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rothmol n o,m. (compd. of roth and mol), also later in the
corrupt forms rothmual (acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 100 a confla-
tion of rothmol and roth buale, in acc. generally r. ¤ mbuale)
70and rothnuall.
(a) literally the wheel of a water-mill (roth being the hori-
zontal wheel, mol the vertical shaft: amal bis rothmol for
luth | tria bithu for bith-imputh, SR 199 (describing rotation
of the seventh heaven).
75(b) a rapid whirling movement, gyration , ascribed in Irish
heroic saga to warriors, esp. Cuchulainn (to whom all follg.
exx. from TBC refer), when labouring under intense excite-
ment; see Zimmer ZCP i 81 fg . and cf. the rotatory feats of
the animals in the Imram Maíle Dúin ch. viii ( RC ix 470 ,
80 Anecd. i 55 § 40 , § 41 ). Later the literal sense was lost sight
of, and the word was used (always with the adj. corcorda,
corcra and in the same stereotyped phrase) as a conventional
description of a state of anger or excitement. doringni
rothmol corcarda de o mulluch co talmain, TBC 1256 , cf.
85 1370 (rothmól) = rothnuall, St. dorigni rothmúal corcra
o mulluch co talmain, TBC² 1842 ( LU 6356 ) = rothnúall
TBC 2496 , St., H. 2.17 , rothmhael, Eg. 93 . dorindeadh
rothnuall corcra de [o bhonn go bathis], IT ii2 129.187 . ITS
i 150.16 (rothnúaill), 86.23 (rónuaill). dorónadh rothnúall
corcra óa bhonn góa bherradh dhe (of S. Molaise), Ériu v
576.22 . dorinnedh rothnúall corcra di o bonn goa bathais (of
S. Lasair), 105.4 . See also TD 4.2 ; 8.25 .
(c) a scrimmage, mêlée or massacre ? bid Mag Rath o'n
rothmal-sa `it shall be called M.R. from this prosperous
battle
' (?), MR 174.9 (prob. a play on words roth and rath).
10(d) in form rothnuall, the name of a bardic metre of which
there were several varieties: rothnuall bairdni, IT iii 23.15 ;
91 § 131 . rathnuall bairdne, 14 § 32 , 44 § 58 , 91 § 130 . rath-
nuaill, 91 § 128 , § 129 . See ib. p. 141 .

rothmual xsee rothmol.

15 rothnuall xsee rothmol.

? rothre ind(g p.) ro-īr dam . . . tricha ech, tricha rothre ron-
ērbrad fri hechraidi ndam, Ériu ii 28.34 .

ro-ucc xsee beirid.

rous xsee rús.

20 1 rout n o,m. (orig. n. ?) (< ro-ḟot? cf. roḟut. TBC 747 below) orig.
disyll.: roüt: foät, ZCP viii 196.20 ; g s. roït, Hy. v 72 ; d s.
roüt, RC xvii 159.16 .
The strict meaning is perhaps a distance or length ; folld. by a
defining gen. rout (n-)urchair the length of a cast or throw = a
25cast, throw
(of a missile of any kind). Cf. TBC² 630 quoted
below. ro gab Cú Ch. . . . a ṡleg . . . ┐ tarlaic rout n-urchair
uad di, CRR 51 . focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, TBC
1024 ; cf. 1270 , 3944 , (roḟut n-urchair) 747 , (rót n-u.) 1992 ,
4454 , (roth n-u.) 675 , (rot n-u.) Acall. 4432 n. , 4904 n. , (rod
30n-u.) 4802 n. , goro la rot ro-urcuir di, CCath. 5601 . tug C.
root n-urchuir don Mhórrighain, Cóir Anm. 149 . no léicthe
láthir laích dó . . . co mbid rót n-urchura úad cen nech día
naimtib fair so that there was a spear's throw [of ground] about
him without any enemy on it
, TTr.² 1426 . As advbl. acc.:
35 focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad, LL 248b17 ( TBFr. 51 ,
cf. ZCP iv 34.8 ); LL 250b4 ( TBFr. 234 ). srēithi in n-id . . . rout
[róut LU] a lāma isin n-abaind the length of his arm (i.e. as far
as he could) into the river
, TBC² 630 .
Hence absol. a throw, cast : nír imthige fri roth ná rout (i.e.
40do not compete in running with a chariot or a cast), Tec.
Corm. § 19.9 . focress i mmuir fut roït, Hy. v 72 , glossed .i.
fut erchora, Thes. ii 345.13 . bíait Cíanacht[a] i fout, | ní bat
foicsiu do roüt (= they will not be within reach of missiles? ),
RC xvii 159.16 (Tig.) = FM i 214.6 . ród súla Miodhair .i. an
45t-urchar tugadh ar shúil Mhiodhair, O'Cl. See Herm. xiv 473 .

2 rout, xsee 1 rót.

1 rú n red colour, a red dye plant ? corcair . . . ┐ ruu ┐ snáth
dearg ┐ glas, BR 218.20 . ruu is corcair 222 z = ru, BB 279b1 . in
t-arbar ┐ in ru, Laws v 362.12 Comm. ( a dye-plant? ). Hogan
50Luibhl. gives: rú `yellow lady's bedstraw'; perh. the madder
belonging to the same family and used for red dye may be
meant above. Fig. enechruice .i. . . . enech ru cian .i. cian co
ticc ru enech de .i. imdergad a blush, shame (?), H. 3. 18 p. 381a
( O'C. 832 ). See Marstrander, Bidrag 29 . See 2 roid.

55 2 rú npoetic form of rún a secret ? rú .i. rún, O'Cl. a mmo
chomdiu a ri .rú. rá (.i. rún .i. rathmar), LU 449 , expld. is
rún rán ro dlecht, 451 (ACC Introd., cf. RC xx 150.8 ). a rú co
crích nír cuired `her purpose was not brought to completion',
Met. Dinds. iii 56 . ? Aodh Ó Domhnaill sultmhar rú, Content.
60 xxvii 19.39 .

rúa nin compd. senrua an old person ? ni fó degblad co nirt núa |
atá mac Senbath senrúa, LU 1253 . tōeb frisin cocad núa, | ní
ḟulaiṅg in senrūa, RC xiii 397 . Of a woman: Cámha gan mac
is gan húa | dorála conadh senrúa, Acall. 46 . Cf. the fictive
65 npr. m. maic Rua Rofesai, Anecd. ii 47.19 (Ruaidh v.l.) = m.
Ruaid Rofesa, 48.10 , where Rua if not a mistake, seems a
bye-form of ruad.

rúac (ruaic) n ā,f. rúag f., IGT Dec. § 39.13 . rúaig f., § 42.8 .
(a) A rush, dash; gen. in hostile sense, an onset, attack: tri chét
70. . . dorochair leis sin n-oenrúaic, LL 205b15 . triur do bhrisedh
gach aon ruaig, IT ii2 145.598 . ro impadar . . . do tabairt
ruaca dhoibh, ┐ ni ro foemad uatha in ruaic, ALC i 216.19 .
gach ain fer do bered air, do rinn ruaga, Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 .
Garb rige na rúac rot `of the bold raids', Met. Dinds. iv 204 .
75 an mac righ sin na ruag te, Ir. Texts ii p. 43 § 26 . seabhac na
ruag, Hackett xxxix 108 . Without hostile sense: ag dol dó
'na rúaig fán ccrannaigh, BNnÉ 138 vii 9 , cf. 139.42 . gluaisim
don ruaig sin im sháir-rioth | go hEochaill, Keat. Poems 453 .
(b) Esp. a rout , in ruac i mMaig Adar . . . ria n-óa Lachlaind,
80 LL 183b11 ( Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 66 ). do chuir N. an ruaig . . .
orrtha put them to flight , IT ii2 142.515 . tugais na Gulla fa
ruaig, Cog. 80.8 . a Úa Gofraid nar gab ruaic who suffered not
aefeat
, Ir. Texts ii p. 44 § 29 . a frithguin na ruaga, AU iii
436.14 . ag leanmhain na ruaige, Keat. ii 1480 . ba réidh gach
85ro-choill do na ruaghaibh the fugitives , ML 142.12 .
(c) fig. a course, career : lé hógaibh . . . ag breith a ruag
reabhraidh, TSh. 523 . damh is dual a ruaig do ríomhadh
to recount his career , Hackett xxxix 7 . Cf. an fersa gabhait
na ruaig `which the mighty recite', BNnÉ 170.17 .
Compds. n ruagchath a battle-onslaught , TSh. 3129 . ¤ mer: ad
5rigda ruaigmhera ba[r] riga `furiously routing', Aen. 2455 .