam sarnua `specious splendour', Met. Dinds.
iv 340.30 .
As npr. f.: Níab ingen Cheltchair, Death-tales 26 § 9 (Niam
10 v.l.). Niamh Cinn Óir, Oss. iv 238.9 . d s. Niamh, 262.25 ,
264.6 , 9 . g s. céile Niamh , 260 z , cf. 266.2 . Cf. the npr. m.
Níamán, TBC 3085.
Compds. (a) with adj.: ¤ adbal: huí Néill níamadbuil, LL
133a44 . stuaga nimi niamadbli, 235b42 . lile niamhbhán, A.
15Ó Dálaigh xxv 7 . ¤ corach: atchíu chlaind Neill níam-
choraig, LL 48a37 = SG 373.26 . mac . . . Nessa niabdherg,
Death-tales 18.14 . ¤ glan: for dreich niamghlain Néill, Cóir
Anm. 125. ¤ glonnach: Niall Niamhglunnach, Ériu viii
136.32 . mac Neill Niamglonnaig, TBC 4502. ¤ gorm: for
20dreich . . . niamguirm Neill, Bruchst. i § 101 (< FM a. 844 ).
¤ solus: naóidhin níamhṡolas, Ériu v 170.113 (-ṡolais MS.)
d'ainglib niamṡoillsi, MR 190.19 .
(b) with noun: ¤ brao a shining mill-stone (of a hero), Ält.
Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 3 = niamhbrae (.i. bru), LL 393b2 , niam-
25braei, BB. ¤ cland: o niamchlandaib . . . Neill, MR 258.13 .
¤ cruth: pl. niamhcrotha Neill, MR 116.19 . ¤ dath, IT iii
41 § 43 = Bruchst. i § 6 . ¤ dubad: árna níamdubad di phicc
┐ di thúis (of ships newly painted), LL 235b29 . ¤ glaine,
LU 2483 = RC iv 256 § 25. Lism.L. 3868 . ¤ glanad: do
30niamhglanadh a n-erreidh, BNnÉ 217 § 100 . agá nighe ┐ agá
niamhglanadh féin, TSh. 4206. ¤ glonn: g p. o teacht Nemidh
na niamglond, BB 13b46 . ¤ land: niamland d'ór, Acall. 957 ,
cf. 3895 . pl. niamlando oir, IT iii 238.103 . ¤ lestar, Met.
Dinds. iii 260.16 . ¤ nós: co hOileach Neid gu niamnós, BB
35 25a16 = go ndeaghnós, Keat. i 172.6 . ¤ sét: im níamṡétaib,
Met. Dinds. iii 340.30 .

níamach adj o, ā. splendid: fertán in laích niamaigh náir illus-
trious (?), Acall. 1078. See níabach.

níamaid v ā. brightens, furbishes: ro niamhadh a etach, ZCP
40 xiii 171.4 . ra niamaid ┐ ro nuaglanaid cathbarr[a], TTebe
1272 . Adorns: an dealg ōir . . . níahmas ceard, Mann. and Cust.
iii 168. nī fírḟlaith nad niamat bi bennachtnaib whom the
living do not glorify with blessings
, ZCP xi 97 § 59.
Vn. iarna níamad do ór, Marco P. 49. fuiglech na nār ca
45niamad `the spoils left by the nobles decked the victors', Met.
Dinds. iii 360.72 . tai ac niamad da [ = do] namad fein thou
art decking out thy own enemy
(the body), Arch. iii 238 § 13. ag
glain-níamhadh [sic leg.] a ngonnadh furbishing , Hugh Roe
210.26 (f. 56a-b) . In concrete sense: dā deil dirgi . . . niamad
50nosmar amal corcairglain forru decoration , BB 241b53 .

níamann xsee némann.

níamanda xsee némanda.

níamda adj io, iā. lustrous, brilliant , used in wide sense. niamhda
.i. taitneamhach, O'Cl. dét niamda nemanda, TBC 207. deid-
55ghin níamdo, IT i 119.27 . niamdai a beóil, 69.8 . a ghnúis
niamhdha! A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1. crand . . . noem niamda, LB
221b47 . aitreb niamdha, BCC 398.23 . Of persons: gasraid
. . . niamda nuagel, Cog. 160.6 .
In sense splendid, illustrious: cuic bliadna Bresail in beóil |
60niamda isna tressaib, LL 32a50 . teglach . . . niamda gal
splendid in valiant deeds, Bruchst. i § 115 (< FM a. 890 =
niabtha, AU 894 ). Nemed níamda a nás, Ériu iv 130 z
(`pleasant his ways' transl., reading gnás v.l.; reading nás,
perh. glorious his death). So in chevilles: niamda in dál,
65 Ériu v 222.28 . niamda trocha a splendid doom (?), Anecd. i 51
§ 6 . Cf. also: niamthae nath in tri Fothaid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii
14 § 3 (`ein glänzender Dichterspruch sind die drei F.').

níamdata adj io, iā. adorned, beautified? dom mac neimnech
niamdhata, LL 385c31 .

70 niamnaid n name of a plant, tormentil: tormintilla .i. a[n] niam-
nuid, Arch. i 326.25 . niamnuid, Rosa Angl. 158.9 .

niata adj io, iā. (cf. 1 nia) pugnacious, combative: bē niata, ZCP vi
266 § 2 . slog . . . niatta, PH 8105. na buidne niatae naimdide,
CCath. 5469. niata lé namhait, connalbhaigh lé carait, FM v
751726.7 . Of things: saigti niata nemnecha, Cog. 158.18 .
comhlann niata, CRR² 36 . Adv. adubairt co níata naimdemail,
ZCP vi 288.25 .

níathach xsee níadach.

nícon adv. of negation, a strengthened form of ní, used before
80vbs. The second element -con is expld. by Pedersen ( Gram.
ii 209 ) as adv. giving to the neg. the force `not in any way' =
Lat. nunquam, omnino non; by Thurneysen, Hdb. § 851 , as
identical with the conj. = `it is not that . . .'. Used at the
beginning of a main clause with the indic. (or potential or
85optative subj.), folld. by the conjunct form of the vb. In the
Glosses, the particle -con is always written in conjunction
with the vb., ní either standing as a separate word or joined
to it. The initial consonant of the vb. is lenited (not always
expressed in MSS.).
In Mid.Ir. the form nícon somet. becomes níco before a
5consonant, and is early weakened to noco (noco n- before a
vowel or lenited f); later with lenited c, nocho (n-), nocha (n-),
which prevail in later Mid.Ir.; early Mod.Ir. nocha (generally
eclipsing follg. cons., nochan before a vowel and lenited f),
still persisting in North Ireland and in Scottish Gaelic in the
10neg. cha, chan.
In O.Ir. nacon replaces nícon in dependent clauses; this
construction disappears in Mid.Ir.
Nícon (nocon, nochon) expresses a more emphatic denial
than ní alone (in later usage there is not much difference).
15(a) nícon (níco n-): O.Ir. níconchoscram we destroy not, Wb.
2b21 . ni conchechrat they will not love, 30c4 . ni conchloor act
for caínscél may I hear nothing but good of you, 23b41 . ni-
conḟil, Sg. 188a4 (but: ní confil, Wb. 12d5 , Ml. 92a8 ). ní con-
talla obbad fair, Sg. 90a2 . nicontuislifea, gl. nihil . . . elabitur,
20 Ml. 27b18 . ní con bia cumscugud for pianad, 26d12 . ní
conrogab terochraic, 36a32 . ni con ruaccobrus ní, gl. nunquam
concupivi, 136b7 . Before vowel: ni conairigur-sa na imned
I feel no tribulation, Wb. 16a28 . ní conétada, Sg. 188a4 .
Mid.Ir. nícon tora etir, SC 40. niconromolastar, Mon.
25Tall. 10. nícon-ér-sium tria bith sír he will never rise, PH
1860. níco dlegar, Mon. Tall. 51. nico ro troisci, 72 . níco fil
crich fora flaithius, PH 1808 , cf. 710 , 6614 . nico tarut Í. nach
freccra, 3251 . ráthaigit na minpheccda . . . ┐ ní co ráthaigit na
morphecdai, 3231 .
30(b) noco(n): noco rag-sa ar cuiriud mná, SC 32. noco bia
. . . i pēin, SR 2043. noco laimed nech, 4877 . noco dentar,
PH 5551. nech bud chalmu . . . cosindiu nocon ḟuaross, TBC
3674. nocon uil nech cen imarbus, PH 3181 ( = nocon-ḟuil).
noco díultab-sa ┐ nocon fhuiceb tu, 3009 . nocon cēl-sa I will
35not hide (it
), Arch. iii 296 § 37. noco rogenair . . . duine bad
choimiu, SR 2245. noco rom-saebad I have not been deceived,
PH 1795. nocor ḟer banne not a drop (of rain) fell, LB 65b58
= Lat. Lives 85 z (nocar).
(c) nocho(n), nocha(n): nocho chretiub-sa duitsiu, LU 9224.
40 nochonepér rit insein, SR 1309. nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig
| nach creid . . . dhuid there is no verdure on the rock but trusts
to thee
, Dán Dé xxix 26 . nocha chéal, Content. xxviii 28. dā
bfinnadh . . . nacha dingnadh maith he would not do good, ZCP
vii 301 § 3. nocho ro díultus . . . ar na bochtaib . . . nocho ro
45fhuirgius iat, PH 6031. mo lām nochor leadair duine never
injured any man
, Arch. iii 241 § 3. nochan faidiubh-sa le fer,
TBC 4483 St. nochon ḟidir mac duine, ZCP vii 303 § 9. nuchun
eirg, Ériu iii 198.1 .
(d) with eclipsis of follg. cons., due to confusion of con with
50the preverb con- (com-), Ped. ii 210 , or the conj. co-n, Thurn.
Hdb. § 851 ; only once in Glosses: nícon dét do nach ailiu insin
that applies (téit) to none other, Ml. 53a17 . Occas. in Mid.Ir.:
nico mbia bríg isindi sin that will not matter, Mon. Tall. 66.
níco mbia maith det-siu siu no táll, PH 1812. níco ndeine tú
55fén do ícc thou canst not heal thyself, 3336 . nico ndénat aithrige,
6476 . nocha mbia, Content. xxvii 16.
(e) with inf. pron.; in Glosses only in three cases in Ml.: ni
con-d-robae-som ind rae sin he had not that time, Ml. 41a5 . ni con-
da-bia nem they will not have heaven, 69a8 . ní cos-fuar-sa inna
60furgrad sin I found not those remains, 57d3 (pron. proleptic).
Later fairly common: nochom-tha labra, SR 2088. nuchum-
tha ní radim de I have nothing to say thereof, TBC 800 , cf.
1483 . noconom tha a samail, LU 7007 ( BDD 66 , nimtha v.l.),
cf. 8391 ( FB 26 ). nocot-bia airmitiu thou shalt have no rever-
65ence
, SR 847. nichat-léicfider sech láim, LL 47b42 = RC xx
12 § 21 . nochos-tibrea re cétluth will not give her as a mate,
TBC 3502. atchiam cách . . . ┐ nicon n-acci nech no one sees
us
, LU 10865 ( IT i 133.5 ). nichar-fail tlacht we have no rai-
ment
, SR 1560. nocho-for-bia . . . airchra bíid, 4063 . nicos-
70tánic riam ┐ nicos-ticfa dírimm bas choímiu never came to them
and never will come to them
, LL 248b11 ( TBFr. 46 ) = nicus-
tanic . . . noconus-ticfo, ZCP iv 34.4 .
(f) with copula (Mid.Ir., not in Glosses): nocon alaind mar
atai far from lovely is thy appearance, SR 1305. noco choir
75duin, 1545 ; cf. nicon choir etir laisim, Mon. Tall. 15. noco
chath nā tuitt rí, CRR 5. `In béo do thigernae?' `Nocon béo
immorro', BDD 166. noco buidech Dia, PH 8371. nicon ed
not so, by no means (answer to a question), Mon. Tall. 21.
nocon ed namma not only that, SC 31. nicon ḟiu la credal, Fél.
80 Prol. 111 (nocon, nochon v.l.). nochan fhoráil, Dán Dé xxv 6 .
nocha nḟer mar soin Seafraigh S. is not a man of that sort, IGT
Dec. ex. 509. nucu maith rí ac nā bít géill, | noco maith geill
cen geimle, LL 146b35 ( PRIA iii 542 § 17 ). a mbrughaidh
nocha brónaigh, IGT Dec. ex. 782 = nírsat brónuigh `their
85yeomen were not sad
', Ériu iv 116 § 24. noco n-annsa doman-sa
ata mo flaithemnus, PH 2709. nochon do biuc bae dia brig
not little was his strength, ZCP viii 217 § 5. With pret.:
nochorbo choimsech, SR 6091. nocorb éicen, TBC 949.
(g) in O.Ir. con is combined with the conj. ná (occas. nád)
in subord. clauses: connaconbeth leu etir that it should not be
5with him at all
, Ml. 35c2 , cf. 103d9 . connacon bet acht degni-
mai less, 129a9 . arnaconroib dethiden for neuch, Wb. 15d11 .
connachonroib, Ml. 23d6 . amal slaidred . . . di naconbi moín
from which no treasure is wont to be, 85b7 . nad conbiad íc dō
that there would be no healing for him, 58a9 . For a further
10development of nacon, see nó co.