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rastal n o,m. (Lat. rastellus) a rake, agricultural tool : rastal .i. ris
talmuin benas, Corm. Y 1121 . rastail, gl. rastrum, Ir. Gl. 814 .
a corrana ┐ a rastail troma treuairi, TTebe 1278 . do rastlaib
┐ do corránaibh, CCath. 2506 .

1 rath n o,n. and m. in Mid.Ir. g s. also ratha (usual later form).
5 n s. rath, Wb. 2c17 ; (with art.) a rrad , 29d29 ; rad ṅDé, 7d3
(but: rad Dée, 13b6 , cf. 3d16 ). g s. raith, 14c42 , 29a7 , 33b8 ;
SR 3317 , 3322 , 5319 ; ratha, 6061 . g p. inna rath , Wb. 15c3 .
d p. huanaib rathaib , Ml. 116c1 . rath m., g s. raith, ratha, IGT
Dec. § 38.7 .
10Acc. to Thurn. Hdb. § 726 , Lewis-Ped. § 542 , vn. of ernaid
bestows, grants , s. RIA Dict. E 172.5.
(a) grace , esp. in religious sense, both of Divine grace and
grace as a spiritual quality in man; general meaning in
Glosses, where it nearly always translates Lat. gratia. manim-
15chobrad rad Dáe (= gratia Dei), Wb. 3d16 . do rath Dé ba
forlán, Fél. Nov. 5 . duine co rrath Dé, Mon. Tall. § 32 .
eícndag ind raith diadi, Wb. 29a7 . amal romboí cuit cáich din
rath diadu (= secundum gratiam quae data est nobis), 5d6 . ro
línad o rath in spiruta naím, LU 9826 . rath in Spirto, Fél.
20 May 15 ; cf. PH 5409 . teirt . . . is inti tanic rath super apostolos,
Ériu iii 116.11 . cride co rad ríg nime `the gracious heart of the
King of Heaven
', ii 118 § 56 ; cf. alaind baí in rígan cu rath
`lovely and gracious was the princess', Met. Dinds. ii 74.49
(perh. = d). in rí go rath, gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii
25114 § 2 . cenotad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . a meic
raith! (of Joseph), SR 3317 . Ioseph in bith-raith, 3322 . in
mac raith Eibbán (of St. Abbán), ZCP viii 110 § 9 . Cf. an
Mac Ratha (name of Maedóc's bell), BNnÉ 245 § 197 . fer
raith, Fél. Aug. 18 . aes raith, SR 5319 . `sin chanoin ruith-
30senaig raith, Arch. iii 307 § 27 . ? ferr rath inā riagal, ZCP vi
261.14 .
(b) a grace, virtue, gift (= Lat. charisma), oft. with defining
gen.: rath dénma ferte (= gratiam curationum), Wb. 12b21 .
rath precepte, 12b29 . rath somailse, Ml. 89c15 . tic rath
35fastini fair the gift of prophecy , LU 9827 . rath ecna ┐ fatsine,
PH 4490 . BNnÉ 265.4 . muime gach ratha rāin (of isle of
Rachriu), ZCP x 53 § 4 . ro fallsiged rath in aislingi, Aisl. MC
39.28 . pl. ata imda ratha ind Fheilire, Fél. 10.30 . is liriu feor
ilratha in marbnaid noeb-siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . it e sin ratha na
40haíne, PH 8422 . co rathaib righ-c[h]ealla, ZCP viii 203.30 .
The two follg. exx. from SR, by Stokes in Index referred to
O'Clery's rath .i. baile (which = ráth), prob. represent this
word: cia dechair fail dar a rath? what difference is there in
their virtue?
(of winds), SR 7947 (: dath). diar bris dia rigroimsi
45rath | primdo[i]rsi na morcatrach, 7355 (of Samson; abundance
of graces, virtues
?).
(c) the granting of a favour : tuc A. . . . maidm forro . . . tre
rath Chiarain, RC xvii 404.29 . ro muid for Gallaib tria rath
Poil ┐ Pedair, Cog. 14.23 . A mark of favour, a boon : is rath co
50feirg a wrathful gift , RC iii 180.23 ( LL 121a48 ) (of a spear asked
as a gift, which is thrown to the asker and wounds him). Cf.
is ann is etail duine | i [= a] mba cuma lais uile | a aor ocus a
molad, | a rath ocus a ghueidhe, ZCP vii 298.9 , 10 (i.e. when
it is alike to him whether he be censured or praised, receive
55favours or be asked for them?). Mercy : crochad is riaghad
gan rath, Acall. 1852 .
(d) good luck, fortune, prosperity (usual later sense): eochair
ratha ro-chruth (i.e. beauty wins prosperity), ZCP vi 270
§ 2 . ni hingnad a beith cen rath, duine drechmas (of one
60who is fair of face but lacks sense), 267 § 3 . in fer ba
huasle ┐ ba mó rath isin tuaith, LL 2a30 . fer in ratha
`man of luck' (of Find m. Cumaill), Met. Dinds. ii 74.42 . ni
gēbha rath, recht nā righe, ZCP viii 110 § 11 . do ben dím
mo rath 's tuc me gan righe, BCC § 139 . do chinnsat ar
65chomha[i]rle fa mór rath which turned out very successful ,
Ériu i 98.18 . fuarais mór ríg co rath āig, RC xx 12 § 18 ( LL
47b36 ). réim go rath, Cog. 96.31 . ruathar go rath `victorious
march
', 104.19 . Domnall dorinde oirne maith | fa deoigh coma
fer raith `may he be a man of bounty' (? may he prosper ), BCC
70 § 136 . Cormac hua Cuind an ri raith, Anecd. i 18.10 . for
rith raith `in a successful career', Ériu ix 46 § 11 . fágbhaidh
la hOilill a rath | i gcath Ceall Osnadha (i.e. was defeated by
O.), Keat. iii 709 (poem). fá mór rath Éireann ré linn Chor-
maic, 3028 . do mhúch rath na cathrach, Keat. Poems 1508 .
75 Aedh . . . d'hēg a tus a ratha `in the beginning of his felicity',
AU iii 80 y , cf. 354 y . rath beg saoghalta ar fedh ttamaill,
O'Hussey TC 72.8 . a mí aoibhill a ratha saoghalta, TSh. 542 .
tuar goimhe rochtain i rath, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 175.87 . go
gcuireadh an Tighearna rath air, Gen. xxxix 23 . pl. in dis-
80tributive sense: claifitir a ratha, tairnfither a bríg, CRR 22
(: datha). ro bhoi 'sa dun fo rathaib `in happiness (?)', ZCP
xi 41 § 5 . diombágh druim rena rathaibh [ag leannán Chuinn]
`alas that Conn's darling turned her back on her good fortune!'
A. Ó Dálaigh liii 14 .
85 fri rath on account of: do-foeth mór fer find fria rath, Sc.
MMD § 3.15 .
Compds. ¤ bard: Raigne na rathbard `of the lucky bards',
Met. Dinds. ii 46.11 . ¤ beo: tria rún raith rathaig rath-bi
`through the mystery of the bountiful living grace', KMMisc.
154.98 . rathbla áig, LL 211a50 = uath-bla, Met. Dinds. iii
5396.5 . rí co rrathbuidnib `with blessed hosts', 24.323 . ós
Raigniu rath-chert `of hallowed rights', iii 2.2 . ri roghach
rathgorm, AU 902 (poem) = rogach rath, FM a. 898 . ós
rathlind Charmain `hallowed water', Met. Dinds. iii 22.275 ,
cf. 260.7 . rathmac `son of grace', BColm. 20.8 . athnugud
10na cell | tre rathmūnud mind `the gracious doctrine of
relics
', KMMisc. 274.9 . hua Lathbertuig . . . rathnertaig,
LL 141a48 . recht ruirech rathordan, BDD 100 (c) = BDD²
1016 `honor of bestowal'. úasind ruirig rathrúanaid, ib. (k) =
rathrúnigh `intent on bestowing'?, BDD² 1043 .