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R the fifteenth letter of the Ogham alphabet , in Irish called
ruis ` elder-tree ', Auraic. 1138 , 1193 = 4229 , 4293 .
In Old Irish r is of four kinds, according as it is unlenited or
lenited, non-palatal or palatal. According to the evidence of
5modern dialects, Old Irish r was lenited in the following posi-
tions: initially when subject to lenition in sandhi; medially
after all consonants except l, n, s, before consonants except
d, n, t, l, s, and between vowels; in final position.
In Old Irish, unlenited R, R' was written rr when final,
10and sometimes medially before consonants. Initially it was
written r. Initial rr- represents r- geminated in sandhi.
Intervocalic and final rr represent an old geminated r, arising
(a) in compounds, (b) by syncope, or (c) by assimilation, which
resisted lenition in the early period, and survives occasionally
15in northern Irish. This germinated intervocalic or final -rr is
still so written in Modern Irish (Thurneysen, Hdb. §§ 116 - 18 ,
145 , 151 ; Ped. i 142 ; CCG § 66 ; NTS v 135 ).
In modern dialects r is usually lenited in all positions. For
examples of survival of unlenited R in northern Irish the
20monographs must be consulted. Original unlenited palatal
R' has everywhere fallen together with lenited non-palatal r
( Sommerfelt, Dialect of Torr, §§ 236 - 7 ; Ó Máille, Urlabhraidh-
eacht, § 131 ; O'Rahilly, Irish Dialects, 204 ).
Lenited non-palatal r is an ordinary trilled lingual r. The
25palatal type is discussed by Quiggin, Dialect of Donegal, § 282 .
The unlenited form, where it survives, is more tensely articu-
lated than in other European languages, and probably longer
( Hdb. § 132 ; Quiggin, Dialect of Donegal § 266 ).

ra prefix, see ro.

30 ra prep. see fri.

? rá n moving, voyaging : raa .i. imrum, O'Dav. 1370 . rai .i.
iomramh, O'Cl. rá .i. réimniughadh, no ceimniughadh, O'Cl.
An inference from ráïd rows, voyages, q.v.

adj= rán glorious (poet. word): a mmo chomdiu a ri. rú. rá,
35 LU 449 (ACC Comm., cf. RC xx 150.8 ), glossed: is rún rán ro
dlecht, 451 (an ex. of `dochned' or `díchned', i.e. syncope of
final letter of a word in verse). Cf. Eochaid Airem . . . ba
tigban dia ríge ra | la Sigmall Side Nenta, LL 131b42 . See
rán and 2 ro.

40 rábach adj o,ā. bold, dashing, unrestrained, profuse : ? mac Ard-
gail . . . rabhach, BB 53b25 . Dec[h]et in rathmoghaidh
rabach, Ériu x 88.5 . Risteárd Rábach Mac Gearailt, GJ ii
271a1 . ruathar rábach, Hackett xl 106 (glossed .i. toghail,
dána). r. ¤ ` fruitful, plentiful, luxuriant, profuse , from ráib
45 rape ' (?), P. O'C.

rabad n warning see robad.

? rabaing ind(B. na f.) atnaidh Bodhp fuasmudh din rabhaing
consernaigh inílping buí i curchan, ZCP viii 104.15 .

rabairnech adj o,ā. (mod.) lavish, free-handed : i raon rabairneach
50rachmais is ríoghachta, Hackett xx 17 , cf. xxvi 13 . As subst.:
rabairneach Choill tSalathaigh, xviii 10 . Cf. rabairne `genero-
sity, prodigality
', Dinneen.

rabán n o,m. a doggerel verse or rhyme : ramhán `a vulgar rhyme,
', P. O'C. rabhán `a rhapsody ', O'R. rabhán gnáth `a
55vulgar doggrel
', O'Gr. Cat. 392.14 (early 17th cent.). id rabhán
mhaoth, Content. xxii 21 n. ( 23 E 15, p. 185 ). ag déanamh
robhán róibhriste, O'Bruad. iii 90 . rubhán maol, D. Mac-
Carrthaigh 66.42 .

rabarta, -ch xsee robarta, -ch.

60 rabrad n warning? rabhradh ó'n éag, O'Gr. Cat. 580.12 . noímh
Erenn gan imresain | is a rabhradh beidid sin (prophecy of
birth of S. Molaise), SG 18.17 .

? 1 rac n reckoning, enumeration ? rac .i. aiream, ut est ar cia
racaiter . . . .i. ar cia airmither, O'Dav. 1395 ; perh. an infer-
65ence from the verb; see racaid.

? 2 rac n a woman : inann rac ┐ ben, ut est: an rac do cinel fēna |
is i domrad fo mēla, H. 3.18 p. 51d ( O'C. 263 ); prob.=frac,
the initial being lenited after art. and dropt.

ráca n m. (mod. Eng. loan-word) a rake (agricult. implement):
70 gach nduine dárbh arm an raca is an tsluasad, Keat. Poems
1392 . Dinneen gives raca `a rack, for pots, clothes' and ráca
`a rake'.

? racaid v reckons, counts ? ar cia racaiter tri cait . . . .i. ar cia
airmither, O'Dav. 1395 (see rac). KM takes this as=pass.
75 pl. of reccaid (q.v.), Wortk. 77 .

racairecht xsee recairecht.

1 rach n a variety of baldness (or shaving the head?), Corm. Y
1091 , defined: as e rōut na maīle ōthā ind ētan na maīle
corricci in mullach (i.e. extending from forehead to crown).