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renaid : v ā-subj. ( Thurn. Hdb. § 609 ), redupl. fut. and pret. Early
forms: pres. 3 pl. rel. rendae, Ml. 120d1 . subj. pres. 2 s. ni riae ,
Ériu i 199.7 . ni ria , Laws iii 58.5 , cf. O'Dav. 731 . ma ro ria ,
30 O'Dav. 1520 . 3 s. ni ria , Laws iii 54.4 . 3 pl. ni riat , Wb. 28c2 .
fut. (not in Glosses) 1 s. ni ririu , Ir. Texts i. 11.1 ( Rawl. B 512
f. 32v2 ). 3 s. ? riris, LL 119b50 . ni rriri , LU 5606 . 3 pl. (for
subj. pres.) nā riret , Arch. iii 320 § 103 . pret. 3 s. riris, ZCP
viii 328.20 . rom-rir, Wb. 3c38 . ro rir , LL 106a49 . ZCP vii
35498.16 . rir, ACC 71 ( RC xx 262 ) = ririr, LU 907 . ni rir ,
Thes. ii 327.18 ( Hy. v 6 ). Pass pres. s. renar, Laws ii 360.2
(rel.). renair, Trip. 390.20 (LB), beside rentar, ib. 21 . fut. pl.
rirsitir , ZCP vii 309.12 . pret. ríthae, Thes. ii 240.1 , 2 ( Ardm.
17b1 ). ro rith , SR 3153 , 3169 . Part. nec. rithi, Ml. 36a37
40 q.v. Vn. reic q.v.
In Mid.Ir. commonly treated as a weak ā-stem, but the
3 s. pret. ro rir (not to be confounded with ro-ír, from ernaid)
persists till a comparatively late period; an analogous forma-
tion is 1 s. pret. ro rer , ZCP xii 365.17 , Buile S. 38.24 . The
45fut. stem rir- occurs somet. in mixed formation with b- inflec-
tions: 1 s. noco ririub , LU 10778 ( IT i 127.30 ). 3 s. rel. rirfes,
SR 1073. 3 s. ririss ZCP xii 235.30 ; 236.1 ; 237.11 may belong
to another vb. Cf. rigid. cond. 1 s. nos-rirfind, BColm. 70.14 .
pass. fut. s. nit- rirfider , Anecd. i 11.1 (YBL). cond. s. nit-
50rirfithe, 5.2 .
In later lang. superseded by rec(c)aid, which is often used
to gloss it in old texts.
(a) sells, barters, exchanges , with acc. of thing sold, FRI of
purchaser and AR of price or equivalent. inna ní rendae
55.i. inna cennaige, gl. vendentium, Ml. 120d1 . rom-rir, gl.
venundatus [sum], Wb. 3c38 . ríthae int ech sin fri Colman
ar chumil n-arggit, Thes. ii 240.2 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran
indeb domunde, Wb. 28c2 . ro rith [Ioséph] fri toisech i
tuaith Egept, SR 3169 . an ro rir Fergus, scarad dó friss; an
60ro chennaig Conchobar, anad aici, Ériu iv 24.14 ( LL 106a49 ).
ren ór ┐ argat ar biad barter gold and silver for food , ZCP
viii 312.20 . norenaind biadh inna hecailse . . . ar seoto, RC x
82.2 . ní ria sen-iris ar nua-hiris, ZCP xi 86 § 43 . ro rer m'eol
ar eidirchéin I have exchanged my home for a far-off land ,
65 Buile S. 38.24 . is hé-sidhe riris in flaith fri óssar na claindi,
ZCP viii 328.20 = is e rire . . . ar maine, ZCP xiii 334.8 . forb
forsa-rir Mis atharda for which M. bartered his patrimony ,
Dinds. 51 ( RC xv 446 ) = fors-roirir, BB 377a3 . ni rir (.i. ni
ro recc), Hy. v 6 Comm. reanais .i. recais, Lec. Gl. 189 . ro
70ren side maitius an talman ar oilithre, BNnÉ 300 § 2 . renair
Lupait . . . rentar Pátraic fria Miliuc . . . ┐ ro rensat a dí siair,
Trip. 390.20 - 3 = Lib. Hymn. 3, B 14 - 17 ( LB 238a16 - 18 ).
gorta díofhulaing . . . co renadh an t-athair a mhac . . . ar
bhiadh, FM ii 686.12 . ro rensat gach tir ar tuinn they exchanged
75every land for sea
(i.e. sailed on without landing?), Leb. Gab.
i 240.6 = do reatsat o thir, BB 19b36 ; do rersad a tir, Lec.
270va24 . With pers. obj. (gen. with added notion of forsaking,
renouncing): noco ririub ríg nÉrend ar fer nā fetar cenel dó,
IT i 127.30 ( LU 10778 ) = nocha chrenob, ib. 13 (Eg.). ni
80rriri bráthair a máthar ar rig n-aile, LU 5606 = ní rirse,
TBC² 1124 = adbert . . . nachas-rinna, ZCP viii 547.11
(leg. -rena) = ni recfaind b. mo mathar, TBC 1626 . na riret in
duileama[i]n ar deman ndaor, Arch. iii 320 § 103 . nachas-
rinfed ar mnaí di mnaib in domain, LL 221b7 ( TTr. 314 ).
85Hence, without notion of exchange, (b) gives up, renounces,
consigns, bestows : atrubart-sa . . . conom-rire Echaid nít-rius
I will not go to thee till E. gives me up , LU 10906 . rir accobor
a sula, ACC 71 ( RC xx 262 ) = ririr, LU 907 . aní ro renais ní
comraicfe fris you shall not (again) mate with him whom you
have given up
, LL 274b19 ( PRIA xxx C, 263.11 ). tri barrchais
5Berba . . . ros rir Conall i llaim handed them over to custody ,
ZCP xi 109.4 . hi llucc pēne rirsitir, vii 309.12 . ni ririu dano
acht a bás I will give nought but his death (reply to intercession
for a culprit), Ir. Texts i 11.1 . See ernaid and ZCP xvi 272 .

rend n(B. na f.) a leg : da lú (.i. dá chois) is leth-rend dibh co
10losc two legs and one of them lame , ZCP v 484.1 = leth-reann, iii 378.13
. n du. ro po maith rith adám rend (.i. mo dám
choss) , Ériu i 72 § 1 ( LL 208a26 ). Cf. renn.

rend xsee also rind.

1 reng n[ā,f.] a loin : reng thiug, Aisl. MC 127.28 . urchur arad
15trí reiṅg ríg, TFerbe 102 . pl. a bith ro óc, ar níro ásatar a
renga rodaim, LU 10157 (Toch. Em.) = a rengai, ZCP iii 230
§ 6 (expld. by Henderson ITS ii 165 as testicles ). níor ḟasadar
. . . do reanga droma fós, CF 251 Eg. a n-aghaidh bruite na
reang droma, 23 K 42, 392.8 . ? sgingidh gáeth úar mam'
20reandaibh `around my loins', Buile S. 88.7 (: bendaibh).
O'Dav. 1392 : reng .i. coel, ut est cosmailis crotha no datha no
retha no renga .i. do choíle nó do reime, may poss. represent
this word, cf. use of `coíl' for `waist' (small of back).

2 reng n(< sreng?) f. a cord : co nar f[h]agaibh in ghaoth . . .
25reng gan ro-brised (of rigging), ML² 48.15 . ron-cengail in ben:
fo rengaib rún ro cailled `in cords cunningly knotted', Met.
Dinds. iv 24.18 ( LL 199b7 ; reng, reandaib v.ll.). do gualloind
aisle shenshaille cen reing, cen toinn `without sinew or rind',
Aisl. MC 127.1 . cen reincc, 123.7 . A shred, strip, tatter :
30 dorónta renga ┐ blogha do Maircello, Fél. 74.9 (gl. Marcellus
ro riṅged, Feb. 14 ). ind Fhind . . . ro boí i rengaib ro-Chrua-
chna of the White Bull of noble Cruachu who was torn in
fragments
, Met. Dinds. iii 374.100 (see v 138 ). Cf. reng .i.
rébadh, O'Dav. 1353 (gl. ro ringte, Fél. Prol. 37 ), which may
35however be an abstraction from ringid.

rengaid xsee ringid.

rengmar adj o,ā. in scáilfer mór . . . rengmar rigtrén, FB 37 ( LU
8518 ); big-loined (1 reng)? `with big sinews', Henderson ITS ii
(`of big testicle', ib. n. 165 ).

40 ?renn: ind abbair fris . . . nip renn a sanas, nip huar a anál, ZCP xi
84 § 36 ; swift, hasty ? amal is deni no cingfidis coin renna fri
fiadh, CCath. 2669 ; expld. in vocab. as swift, lit. running .
See Loth RC xli 216 .

1 rennach adj o,ā. (1 rind) pointed, sharp : ga reannach, Duan.
45Finn i 81.6 . gerbo daingen . . . delg-reannach dealg-dluithe
gach aird dona cathaib ceachtarrdha (= armed with sharp
spears or javelins), LL 410b13 = MR 236.14 . Conbron cētach
caith-reandach, Duan. Finn ii 108 § 32 .

2 rennach adj o,ā. (3 rind) containing stars, starry : neamh reannach
50no reltanach, O'Cl. s.v. rind. ? srol reandach, gorm is geal (of
a banner), MR 228.15 ; `streaked satin' as if = rengach ( starred,
spotted
?).

1 reo n a stripe, streak : in compd. sobriquet: Lugaid Réoderg
mac na tri Find Emna, LU 3461 ( SC 24 ). ro beotar Lugaid
55reo-ṅderg, ZCP viii 117 § 10 ( Rawl. 88a38 ). guin Lugdach reo
nderg, xi 108 y ( LL 51b49 ). Lugaid Réo-nderg .i. sriabh
ndearg .i. dá sreib dearga bátar tairis, Cóir Anm. 105 . In
Keat. ii 3599 called L. Riabh nDearg, the same explanation
being given.

60 2 reo n dense darkness? reó (dorcha) m., IGT Dec. § 108 . dorcha
an choill, ro dhorcha an reó, ib. ex. 1802 . a Rí 'c atá in réo (of
God), LL 307a4 ( SG 386.14 ). tug ragain da cach . . . rigthech
gel . . . as teg na reo doirche (i.e. heaven and hell), Arch. iii
237 § 18 . as an reo doirche, Irish Texts ii 28 § 26 . decsin
65radhairc i rreo doirce (of a hopeless attempt), CCath. 4397 .

?3 reo n a throw, cast . tuc réo n-urchuir don dam, Acall. 4432 .
Cf. sréo n-urchair (acc.), 6058 , 1810 n. , 4802 n. , 4904 n. and
ró n-urchair, 4802 , 4904 , 5810 ; prob. intended for one or
other of these. Cf. 1 rout.

70 reód n o,m. n s. réud, Sg. 63a8 . d s. reud, Ml. 132c8 . reuth, Thes.
i 5.15 (Southampton Ps.). reódh m. (g s. n p. riúidh reóidh, d s.
riúdh reódh), IGT Dec. § 75 . Hoar-frost (dist. from sic `hard
frost'): gl. gelu, Sg. 63a8 , Ml. 132c8 , Corm. Y 1083 ; pruina,
Thes. i 5.15 . sioc, oighre, readh, cuisne, Eg. Gl. 532 . talum
75. . . oígreta co reod, co caisirne, FA 30 LB ( IT i 190.34 ). ro
iad reod rōta, LL 208a49 . nir fholaigh snechta nā reodh . . .
an fód, BNnÉ 133.31 . i n-aidchi réoid ro-sholais, TBC 5049 .
a n-aimsir réoigh nó sneachta, RC xxiv 379.11 . cuisne reoigh
`hoar-frost', ITS xiv 14.1 . doinenn dermair reoidh ┐ snechtai,
80 AU ii 84.17 . ó shíorbhrat reódha, Hackett xxi 32 (mod. g s.).
pl. bídh gach eas i nglas ó reodhaibh, Keat. Poems 166 . In
late poetry eyes are somet. compared with frost: dearc ra-
ghlas mar an reodh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 9 . i bpéarla do chlaon-
rosc . . . righin reoidh, Keat. Poems 319 .
85As vn. of reodaid, to freeze : fuar mar do beith ag reogh,
Rosa Ang. 252.17 . colbhadha ciumhais-gheala . . . acc réodh,
FM vi 1918.9 . (fig.) fuaire mo bhéas ag reodh riom, Ir.
Monthly 1928, 438 § 16 .