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85 2 pellec n f. also bellec (perh. right form), a horse's bit ? pellec,
Corm. Y 1066 (see 1 pellec). gabair . . . cona bellic oir friae, IT
ii2 177.96 (YBL). pl. coica ech . . . belgi óir ┐ argit friu, TFerbe
13 . beilge oir, LL 248a42 ( TBFr. 136 ). tri fichit ech . . . cona
mbeilgib óir friu, 249b51 ( TBFr. 144 ). ech . . . ┐ srian . . .
d'airget fria co mbéilgibh óir fris, Acall. 244 (`a bridle of silver
5fitted with a golden bit
', SG ii 107 ). in dhí gabor cin peillge,
ZCP vii 305.26 (B. na f.).

pén xsee pían.

penbolc: n penbolcc nó vestis .i. tonica , gl. paenulam, Wb.
30d19 ; `a cloak ', Thes.; prob. an alternative gloss, perh. =
10 pennbolc `pen-bag', writing-case .

peneuilt (penuilt) n f. (Lat. paenultima) a penultimate syllable,
penult : huare as timmortae peneuilt (= paenultimam correp-
tam habent), Sg. 120a1 . péneuilt, 52a15 . fora peneuilt , 212a3 .
an dara sillab deigenach . . . is penuilt is ainm do laisin
15Laitneoir, Auraic. 4102 . aiccent for in penuillt, 4130 .

penginn xsee pinginn.

penn n ā,f. (Lat. penna) in later lang. also masc. peann f., IGT
Dec. § 39.7 . g s. -pheinde, ex. 1072 . d s. dá peinn , ex. 1101 . do
fpeind , 1069 . A pen (for writing): in penn , gl. calamus, Ml.
20 64d4 . pend a penda [ penna , LB], Corm. Y 1054 . tabair do
lebor ┐ t'adharc ┐ do pend cugat, Acall. 609. 2894 . g s.
(a) Congus scribnid unde torad penne Congusa, LL 42c36
( Trip. 542.27 ). sliocht peinne caoile cuirre, Ériu v 62.7 .
(b) promha[d] pind, LB 60 m. inf. (= probatio pennae, scribe's
25 note ). leis an scín phinn penknife, Jerem. xxxvi 23 . v s. (b)
mo mallacht ort a phinn, Arch. i 317 x , see RC ix 99 (scribe's
note, Franciscan Acall. 83 ). g p. re tiachtain Padraig na penn,
BB 48a35 . Parthalón na pend, KMMisc. 256.7 . gair penndo
dromaib duillenn, ZCP ix 167.20 = gair pend, O'Mulc. 815 =
30 gáir penn, H.3.18 ( Aisl. MC 197 ).
Compds. penn-glēs and so `pen-trying', TTebe p. xvi
(scribe's marg. note). co toidhecht Phátruic phennréidh of
the flowing pen
, Anecd. i 28 § 29 .

pennaid (pend-) v ā. occas. with i-st. pennid (peinn-, pinn-),
35 does penance (gen. of penance imposed by the Church); with
acc., expiates. pres. peindith dī bliadain deac, Ériu vii 140.2 .
inti nad penni do reir anmcharut, Rule of Céli Dé § 37 . pen-
nind manaich . . . issi pennes (= he does the penance of a monk),
Ériu vii 142.7 . in lin bes hi comchetfaid . . . is malle phendait
40hi pein iffirn, LB 261a53 = moalle peinnit pein hiffirn, Arch.
iii 318 § 64 . impf. no ciedh ┐ na [= no] pendedh a pecad,
Lism.L. 2738 . subj. pres. nāro faomae coibsena neich mani
pendea, Mon. Tall. § 54 . mani penda, ib. cenispendid though
they do no penance
, § 23 . mani penne do reir apad, Ériu i
45218 z . coro pinne ┐ coro erce in t-olc doronsat `till they do
penance and pay eric
', Laws v 120.11 Comm. subj. impf. acht
ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, v 448.2 (text). fut. ó peinnfes ┐ ó
éircfes, H. 3.17 c. 537 ( O'Don. 738 ) = o finnfes ┐ o ércfius,
Laws iv 292.12 . condit. in pendit no peinebad the penance
50which he would have performed
, Mon. Tall. 86 . o ro pindfead
┐ o ro eircfead, Laws v 448.14 Comm. perf. ro phend in gilla
┐ doroine aithrige, Lism.L. 1635 . cid a ndoronad and do baís
bes niro phendsemmar ind, LL 280a10 . Generally impers. in
pass.: coiscther menip dethbirius, pendither iar sin, ZCP xiii
5530.6 (peindither v.l.). ni pennither fri nach duine `no penance
is imposed in respect of any man
', Ériu vii 162.8 . cethardha nā
pennither hi tir nErenn which are not liable to penance, Rule
of Céli Dé § 38 . In wider sense? is mo pentar adas adgairethar
`he is more liable to fine than suit', Laws v 370.23 (text).
60See pennait, which is used as vn.

pennaind n f. (Lat. poenitentia?) penance, expiation : húair nach
fetar fiad cach rainn | cinnas dogníther pennaind, SR 1580 =
cindus dogníther pendait, LB 112a46 . pennind manaich,
Ériu vii 142.7 . oc pennind, ib. 1 . cen pendainn, cen trom-
65ṡaethar, ZCP xiii 28.17 (aine v.l.). Flann inghen D. . . . d'ég
iar ndeighbhethaidh ┐ iar bpennainn, FM i 538.15 , cf. ii
684.4 . dobhert . . . pennaintt dia chorp chastisement, vi 2360.2
(of judicial punishment). To this word or the follg. belongs
the syncopated g s. pende (penne) in sense of penance : cuicc
70bliadna dec pendi, Mon. Tal. § 66 . teg pende `a penitentiary', ib.
? i tigh pinne, ZCP x 46.19 . a indarba asan eclais do lucc phendi,
Ériu vii 162.6 . do oess phendi penitents, Rule of Céli Dé § 24 .
.vii. cumala peinde (fine for injury to an ecclesiastic), Laws iii
106.8 . [a .vii. cumala do hic re flaith ┐] a secht mbliadna
75peinne do híc re eclais, Eg. 88 f. 45b ( O'C. 2541 ).

pennait n ā,f. O.Ir. pennit, a learned formation from Lat.
poenitere or poenitentia (see Thurn. Hdb. 517 , Ped. i 213 ).
Mid.Ir. often pendait, g s. pennaite, pendaite.
(a) penitence : pennait a poenitintia , Corm. Y 1043 . cen
80pennit, gl. imprudentes, Wb. 22c5 . denam . . . pennait buan
is atheirge, SR 1574 = denum pendait, LB 112a42 .
(b) penance, expiation ; in rel. lit. generally of penance im-
posed by the Church. adlaíg bite oc pennit in aeclesiís, Wb.
9c11 . ro chrú[th]fem-ne ind pennit bes chóir fortsu, Mon. Tall.
85 § 7 . ind pendaid, § 23 . etach pendaite . . . .i. etach silici,
PH 453 . barc pendaiti a book of penance (i.e. penitential),
O'Dav. 239 . loirghniomh na peannaide, Rule of Tall. 6 § 5 .
Aedh . . . do tesdail iar pennaid a mignim, RC xvii 374.16
(Tig.). iar bpentait toghaidhe ina tairmthechtaibh ┐
peacthoibh, FM i 494.3 .
5 In Laws of fine or penalty due to clergy for injuries, not
assessable by laity: uair nach dligid tuath pennait, iii 382.20 .
Of a penalty in general: issí a pennit dé, gl. si quis non vult
operari, nec manducet, Wb. 26b20 . lathi a imorbois, bid he lā
a phennati, Aisl. MC 29.6 . iumda ernail pennaiti . . . iter
10bualad ┐ sróigled ┐ crochad , LB 157a29 . Of the pains of hell :
tuilled péne ┐ pennaite, FA 16 . an pheanaid uathbhásach
(= supplicium), TSh. 6401 .
(c) pain, suffering in wider sense: ag fulang paisi ┐ pean-
naidi, ZCP vi 42.14 (of a wounded man). ro baoi a pennait ┐ a
15peirical anbhail, Fl. Earls 202.13 (of illness), cf. 178.1 . beag
gach peannaid go bás Dé, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 . le huisce na
peannaide water of affliction, 2 Chron. xviii 26 .