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30 4 prím- adj(Lat. primus) used as indecl. prefix before nouns and
adjectives, generally forming unstable compds.
I With noun, in sense (a) first (in time), primary: ¤ airec
crainn chroiche first discovery, Fél. May 3 . ¤ airigid `first dole'
(i.e. refection), Aisl. MC 3.16 ( ¤ airaigid), but transld. `prime
35feast
', 45.8 (perhaps true meaning). ¤ athair `a patriarch ',
P. O'C. : príomhathair (of Abraham), Hebr. vii 4 . ¤ bélra
primitive (original) language: an primberla .i. Eabhra, Leb.
Gab. i 192.15 . isna primbelraib .i. Ébra ┐ Grec ┐ Laten, LB
150b43 , perh. in sense (b). ¤ chúis, Rosa Ang. 54.14 (= Lat.
40 causa primitiva). ¤ cuitech: ina p[h]rímchutig `first meal',
Aisl. MC 45.8 . ¤ fid primary vowel , Auraic. 1433 . ¤ gein s,n.,
also ¤ geinde io, iā. first-born : primgin, Corm. 37.12 (s.v. prúll).
prímgeindi, Ml. 123c8 (n p.). co marbdais a primgeinné, SR
3676 . iar marbad a primgindi, 4026 . ro marb uli primgeni
45Egepti, PH 3612 . prímite ┐ primgene firstlings , LB 123a28 .
mac primgeni, PH 6917 . ¤ gentecht f. primogeniture; birth-
right : rot-mill Esáu a p., PH 8400 . Cf. ¤ cinnect below (b).
¤ les first-fruits? acht nochon-fognat mac Dé | is ní thabrat
a primleis (.i. a primite), Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.17) = a primles
50(.i. a primgin), Corm. p. 37.12 = nocon-fhagbat a primless
they do not find their prime good (summum bonum) (?), LL 167b
37 . primhleas .i. prímhide, O'Cl. ¤ techt f. first coming: o
primtecht Parthaloin, MacCarthy 316 § 5 ( BB 14a2 ).
(b) foremost, chief, principal, and without implied compari-
55son prime (in quality), eminent; a commoner use than pre-
ceding. Of persons, esp. with titles, names of callings, etc.:
¤ apstal: prímabstal hErenn, Hy. iii 1 . ¤ ammait in domain
chief witch (of Medea), CCath. 3910 . ¤ ara: tri prímaraid ind
ríg, BDD 113 . ¤ challadoír Arda Macha `chief keeper of the
60calendar
', FM ii 1052.8 . ¤ chomairlid chief counsellor, SR 6652 .
¤ c[h]onsul, CCath. 4467 . ¤ chríochaire `chief antiquary', FM
ii 1052.9 . ¤ dalta: Lucas . . . p. Póil chief disciple, PH 5396 .
¤ echlach: p. uile Mac Roth chief courier, TBC 100 . risin
primechlaig, 4239 . Mac Roth in [ṗ]rímechlach (sic leg.), 5022 ,
65 cf. 5150 . ¤ epscop, Ériu i 218 § 1 . ¤ ḟáith, SR 5388 , 7132 . na
.iiii. primfaith ┐ in dā minfaith dec major prophets, Hib. Min.
3.71 . tria gin in prímfatha Ysaias, Lism.L. 8 . CCath. 929 (of
diviners). ¤ fiadu: ticfa féin ar prim-fiada (of Christ), BColm.
14.8 . ¤ ḟlaith, Acall. 595 . ¤ fulachtóir: tri primfulachtore
70ind rig head-cooks, BDD 123 . ¤ gaiscedach: a primgascedaig
ollchuicid Ulad! LL 262b2 = MU 6.13 . ¤ laech: tri prímlaích
chief warriors, BDD 128 . Cf. priomhlach .i. priomhláoch,
O'Cl. ¤ laeches f.: bantrocht na primlaichas chief lay-women,
SR 7818 . ¤ liaig, Acall. 3812 . BColm. 104.28 . ¤ martir, Fél.
75 Oct. 18 . ¤ mind: soscela Coluim Cille . . . primmind iartair
domain `chief relic', AU 1006 . ¤ óinmid, Ériu v 20.5 . ¤ ollam,
Acall. 3811 . ¤ pecthach: in primpeccthaig great sinners, SR
8349 . ¤ preceptóir, Lism.L. 2745 ( ¤ proiceptoir). ¤ rannaire:
primronnaire Patraic head-dispenser , Acall. 3495 . ¤ rechtaire,
80 Acall. 1469 . ¤ reto[i]ridh, CCath. 4469 (of Cicero). ¤ sacart:
primsacairt chief priests , Wb. 10d15 . ¤ saer (soír): tricha saér
do prímsáeraib hErend, FB 2 . do acallaim prímshair na
ṅGréc, LL 218b21 . ¤ senchaid(e): primshenchaide na nEbraide
(of Josephus), PH 6945 . príomhsheanchaidh Árda Macha,
85 Ériu i 82 § 16 . ¤ staraide, Leb. Gab. i 4.9 . ¤ suí, ZCP v 499 § 1
(used of head-teacher in a monastic school). ¤ thoísech, SR
5388 . p. túaithi Dé, Ériu iv 142.2 (of Moses). ¤ ugdar: teist an
phríomhughdair S. Augustine, TSh. 5003 .
With names of things: ¤ aba main river , ZCP viii 202.2 .
¤ airecht chief assembly , FA 13 . ¤ aiste: na seacht primaisti
5` principal metres ', Auraic. 1586 . IT iii 49 § 90 . ¤ altóir, SR
4265 . ¤ bile, TBC 1816 . ¤ caindel: i ndelbaib primcainnel,
FA 13 ( ¤ choindel, LB). ¤ cathair: in primhcathair airderc .i.
Babilóin, CCath. 15 . ardespuc na primcathrach, PH 17 .
Chief monastery : Fél. 184.29 . Lism.L. 4255 . ¤ chruachait
10 prime joint (of meat), rump , LL 29b28 . ¤ cubat: cuic prim-
chubai[t], SR 2527 (where the prefix seems otiose). ¤ chuit,
Ériu i 134.6 ; viii 135.17 (chief ration or meal). ¤ dorus, SR 7356 .
¤ dún: for faidchi primdúni, TBC 1816 . ic togail na primdún
chief fortresses (of Canaan), SR 7342 . IT i 118.5 . ¤ eclais, Fl.
15Earls 174 y . ¤ fhéil, Fél. June 10 . oiffrend cecha primfheile,
Ériu i 220.9 . ¤ gaeth: cethri primgaetha . . . cethri fogaetha,
SR 47 (winds blowing directly from the cardinal points), cf.
CCath. 4335 . ¤ inad: primhined chief abode , SR 6412 . ¤ lepaid:
meic Nechtain do chur assa primlepthaib (i.e. chief strongholds),
20 TBC 1480 . ¤ loch: prímlocha hErend, BDD 155 . ¤ long:
séolchrand primluṅgi móre a large ship, TBC 2623 . Lism.L.
3183 . ¤ longphort, Keat. iii 542 . ¤ mag: do prímmaigib
hErend chief plains, IT i 127.24 . ¤ oenach, TBC 2498 . ¤ rand:
anmand cheithre primrand chief kinds of quatrain, IT iii 51
25§ 95 . ¤ reilec: prímreilce Herend chief burial-grounds, LU 4068 .
rob í Tailltiu [sic leg.] tres primhreileag na hEirenn, Ériu iii
150 § 2 . ¤ rót: coicc primroid Erenn, Anecd. ii 4.14 . ¤ scél:
the tales which the Irish filidh were required to know were
divided into two classes, prímscél and foscél, see LL 189b44
30( MS. Mat. 583 ). iss iat so na prímscéoil .i. togla ┐ tana ┐
tochmarca, etc., 189b52 . ¤ scol: do bhádar . . . cheithre
príomhscola i nEirinn chief schools, Keat. iii 2573 . ¤ ṡliab, TBC
1814 . ¤ slige: primsligeda in choicid, TBC 1146 . ¤ ṡlóg, Fél.
Feb. 12 . ¤ sráid, Fl. Earls 168.15 . ¤ ṡuide, Fél. Prol. 117 .
35 Lism.L. 427 . ¤ tonn: primthonna Eirenn .i. tonn Glidhna ┐ t.
Tuaidhe ┐ t. Rudhraigi, Acall. 7999 .
With abstracts (generally with emphasizing or intensifying
force): ¤ acallam: dolotar flaithi Laighen . . . co a rrig .i.
primacallaim co Bran, Anecd. i 40.2 (`to take high counsel',
40 Ériu iv 41 ). ¤ chéssad, Fél. Oct. 15 . ¤ cinnecht: in tan ruc
[Iacob] in primchinnecht, SR 2920 (headship, supremacy? or
birthright? cf. ¤ gentecht above). ¤ géim, TBC 6180 (< H.1.
13). ¤ goibnecht, SR 4190 . ¤ locht, Keat. Poems 661 . ¤ lot,
TSh. 7821 . ¤ ṡorthan, Acall. 5304 n. = primordan, text.
45 II With adj. denoting possession of quality in superlative
degree: ¤ álaind: mac primalaind Priaim, BB 430b47 . TTebe
1394 . ¤ arrachta, Ériu v 180.322 . ZCP vi 30.5 . ¤ coitchenn:
morleighnidh primhcoitcheann amail Origin, Lism.L. 3322 ;
`a great reader of chief congregations', Stokes, perhaps rather
50 universally known. ¤ échtach, TTebe 3150 , 3315 . ¤ elathnach,
LL 218b22 . ¤ eolach: fer frimeolach a man of great experience,
Arch. iii 234 § 12 . ¤ fáthacdae: sailmchetlaid primfhathacdai
amail Daibith, Lism.L. 3319 : cf. ¤ fáith above. ¤ maith: (as
subst.) ronsóera la primmaithiu, SR 8146 . ¤ réid very smooth,
55 LL 233a20 .

prímáid (-aid) n m. (Lat. primatus) a primate (eccles.): láncuairt
coicidh Connacht . . . la Gilla mac Liac comarba Patraic, idon
la primaith Erenn, AU ii 172.22 . príomháidh Éireann, Keat.
ii 814 . comhorba Pattraic ┐ príomhaidh na hEreann, FM iii
60126.16 . primfaidh Eirenn, ALC i 148.14 (a popular etymology,
cf. fáith?). on bpriomhfaidh protusdant, MS. Mat. 549.25
(preface of the Réim Ríoghraidhe, A.D. 1630).

prímaidecht n f. primacy (eccles.): primáitecht Erenn, ALC i
262.9 , 11 . im phriomhaidhecht Arda Macha, FM i 436.21 .
65? primaidhecht, gl. Anchises, Ir. Gl. 354 (Stokes suggests
prímaidecht `prime tutorship').

prímamail adj i. primary, original : do plannduigheadh go prío-
mhamhuil an naomheagluis le Críost, Eochairsg. 2.31 .

prímda(e) adj io, iā. foremost, principal, pre-eminent : primda .i.
70aireagda, Lec. Gl. 65 , cf. 65 M . la Patricc prímde, Thes. ii
326.3 = Hy. iv 9 (prímda, primdu, primhdhai v.l.). baithes
Pátraic prímdae, Fel. Ap. 5 . Pól prímdae, ib. Ep. 247 . Par-
tholón prímda, LL 5b21 = priomda `P. the primaeval' (?), Leb.
Gab. i 60.17 . búnad prímda `a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii
75295.14 ( SP v 13 ). in ri scaras goí fri fír . . . ruc breith primda
for Saol a consummate (? notable) judgement, SR 6508 . flaithius
primhda na Pers `primary' (?), CCath. 9 . dona secht n-aisti
bprimda na filidhechta principal metres, Auraic. 4874 . batar
primhda airm in [leg. na] rígh ro batar remibh (i.e. victorious?),
80 BB 494a14 = IT ii2 99.10 .

prímdacht n f. primacy, superiority : ni rabi da cinib fer talman
rasessad cutrumus fri Grecu . . . ar primdacht a popul, LL
217b45 TTr. 65 ). fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri
mberla sin why superiority is assigned to these three languages,
85 Auraic. 162 . priomhadhacht Peadar, Luc. Fid. 263.10 .

prímedach adj o, ā. (< prím on analogy of dechmadach ?) a payer
of first-fruits
? ba dechmadach primedach `pay tithes and first-
fruits
', Ériu ii 172 § 3 .