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ríachtanas (-us) n o,m. abstr. from ríachtain, used in the
85expression: r. ¤ a les(s), a petrified abstract from the phrase:
ro-icc les(s) ` needs (it) ' (see ro-icc II d), meaning need, necessity ;
later ríachtanas is used alone in the same sense. riachtanas
`want, distress, necessity', P. O'C. (a) need, necessity , with obj.
gen. of thing needed (rarely with subj. gen. of pers. in need);
freq. after prep. i n-. co mbetis uli i riachtanus a les Iosep
5 in need of Joseph , LB 115a9 (= hi rrichtain lessa Ioseiph, SR
3084 ). dia mbemm i rriachtanus a less taige oíged in need of a
hostel
, PH 5816 . riachtanus a less do chomarsan d'ḟórithin
to relieve thy neighbour's needs , 7567 . in uair ata i riachtanus
a leass ort when thou art in need , 7554 (contamination of two
10constructions: ata r. ¤ a l. ort, and: ataí i rr. ¤ a l.). ní buí a
riachtanus a les [lessa v.l.] occo they had not needed them ,
CCath. 483 . a riachtanus a less bidh ┐ dighe do thabairt
chuca need of getting food and drink , Fl. Earls 8.16 . riachtanus
a less gnáith habitual want , Maund. 131 . da rabh feidhm . . .
15no riachtanas a leas oraind, Carswell 221 . Later absol.:
gur sinne is mó ríochtanus léo we need them most , CF 300
Eg. gach pecadh as riachtanas damh d'fháoisidin, Parrth.
Anma 347.2 . biaidh ríachtanas ar bholg an drochdhuine,
Prov. xiii 25 . ní fhuil riachtanas occa ré commaoinibh na
20mbeó, TSh. 4828 . cíít a peacaidh . . . cona n-uile riachtanus
┐ amghar all their need and distress , Fl. Earls 222.21 . lucht
riachtanais needy folk , Mart. Don. 34.26 . crann an riach-
danuis, Parrth. Anma 3a5 Pref. ).
(b) in concrete sense what is needful, necessary : (with less)
25 ac fadhbail a riachtanais a les uadha getting their needments
from him
, Maund. 47 . dá rabh uireasbuidh riachtanais a leas
ar an easlán, Carswell 155 . (Absol.) riachtanas an chuirp . . .
riachtanas an anma, O'Hussey TC 105.7 . d'iarraidh ar
riachtanais air to ask of him what we need , 148.16 . go lin-
30mhaireacht . . . in uile riachtanuiss every requisite , Fl. Earls
104.6 .

ríachtanasach adj o,ā. necessary : ata . . . ughdarras na heagluisi
có riachdanasach . . . do chum na n-imreasan chreidimh do
chur ar ccul, Luc. Fid. 260.5 .

35 1 ríad n m. Orig. neuter? n s. riad n-etere, O'Mulc. 457 . r. ¤
n-ind, 738 . n pl. riadu, LU 3643 . ríadh (ón phearsain), IGT
Dec. § 95 (p. 127.18) m., g s. n p. -a. Vn. of 1 réidid q.v.
The act of riding or driving, and in wide sense, a race, course,
journey, career: rith no riad fri hā racing up a height , Corm.
40Y 4 . `riadh' rith, Metr. Gl. Ff. 8 (= ria, LL 395a12 , St.).
riadh .i. rith, O'Mulc. 860 . r. ¤ .i. rioth, O'Cl. noí mis lána . . .
fri riad ro-balcc na triath tenn | co toracht Hirusalem the
strenuous journey
(?), SR 6815 (cf. 2 Sam. xxiv 8 ). etach fri
riad, 5935 . ríad roót driving over roads (?), FB 47 ( LU 8629 ).
45 Carman cen riad without (chariot-) racing (?), ZCP x 421.8
(prophecy of evil times). riadu curach ┐ graig boat-races and
horse-races
, LU 3643 ( SC 31 ). Conan is Aed rind na rriad `of
the races
', Met. Dinds. iv 366.225 . in tan nā terna Foraind don
riad raenach from the disastrous pursuit , LL 134a6 (Todd
50 Nenn. 232 ). banriad a woman's excursion (of the Táin B.C.),
CRR 4 . (as vn.) ag riadh sdéd, IGT Dec. ex. 1689 . cid dogni
suairc sirach sēt | isind aidchi fri riad reb on its sportive
course
(?), SR 7915 (of the earth revolving round the sun).
doléice aurchur a ríada di, BDD 88 (of a spear; casts it to its
55utmost reach
?; riara, St., YBL). rodam riada a great team-
ox
(?), Anec. i 66.4 . In fig. sense: cen berla fri riad rēlta
for a way (means) of explanation (?), SR 3475 . cethri mili
mac . . . cethorcha ocus cét glan-riad careers , i.e. lives ?, 596
(of the 144,000 redeemed on Mount Sion).
60? In place-name:pn Escir Riadda (the ridge crossing central
Ireland from east to west), Met. Dinds. iii 282.90 (see Hog.
Onom.).

?2 ríad n authority, control ? `riadh' s[macht gan on], Metr.
Gl. Ff. 8 = riasdracht éirghi, LL 395a12 . riadh .i. smacht,
65O'Cl. Perh. an inference from ríadaid = ríagaid q.v., but cf.
IGT Decl. ex. 1689 , cited under 1 ríad.

ríadaigid v i. rides, drives; fares, journeys : ro riadaig .i. ro
imthig, gl. rēided, Hy. v 97 ( Thes. ii 349.33 ). Trans. of riding
or training a horse: risin rig rad-riadaig `that trained thee' (to
70a horse), TTebe 3495 . Pass. pres. pl. rel. na riagaither , Laws i
190.5 Comm. Vn. [is] trian seisid in eich dorormacht riadugud
air, Laws v 212 z (i.e. the training of a horse adds an
eighteenth part to his value).

?ríadair ind adsuidet foluid rudrad cach ro-naidm riadair iar
75n-airilliud .i. is amail ni teit a nae rodair he im astud, Laws
iii 10.9 , 12 . riadhair slighi .i. amail is asa dul iarsan sligid rēd
i mag re, imta samlaid is rēdh tintugud gach tire lais i mbi
suillsi di senchus, H. 3. 18 p. 245 ( O'C. 465 ).

1 ríag n ā,f. oft. written riad(h); a p. riagu occurs in LB 240b31 ,
80 Alex. 953 . A gibbet? riag gabul, gl. patibulum, Sg. 53a20 (perh.
intended as an alternative gloss, patibulum being derived
from patior in the text). croch, riagh (ó énchéill), IGT Dec.
§ 39.10 (f.). d s. réigh, ib. ex. 1080 (réidh v.l.). Gen. in wider
sense punishment, torture; in early relig. lit. freq. used of
85 martyrdom or of pains of hell. ríag már Martiáni, Fél.
July 2 ; quoted by O'Dav. 1360 with gl. .i. césadh. ar Christ
céssais riaga, Feb. 23 . Prol. 52 . do bith-aitreb pēne ┐ rége
(of hell), LU 1405 ( RC xxi 384.4 ). d'insaigid iffirn . . . co
n-immud a pían ┐ a ríag, FA 21 ( LU 2143 ). ro domsib-sea
sech riaga, ACC 141 ( RC xx 414 ) = sech riagu, LB 240b31 .
5 g s. as attrib.: nách óen gebas do immun . . . ní bá péne ná
réigi (= will not be doomed to hell), Trip. 116.26 ; cf. ní pá
pene na régi (= may I not be doomed to hell), Mon. Tall. §8
(see Thurn., KZ xlviii 63 ). Of punishment in general: gemel
cruaid i coiss | is riag rúad ria ais `a red cross (?) on the back',
10 KMMisc. 270.3 (perh. of stripes or lashes). dobeir riagh don
áes fogla, Sitzungsb. der Preuss. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 11 . ron-
gastigh Iudas budéin | ocus dorat hi cruad-rēig, Ériu iii
198 § 23 . doberat piana diḟulachta ┐ riagu tenṅtigi, Alex.
953 = riaga, Anecd. v 6.5 , riada, BB ( IT ii2 106 ). Ard na
15Riag height of the executions , Met. Dinds. iii 414.1 (see Hog.
Onom.). ic Crois na Riag, AU ii 226.11 (see Hog.).