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1 rath n o,n. and m. in Mid.Ir. g s. also ratha (usual later form).
5 n s. rath, Wb. 2c17 ; (with art.) a rrad , 29d29 ; rad ṅDé, 7d3
(but: rad Dée, 13b6 , cf. 3d16 ). g s. raith, 14c42 , 29a7 , 33b8 ;
SR 3317 , 3322 , 5319 ; ratha, 6061 . g p. inna rath , Wb. 15c3 .
d p. huanaib rathaib , Ml. 116c1 . rath m., g s. raith, ratha, IGT
Dec. § 38.7 .
10Acc. to Thurn. Hdb. § 726 , Lewis-Ped. § 542 , vn. of ernaid
bestows, grants , s. RIA Dict. E 172.5.
(a) grace , esp. in religious sense, both of Divine grace and
grace as a spiritual quality in man; general meaning in
Glosses, where it nearly always translates Lat. gratia. manim-
15chobrad rad Dáe (= gratia Dei), Wb. 3d16 . do rath Dé ba
forlán, Fél. Nov. 5 . duine co rrath Dé, Mon. Tall. § 32 .
eícndag ind raith diadi, Wb. 29a7 . amal romboí cuit cáich din
rath diadu (= secundum gratiam quae data est nobis), 5d6 . ro
línad o rath in spiruta naím, LU 9826 . rath in Spirto, Fél.
20 May 15 ; cf. PH 5409 . teirt . . . is inti tanic rath super apostolos,
Ériu iii 116.11 . cride co rad ríg nime `the gracious heart of the
King of Heaven
', ii 118 § 56 ; cf. alaind baí in rígan cu rath
`lovely and gracious was the princess', Met. Dinds. ii 74.49
(perh. = d). in rí go rath, gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii
25114 § 2 . cenotad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . a meic
raith! (of Joseph), SR 3317 . Ioseph in bith-raith, 3322 . in
mac raith Eibbán (of St. Abbán), ZCP viii 110 § 9 . Cf. an
Mac Ratha (name of Maedóc's bell), BNnÉ 245 § 197 . fer
raith, Fél. Aug. 18 . aes raith, SR 5319 . `sin chanoin ruith-
30senaig raith, Arch. iii 307 § 27 . ? ferr rath inā riagal, ZCP vi
261.14 .
(b) a grace, virtue, gift (= Lat. charisma), oft. with defining
gen.: rath dénma ferte (= gratiam curationum), Wb. 12b21 .
rath precepte, 12b29 . rath somailse, Ml. 89c15 . tic rath
35fastini fair the gift of prophecy , LU 9827 . rath ecna ┐ fatsine,
PH 4490 . BNnÉ 265.4 . muime gach ratha rāin (of isle of
Rachriu), ZCP x 53 § 4 . ro fallsiged rath in aislingi, Aisl. MC
39.28 . pl. ata imda ratha ind Fheilire, Fél. 10.30 . is liriu feor
ilratha in marbnaid noeb-siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . it e sin ratha na
40haíne, PH 8422 . co rathaib righ-c[h]ealla, ZCP viii 203.30 .
The two follg. exx. from SR, by Stokes in Index referred to
O'Clery's rath .i. baile (which = ráth), prob. represent this
word: cia dechair fail dar a rath? what difference is there in
their virtue?
(of winds), SR 7947 (: dath). diar bris dia rigroimsi
45rath | primdo[i]rsi na morcatrach, 7355 (of Samson; abundance
of graces, virtues
?).
(c) the granting of a favour : tuc A. . . . maidm forro . . . tre
rath Chiarain, RC xvii 404.29 . ro muid for Gallaib tria rath
Poil ┐ Pedair, Cog. 14.23 . A mark of favour, a boon : is rath co
50feirg a wrathful gift , RC iii 180.23 ( LL 121a48 ) (of a spear asked
as a gift, which is thrown to the asker and wounds him). Cf.
is ann is etail duine | i [= a] mba cuma lais uile | a aor ocus a
molad, | a rath ocus a ghueidhe, ZCP vii 298.9 , 10 (i.e. when
it is alike to him whether he be censured or praised, receive
55favours or be asked for them?). Mercy : crochad is riaghad
gan rath, Acall. 1852 .
(d) good luck, fortune, prosperity (usual later sense): eochair
ratha ro-chruth (i.e. beauty wins prosperity), ZCP vi 270
§ 2 . ni hingnad a beith cen rath, duine drechmas (of one
60who is fair of face but lacks sense), 267 § 3 . in fer ba
huasle ┐ ba mó rath isin tuaith, LL 2a30 . fer in ratha
`man of luck' (of Find m. Cumaill), Met. Dinds. ii 74.42 . ni
gēbha rath, recht nā righe, ZCP viii 110 § 11 . do ben dím
mo rath 's tuc me gan righe, BCC § 139 . do chinnsat ar
65chomha[i]rle fa mór rath which turned out very successful ,
Ériu i 98.18 . fuarais mór ríg co rath āig, RC xx 12 § 18 ( LL
47b36 ). réim go rath, Cog. 96.31 . ruathar go rath `victorious
march
', 104.19 . Domnall dorinde oirne maith | fa deoigh coma
fer raith `may he be a man of bounty' (? may he prosper ), BCC
70 § 136 . Cormac hua Cuind an ri raith, Anecd. i 18.10 . for
rith raith `in a successful career', Ériu ix 46 § 11 . fágbhaidh
la hOilill a rath | i gcath Ceall Osnadha (i.e. was defeated by
O.), Keat. iii 709 (poem). fá mór rath Éireann ré linn Chor-
maic, 3028 . do mhúch rath na cathrach, Keat. Poems 1508 .
75 Aedh . . . d'hēg a tus a ratha `in the beginning of his felicity',
AU iii 80 y , cf. 354 y . rath beg saoghalta ar fedh ttamaill,
O'Hussey TC 72.8 . a mí aoibhill a ratha saoghalta, TSh. 542 .
tuar goimhe rochtain i rath, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 175.87 . go
gcuireadh an Tighearna rath air, Gen. xxxix 23 . pl. in dis-
80tributive sense: claifitir a ratha, tairnfither a bríg, CRR 22
(: datha). ro bhoi 'sa dun fo rathaib `in happiness (?)', ZCP
xi 41 § 5 . diombágh druim rena rathaibh [ag leannán Chuinn]
`alas that Conn's darling turned her back on her good fortune!'
A. Ó Dálaigh liii 14 .
85 fri rath on account of: do-foeth mór fer find fria rath, Sc.
MMD § 3.15 .
Compds. ¤ bard: Raigne na rathbard `of the lucky bards',
Met. Dinds. ii 46.11 . ¤ beo: tria rún raith rathaig rath-bi
`through the mystery of the bountiful living grace', KMMisc.
154.98 . rathbla áig, LL 211a50 = uath-bla, Met. Dinds. iii
5396.5 . rí co rrathbuidnib `with blessed hosts', 24.323 . ós
Raigniu rath-chert `of hallowed rights', iii 2.2 . ri roghach
rathgorm, AU 902 (poem) = rogach rath, FM a. 898 . ós
rathlind Charmain `hallowed water', Met. Dinds. iii 22.275 ,
cf. 260.7 . rathmac `son of grace', BColm. 20.8 . athnugud
10na cell | tre rathmūnud mind `the gracious doctrine of
relics
', KMMisc. 274.9 . hua Lathbertuig . . . rathnertaig,
LL 141a48 . recht ruirech rathordan, BDD 100 (c) = BDD²
1016 `honor of bestowal'. úasind ruirig rathrúanaid, ib. (k) =
rathrúnigh `intent on bestowing'?, BDD² 1043 .

15 2 rath n o,m. (orig. neut.; n s. rath n-athigh ZCP xv 251 § 7 )
prob. orig. same word as 1 rath, from which it is not always
to be easily distinguished. See ZCP xiv 339.33 .
Goods, chattels, property , esp. as bestowed in bounty (cf.
1 rath) or given as a due or stipend. Cf. icund rathtig, gl.
20 in macello, Wb. 11b19 (a prima manu), i.e. a provision or
store-house? rath .i. foirithin, ut est . . . cét-rath cacha selba
.i. . . . cét-foirithin cacha sealba, O'Dav. 1374 (i.e. subsidy ?).
cotomroir o rathaib (.i. romfoirestar o tuarustal), LL 392d27 .
ro gnathaig ratha (.i. ro gnataig tuarustal do tabairt dam), ib.
25 37 . urlam do rath, rurtech do chách ready in bounty (?), LU
3398 ( SC 18 ). seanchus cach righ is a rath `the history of every
king and his income
', BR 52.18 (poem dealing with the tributes
and subsidies due to the king of Cashel). intí . . . dobered rath
doib, ba isin coire dobered, Corm. Y 141 s.v. bōige (of fees or
30food-gifts to qualified poets). forscailtech raith lavish of
property, bounty
(?), LL 147a20 = PRIA iii 546 § 17 . mise
ó's ag min-roinn mo raith | timnaim ise don Ardḟlaith, IGT
Dec. ex. 902 . ? i n-inber raithe `the inver of bounties', RC xxvi
26 § 104 (raith v.l.; glossed .i. i n-inber ind ratha .i. i n-ollam-
35nas). maic Aincgeis co méit ratha `rich in substance', Met.
Dinds. iii 4.27 .
In Laws of stock given by a chief or landlord to a tribesman
or tenant subject to certain counter-obligations (divided
mainly into doír-rath and soír-rath); by Thurneysen, Cóic
40Con. Fug. p. 9 defined as Lehen, Viehstellung mit Gegenleistung.
in fuidir . . . nochin-fuil ni is mó dō nā rath dā bō . . . cid mor
do nechib iartair air, is ecen dō in rath sin do aisic no in
fognam do denam uada, Cóic Con. Fug. 54 § 123 (the `fuidir'
has a loan or stipend of two cows; whatever service may be
45required of him, he must perform it or restore the loan).
dilis, acht cu muine coire, rath n-athigh do flaith, ZCP xv
251 § 7 (the `rath' of a peasant is forfeit to the lord provided
the latter has fulfilled his obligations; the `rath' here is an
acknowledgement, probably in stock, of benefits conferred by
50the lord in representing him or defending his rights). rath
aithuigh di alaile, 251 § 8 (a loan or subsidy given by one
peasant to another on footing of equal rank). a biathadh fo
méit a raith o ṡaerceilibh ┐ o dhaercheilibh, Rawl. B 506
f. 35b ( O'Don. 2329 ). A list of various kinds of `rath' is given
55in H. 3. 18 p. 392b ( O'C. 874 ). dliged raith fine. Se rath file la
feine . . . luath-rath, fi[a]drath, etc., H. 3. 18 393b ( O'C. 878 ).
luath-rath .i. rath ernar iar fuilliucht athar ┐ sean-athar . . .
fiad-rath .i. rath ernir i fid heirnidh loingsech no fogluid no
feinniuth, ib. ( O'C. 879 ). cor druith (.i. co rath) no mire (.i.
60cen rath), Laws i 52.1 , 31 (transld. `one who can do work', `one
who cannot work
'). im gaire ndruith (.i. co rath .i. nesam in
biad ┐ in t-etach ro caithfithea riu); im gaire mire (.i. ben
mer, .i. gin rath), i 124.9 ; 136.18 , 20 .

3 rath n fern see raith.

65 1 ráth n m. and f. n s. also ráith, freq. in law tracts, Laws iv
140.21 , v 342.24 ; d s. a raith , 348.4 ; g s. and n p. in Mid.Ir.
rátha. g p. inna rath , Ml. 127b1 . ráth (ón tṡlánoighecht), IGT
Dec. § 38.9 (m., g s. ráith, rátha). See Bürgschaft 3 , 34 , 35 f. ;
ZCP xviii 364 ff. ; Críth Gablach p. 102 .
70(a) a surety, guarantor : inna rath ł inna fecheman, gl. credi-
torum, Ml. 127b1 . sequester medius .i. ráth, Sg. 97a4 ; cf. Thes.
ii 231.21 . slúag ro-maith . . . tar a cenn am ráth-sa I am
surety on their behalf
, Fél. Ep. 164 . ní ba ráth ar neoch do not
become a guarantor for any one
, Tec. Corm. § 19.35 . ba rāth
75┐ fēchem oc saigid dligid, ZCP xv 327 § 18 ( Rawl. 113a32 ).
cach disli i láim ratha. cach rāth co forus, Arch. iii 227.59 .
pl. na rāthai, Cáin Ad. § 23 . ni rag-sa gan rátha | do chluchi
na n-ātha, TBC 3060 . ratha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid,
Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.3 ). ocht maic Galaim . . . rop iat-sin
80rátha ind óenaig, Met. Dinds. iii 10.101 . gab Cairpre cethri
ráth riss, ib. 442.27 (ratha, ráith, v.l.); Thurneysen, Bürgschaft
34 , would read: cethri i ráith. it é na ratha . . . dodechatar fri
laim Emine the guarantors who went security for E. , Anecd. i
42.18 . raithi Laighen . . . a n-oghlesaigte Emine guarantors
85for the full satisfaction of E.,
ib. 13 . ni techta nach foessam ar
na tegat ratha fine `no "foessam" is lawful which is not supported
by sureties of the tribe ', Laws iv 206.17 . ní ó ráthaib
tuc [ríge] acht a rrói chatha, LL 20b22 . ? bad bláith cen olc
i n-airi, | bad ráith [rait MSS.] a bríathar airi [aire v.l.] let his
word be surety for him (of his good faith
)? Ériu iii 96 z (Rule of
5Ailbe). See also Ériu xiii 28 - 29 .
(b) suretyship: a guarantee, pledge : `rath' cor, Met. Gl. Eg.
22 . rath .i. cor, Lec. Gl. 552 = roth, 346 M . imnedach cach
ráth [raith v.l.], ar is écen dí dían-apud im cach ngell dobeir
`troublesome is every security, for it is necessary for it to give
10sudden notice as regards every pledge which he gives
', Triads 235
(glossed: gach urrughas, p. 43 ). rucus rāith ar macc ṁbeoathar
I decided that surety may be given for the son of a living father ,
ZCP xv 311 § 7 ( Rawl. 113a10 ). dobert aen a raith tar cend
Conaill, Laws v 348.4 . dobreth Geer . . . hi rráith fri Ingcel
15im orgain no thogfad i nHére dó `G. was given in pledge
(? as surety) to I. for such destruction in Ireland as he should
select
', BDD § 168 App . ( LU 8029 ). dan-far-gabat far cuir ┐
far rátha if your compacts and pledges hold , TBC 2133 .
atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir Chorccaige
20fria comall, `pledges', Aisl. MC 23.3 . co tardad ratha ┐ cura
Coluimchilli fris co tisad slan ar culu, RC xxiv 46 § 3 . ro
ronsat sídh . . . do réir ratha ┐ miond, FM ii 1132.16 .
Natural forces were often offered as securities or pledges
and were supposed to wreak vengeance on those who violated
25a promise: nī rogaib Adomnān co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris
im ṡō[i]re ban dó. It ēat ind so na rātha hī sein: grīan ┐ ésca
┐ dūle Dē arcenae; Petar, Pōl . . . ┐ reliqui apostoli , Cáin
Ad. § 22 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu .i. gréin ┐ esca, usci ┐
aer, LU 9797 ( RC vi 165 ). duli De adroegaid rāith | tucsat dāl
30báis forsin ríg which he invoked as sureties , LU 9810 ( RC vi 165.30 )
(of death of Laegaire m. Néill). gumadh a rata ri Laighnibh
grian ┐ gaeth ros mharbhsad (of same event), AU 462 . it é
ratha tucsat ind | nem talam ésca grian grind, ZCP xi 57 § 10 .
tucait rátha frisin ríg | grian is esca is muir is tír, LL 207b41 .
35 do cheangladar rátha gréine ┐ éasca orra féin, Keat. ii 1787 .
tugadar rátha na n-uile dúl ré híoc na héarca, 3580 . Cf. Ériu
vii 227 § 61 , FDG 5 ( MR 2.5 ), Content. iv 35 .