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1 noes (naes, noís) n legal science, law, custom? a term used in
legal tracts, where it is generally expld. as nua-fis `new know-
ledge'; perh. a compd. of fis(s). noes .i. nó-ḟiss .i. fis nonba[i]r,
Corm. p. 31 = nos .i. nóe-fis, Corm. Y 970 (the explanation
80refers to the nine men engaged in revising the Senchus Mór,
see Laws i 16 ); perh. meant for nós custom . g s. fiadnaisi naesa
nai `the testimony of the New Law' (? the law of nine), Laws i
10.21 . pl. imdingaib naidm noesa .i. ma trebar an naidm
nascar, ni reagar noes lais, H. 3.18 p. 383b ( O'C. 842 ) =
85 imdingaib naidm naesaib (.i. is eim dingbaither do reir nua-
feasa), Laws iv 70.4 , 16 ; transl. `the new custom avoids security'
(i.e. a good bond does not require sanctions?). filus naosa
neimnecha nā tabrat toradh, H. 3.17 c. 443 ( O'Don. 576 ).
? ni seġaid noisi dibad fo iatha a n-orba .i. ni edh fastaigh-
ther do reir no-fesa, Eg. 88 f. 22c ( O'C. 2300 ). laighidh
5ail for naesaib, Laws iii 220.21 ; 226.21 (legal maxim; `a rock
lies on customs
', Atk. Gloss.) = laighidh ail for naisib .i.
laighidh ail in tSenchusa forna nua-fesaib forna saobhrosca-
dhaib, H. 3.17 c. 433 ( O'Don. 538 ). cen naidm naesaib (.i. cin
naidm . . . do reir nua-feasa), Laws iv 88.1 , 14 . a nnoisib
10tuath `customs of the laity', i 208.3 . costad for noisip (sign of
a degenerate age), ZCP ix 168.20 .
Cf. further: nert cach naosad nemed, Nero A vii f. 143b
( O'Don. 2207 ). erraind nais `a share of new wisdom', RC xxvi
24 § 80 . airbertad naiss `an expression of new wisdom', 52
15§ 284 (glossed .i. is airbertach isind ḟiss nua). ?for fidrad
n-ais, 28 § 111 (naes v.l.; leg. nais?).

2 noes n straw, rushes, litter? noes nua dia esair `new straw' (for
strewing a floor), Laws iv 314.3 .

3 noes? n noes bla .i. crich ina coisce guire n-oise [leg. n-oiss?]
20no seasca i fidh no a muigh `a deer-mark: that is, a district
marked by the hair of deer or of dry cows
' (?), Laws iv 142.23 .

noí indecl. num. adj. nine (mod. naoi). Eclipses initial of a
follg. subst. (except in composition). In MSS. freq. expressed
by the Roman numerals ix or viiii. noi, gl. novem, Sg. 197b6 .
25 hí figuir noe montar nimæ ┐ noe ṅgrath æcalsa, Thes. ii 254.10
( Stowe Miss. 65a ). .ix. n-imdada, LU 8051 ( FB 2 ). noi ṅgrad
nime, SR 553. noí ṅDáiri, TBC 2694. nai mbliadna, Mac-
Carthy 312 w ( BB 13b46 ). naei sailgi, Laws i 4.12 . naoi nduirn,
ii 238.14 . i n-oentaid .ix. ngrád nime, PH 1443. na nóe
30ṅdesṅdurnu fichet twenty-nine, TBC 2957 = naoi, St. coicḟiur
┐ tri fichit ar noí cetaib 965 men, CRR 11. .ix. mis fo noi
nine times nine months, Rawl. 147a48 .
As subst. folld. by gen. or partitive DE: dá noí míled, Fél.
July 23 . trí noí n-immaire . . . .i. a noí do móin ┐ a noí do
35min ┐ a noí do chaill, Thes. ii 298.10 ( Hy. i pref. ).
noí tonda nine waves, expressing a more or less defined
distance from the shore: itir noi tonda maro ┐ tir, Laws v
336 z . tar nae tonna mara, iii 422.4 . tar naoibh ttonnaibh,
Leb. Gab. i 254.1 ; cf. ib. 4 (an archaizing form = tar naoi
40tonnaib, 17 ).
Compds. With subst.: Noíchride, sobriquet of Fedelm wife
of Loegaire Buadach; so expld. by Thurneysen, Heldensage
125.1 . ní lesainm dait Fedelm Noíchride ar ḟebas do chrotha,
FB 17 (which implies a connexion with noí = núa: see noí-
45chruthach below).
With adj. derived from a noun qualified by the numeral:
¤ bliadnach nine years old, Ériu iv 94.10 . ¤ brethach:
noidiu noíbrethach .i. nóe mbretha ruc iarna gein fo chetóir,
LL 319b4 = ZCP xii 332.7 , where Pokorny ( p. 333) explains
50as `born nine times', not with the glossator as `of nine judge-
ments (maxims)'. Cf. the parallel texts published in ZCP
xix 48 fg . ¤ carptech (?): na noecharptig de ḟénnedaib na
hIruade, TBC 5875 ; expld. by Windisch as charioteers who
move always in bands of nine chariots; the v.l. noi ccairptigh
55St., naoí ccarpittighe H, mean nine charioteers. ¤ cruthach
(sobriquet): Fedelm Noícrothach ingen Concobair .i. noí
crotha no tadbantais furri, FB 28 ; cf. Cóir Anm. 257 where
an alternative derivation from núa is given. macc Feidilmi
Noíchruthaige, CRR 53. ¤ fichtech pertaining to the number
60 29; having 29 parts: ochtfhichtech é muna bisex in bliadhain
┐ mad bliadhain bisex is naifhichtech (of the zodiacal sign
Aquarius), MR 112 - 13 . See noíchtech. ¤ giallach, sobriquet
of king Niall m. Echach Mugmedóin; expld. Cóir Anm. 118 :
Níall Noíghiallach .i. noí ngeill ro ghabh . . . .i. coic geill
65Herenn ┐ giall Alban ┐ giall Saxan ┐ giall Bretan ┐ giall
Franc; cf. ZCP xiii 378.5 . ¤ tétach nine-stringed (of a harp):
cruite náethétacha, Acall. 3793.

noíb adj o, ā. O.Ir. n s. noíb. noeb, Thes. ii 294.30 ( SP iv 4 ). g s m.
noíb, Wb. 6d11 . n p m. (as subst.) ind noíb , 21c5 ; noeb, SR 441 ,
70 8193 . a p m. noiba, Ml. 37b4 . (as subst.) noíbu Wb. 7b2 , Ml.
37b16 (noibu). g p. noíb, Wb. 13c26 . d p. noibaib, 4c37 , Ml.
51a16 . In Ml. generally written without accent.
In early Mid.Ir. the commonest form of n s. is noeb (SR),
with variants noem, naeb, naem (all of which occur in LU),
75 naob ( Mon. Tall. 127.12 , 130.27 , 131.17 ), the form noíb being
used in g s m. and n p m. Later noem prevails (commonest form
in PH), giving way to naem(h) and mod. naomh. croch náom,
IGT Dec. § 196 (g s f. náoime, d s f. náoimh, n p. náomha).
Of persons holy; of things sacred, consecrated; used both in
80inflected forms after a noun and as indecl. before one, the
latter usage being common with proper names in the sense
saint . In Glosses renders Lat. sanctus. is noeb cach oen
dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294.30 . corrop noíb for n-anim,
Wb. 16a21 . i mbethid noib a holy life, Ml. 74d9 . Críst macc
85Maire noíbe, Fél. Prol. 338 (noeime, nóebe v.l.). v s m. á rí
noíb! ib. Ep. 37. v p m. a aithrecha noemu! PH 19. v p f. a
chaillecha noemu! 3399 (for noema). Of things: huanaib
aidmib noibaib ro batar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . for altórib
nóebaib, Fél. Ep. 348. superl. cona chléir as nóebu, Fél.
May 27 , cf. Jan. 20. Iacob as noíbem, July 14 . With npr.:
5 itge ind noíb Thomáis, Dec. 21 (noeib v.l.). admuinemmar
noeb Patraicc, Hy. iii 1. gnúis náem Míchil, PH 6389. sancta
Brigida .i. noem Brigit, Lism.L. 1218 .
As subst. neut.: dugén a nnoib-sa I will do this holy thing,
Ml. 69a21 . Very common as subst. m. and f. a holy person,
10a saint , in Mid.Ir. relig. lit. generally in technical sense either
of a professed religious or of a saint; also applied to the spirits
of the blest after death. ind noíb ata ellachti hi Crist, Wb.
21c5 . comthinól inna noíb, ib. 7 . cech nóeb boí, fil, bías, Fél.
Ep. 289. taithmet nóeb ṅ-óige, ib. 131 . naim íarthair in
15domain the saints of the western world, FA 4 ( LU 1973 = noím
LB). ind aine . . . dos-forslaic [sic leg.] Colum C. for noebaib
Herenn C.C. relaxed the fast for the religious of Ireland, Mon.
Tall. 68. ag naomh nó ag ban-naomh, TSh. 1048 (of canonized
saints). Of the elect in heaven: indocbáil inna noíb i nnim,
20 Wb. 13c26 . na noeb is ind noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. ni fil . . . fíal
. . . eter mu[n]tir nime ┐ inna nóemu, FA 5. tír na naeb, 4
(LU = na noem LB). goirthear naoimh dona marbhaibh bhíos
i bpurgadóir, TSh. 4868.
Compds. (a) common. with nouns. in sense holy, sacred,
25pertaining to a saint or the Church , etc. ¤ aingel: n p. noeb-
aiṅgil, SR 8193. tongu-sa . . . tar mo nóebaingliu, Ériu ii 196
§ 13 . PH 8085. ¤ ainm: nóebainm Petair apstail, Fél. Prol.
109. ¤ apstal, Fél. May 30 . PH 1630. ¤ arbar: muinter
nimi noebarbar a holy host, SR 8255. co nóebairbrib aingel,
30 Fél. Ep. 344. ¤ canóin: g s. ina noebchanone, Hib. Min.
12.395 . ¤ corp: ic foillsiugud na noemcorp, PH 1580 (of
bodies of saints). naoimhchorp Antonius, Keat. iii 779 (leg.
naomh-). ¤ decheṅg `a holy pair', Fél. Nov. 21. ¤ dúil
a holy creature , Hy. v 41 (nóeb-). SR 7422. ¤ epscop, Fél.
35 Ep. 253. ¤ erlam: naomhērlamh a holy patron, Ériu iv 236 y .
Colum Cille an naoímhérlamh, FM vi 1968.5 . ¤ fis(s) :
naoimhfhios, Keat. iii 466 (poem); a name given to the
Senchas Mór. ¤ fót: naomhfód (of site of a monastery),
BNnÉ 262.24 . ¤ gein holy offspring (child), Ériu i 122.16
40(noeim-). ¤ gérat holy champion , Fél. Aug. 4. ¤ grád: noí
noebgraid (of the celestial hierarchy), SR 1811. ¤ ingen :
i n-enccai nóebingen, Hy. vii 20. ¤ itge, Fél. July 19 . Hy. v
92 . ¤ légend: do néblégund sacred reading (literature), Mon.
Tall. 25. ¤ mairtirech: PH 6173. ¤ máthir, Fél. Aug. 16.
45 ¤ muinter, Fél. May 13 . ¤ nem: do noebnim, SR 312 , 6842 ,
7116 . ¤ óg (úag) f. a holy virgin: n p. nuíbhuaga, SR 441.
nóemóga, LU 1991 ( FA 6 ). deich nóebóga, Fél. Feb. 28.
drong nóebúag; ib. Ep. 252. i n-oentaid noemóg, PH 6172.
¤ port: naomhport do Connachtoib (of a religious centre)
50 BNnÉ 258.4 . ¤ prainn: nóebphroinn cen ṡáith, Ériu ii 65
§ 8 . nasadh naebhprainne, FM i 514 x (poem) = Bruchst. i
§ 108 , where Meyer emends: nasad noíbrainne the assembly
of the company of saints
. ¤ rath, SR 7154. ¤ reilic: féil nóeb-
reilce ṅ-úasal `of holy relics', Fél. Oct. 1. ¤ rí, SR 7975.
55 Ériu iv 236.4 . ¤ riagal: fo noíbriaguil recht, SR 2339.
¤ scríbend: a p. noimscribinna, Hib. Min. 3.87 ; ib. 82 (noeb-).
¤ scriptuir: g s. noibscreptra, Hib. Min. 12.409 . ¤ senchas :
duain naoimhsheanchais of ecclesiastical history, Keat. iii 749.
¤ spirut, Fél. Ep. 354. ¤ tech: dochum naemtaigi sanctuary,
60church
, Ériu v 120.22 . ¤ teglach: Ériu i 122.34 (naob-).
¤ tlacht, SR 1308. eter náemtlachtaib spirtáldaib nimi, LU
2473. ¤ trethan : n p. noebtrethna, SR 494. ¤ trínóit: g s. na
noemtrinoti, PH 1603.
In mod. lang. somet. forms a genuine compd. with noun,
65modifying the meaning of the latter; e.g. naomh-athair
a Father of the Church, see TSh. 6715 , 8272 . naomh-athais
blasphemy , defined as: athais do thabhairt o breithir do Dhia
no do náomhaibh, Parrth. Anma 157.13 ; 71.19 ( Luc. Fid. 96.8 ,
37.4 ).
70(b) with adj.: neimhedh naem-ainglech, Acall. 500. nemh
naemhcert `heaven of holy right', BNnÉ 268.4 . o ríg nime
nóebfind, SR 5488. do ruirig nime nóebgil, 6886 . Noe
nóebglan, 7302 . for nim noebnár, 782 . o ruirig nime noeb-
uáig, 5878 , cf. fri loscud n-edpart noebúaig, 4262 (g p., form
75due to rhyme). ? naombrethach gach n-iardaighi .i. isi in
naomad breath doberar do iaramdighe, 23 Q 6 p. 10a ( O'C. 1637 )
= naoimbrethach, H. 3.17 c. 439 ( O'Don. 561 ); taken by
glossator as a compd. of noí which, however, aspirates the follg.
initial consonant in composition.
80(c) exceptionally with vb.: co noebthanic Dia do nim, SR
2153. briathra lé naomhchoisrighther í with which it (the
Eucharistic wafer) is consecrated
, O'Hussey T.C. 198.14 , cf.
Parrth. Anma 209.16 , Luc. Fid. 133.1 , and the vn. naomh-
choisreagadh, Parrth. Anma 211.3 , Luc. Fid. 134.7 .