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65 1 rúam n ā,f. perh. a variant form of róm (róim) < Lat. Roma,
and used in same senses; in ZCP iv 577 - 8 the derivation ro-
úam `a great hole (cave)' is suggested. rūam quasi rōm a
Roma(e) , Corm. Y 1090 .
(a) as n.l. Rome: i Ruaim, Fél.² Mar. 4 = hir Róim,
70Fél. cathair . . . samail re Rūaim Letha, ZCP x 53.26 .
hi rRúaim Letha, Ériu ii 192.5 , cf. ib. 11 (but: abb Rómae,
ib. 12 ).
(b) a monastic settlement or `city': rúam iarthair betha (of
Glendalough), Fél. Prol. 195 (ruaim, roim v.ll.). ruaim coit-
75chenn do Ghaidhelaib (of Daiminis), 206.31 . tír i fail do
rúaim (said to St. Brigid of Leinster), LL 50a32 ( Hail Brigit
§ 26 ). dā chomurtha . . . | ac Lainn sech cach rūaim . . . |
muilenn cerr fri comblethad | ocus brat im a bachaill, BColm.
96.17 (distinguishing features of the monastery of Lann). pl.
80 ind locáin . . . it rúama co ndálaib monasteries with assemblies ,
Fél. Prol. 211 . ticfat tailcind, conutsat [v.l. conucsat] rúama,
noifit cella, Trip.², 346 .
(c) a burial-place, cemetery : Babilón a rrúam-som, Fél.
Oct. 28 (of SS. Simon and Thaddaeus or Jude, acc. to tradi-
85tion buried at Babylon). an tAodh isin úir, an rí isin ruaimh,
FM i 334.8 , see Bruchst. i § 99 . ēg in righ 'na ruaimh ar lár,
BB 59b7 . is railecc ríg a rúam rán, Met. Dinds. iii 2 (of
Carmun).
(d) of a gathering-place, capital centre or fort, etc.: ainm
doróega sech rúama, Met. Dinds. i 28 (of Tara).

5 ? 2 rúam n[f.] fame, glory ? ro fess ruam, ro fess seiss `his fame
was known
' (of Colum C.), ACC 44 ( RC xx 178 ) = rúaim, LU
746 (with gl. .i. rofes roim a hadnaicthe nó rofes ic Róim a
ecna-som); Atkinson in LHy. renders grave. ? adamra ind rig
na ruam rath, | nimtha luad ara n-ilar, SR 7289 ; cf. tainic
10rath . . . orm o righ na ruaime, Anecd. ii 20 § 1 (poem ascribed
to S. Moling). As epithet: forsind ríg ruam, for Saúl, SR 6094 .
? suan co sluagrath | ruam co rigrath, IT iii 76 § 41 ( BB
288a44 , 290a44 ) = ruan co rigdath, H.

? 3 rúam n a spade : rúam ┐ bacc ria aiss, LL 159b29 (Dinds. of
15Mag Raigne) = ráma, RC xv 434.43 . A mistake for ráma?
cf. dia baicc ┐ dia ramaind, LL 159b35 (same text); but O'R.
gives: ruamh `a spade'; cf. rúamar.

4 rúam n red dye or colouring matter : ruam .i. luss dosber
dath no cucht in faciem cu mbi derg, Corm. p. 39 = rūain,
20 Corm. Y 1094 . mād rūam in bruit `red dye', Cáin Ad. 52 . Cf.
the npr. m. Tipraiti mac Ruamlusa, AU i 332.11 ; the same
person is called Ruamnus at 284.4 (the same discrepancy
occurs between FM i 462.9 and 404.10 ). See rúan.

rúamach o,ā. adj. of uncertain meaning. (a) from 1 ruam?
25 Carthach rígdae rúamach ` city-possessing ', Fél. Mar. 5 .
Romula rúamach `Roman (?)', July 20 . Sistán epscop rúamach
`Roman', Aug. 6 ; glossed in LB in two latter exx. by catharda
belonging to (possessing) a monastery '; under Mar. 5 .i. do
Roim ro foid Ciaran he Ciarán sent him to Rome.
30(b) os róen rúamach ré, LU 4325 (: sluagach) = LL 145b45 ,
( SG 84.40 ). barcc rēil ro-hētrocht rúamach ruad, Auraic.,
5107 ( LL 37b13 ), cf. Auraic. 5138 .

rúamaid v ā (cf. 4 ruam) reddens, colours red : cethair . . . rú-
amdais gail `that did red deeds of valour', Met. Dinds. iv 284 .
35 vn. tangatar Meic Miledh, | rangatar dia ruamadh , Leb.
Gab. i 176.10 = ruadad, ZCP xiii 364.1 (see rúadaid).

rúaman n an incursion, raid ? is 'na aimsir dorondad sluaiged
┐ ruaman fogla ar tus i nErinn, Lec. 359b42 . do chonnairc
rúamanna na ro-fheirge ina ghnúis `flushings', Ériu v 180.299 .
40 gan techt ina ruamannuibh roretha (of deer), Acall. 910
( rushes, dashes ?).

rúamanta adj io,iā. reddened, red : gai . . . la foga . . . for crannaib
roiss rúamantai, LU 10228 ( IT i 310.29 ) = ruamanndai,
ZCP iii 233.13 . ro ba ruisti rúamanta L. ón chomhrag, Cóir
45An. 199 . dumada . . . do collaip ruste ruamanta reddened
corpses
, CCath. 2851 . ba ruisti ruamanta ruisc an rig sin can
codlad, TTebe 1094 , cf. 902 . dá rás-tharbh ruamanta `in-
furiated
', MR 298.18 . suile ruamanna (a disease of animals),
Laws iii 6.2 Comm. cethruimthi diri cneidhi cacha ruib
50ruamanda, iii 362.3 (transld. `ruminating'). Of poetic lang.
coloured , i.e. cryptic: a mberla forteidi .i. fordorcha no ru-
amanta inna filideachta, Auraic. 1324 .

rúamantacht n ā,f. redness, flush : ro badur a shuili ar merlasudh
. . . le ruamanntacht na ro-fergi, ZCP vi 278.28 . ar bhfás . . .
55ruamannachta ina ríogh-gnúisibh, Ir. Monthly 1929 p. 368
(prose). Cf. Ériu v 180.299 quoted under rúaman.

rúamar n o,m. also rómar the act (occupation) of digging: rú-
amhar rómhar, IGT Dec. § 17.20 . ráma oc ro-rúamur, Met.
Dinds. iii 198 . ro lotted mo both ┐ mo bró ┐ mo rúamór ┐
60m'eclas `spade', RC xiii 82.2 ( LL 303b5 ); perh. tillage, garden-
plot . as ruamhar fognídh día mhancaibh his monks were
accustomed to use the spade
(having no ploughs), BNnÉ 294 § 18 .
do romhar ceapcha, 163 § 30 . co bfacatar aen-nd[u]ine ic
romhur ┐ fec . . . ina laimh, RC xiv 50 § 61 . romhur domhnuigh
65 digging on Sunday, ib. romhar do dhéanamh (= fodere), TSh.
7547 . romhar do dhénamh, Luke xvi 3 .

rúamda io,iā. adj. of uncertain meaning: la Carissim rígdai |
asa rúamdae relic `whose graveyard is Roman' (?), Fél. Apr. 16 ;
glossed in LB ( Fél.² lxxi ) and Thr. Ir. Gloss. 131 by `catharda
70nó uasal'. tond mairnech math-rúamdae, FB 52 ( LU 8684 ).
attib . . . dig don rodub rúamda `dark, ruddy liquor', Met.
Dinds. iii 220 . O'R. gives: ruamhdha `very great, magnificent'.

rúamgal (-gail) n[f.] some kind of creaking or rumbling noise ?
o'tcualadar ruamghail na roth ` rumbling ', CCath. 1833
75(rumghal v.l.).

rúamna and romna (rómna?) n name of some colour or colour-
ing matter, a reddish, crimson (?) or russet hue: romna aīs .i. līas
┐ buideta the hue of age , Corm. Y 1101 = ruamni, LB. romnae,
Bodl. romna ais .i. buidhe ┐ léithe, O'Cl. romna n-aeís, Rawl.
80 112b21 (acc.) tug datha for etaige . . . .i. rúamna dearga ┐
corcra, LL 16b23 ( M. and C. iii 88 ). romna .i. dath . . . romna
righ . . . .i. dath for étach in righ .i. corcair, O'Dav. 1380 .
romna rossa `reddening a countenance' (by satire), RC xxvi 22
§ 55 (ruamna, romnad v.ll.). dobhēradh d'ēicsibh uado | ar
85omhan rūamna rosa (= for fear of being satirized). Sitzungsb.
d. Preuss. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . ruamna dreach .i. sug in rois
doní ruamna na ndrech, Auraic. 5645 (kenning for `ruis', the
elder-tree, in Ogham the letter R). ruamna ruice ruis .i.
trom, 1193 (the elder). tresim ruamna .i. straif . . . ar isin
straif is tresiu ruamna ic dathadh na raet, 5563 . fri ruamna
5rús `the reddening of his face', Laws iv 348 y Comm. fuche
[= fuiche] a fuco .i. ón ruamnae .i. ara minco [= minci,
meinci] imdergtair, O'Mulc. 551 . rūamna gormga red gleam
of dark blue spears
, Bruchst. i § 26 ( IT iii 13 § 25 ). and
dogníth rúamna dia thríath `there was caused bloodshed', Met.
10Dinds. ii 22 . ruamna gais, iii 450 (see v 139 ), cf. dā hūa
Roäich rūamna gass, ZCP viii 217 § 10 . rí rúamna buden
who reddens troops (with blood )? LU 3743 ( SC 34 ). Buti co
rath rúamnai cloth `with grace of fame', Death-tales 20.13
(lit. of colouring i.e. blazoning fame? ). romna roiscne (.i.
15fordorchad indsce), Anecd. v 26.6 . nip rannaire rúamnae góe
let him not deal out coloured (specious) falsehood , ZCP xi 83 § 30 .
In cheville: dia ros-fuc, ruamna cen lén, | dar sruth n-uarda
nIordanen, SR 7339 . As sobriquet: Lughaidh Rúamna . . .
ro ba ruiste rúamanta L. ón chomhrag, Cóir An. 199 . ? As
20 adj. pred.: as ruaimne in ruici do M. a dā fer dēc do mharbadh,
TBC p. 647 n. 4 (St.) = is rúad in rucce, TBC 4536 .