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rúamna and romna (rómna?) n name of some colour or colour-
ing matter, a reddish, crimson (?) or russet hue: romna aīs .i. līas
┐ buideta the hue of age , Corm. Y 1101 = ruamni, LB. romnae,
Bodl. romna ais .i. buidhe ┐ léithe, O'Cl. romna n-aeís, Rawl.
80 112b21 (acc.) tug datha for etaige . . . .i. rúamna dearga ┐
corcra, LL 16b23 ( M. and C. iii 88 ). romna .i. dath . . . romna
righ . . . .i. dath for étach in righ .i. corcair, O'Dav. 1380 .
romna rossa `reddening a countenance' (by satire), RC xxvi 22
§ 55 (ruamna, romnad v.ll.). dobhēradh d'ēicsibh uado | ar
85omhan rūamna rosa (= for fear of being satirized). Sitzungsb.
d. Preuss. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . ruamna dreach .i. sug in rois
doní ruamna na ndrech, Auraic. 5645 (kenning for `ruis', the
elder-tree, in Ogham the letter R). ruamna ruice ruis .i.
trom, 1193 (the elder). tresim ruamna .i. straif . . . ar isin
straif is tresiu ruamna ic dathadh na raet, 5563 . fri ruamna
5rús `the reddening of his face', Laws iv 348 y Comm. fuche
[= fuiche] a fuco .i. ón ruamnae .i. ara minco [= minci,
meinci] imdergtair, O'Mulc. 551 . rūamna gormga red gleam
of dark blue spears
, Bruchst. i § 26 ( IT iii 13 § 25 ). and
dogníth rúamna dia thríath `there was caused bloodshed', Met.
10Dinds. ii 22 . ruamna gais, iii 450 (see v 139 ), cf. dā hūa
Roäich rūamna gass, ZCP viii 217 § 10 . rí rúamna buden
who reddens troops (with blood )? LU 3743 ( SC 34 ). Buti co
rath rúamnai cloth `with grace of fame', Death-tales 20.13
(lit. of colouring i.e. blazoning fame? ). romna roiscne (.i.
15fordorchad indsce), Anecd. v 26.6 . nip rannaire rúamnae góe
let him not deal out coloured (specious) falsehood , ZCP xi 83 § 30 .
In cheville: dia ros-fuc, ruamna cen lén, | dar sruth n-uarda
nIordanen, SR 7339 . As sobriquet: Lughaidh Rúamna . . .
ro ba ruiste rúamanta L. ón chomhrag, Cóir An. 199 . ? As
20 adj. pred.: as ruaimne in ruici do M. a dā fer dēc do mharbadh,
TBC p. 647 n. 4 (St.) = is rúad in rucce, TBC 4536 .

rúamnad and romnad (? rómnad) u,m. vn. of ruamnaid. The
act or process of colouring, (esp.) reddening, making or becoming
red: ruamnad rind reddening spear-points , Met. Dinds. ii 80 .
25 as lais tugadh ruamnadh for edoighibh, corcair, gorm ┐ uaine,
FM i 42.5 . Esp. of flushing (with anger or shame): ro érigh . . .
ruamnadh . . . a ngnúis Césair, CCath. 1685 . ro gabsat a ruisc
ruamnad ┐ ro-dorchugud, LL 244az ( Tog. Tr. 2054 ), lán do
ruamnadh, TSh. 6667 . in fherg ag rúaimnedh a roisc, IGT
30 Dec. ex. 1232 . ruamnadh .i. imdheargadh O'Cl. romnad
aigthe ic aerad no ic molad, LL 187a17 (gl. romna rossa, RC
xxvi 22 § 55 ). romnad drech .i. cairthenn nó trom, Anecd. iii
44 (kenning for the letter R).

rúamnae: ngl. lodix, Sg. 69a9 ; ` haircloth (?)', Thes.; a coverlet
35or blanket ?

rúamnaid v ā, also rómnaid and rúaimnid (a) intrans. grows
red : ría ríg ni rúamnat renna, TBC 2810 . ruamnais rosc in
righ, Lism. Lives 2858 .
(b) trans. colours; reddens, makes red : tuirighín rí[g] rúamnus
40gal, Metr. Gl. Ff. § 3 ( Met. Gl. 9 ) = ruamna, LL 395a5 . cona
rennaib ruamnait gail, LU 1255 . do Frōech rūaimnes sleg,
ZCP xiii 167.34 . dia ruamnaither in dat[h] do bi for in corp,
Ériu xii 52 § 64 . is tre ḟīr flathemon cach t[h]lachta dianime,
déch ma rómnaiter co ndathlí súla segaiter when they are
45coloured (dyed
), ZCP xi 81 § 17 (s. Hermathena xix 91 ).
Esp. causes to flush, puts to shame : co nach romna rús richt,
H. 3.18 p. 73 ( O'C. 119 ). ? ba dirsan dait nach Laeg mac
R. rúamnastar comairle ar comaltais, TBC 4010 (Cuchulaind
on the fall of Fer Diad; that L. made thee no reproaches on
50the ground of our being foster-brothers?
).
See rúamnad and rumnad.

rúamnaide adj io,iā. reddened : ceathrur arad . . . at ruamnaide
ro-derga (i.e. blood-stained ) BB 398a15 .

rúamnaigid (rúaimnigid) v g. (a) intrans. grows red, flushes :
55 ro derg ┐ ro ruamnaigh in t-aeor oirrtherach, CCath. 2327 .
ra ruamnaigsetar a rruisc . . . immar chaera . . . tentide, TBC
6146 . ro ruamnai[g]set a n-aigthi, TTr.² 1578 .
(b) trans. reddens, makes red : adracht . . . in grian . . . ┐ ro
ruaimnigh a ruithne rempu in fairge, Aen. 1466 . ruamnighther
60L. da ríribh flushes (with anger), ZCP x 296.4 . ro bānaid
gnuisi ┐ ro ruamnaigit roisc, TTebe 2826 . Impers. do ruamh-
naigedh ┐ do roderccadh iom Coinculainn, TBC 3888 (St.),
cf. 3912 (rúaimnigedh). Vn. ár ruaimniugad a ruisc, MR 196.3 .

rúan n(variant form of 4 ruam) a plant producing red colouring
65 matter : rúan lus dobeir cucht fair . . . co mbi derg de, Cóir An.
134 . Corm. Y 1094 (ruain = ruam, LB): in both exx. given
as explanation of ruanaid. ruain `a kind of plant that gives a
reddish tinge
', O'R. ? Compd : Ri ro rann ruandath os leirg
. . . i ndib rannaib derbdai déc ruddy colour (?), SR 205 ; the
70second line seems to refer to the zodiacal signs. Cf. rúanaid.

rúana adj io,iā. cétna rí ruana co rath `powerful', Petrie, Hill of
Tara 31.7 (ruanaid LL 19a11 ).

1 rúanaid adj i, (a) red (? blushing), perh. orig. meaning. ruanaidh
.i. dearg, O'Cl. ruanuidh ainm dílios don derg, Met. Gl. D
75§ 21 (ruanaigh v.l.) Diarmaid Ruanaidh .i. Díarmaid derg,
Cóir An. § 134 , where another explanation of the sobriquet is
also given. From the story of Diarmaid R. as given elsewhere
( BNnÉ 304 § 16 , § 17 ; Keat. iii 1922 - 45 ) it seems to have been
bestowed on him on account of his submissive behaviour
80towards Mochuda and to mean bashful, timid ( Keat. 1945
explains ruanuidh as = deargthach `bashful'), but later to
have been understood in sense (b). Cf. forsin rūanaid (.i. a
ruidiud ig gabáil lāma Mocuta), ZCP xiii 381 § 35 (of Di-
armaid R.). rúanaid atberthe co sse | frisseom ar mēt a náire,
85 LU 9579 (i.e. he was called R. from his modesty) = ar met a
náne `the greatness of his splendour', ZCP iii 204 ( LL 276b34 .
where the facs. reads: a áne); the LU reading may be the
orig. one, changed in later versions to suit the later explana-
tion. ¤ corob rūanaidh don bēim bloody (?), ZCP viii 104 z
(B. na f.).
5(b) strong, powerful : ruanaidh .i. laidir, O'Cl. ruanaid .i.
fearg, Lec. Gl. 302 (an inference?). laech ruanaid rigthend
trén, LL 266a44 ( MU 30.16 ). tri ánraith rúanaidi ro-dana,
225b24 . mic Amalgaidh ruanaidh reidh, Ir. Texts iii 52.76 .
a belbaigib na n-ech rúanaid ro-thend, TBC 5067 . nert rúanaid
10ar ríg-nai, Fél. Prol. 256 . reim ruanaid ro-garg, SR 6082 .
athesc ruanaid ro-derb, TBC 4107 . bidc rúanaid, LL 297b5
( SG 365.4 ). Of place: [a] rRaigni ruanaid, Ériu viii 69.53 .
? Adv. as ruanaidh tice on cleiriuch (.i. as rioghda), BNnÉ
304 § 17 (prob. a mistaken gloss; rather thou comest shame-
15faced, abashed
; the words are addressed to Diarmaid Ruanaid).
As npr. m. Rūanaid, ZCP viii 104 x . Tāin Bō Rūanaid,
ib. w .
(c) skilful, dexterous? ruanaidh .i. glicus dexterity , H. 3.18
p. 628a ( Ériu xiii 82 ).