Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


1 recht n u,m. O.Ir. n s. in rect , Wb. 13d27 . g s. ind rechto , 15a34 ,
cf. 1d16 , 21b13 , Ml. 60b12 , 74b7 . recto, Thes. ii 247.15 ( Cambr.
38a ), Wb. 2b26 . rectto, 1d15 , 4d11 . rechta, 18c9 , 21c1 (rccta).
25 Ml. 74b5 . Mid.Ir. rechta. n d. in da recht , Wb. 29a16 . n p.
recte, 29a16 . a p. tri dub-rechtu, Thes. ii 357.5 ( Hy. vii ). In
Mid.Ir. occas. treated as neut.: n s. recht n-airberta, Eg. 88 f.
21a ( O'C. 2280 ), Alex. 851 below (perh. to be taken as d s.).
Occas. written racht. reacht m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95
30(p. 127.14) .
(a) law , in wide sense of a collective system of prescripts,
whether traditional or codified or inherent; in Glosses = Lat.
lex (later superseded by dliged). reacht, dlighe, lagh, Eg. Gl.
520 . forcetul recto Dee, Thes. ii 247.15 . iar riaglaib in rechta
35diada, PH 4227 . rom-soír-sa rect spirto di rect pectho (gl.
lex spiritus . . . a lege peccati ), Wb. 3d20 . in rect comaccobuir
file i mballaib caích the law of concupiscence , 13d27 . ro taisfen
filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer nErend olchéna, RC vi
165.2 ( LU 9777 ). is tre ḟír flathemon cach recht rán, ZCP xi
4081 § 12 . recht, ┐ enech, ┐ ainim (foundations of social ordi-
nances), Laws i 230.4 (glossed: recht, .i. flatha. Enech, .i.
Feni . . . Ainim, .i. eclasa, ib. 9 ). fer rechta i n-ecosc dilsigh . . .
. . . do marbhadh, iii 214.20 (i.e. killing a man who is within
the protection of the law, a homo legalis, in mistake for an
45outlaw). elodhach rechta `an absconder from law', v 174.17 .
breth rechta a legal judgement , PH 2810 . mar ar horduigheadh
reacht is dlighe . . . ar Éirinn, Keat. iii 2349 .
(b) recht aicnid the law of nature (morality arising from
natural instinct): tar recht ṅ-aicnid, gl. cis naturae leges, Sg.
50 217b16 . Used esp. of the moral law before the Mosaic legisla-
tion: recht aicnig ro bai la firu Erind [sic] co tiachtain creitme,
Laws iii 26 y . ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta aicnid, im
Aibel, im Sheth, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.15 . ni aidlingcet o nachaib
rechtaib nā fúiglib nā brethemnachtaib acht recht n-aicnid
55namma, Alex. 851 .
(c) in Glosses and earliest rel. lit. used (generally without
art.) in special sense of the Mosaic law (later a qualifying gen.
or adj. is usual): is he-side ro fiugrad i rrecht et adfiadar i
soscelu, Wb. 18c8 . is ed ro boi hi rrecht digal cutrummae
60frissin peccad, Ml. 54c2 . in recht arsata Muisi, PH 487 .
Gamaliél .i. sai rechta, 1649 . aos rechta (those under the
Mosaic dispensation), Hib. Min. 7.206 . luid fo recht . . . Críst
i callaind Enair was made subject to the law (by circumcision),
Fél. Jan. 1 . do fuagradh isin tsenrecht can muic do ithe,
65 Maund. 61 . eagluis an tsean-rachda, Eochairsg. 5 z . ro scríb
[Moyse] i llébraib in rechta fáthacda, PH 5731 . ateoch huli
thuicsinchu rechta fatha, im Eliam, im Eliseum, etc. the law
of the prophets
, Ir. Lit. 32.20 . racht faide . . . .i. diriataidh na
faistine ro bi ac na faidhib anallut, Laws iii 30.23 .
70Of the new dispensation or Gospel law: in da recht . . .
uetus et nouum nó na tri recte .i. naturae rl, Wb. 29a16 . on
dib rachtaib .i. ho phetarlaicc ┐ nufhiadnaise, PH 6783 .
coinneal tóidhius teóra reachta (of Colum C.), ZCP viii 197
§ 11 (as fem.). ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta nuafiadnaise,
75 Ir. Lit. 32.22 . scéla an rechta naeí, RC x 184.3 . seacht sacra-
muinti an nuai-reacht, Mac Aingil 2.8 Pref. ).
r. ¤ litre the written law, scripture: racht n-aicnig ┐ racht litre
(.i. tucastar Patraic leis), Laws iii 28.3 , 7 . Cf. ib. 30.31 . ateoch
huili thuicsenchu rechta litre, im Moysi, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.18
80(where recht. l. is used of O.T.). Similarly: doridnacht
recht bérlai báin do Moyse, Ériu iv 136.7 (where bérla bán =
Latin, the lang. of Scripture).
In later writers of Scripture or church law: don Choimdi[d]
ni comharba | nech nā lega a recht, Arch. iii 313 § 14 . a n-
85aghoidh reachta ┐ chreidimh eguilsi De, Fl. Earls 112.28 .
éin-eglas, éun-bhaisdedh ┐ éin-réchd, Parrth. Anma 52.20 .
(d) of a particular law or ordinance : dia ro fuirmed recht
Adomnáin for Góedelaib, FA 32 = r. ¤ nA., LB. intí téte fo
recht n-imdibi the law of circumcision , Wb. 20a12 . do rect
fognama do fiur the law of service to a husband , 10b22 . So in
5 pl.: i carnd fhind na racht is na riaghal, Ériu x 84 § 75
(: seacht, leg. reacht). sruth Tibir i rRóim na recht, ZCP viii
106 § 7 . Loosely used in chevilles: innis dúinni tré rechtaib
(i.e. as is due?), Anecd. i 29 § 34 .
(e) authority, rule : Maelmorda . . . glorda a ṡét is a recht ríg.
10 LL 30a29 . do chruas rechta ríg Ailig `sway', O'Gr. Cat. 384.7 .
níor chanas . . . glór ribh acht do reacht leabhar `according to
the books
', Content. xxiv 23 . recht n-abaidh iar sein ro gab
the authority (office) of an abbot , ZCP viii 115.6 .
(f) in abstr. sense right, lawfulness : racht .i. ceart, Lec. Gl.
15 116 M . recht .i. cuimsech, O'Dav. 1349 . lucht mo ríartha ba
recht lais do beith accom he thought it right that I should have
people to serve me
(?), ZCP viii 220 § 31 . a ndernadar a daoine |
re Dia dh'adhbhar egaoine | reacht lind go dtanaig astegh | ar
brághaid ghill na nGaoidheal we deemed it just until it was
20visited upon the hostage of the G.
, Ir. Texts ii 105 y . ? ra recht
rubad, TBC 1667 (`das Recht der Erstechungen', Windisch).
? fri cach racht cid fiala a flaithe though their chiefs be generous
to every claim
(?), Arch. iii 296 § 38 .
Rare in compds.: mór a recht-blad dar rígaib `his rightful
25fame
', Met. Dinds. ii 48.34 . dā recht-iarla `two just rulers'
( administrators of law ?), MacCarthy 176 § 5 ( LL 128a51 ).

2 recht n u,m. reacht (ó dhá cheill), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.14) ,
declined like 1 recht. Mod. racht.
A paroxysm, outburst (of anger, passion, etc.): co n-epert la
30recht ┐ feirg, RC ix 456.1 ( LU 1672 ). ro gab recht hé `fury',
xiii 66 § 66 ( LL 301b43 ). ba recht a[i]cnid leo sin, ba ferg
`frenzy of mind', Cog. 72.2 . ge do atadh rim-sa a reacht
though his fury swelled up against me , Ériu iv 216.9 . go reacht
┐ go ffraech neimhe, Fl. Earls 138.16 . ro gab . . . buinne roda
35rechta an t-imperi, ZCP vi 40.24 . mathair Eoin . . . a rosc
mongach nar mor reacht free from anger, calm (?), viii 562 § 9 .
reacht gan adhbhar eatorra (of two bards in contention).
Content. xi 1 . ? gach glór . . . ba oilbhéim da bhar n-onóir, |
do chuir mé le ceart ar gcúl, | do badh reacht gan é d'iompúdh
40( it would have made me furious not to confute it ?), xxix 6
(dob anreacht v.l.). sluag as ferr ráinic gach racht `touched the
utmost pitch of valour
', Caithr. Toirdh. 122.28 . Of grief:
leigedh an rigan a rec[h]t let the queen lay aside her violent
grief
, ZCP vi 269 § 3 . racht gola a fit of weeping , RC xxiii 28.3 .
45Of a horse: an t-ech . . . línuidh reacht hí ara n-oman, Ériu iv
214 y . ? dom-árfás recht ruad-theined a furious blaze (?), RC
xxiii 418 § 33 (`a form of red fire' transl. as if = richt). A fit
(of apoplexy, in medical sense): Seoan rí Saxan . . . a hég do
reacht, ALC i 254.15 .
50Compds. ¤ aicnetach (aicentach) passionate, stormy : cet
ridiri rechtaigenntach, ZCP vi 45.2 . ro sgrech in rigan co
rechtaicenntach, 99.21 (of grief). an Mhuir Romur reacht-
aigeantach, CF 887 , cf. 927 . ¤ bruth, BDD 100 (a) ( LU 7373 ).

3 recht n the itch, impetigo : rect gl. impetiginem, Thes. ii 38.17 .

55 4 recht n a human being? a class of person ? cach recht .i. cach
richt duine, Laws iii 24.29 Comm. = cach recht .i. cach
gradh tuait[h]e, H. 3. 18 p. 381a b ( O'C. 833 ). alidh cach recht
a otrus la Fene `every condition of person is entitled to his
nursing
', Bretha Crólige § 17 ( Ériu xii 14 ). ben gadas ar cach
60recht `who robs everybody', Bretha Crólige § 44 ( Ériu xii 34 ); Bretha Crólige § 24 gl. 8 .
Cf. also: reacht nar an re aipthiughadh (of one cut off in
youth), Ir. Texts ii 105 § 12 . reacht `a man', O'R. Cf.
richt (b), (c). See ZCP xiv 380.24 .

rechta adj. straight ? (g s. of 1 recht?): for rout recta (.i. for sligi
65dirig), LL 316c12 (: fec[h]ta). uasna rinni recta (of spears),
265a17 ( MU 22.12 ) (: bec[h]ta).

1 rechtach adj o,ā. (1 recht) just, equitable, law-giving : (as sobri-
quet) pn Fedelmed Rechtach , LU 4165 = Met. Dinds. ii 14.1
(`F. the Lawgiver'; rechtaid, rechtmar v.ll.).

70 2 rechtach adj o,ā. (richt) possessing . . . forms, appearances, in
compd.: is and sin cét-riastarda im Choinculaind, co nderna
uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-iṅgantach de of many (i.e. shifting ?)
forms , TBC 2590 = TBC² 1929 ( LU 6443 ).

rechtaid n i,m. a judge, lawgiver (?); a legal person (?):
75 rechtaid cách co lelbu `every one is a lawgiver till it comes
to children
', Tec. Corm. § 31.5 . is rechtaid cach for a deis
fodeisin (.i. is indraicthi cach ar a ferann), Laws i 230.7 , 18
(i.e. every man is master in his own domain?). ba rachtaigh
criche, iv 16.22 . rechtaidh amhail Moysi, BNnÉ 44 § 2 .
80 senrechtaid búada, FB 46 . rechtaid geill a ruler entitled to
hostages
, Bretha Crólige § 32 ( Ériu xii 26 ), applied to a
woman-ruler. Aspn sobriquet: Fedlimid Rechtaidh .i. bretha
rechta do fhoghnaidís dó, Cóir Anm. 110 . g s. mac Feidlimthe
Rectaid, LL 35a23 . meic Fédlimthe Rechtuda, LB 62a8
85( Thr. Hom. 52.21 ). n du. in da Feidlimid Reachtaidi, BDD 8 .
Also occurs as npr. m.