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? ráithiud: ind ráithiud áine, H. 3.18, 7a ( O'C. 16 ). Cf. PRIA
xxxvi C 16, 310 .

ráithín n o,m. (dim. of 2 ráth) a small rath or earthen fort : dorinde
cach taissech Féine raithin ┐ dúnad uime féin, Acall. 6181 .
5 Raithin na n-ingnad, 5511 . g s. timchell in raithín, 5484 . d p.
raithinib, 6184 .

? raithius: n d s. arranic-som maiss n-óir i rraithius (.i. mucaill)
na muc `where the swine were rooting', Trip. 94.20 .

raithnech n ā,f. (cf. 1 raith) fern, brake-fern (coll.): raithnech ab
10eo quod est ratis latine .i. raith no raithnech, Corm. p. 39 .
ni ḟaca ann . . . acht mad raithnech ┐ clocha, RC xxiii 416 § 29 .
dorigne . . . mucca . . . don raithnig, 408 z . tresin raithnig
ruaid, LB 274b21 , cf. Caithr. Cellaig 467 . ruadgaiss raithnigi
the red stalks of the bracken , Ériu vii 2.10 . claochluighthear
15luaith na raithnighe i ngloine, Eochairsgiath 59.13 . pl. in
distributive sense: dogenaind . . . muca do raithneachaib, RC
xxiii 408 § 6 . a bfās mar na raithnechaibh, BNnÉ 180 z . ri
raithneach, Arch. i 334.49 , perh. the royal fern or osmunda
regalis, cf. raithneach ríoghamhail `waterfern, flowerfern or
20o[s]mund royal
', P. O'C.

ráithsech xsee ráidsech.

ráiti part. nec. of ráidid, that should be said (spoken of, told):
hi cech threib is ráti, Fél. Ap. 9 (raite v.l.). is ráitte cech íath
Port Láirgge `to be told of in every land', Met. Dinds. iii 192.41 .
25Folld. by FRI of pers.: ni rim-sa is rátti sin that shall not be said
of me
, TBC 1285 (but: ni rim-sa is ráite duit-siu sain you
should not say that to me
, 433 ). ni raiti craibdech re nech |
minab ailgen no one should be called pious , ZCP x 52 § 16 . ni
raite forrgid fria she should not be termed a trespasser , Laws iv
30110 x. Comm. noco rig is raiti rís mani rabat gēill aice, 50.26
Comm. ráiti rí risin ngiall nglan, ZCP viii 563 § 29 . ráidhte
dhúinn d'fhuighlibh aobhdha | ris an suilbhir `I must say
to
. . .', Ir. Monthly 1919, 226 § 25 (Gofr. Fionn).

1 rám m. (vn. of ráïd) the act of rowing : ocon rám (: snám)
35`a-rowing', Met. Dinds. iv 98.83 ( LL 164b8 ). Generally fig.,
course, career :? fora rriad rochéim rám étruth (of a horse),
FB 47 ( LU 8630 ); `in seinem gewaltigen eifernden Lauf',
Thurn., Sagen aus dem alten Irland; = rain etruth, Eg., leg.
rám-étruth? cóic rig déc . . . gabsat rám os Raigni rúad
40`grasped the helm', Met. Dinds. iv 344.68 ( LL 201b34 ). re secht
[m]bliadna reraig rām he stretched his course (i.e. reigned),
Rawl. 85a40 (quoted Bruchst. i § 102 n. ). Briotán Maol, mac
na flatha, | saor an sliocht-rámh tar sreatha `noble the stock-
branch spreading from him
', Keat. i 186.99 = saer in slicht
45ram dar sreathadh, BB 28b50 ; perh. a cheville. Plummer,
MS. Notes, sees in this ex. a deriv. of Lat. rāmus `branch',
placing beside it SR 1390 : fri fidrad fonnram, and Keat. ii
6151 : san chéadrámh da Chroinic.

2 rám n oar see ráma.

50 1 ráma (rám) n m. and f. (cf. 1 rám) an oar . The O.I. n s. is
prob. rám(a)e (io-stem); g p. cét rámae fuiri (of a ship), Sg.
36a7 . In Mid.Ir. ráma seems the usual form. rámha ráimhe
m., IGT Dec. § 2.9 . rámh m. (g s. ráimh, rámha), § 38.4 .
rámh f. (g s. ráimhe), § 39.4 .
55(a) ro memaid in ráma ro baí i lláim Ír, LL 12b26 . ro bris E.
a ramha ar treseacht an imruma, BB 414a25 . gach ráma bán
ara mbáduibh, IGT Dec. ex. 79 .
(b) ráimhe an fhir aga n-ionramh, ib. ex. 118 .
(c) brisis Ír an ráimh reamhair, Content. xxviii 32 . rug ar
60ráimh . . . taoiseach gacha tréanluinge, ib. 29 , cf. xxx 5 . ar
earluinn ráimhe, IGT Dec. ex. 591 . n du. da rámma do
iurn . . . i ndib lamaib dó ic tescad in mara, LL 108a23 ( RC
xiv 402 § 9 ). pl. lecam ar ráma úan isa muir, LL 283a19 =
ar raimh, Lism.L. viii 11 . brister na rama, Aen. 243 . nar
65badar forréli na ramai, CCath. 2630 . ramada diorda ina laim,
Ériu i 114 § 2 ( YBL 214a12 ). nos-tocbat na ramhada, RC xiv
40 § 42 . coblach for rot ramat .i. ani fora comimluaiter na
rama [ramad v.l.], O'Dav. 478 . réim na séol . . . ┐ inna
ruad-ráma ruad-undsend, LL 235a19 ( TTr. 1343 ). ó buil-
70lighibh rámh oarstrokes , Duan. Finn. ii 224 § 4 . ethar bec . . .
cona ramaib, Aisl. MC 85.12 . ra sudigit sretha . . . di ruad-
ramaib ara ochorborddaib, LL 219b31 ( TTr. 190 ). an uile
dhuine ghlacus na rámhadh, Ezek. xxvii 29 . nach racha
áonlong le rámhuibh, Isa. xxxiii 21 . tri sretha di rámhadhuibh
75for cech luing, Lism.L. 3574 = di ramaib, 3581 (verse).
? fri fidrad fonnram a wood of delightful boughs (?), SR
1390 .

2 ráma n m. (prob. same word as preceding) an agricultural tool,
a spade : bac ┐ rama, Laws v 410.17 Comm. ramu fri clais,
80 iv 70.8 Comm. túag oc tamnad . . . ocus bacc . . . ocus ráma
oc rorúamar, Met. Dinds. iii 198.12 . g s. Raigne in rámai ráin
`of the noble spade', 194.13 . lorgg rammai, Laws iv 334.18
Comm. do ghabhadar da rámhaibh ┐ dá sásaibh oile air (of
turf-cutters), Keat. iii 2152 . As fictive npr. m.: Ráma mac
85Rochlaidhe, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. rámann.

rámach adj o,ā. (cf. 1 rám and 1 ráma) pertaining to rowing or oars .
(a) of vessels equipped with oars: ag daingniughadh a long
eidir ramhach ┐ ruadhclárach both their rowing and their
strong-decked vessels
, ITS v 68.3 . Esp. in Roth Rámach ( `the
Rowing Wheel
', O'Curry), the machine constructed by Simon
5Magus and Mogh Ruith, for account of which see MS. Mat.
401 fg . ; it seems to have been a primitive flying-machine and
the epithet prob. referred to its paddles or wings. Mug Ruith
. . . is he luid do foglaim druidechta co Simon ┐ is malle
doronsat in roth ramach tic tar Eoraip ria mbráth, ZCP viii
10332.13 = doronsat in roith ramaig, LL 331b32 ; cf. Rawl.
157.37 ; roth rāmach ZCP x 343.19 . in roth ramach ┐ in
scuap a Fanait, LB 242b47 ( MS. Mat. 632, App. clii ). Hence
with epithet transferred to inventor: Tlac[h]tga ingean Mog
Ruith ramhaig, Ériu x 77 § 11 (perh. = Mogh ruith r. ¤ ).
15(b) of seas and waters and sea-coasts, plied with oars, boat-
frequented, marine : Loch Ri ramhach, Ériu x 87 § 99 . d'Ess
Rúaid rámach, LL 306b42 ( SG 386.4 ). Ess rónach [rámach
v.l.] Rúaidh, Anecd. i 27.5 . bun rámach Raiti, Caithr. Toirdh.
34.2 (Bun Raite in Co. Clare). im Corcamoroith rámach, ZCP
20 viii 226 § 6 . a righe ramhach `their oar-plied-kingship' (of
Corcamruad), Misc. Hag. 28.19 .