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60 pec(c)ad n u and o,m. (Lat. peccatum) in O.Ir. u-st. (on analogy
of vn. in -ad, Thurn, Hdb. § 915 ): n s. peccad, Wb. 3c27 et pass.
peccath, 9c19 . pecad, Ml. 32c17 . g s. in phectho , Wb. 14d27 ; cf.
3c14 , 38 , etc., Ml. 53b21 , 60b19 , 126b6 . pecctho, Wb. 27d10 . in
phectha , Wb. 9d5 , cf. 29a28 , 31c22 (pecctha); Ml. 54a5 et pass.
65 n p. in pecthi , Wb. 25b9 , cf. 4a8 , Ml. 32c15 , 46b28 , 71c12 (peccthi).
pecthai, 98c6 . pecdae, Wb. 33b8 . pectha, 2a6 . a p. pecthu,
Wb. 3c21 , 9d5 , 13b19 ; Ml. 47b7 , 58c18 . g p. pecthae, Ml. 32b18 ,
51c21 , 98c6 . Tur. 58a . pecthe, Tur. 45 . d p. pecthaib, Ml.
46b26 ; -pecthib, 33d12 .
70In Mid.Ir. also commonly treated as o-st., but both forms
of declension persist side by side down to mod. period. In
PH the usual g s. is peccaid, but pectha, pecda also occur: d s.
pecud, PH 4826 (generally peccad); n p. pectha, -da (peccaid only
twice); a p. pectha, -da. Occas. -th-(-d-) is omitted in obl.
75cases. pecadh (m., g s. n p. -aidh), IGT Dec. § 17.14 . g p. a
n-íc a pecthadh , ex. 728 (proscribed as incorrect).
Sin, both in abstr. sense and concrete (esp. in pl.), a sin,
kind of sin, sinful act: pecad a pec[c]ato , Corm. Y 1044 . is hé
in peccath for arele .i. fornicatio , Wb. 9c19 . fo mám pectho,
80 3c38 . pecthi collnidi carnal sins, 4a8 . is airi asberar lex
peccati hóre donadbat pecthu, 3c21 . is huilliu in trocaire . . .
indate in pecthai, Ml. 98c6 . dilgud a pecthe ndoib, Tur. 45
( Thes. ii 487 ). cura dichuirer mo pecda, Gild. Lor. 261 . ar
demnaib, ar pheccdaib . . . ron-sóera do spirut, Thes. ii 359.7 .
85 combart cen peccad cen col, LU 10863 ( IT i 133.4 ). peccad
marbtha mortal sin, PH 7321 . hi peccad bunad-géinnti
original sin, 3909 . peccad na drúisi, 7442 . tar cend na ndoine
dorochratar i peccad, 2087 . plaig pecda the plague of sin,
Ériu iv 156.5 (pectha v.l.). coros-bréc dia póic phecda her
sinful kiss
, Met. Dinds. iv 44.33 (g s. as attrib.). ni ful[n]giut
5cethra pecai in duine beasts are not subject to the sins of man,
ZCP viii 104.7 (B. na f.). ní pecad la nech dhibh pecad . . . do
pecthaib na mban none of them counts any sin committed with
women as sin
, Marco P. 174 . tar eis cinaid [leg. cinad] no
pectha icthar pennait, Anecd. v 3.3 , cf. Alex. 855 . ni etarsca-
10rann a menma ria pecthaib ┐ duailchib, Lism.L. 701 . peaca
marbhtha . . . cinn na bpeaca eile iad, Dán Dé xxxi 32 . seacht
bpeacaidh dhleaghmuid do dhíol, ib. 33 . má tá fúd feacadh
d'iarmuirt if sin remain in thee, xviii 3 . na peacaidh ghnío-
mhacha . . . na peacaidh doní ré faill (= sins of commission
15and of omission
). TSh. 4089 . na peachaidhe marbhthacha,
7050 . foluigh h'aghaidh óm pheacuighibh-si, Psa. li 9 .
pecadh na sinnser original sin, Parrth. Anma 236.12
(= Luc. Fid. 151.9 ). na pectha donither a n-aghaidh an
sbiorad naoimh, 142.10 (= na pecadh, Luc. Fid. 155.12 ). a
20úain De thogbhas pecadha an domhain, 293.11 .

pec(c)aigid xsee pecthaigid.

pécóg n f. (Eng. loan-word) a peacock : an phéacóg , TSh. 2351 .
is aille . . . a hedach don pecoicc na duit, L. Flav. Ferg. I
iv f. 5c . earr pheucóige ar phréchan, Mac Aingil 83.19 . ag
25tabhairt óir . . . apadh ┐ pheacóg, 2 Chron. ix 21 . Job xxxix 13 .

pecthach adj o, ā. in Mid.Ir. also pecdach (a p. pecdachu already
Ml. 26d14 ), later freq. pec(c)ach (peacach). peacach, IGT Dec.
§ 11.21 (pecthach v.l.). peacthach, ex. 429 . pecdach (pro-
scribed as incorrect), ex. 376 .
30 Sinful, committing sin : in sommae pecthach the sinful rich
man
, Ml. 36a14 . g s f. inna senchomerbertae biuth pecthaige
gl. impietatis veteris, 65d4 . frisin animm peccthaig, PH 8124 .
na hanmunda pecdachu [leg. -a], 8314 .
Commonly as subst. o,m. a sinner : ni ba cian mbias in
35 pecthach , Ml. 56c22 . g s. in pecthaig , 56d8 . in pecthich , 57d1 .
ataimet ind noib ata pecthaig that they are sinners, 131d16 .
cumachtae inna pecthach, 57c12 . in tain dombéra dígail for
pecthachu, Wb. 25d19 . it he sin in primpeccthaig | artrebat
hiffern, SR 8349 . cuirfitir . . . in pecdaig i fudamain péne,
40 FA 34 . sraiglit na pecdachu, 16 . do mallachadh pecthach,
Hib. Min. 10.328 . hi comairli na pecduch, 14.469 . d[o]eim
pecthach an eclais . . . .i. . . . didhnithar na pecthacha isin
eclais, Laws iv 234.15 , 18 . bid in peccach suairc sochraid,
LB 226 m. inf. cen uaman na pian doberthar forsna pecdachu,
45 PH 7909 . do phianadh na bhfeactach, Dán Dé v 42 . ar
spiorad an pheacthaigh, TSh. 1419 . maóin an pheacuidh
(= -uigh), Prov. xiii 22 . ní sheasfuid na peacaich a ccoimh-
thionól na bhfíreun, Psa. i 5 .

pecthaid n i,m. a sinner : mad pectha[i]d intí fora-taibre grád,
50 Wb. 29a23 .

pecthaige n iā,f. sinfulness : d s. ara pecthaigi , Ml. 113d6 , cf.
105a4 . Cf. glais ┐ géibhiona na péacaidhe, Eochairsg. 76.10
(= peacthaighe?).

pecthaigid v g. also pec(c)aigid (usual later form) sins, commits
55 sin : dia pecdaige nech, PH 6453 . da peccaige duine 'na
chomursaind . . . dia peccaige imorro i nDia, 2746 - 2748 . ro
dichuirthea [Ádam] asin lucc i n-ar pecdaig, 6449 . níro
pheccaig . . . fo adrad Ísu, 2622 . an drong nar pheacthuigh
risna mnaibh, ITS xix 80.14 . aderitt . . . co pecaighitt na
60Cristuighi, Maund. 122 . is meince do pheacuigh Phól iná mé,
Dán Dé vi 34 . gur pheacuigheamar i n-aghaidh ar mbráthar
(= peccavimus), TSh. 4696 . 2 s. fut. ní pheacóchair , 138 .
2 s. imp. na peacuidh uaidh so amach, John viii 11 .
Vn. iona pheacadh le ttug sé ar Israel peacughadh , 1 Kings
65 xv 34 . pecugad na leannann `corruption of the humours',
O'Don. Gram. 450.28 (from med. MS.).

peic (-e) n f. (Eng. loan-word) a peck (measure): do ceann-
chaide[dh] . . . an peici cruithneachta ar chuig uingi, AU iii
422.8 . a dtrí fpeice mineadh, Matth. xiii 33 .

70 péin xsee pían.

pelér xsee pilér.

péinis n f. (< pían) a penalty : ag díol na péinisi le deghoibrigh-
thibh, Mac Aingil 301.16 . Cf. pennas.

peinntél xsee pinntél.

75 1 péire n m. (Eng. loan-word?) a pair, couple : aon pére cethar-
rábín one pair of dice, O'Gr. Cat. 136.2 . go ndā peire . . .
d'organoibh, Fl. Earls 176.4 . péire rosg, ITS xvii 110.30 .

2 péire n f. (Romance loan-word) a pear : a ccosmaile peire ina
dheilbh, 23 K 42, 182.12 . pl. na peredha , gl. pira , RC ix 240 .
80 perida millsi, Rosa Ang. 140.17 . duilleoga croind perida, 110.
17 . péire, O'R., Dinn.

peiriacail n f. also peirical [m.?] (Lat. periculum) peril, danger :
is a n-ainffios tarla an periacail sin doibh, BNnÉ 59 z . peria-
cail no guasacht, ITS xvi 54.23 . peiriacuil (= Gr. κίνδυνος),
85 Rom. viii 35 . duine do shaoradh . . . ar pheiriacail, O'Hussey
TC 177.1 . ro baoi a peirical anbhail, Fl. Earls 202.14 . Fear of
danger, scruple? pereccul .i. cubus, H. 3.18 p. 75b ( RC xiii
506.204 ). Mod. priacail.