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roscadach adj o,ā. pertaining to a `roscad': Dūil Roscadach (a
85collection of aphorisms?), Corm. Y 859 ; Corm. p. 39 s.v.
roscad. isin Dūil Rosgadaig, Corm. Y 827 s.v. léos = D.
roscaid, Corm. p. 27 . cetal r. ¤ , IT iii 61 § 122 . reicne r. ¤ , 49 § 91 .
ni ba rosgadhoch díre, Ériu xiii 15.14 . one who composes
roscads: Mac Ugaine . . . Raigne roscadach, Met. Dinds. iii
196 = an fili Roighne Rosccadach, Leb. Gab. i 276.27 .
5 Roighen rosgadhach, Ériu xiii 15.28 .

roscaid vb. eisiom ag seinm . . . na cruite . . . go rosgad
m'anmain asam, Ériu iv 50 § 5 (late text, early 17th cent.?);
cf. truadh an gnímh, granda an bloscadh, | dorigne riú dia
roscadh `to excite them', Misc. Celt. Soc. 72.20 (from Lecan)
10= bloscaid . . . roscaib, LL 210b2 . O'R. gives: rosgaim `I
dilute, enhance '; rusgaim `I strip, . . . gall, chafe, . . . strike
vehemently
'.

? roschullach: ind roschaullach ingine moíle `a brainless tartar of
a girl
', Triads 114 (rosc cailleach v.l.); in the Gloss. Meyer
15interprets as ros-chullach a stallion ; the first component may
be a deriv. of A.S. hros, O.N. hross `horse', cf. rosualt and
see Wortk. 82 .

rosecda adj io,iā. made from roses : uisgi rosicda , Rosa Ang.
146.13 , ib. 23 .

20 rosechad n m. invalidity, worthlessness ? roach .i. rosechad
fiadan nó rosechad briathar . . . Sech .i. esbach, O'Dav. 1338
(`utter futility', Stokes) = rofechad, Laws iii 6.31 . See roach.

? roselt: ind ard a n-alladh . . . roselt lenn donn, | rosiacht co
Drong | ocus turu, Arch. iii 296 § 36 (of the Fir Arddae). See
25 Met. Dinds. v 293 , s.v. selt.

rosir, -e xsee roisir and roisre.

róssaid xsee róstaid.

? rossair subst. neut. ruc Cruithne mac Ciṅge a mná úadib |
rossair ṅdírech, LL 134a48 = rossar nd. `it is directly stated',
30 Todd. Nenn. 244 (for transl. cf. rosar `an evidence', O'R.).

rossal xsee rosualt.

rostae adj io,iā. pertaining to a rose : gl. rosarium, Sg. 35b2 (taken
by glossator as adj.).

róstaid v ā, and róssaid (late Rom. loan-word) roasts, grills :
35 ní rósann . . . an ní do ghabh sé lé fíadhach, Prov. xii 27 . in
tan rostir ┐ loisgthir hé, Aisl. Tund. xiv 4 . d'ieronn na
greidle ar ar rōssadh . . . ē, Fl. Earls 194.23 . Vn. róstad . . . a
féola doníd ar chlochaib, Maund. 49 . arán geal ar na róstad
toasted bread , C IV 2, 28rb19 . corp S. Laurāis ierna rōssadh
40for greidil, Fl. Earls 194.20 .

rostan n(ros, rós; for suffix see Ped. i 80 , ii 14 ; Marstrander, Une
Correspondance Germano-celtique, Kristiania 1924), a rose-
plantation : gl. rosetum, Sg. 53a4 .

rosualt n m. (O.N. hrosshualr, cf. AS hros-whael `walrus', see
45Meyer, Wortk. 82 , and Marstrander, Bidrag 131 ) name of a
sea-monster, called also `rochuad': rosualt .i. ainm do beist
bís isind airci, LU 831 ( ACC 60 Comm. ). muir-iasc mór . . .
dianid ainm rosualt, Met. Dinds. iii 428.27 , cf. Dinds. 76 ( RC
xv 476 ) and LL 167b47 (Dinds. of Mag Murisci). legais rúna
50rosualt, LL 168a5 (see rochuad). n p. atraachtatar a róin ┐
rossail . . . ┐ ilríana in mara, CRR 10 = LL 172b10 rossáil,
facs.). O'Cl. s.v. rochúaid gives the forms ruasuall, g s. rosuaill.
See rochuad and rasmoel.

rot o,ā. adj. of uncertain meaning confined chiefly to poet.
55and heroic lit., not always easy to distinguish from 1 ród and
apparently meaning much the same, strong, impetuous,
spirited or someth. similar.
Commonly of persons: rí rot `daring', Met. Dinds. ii 54.5 ,
cf. ZCP viii 266 § 29 (: argot). in milid rod ro-tren, Aen. 1769 .
60 Mog Ruith . . . fa rod fích `terrible in anger', Ériu iv 228.1 .
Conc[h]obur Rot, ZCP viii 326.21 . Conan Rod, MR 76.18 ,
78.22 ( FDG 693 , 720 ), distinguished from Conan Ruad, MR 78.21 .
in rod-clárach, Caithr. Toirdh., 16.17 . ríogha roda reacht-
mhara, ML 136.31 . Of. animals: each rot ro-mer, TTebe
65 2815 . ech rott, CCath. 4624 . seabhaic roda, ruadha, BNnÉ
99 § 10 . Of abstracts, natural objects, etc.: réim rot `fierce
onset
', Met. Dinds. iii 142 (: comruc). rot a ṅgal, LL 150b31 .
mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain (i.e. the course to Hell), ZCP
vi 265.5 (: loc-sain). gal ┐ gaisgidh rod ro-rebach, Aen. 2038 .
70 a chalann rúathurach rodd IGT Dec. ex. 414 . sruth rod
ro-utmald, RC xi 130.16 . pláigh . . . reachtmar rod `red' (?),
Gleanings 15 § 8 (: namhod). Macha . . . cell cech ratha ruit
`of every swift (?) grace', KMMisc. 264 § 23 (: cluic). ruithis co
rot in gabair fon sluag, Hib. Min. 70 § 1 (Rawl.); `too far',
75Meyer (taking as = ro-fhot).
Compd. doberedh rod-bhuilli dimor de fa cheann an ḟir
`mighty shot', CF 395 . Domnall dian-rod-crechach, Caithr.
Toirdh. 15.14 . dá tuath-rod-rébadh `to wreck their tuatha',
17.7 .

80 1 rót n o,m. (< AS rád acc. to Zimmer Kelt. Beitr. .i. cf. W.
rhawd, Ped. i 21 ), occas. rout, root. d s. rout, LL 316c12 . n p.
róit; ?rota, IT i 100.11 ( LL 112b31 , perh. n s. rota ` bog-
stuff ').
a p. rótu, Fél. Prol. 29 . ? g p. róot, LU 8633 ( FB 47 ). ród
85 rád m. (n p. róid, róide, a p. róda, róide), IGT Dec. § 88 .
A road, highway : rōut .i. ro-ṡét .i. mō oldās sēt . . . Rōut .i.
da cubat [= cuat] carpat ┐ dā ō[ e]nechdae imme. Dorōnath
fri hechroeta nō frī hecraite mennota, Corm. Y 1082 ; appar.
the `rót' came between a `sét' or path, track and a `rámat' and
admitted of a chariot being driven on it with a mounted
5horseman on either side. It has fences or dykes: ramat .i.
mor; rot, .i. bec, .i. ima mbi clad, Laws i 232.17 Comm. crich
son incoisce rod righ no tuaithe, no rod ímfeagna [= imfedna], iv 144.13 Comm.
cach rot ríadas do charpat-su, FB 34 . segda
cairptech docing rot, SC 37 (: óc). na fail . . . lia for tilaig nā
10chend-róit nā sliged bar crīg Breg . . . nach lán d'á ṅgraigib
head of a road, road-end (?), CRR 28 . slighe shocair . . . ┐ ród
cobhsaidh coimhreidh, tresna sleibhtiph, BNnÉ 227.6 . mōir-
thimchiol in prīmh-róitt, Fl. Earls 40.16 . pl. róit romra the
ocean-roads, sea-tracks
, LL 17a46 . fada na róide gu Róimh,
15 IGT Dec. ex. 1631 . ? fri . . . fidbotha ┐ róitiu, Anecd. iii
23.7 . ránic mór rót traversed many roads , Met. Dinds. iii
242.11 . for ródaibh raoín-ndírghe na Midhe, FM vi 1920.18 .
In loose sense: rōut na māile ōthā ind ētan . . . corricci in
mullach (i.e. patch, extent of baldness ), Corm. Y 1091 . Fig.
20 ród imais (of the r. Boyne), Anecd. ii 2.7 . ród na haithrighe,
TSh. 9294 . Cf. rád (: atát), Trip.² 1320 ( KM. Wortk., 79 . see
2 ruibne below).
Compds. ¤ bruiden road-hostel, caravansary : ? (fig.) go tī a
purt bhfind | na hēg-bethad rim rōtbruithean, Arch. iii 235.3 .
25 ¤ gabál a road-tax, toll ? ro bói rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for
Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . In the compds. rót-bla, Met. Dinds.
ii 26.5 and rótblad rígrátha, iii 410.8 Gwynn explains rót as
ró-ḟot, `far-extending'; but cf. `sa rāith rōtgloin os Breagmaigh
`mit glänzenden Pfaden', Sitzungsb. der preuss. Akad. 1919,
30v 92 § 16 ; in poetry the roads approaching a fort or residence
are freq. emphasized as a mark of its importance.