Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


rúad adj o,ā. (a) lit. red, of a brownish or dark red (opp. to derg =
45bright red), oft. of blood-stains (opp. to fland, the colour of
freshly shed blood). atchiu forderg forro, atchiu ruad, TBC
224 . crú rúad, SC 37 ( LU 3815 ). rinni ruada (a p.), SC 15 ( LU
3363 ). dobo ruadh colc don coinne, Ir. Texts ii 21 § 38 .
tulcha ruada (in Hell), IT i 190.25 ( FA 30 LB). ro ba lis
50ballach breic-derg in lis-so . . . cid rāith ruad aniu, Acall.
2739 (of russet hue of faded vegetation). folt dond ┐ ulcha
fota ruad, PH 3093 . tlacht ní thig cen rúad `polish comes not
without a dye
', Met. Dinds. iii 54 (quoted by O'Cl. s.v. ruadh
with gl. .i. rúamann). linn ruad red humour, choler , Rosa Ang.
55 306.11 . dragún . . . ruadh (= draco rufus), TSh. 7854 . aran
ruadh brown bread , (RIA) 23 P 10 ³, 19a9 . (Equative) cethrar
. . . ruadaigthir druímnín derg-oir, ZCP xiii 256.25 .
Freq. as sobriquet = red-haired , and in place-names. Muir
Ruad the Red Sea (later Mid.Ir. = O.I. muir robur); cf. Muir
60Romuir ruad, SR 4021 . tria Muir Ruad, PH 1712 . go nuige
an Mhuir Rúaidh, Joshua xxiv 6 ; Exod. xiii 18 .
(b) fig. in poetry and rhetorical style, strong, mighty, formid-
able : ruadh .i. trēn no lāidir, O'Cl. do mac Mugair, don rúad
ro gab in ríge, LL 44a28 . Nabcodon rúad roglach, Fél. Prol.
6594 . in rúad ruirech `the fierce captain', Met. Dinds. iv 74 . cen
rurig ruag, AU 918 = ruadh, FM ii 594.25 . ro gab ríge
rúad, SR 5545 . is mór do muir is do thír | . . . don ruide rúaid
adventurous (difficult, dangerous) journey (?), Met. Dinds. iii
120 (glossed: ro-uidhe laechda no laidir). railge rúada ro-
70móra `sturdy oaks', CRR 34 . sruth ruadh robarta, ZCP vi
94.22 . gusan sáile searbh-ruadh, Content. xxviii 20 . ré
gaoith ruaidh, TSh. 9133 : cf. ruadh-ghaoith, Keat. Poems
380 . sileadh deór rúadh bitter tears , IGT Dec. ex. 1081 . Prob.
in the alleg. npr. m.: maic Ruaid Ro-fesa, Anecd. ii 48.10 .
75Freq. in unstable compds. in sensesadj (a) of colour: fer ruad-
brec, BB 427b22 , cf. breac-ruadh, ib. 9 . ¤ chend: tri ruadchind
Laigen, Rawl. 136a31 . na tri ruadchind, LL 166b41 . ¤ derg,
TBC 5410 . ¤ fuil: buinne ruadh-fhola, CCath. 2032 . ¤ mael:
bachlaich . . . ruadmáela, Acall. 3796 (`foxy and bald', O'Gr.).
80In sense bloody: co rruadchathaib, LL 23a14 . ¤ rind: bás
obunn do ruaidh-rinne, Acall. 1851 . ruaidhrinn .i. reanna
dearga no fáobhair dhearga, O'Cl. ¤ rinnech, TBC 3987
(epithet of a warrior). LU 10405 . Magh R. ruadrindach of
the red spears
, BCC 372.24 . ¤ rucce `red shame', TBC 4538 ;
85for explanation of word which implies sense (b) also, see 4536 .
(b) strong, mighty : ruadhbuinne robhurta, CCath. 308 , cf. 1217 ,
2839 , TSh. 2078 . ruadhchath ro-mór a great and strong bat-
talion
, RC xviii 301.16 . rúad-daire ro-mór, CRR 34 . rúad-
gním, LL 183b31 ( Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 8 ).

rúadaid v ā. makes (brownish) red, reddens: damsam rí-sea
5ruadas chrú, LL 307b26 = dámhsa rí-si ruadhus cru `were I a
king who sheds blood
', TFrag. 82 . a s[h]īl Arailt rūadhus rand,
ZCP viii 229 § 3 . vn. tāncatar mic Mīled . . . dia ruadad (= to
shed their blood
), ZCP xiii 364.1 = ruadath, LL 11a14 ;
ruamadh, Leb. Gab. i 176.10 .

10 rúadaigid v i. = ruadaid; vn. coirci arna ruadhugad (= parched
oats
), Rosa Ang. 158 y (= Lat. torrefacta).

rúadán n o,m. (dim. of ruad) name given to someth. of a reddish-
brown colour. (a) some kind of grain : rūadān `buck-wheat'
(one of the eight species of grain), Aisl. MC 99.5 . ruadhan .i.
15cruithnecht ruadh .i. mael-cruithnecht, O'Dav. 1369 . ?iubaíle
marc o dilsi ech ruadhain `from the forfeiture of horses' rye (?)'
( of Ruadán's horses ?), 1217 . (b) someth. made of lard? crislach
. . . do ruadhan [bloingi toirc], Tromdh. Guaire 314 ( Ir. Med.
and Mod. Series ii ).
20 Cf. the npr. m. Ruadán (prob. = `red-haired man'): Ródan,
Fél. Apr. 15 = Rūadān, Gorm.

rúadrasach adj o,ā. derg-dásachtach ┐ ruadhrasach ` delirious ',
O'Gr. Cat. 269.14 (med. text, 16th cent. MS.).

rúag (ruaig) xsee rúac.

25 rúagaire n m. (late) a rogue, wanderer, vagabond : pl. rúagai-
readha, Jerem. xlviii 12 . ré daoinibh diomhaoineacha no ré
ruagairibh, Carswell 47 . rógaire, ruagaire, Dinneen .

rúaide n iā,f. redness: a surnd tened co rrōdi, Hy. i 29 F = co
ruadi T. co rūaide nō derge, Corm. Y 712 . ruaidi ┐ dergi,
30 Auraic. 1811 . See ródae.

rúaim xsee rúam.

rúaimnech n ā,f. a long hair (esp. horsehair); a fishing-line:
ruaimnech dubain, gl. cetus (a whale?), Ir. Gl. 428 . cona
dubán . . . cona rūaimnig . . . ass, Aisl. MC 91.18 = cona
35riamnaigh, 122.2 . maigri . . . do len rúaimnigh cais círdhuibh,
IGT. Dec. ex. 676 . garmain . . . gan ruaimneacha looms
without threads
, O'Bruad. iii 178.4 . Cf. ruaimne `a long hair,
a fishing line
', P.O'C. See ruainne.

rúaimnid xsee ruamnaid.

40 rúainín n m. (dim. of rúainne) a fine (short) hair: r. ¤ róin, Keat.
Poems 320 .

rúainne n io,m. (singulative of rón, Ped. ii 57 ) rúainne róinne
m., IGT Dec. § 2.10 . A hair : ruaindi nō fuiltin, gl. pilus,
Ir. Gl. 463 . go ndath óir . . . ar gach ruain[n]i, RC xxix
45120.3 . for barr cech oen ruainne don f[h]ult, FDG 141 .
ruaidhne dá ḟolt, CF 410 Eg. ruainne do ghruaig bhar
gcinn, Luke xxi 18 . pl. lía iná rúainne . . . re n-áireamh,
IGT Dec. ex. 126 . Of animals: le ruaindi d'folt eich, Rosa
Angl. 208.13 . do chlumh ēun . . . ní bhfuighdís aon ruainne
50 feather , Oss. iii 216.20 . A thread, fibre : a n-agaidh an ruainde
da fuil ad' brat, BCC 358.15 . gan ruainne ar a mbuidhin . . .
acht bruit without a stitch (of clothing ), E. O'Rahilly² xx 7 .
Of a hair-bit or bridle: sar-chuimrech for eochu (.i. ruainne
im a fiacail), Laws i 168.4 , 174.9 , cf. v 478.17 (roinde). A
55 fishing-line : ro chuir ruainne ┐ dubán ar an slait, Tor.
Dhiarm. 80.2 .
See róinne.

1 rúainnech n o,m. hair (coll.): ruaineach, O'Gr. Cat. 190.25 (of
eye-lashes). cuirp mar ruainneach (= veluti capilli), 23 K 42,
60 61.21 . ruainneach bhar gcinn (= capilli), TSh. 7306 . do
rúaidhneach chámhall, Matth. iii 4 . See róinnech.

2 rúainnech adj o,ā. hairy, made of hair : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh,
O'Dav. 338 (perh. g s. of 1 ruainnech).

rúaisne xsee roisne.

65 1 rúam n ā,f. perh. a variant form of róm (róim) < Lat. Roma,
and used in same senses; in ZCP iv 577 - 8 the derivation ro-
úam `a great hole (cave)' is suggested. rūam quasi rōm a
Roma(e) , Corm. Y 1090 .
(a) as n.l. Rome: i Ruaim, Fél.² Mar. 4 = hir Róim,
70Fél. cathair . . . samail re Rūaim Letha, ZCP x 53.26 .
hi rRúaim Letha, Ériu ii 192.5 , cf. ib. 11 (but: abb Rómae,
ib. 12 ).
(b) a monastic settlement or `city': rúam iarthair betha (of
Glendalough), Fél. Prol. 195 (ruaim, roim v.ll.). ruaim coit-
75chenn do Ghaidhelaib (of Daiminis), 206.31 . tír i fail do
rúaim (said to St. Brigid of Leinster), LL 50a32 ( Hail Brigit
§ 26 ). dā chomurtha . . . | ac Lainn sech cach rūaim . . . |
muilenn cerr fri comblethad | ocus brat im a bachaill, BColm.
96.17 (distinguishing features of the monastery of Lann). pl.
80 ind locáin . . . it rúama co ndálaib monasteries with assemblies ,
Fél. Prol. 211 . ticfat tailcind, conutsat [v.l. conucsat] rúama,
noifit cella, Trip.², 346 .
(c) a burial-place, cemetery : Babilón a rrúam-som, Fél.
Oct. 28 (of SS. Simon and Thaddaeus or Jude, acc. to tradi-
85tion buried at Babylon). an tAodh isin úir, an rí isin ruaimh,
FM i 334.8 , see Bruchst. i § 99 . ēg in righ 'na ruaimh ar lár,
BB 59b7 . is railecc ríg a rúam rán, Met. Dinds. iii 2 (of
Carmun).
(d) of a gathering-place, capital centre or fort, etc.: ainm
doróega sech rúama, Met. Dinds. i 28 (of Tara).