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pennait n ā,f. O.Ir. pennit, a learned formation from Lat.
poenitere or poenitentia (see Thurn. Hdb. 517 , Ped. i 213 ).
Mid.Ir. often pendait, g s. pennaite, pendaite.
(a) penitence : pennait a poenitintia , Corm. Y 1043 . cen
80pennit, gl. imprudentes, Wb. 22c5 . denam . . . pennait buan
is atheirge, SR 1574 = denum pendait, LB 112a42 .
(b) penance, expiation ; in rel. lit. generally of penance im-
posed by the Church. adlaíg bite oc pennit in aeclesiís, Wb.
9c11 . ro chrú[th]fem-ne ind pennit bes chóir fortsu, Mon. Tall.
85 § 7 . ind pendaid, § 23 . etach pendaite . . . .i. etach silici,
PH 453 . barc pendaiti a book of penance (i.e. penitential),
O'Dav. 239 . loirghniomh na peannaide, Rule of Tall. 6 § 5 .
Aedh . . . do tesdail iar pennaid a mignim, RC xvii 374.16
(Tig.). iar bpentait toghaidhe ina tairmthechtaibh ┐
peacthoibh, FM i 494.3 .
5 In Laws of fine or penalty due to clergy for injuries, not
assessable by laity: uair nach dligid tuath pennait, iii 382.20 .
Of a penalty in general: issí a pennit dé, gl. si quis non vult
operari, nec manducet, Wb. 26b20 . lathi a imorbois, bid he lā
a phennati, Aisl. MC 29.6 . iumda ernail pennaiti . . . iter
10bualad ┐ sróigled ┐ crochad , LB 157a29 . Of the pains of hell :
tuilled péne ┐ pennaite, FA 16 . an pheanaid uathbhásach
(= supplicium), TSh. 6401 .
(c) pain, suffering in wider sense: ag fulang paisi ┐ pean-
naidi, ZCP vi 42.14 (of a wounded man). ro baoi a pennait ┐ a
15peirical anbhail, Fl. Earls 202.13 (of illness), cf. 178.1 . beag
gach peannaid go bás Dé, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 . le huisce na
peannaide water of affliction, 2 Chron. xviii 26 .

pennaitech adj o, ā. penal: prisun pennuidech, ZCP vi 74.21 .
priosún peannaideach purgadóra, TSh. 4153 . fa príosúnaibh
20píanta pennaidecha, Ériu v 196.598 . piana ro-pendaidecha,
BCC § 7 . Penitential : obair chraibhtheach pheannaideach,
Luc. Fid. 234.21 .

? pennán: ind impi in eóit Luchair in lennán | ba duthain pennan
na pell, LL 136b33 ( RC xlvii 289 y ) = ba suthain pellan na
25pell, Lec. 395a27 (f. 208) ; `the torment of the couch' (?), RC
xlvii 316.11 .

? pennas n o,m. pain, penalty : pl. na pianta [┐ na peannais]
síorrdhaidhe, ZCP iv 400.7 and n. 14 . Cf. go bfhuighe [an
t-aithrigheach] peanós, MacAingil 255.4 .

30 pennatóir n i,m. a penitential, manual of penances ; aralega-su
ind riaguil ┐ ind [sic] pennatoir, Mon. Tall. 78 . pennatoir
dilgind frepthae cech pecthae, ZCP iii 24.30 = Ériu vii
135.33 . pennadoir, Ériu vii 144 § 25 . O'Dav. 1389 .

? pennér n(penn) a pen-case : mo fpennér . . . líonta d'airmphean-
35naibh, Studies 1923, 597 § 3 (poem of beginning of 16th cent.).
peinear `a pen-case or ink-horn ', P. O'C.

penning n(O.N. loan-word, see Bidrag 62 , 119 ) a coin of small
value : penning . . . .i. pars in uncio [leg. uncia] . . . .i. cruind,
Corm. Y 1076 . ba samalta re Meidb nā beth penning a selba
40as if she did not possess a mite, TBC 83 .

pensóir n i,m. a fencer (swordsman): peansóir `a fencer', Eg. Gl.
770 . peansoir, P. O'C. Cf. pinnseóir.

pentol n m. (Lat. mentulum? or pendulum?) the membrum virile :
osse tarrnocht lebar-pentol, TBC² 2938 . Cf. inor aodhar imbe
45go foph a tonai. Is ed dano uchtlebar penntol, RC xii 86 § 93
[leg. is e dēnucht lebar-p. ¤ ?].

pérla n m. (Eng. loan-word?) a pearl. pérla, IGT Dec. § 2.34 .
i bpearla do chlaonrosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ós cionn pérladh,
Prov. xxi 10 .

50 1 Pers pn m. (fr. pl. Lat. Persae) a Persian : n p. Medi ┐ Persa,
PH 5381.6968 . MacCarthy 288.10 ( BB 11a ). Persu, PH 6966 .
Pearsa, Ériu iv 174.4 . g p. deired flatha Pers, LL 131a16 .
cétrí Pers, CCath. 28 . rí na Pers, Maund. 226 . d p. o Persaibh ,
CCath. 34 . Cf. presen (leg. persen), gl. persianus, Ir. Gl. 524 .

55 2 pers n m. (O.N. loan-word, Bidrag 62 ), a berserk : n p. Persa,
Caithr. CC § 89.40 . g p. longius na Pers, § 79 . d p. Persiaibh, § 66 .

persa n n,f. (Lat. persona) O.Ir. n s. persan, Sg. 138a1 , 189a9 , b2 ,
Hib. Min. 4.103 . persann, Ml. 90a12 . a s. persain, Sg.
71b5 , 72a1 . persin 198a24 . d s. persain, Ml. 33b24 , 115a7 .
60 persin, Sg. 140a1 , 162a3 . g s. inna persine , Sg. 197b10 ;
71b10 , 189b8 , Wb. 6b13 . n du. di persin , Sg. 212b5 . n p. persin,
Sg. 203b10 , cf. 197a15 , 199a1 . a p. persana, 191a2 . persannu,
Hib. Min. 10.315 (leg. -nna). g p. persan, Sg. 220a9 , 10 . d p.
personaib, 186a2 . persunnaib, Hib. Min. 5.136 .
65Mid.Ir. n s. persa; perso, LU 295 , 2308 , Auraic. 39 , 324 .
persu, Hib. Min. 3.91 ; common form in PH. a d s. persain,
-sainn, -saind. g s. persain(n)e; persan, Laws iii 460.1 , cf. Fl.
Earls 254.2 . n p. persainn, IT iii 65 x ( BB 305a47 ); persan(n)a.
g p. persan(n). pearsa, f. d s. -ain(n), g s. -an(n), -ainne, n p. -ain,
70 -an(n)a, g p. -an(n), IGT Dec. § 121 . Mod. pearsa, g s. -an; g p.
occas. pearsa, ( 1 Cor. x 8 ; Fl. Earls 186.30 ).
(a) a person, an individual : do neuch dofoirṅde persain
deirb to what signifies a determinate person, Sg. 72a1 . cindas
persine attotchomnicc? (gl. tu quis es?), Wb. 6b13 . issí persann
75fil and . . . paupertas, Ml. 90a12 (i.e. ` paupertas' is the subject
of the sentence glossed; cf. ni do cach brethir tecming persona
all verbs have not a personal subject, Sg. 161a1 , where the Lat.
word is used). cen airitin persainde etir aichnid ┐ anaichnid,
PH 4152 ; cf. airitiu persand, 4011 (g p.) co nar persu dingbala
80don epscopoti hé a fit person for the episcopate, Lat. Lives 92.4 .
bid Crist i persaind cech bocht iressach, LB 63a24 = i persoin
cech aighedh [áighidh MS.] irisigh, Lism.L. 1273 . doraga
mac Dé ┐ duini i n-oenpersaind in one (the same) person, LU
2317 ( RC iv 246 § 5 ). na drúdi ┐ na ríga i n-oenpersain do
85adrad rig na firinde, LB 138a22 (of the Magi, who were at
once astrologers and kings). adubairt . . . nach rachad ana
persain fein that he would not go in person, ZCP xiii 183.15 .
dodheachaidh badéin a persain, Fl. Earls 40.22 . eirgit na
maithe ina persanoip badhdein, 94.21 .
Of bodily presence, appearance, etc. : cia th'ainm-siu? Ni
5ansa. Robec (.i. i persaind). Romor (.i. i n-eolas), LL 186b58
= RC xxvi 20 § 40 , 21 n. 1 . ar mhéid a phearsan, Keat. ii 5154 ,
cf. 5078 . dā thrūp marcslaighi . . . ba lor dianfheabhus . . .
eitir arm, eachroid ┐ eideadh cona persanoip urdhalta, Fl.
Earls 174.2 . múil persan na gcardenal the cardinals' body-
10mules
, 254.2 . go dtug [Dia] pearsa osgardhe dhó, TSh. 2424 .
a (i) persain, folld. by gen. in the person (character, quality)
of: labraid in spiurt noib tri giun Dauid inso .i. a persainn ríg,
Ml. 115a2 . in tan labratar ind ḟilid a persin inna ṅdea, Sg.
162a3 . bid as mo p[h]ersain fén da-aicer I will plead in my own
15person
, Ériu xi 43.27 . do thecaisc Dia a persain Heremías fáid,
PH 7577 . atbert Dauid i persain Dia fodesin, 2276 . is iat so
lucht na hailitre . . . isa persainn atbeir in faidh, Lism.L. 727 .
TSh. 3004 . is i bpearsanaibh na marbh so labhraid na Macha-
baei, 4478 . Eochairsg. 24 y .
20In theology of the persons of the Trinity : Isu Crist . . . in
tres perso na deachta, LU 2308 ( RC iv 246 § 3 ). in spirut noem,
in tres persu na deachta, PH 1087 . fó breith na tri persan bias i
n-aen-persain, 7520 . tri persana na Trinóidi, Maund. 121 . ga
mhéud persa san Tríonóid? Parrth. Anma 59.14 . Of the
25person who writes (a book, etc.) author: treidhe . . . arrecar
do cach hsairsi . . . .i. loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu, Hib. Min. 3.91 .
loccus huius artis Cúil Bendchuir . . . persa dó Óengus mac
Oengoband, Fél. 6.23 . perso Dallán Forgaill, LU 295 (ACC
Introd.). perso dī Fergus mac Róich, ar is he ro thirchan dona
30hexib, Arch. iii 3.5 (of the Táin Bó C.). locc don lebur-sa Ross
Broin . . . pearsa dó Seon Maudauil, Maund. 1 . Caide loc ┐
aimsear ┐ perso . . . din Gaedelg? . . . Persu dī Sachab mac R.
inventor, Auraic. 36.39 . ite tra persainn na dā rann dēc .i.
Coirpri . . . Ai . . . Athairne, IT iii 65 § 137 .
35 Folld. by gen. denoting calling, etc. : pearsa ecclaisi a
churchman
, FM iii 470.16 . Luc. Fid. 104.17 . do mhiltibh
persa eguilsi, Fl. Earls 186.30 . ar phearsanaibh eagailse,
Hackett xvii 22 . Cf. persún.
(b) gram. term person (of a verb or pronoun): hi cetni persin
40brethre . . . hi tert-persin . . . hí persin tánaisi, Sg. 215a9 .
donaib teoraib personaib uathatib the three persons singular,
186a2 . cetpearsu uathaid . . . persa tanaiste . . . treas persa,
Auraic. 304 - 6 . etargoire persainne, 642 .
(c) in late gram. texts used of abstract nouns : persa lóir
45 an abstract noun, IGT Dec. § 26 (e.g. ferdacht, bandacht, etc.).
p. ¤ oibrighthe a verbal abstract, Introd. 33.10 (e.g. ag fearachadh,
ag fearugadh, from fearach). pearsa iomurbhádha a compara-
tive
, 33.14 (e.g. as fearuighe mé iná thú; the term persa is used
by analogy because the compar. in form resembles an
50abstract, cf. ó phearsuin lóir as mó bheantur iomurbháidh
mur tá so: as lor mo ghile ┐ as gile mé iná thú, 27.5 ). éideadh
(an uair nach persa), 54.11 (in a list of masc. nouns with
attenuated g s., i.e. éideadh forms g s. -idh except when it is a
verbal noun).