Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


75 ro-finnadar v(Mid.Ir. finnaid) finds out, discovers . In O.Ir.
a depon.; three different stems are used in conjugation:
(1) finn- `discover', in imper., indic. pres. and imperf. (2)
fes(s)-, fias- in subj., fut. and cond., also pass. pret. and gerun- dive. (3) fit-, fet- in pret. act. with force of pres. `know'. For
80 -fitir see ZCP xv 204 ; Norsk Tidskr. f. Spr. iv 426 ; Indog.
Forsch. xxxix 220 . For the form fo-retar see Ériu xii 222 ;
for forms without ro- in answering a question see ibid. 219 .
O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. forms: pres. 3 s. rud-finnadar, Ml.
46c24 . rofinnathar, LL 152b7 (= rofinnadar, Met. Dinds. iii
85448.107 ). 3 pl. nad finnatar , Ml. 99b10 . imp. 2 s. finta, LL
251a18 . TBC 199 , 649 . fintai, LU 7572 ( BDD 110 ). finna,
LU 5400 . 3 s. finnad, Wb. 29a17 . SR 1691 . 1 pl. finnamár,
LU 9212 ( FB 94 ). findamar, Ériu ii 102.1 . findam, TBC²
2361 . 2 pl. finnaid, LU 4750 . TBC 728 . 3 pl. finnatar, LU
3476 ( SC 25 ). findat, ZCP v 23.27 . subj. pres. 1 s. co fessur ,
5 SR 2883 . TBC 1399 . acht co fíasur , LU 3373 ( SC 16 ). Cf.
cia bo ḟessarur-sa (sic), LB 68b2 ( PH 5911 ). 2 s. rofésser, Fél.
Feb. 4 ; dian fésser, Oct. 24 (: crésen, créssen). rofessir, Laws
iv 340.3 . confeser, Wb. 29a22 . confeiser, Sg. 209b30 . co
fesser , SR 1327 , 6113 . co fesara , PH 1813 , 6645 . 3 s. con-
10festar, Wb. 12c38 . 28d11 . Ml. 51b10 . arin festar , LU 3509
( SC 27 ). rofessadar, Rawl. 80b26 ( ZCP iii 24.2 ). dia fessara ,
LL 285b49 ( KMMisc. 208.12 ). nad fiastar , Wb. 22d3 , is a fut.
form, cf. na fiastar , Laws v 462.18 , and: nach fiasara , BR
234.22 . subj. impf. 1 s. rufessin, Ml. 59b1 . n[i]confessin,
15 117d4 . dia fessaind , TBC 932 . 2 s. rofesta-su, Wb. 10a10 .
dia festa-su , CRR 4 ( LL 171a37 ). 3 s. raḟesed, Sg. 148a6 .
ro-das-fessad, SR 562 (: meth). rofessad, TBC 1766 . amal
nin-fessed , Wb. 16a2 . cini fesed , Thes. i 3.39 . 1 pl. rofesmais,
LU 6760 ( BDD 28 ). co fesmais , 7069 ( BDD 73 ). 2 pl. rufeste,
20 Wb. 9c8 . 3 pl. co festais , LU 1833 . TBC 62 . fut. 1 s. rofessur-
sa, Wb. 9a21 . ro essur , IT ii1 179.157 . 3 s. rufiastar, Ml. 111c13 .
ni fiastar , Wb. 12d18 . rofestar, 12d27 . 1 pl. rofessammar, SR
1265 . 2 pl. rofessid, Wb. 7d6 . 3 pl. rofessatar, Ml. 69b1 . pret.
pres. 1 s. rofetar, Wb. 16d7 . LU 1285 . rafetar, TBC 60 . ni
25 fetar-sa , Wb. 28c10 . ni fetor-sa , Thes. ii 241.10 ( Arm. 18a1 ).
nad etar-sa , LL 265b35 ( MU 26.26 ). nochon ḟetur , LU 4761 .
do-fetar, Anecd. v 2.11 . fetar (in reply), Ériu xii 219 . 2 s. in
fetar-su , IT ii1 179.156 . nad fetar , TBC 930 . nach fetar-su ,
PH 1374 . nach fetura-sa , 719 ? 1 s.). 3 s. rofitir, Wb. 24d5 .
30 SR 2029 . amal rundfitir Ml 140c10 . lasse ro-ind-fiteir , ZCP
vii 481.27 ( Ench. Aug. 74b ). ni fitir , Wb. 26d14 . 1 pl. rofitem-
mar, Wb. 6c16 . 12c5 . 14b19 . -fitemmar, 12c6 . 16a29 . Sg.
32b5 . rofetamar, Trip. 42.11 . LU 5650 . TBC 1235 . rafetam-
már, LU 4973 . -fetammar, Ml. 37a10 . TBC 8 . -fetammár,
35 LU 1779 . 2 pl. rofitid, Wb. 7d6 . rafitid-si, 18b9 . rofitis, 6a18 .
14c12 . (= rofitid-si). 3 pl. rofitetar, 23b12 . -fitetar, 27a11 .
Ml. 95a12 . rafetatar, 54b14 . -fetatar, 96b2 . Cf. ni etetár ,
Wb. 21d1 . rafetar, 28c12 . Pass. pres. s. -fintar, Sg. 200b13 .
Ml. 30a3 . pl. rofinnatar, Wb. 29a28 , 30 . subj pres. s. rufessar,
40 Ml. 24d17 . dia fessar , 24d14 . Mid.Ir. rofestar, SM Facs. 33a1
( Laws ii 272.12 ). cu festur , Laws ii 6.29 Comm. co festar,
PH 7645 . subj. impf. con festa , Sg. 26b8 . co fessta , IT i
118.10 . pret. pres. s. rofess, Wb. 23b9 . rofes, Ml. 80b11 .
nad fess , 80b10 (see also 1 fes). pl. rofessa, Lib. Hymn. i
4538.34 . nach fessa , 33 . ní fessa , Fél. Prol. 76 . part. necess.
fissi, Thes. ii 308.18 . Vn. fis (O.Ir. fius) q.v.
In Mid.Ir. the vb. undergoes a twofold development:
(1) finn- ` find out ' develops subj., fut. and pret. forms act.
and pass.: fut. 1 s. -finnub-sa, TBC 5759 . ni fhindub-sa , PH
50 2017 . 1 pl. -findfam, LL 268b39 ( MU 44.27 ). cond. 1 s. no
[ḟ]indfaind-sa , PH 20 . 3 s. na findfad , 2012 . Cf. fo-r-indfad,
LL 264a18 , 19 ( MU 16.9 , 11 ). ? pret. 3 s. ro find , BB 16b20 . 3 pl.
niro fhinnsat , Marco P. 60 . vn. finnachtain, finnad. (2) The
subj. and fut. forms with fes- survive and are associated with
55the pret. in the sense ` know '. In pret. pres. 1 s. -fetar con-
tinues in use down to modern times, but analogous forms are
used in other persons: in fetrais . . .? Rofetar ┐ ro fetadur fir
Eirenn, Acall. 7608 , 7610 . ma do ḟedarais (2 s.), TBC p. 221
n. 2 . rofhetabar (2 pl.), PH 1710 . rosfetabair, Met. Dinds.
60 iii 280.54 . rofhitirset, Fl. Earls 10.22 . -fhitirset, 62.21 .
114.16 . fesbaide, LL 195a25 = fesfaide, Met. Dinds. iii 118.
105 , is a spurious fut. form (2 pl.).
A. Rofinnadar, finnaid. (a) finds out, discovers, learns = Lat.
cognoscit, often implying effort or investigation, esp. in imper.;
65folld. by acc., dependent question or clause with or without
conj. In Glosses the pres. finn-, is used with force of a consue-
tudinal pres. or in general statements, Thurn. ZCP v 19 . In
older texts the subj. and fut. forms in fes- are used in above
sense. in línn rofitir a peccad finnad a ccúrsagad let as many
70as know their sins [come to] know their reprimanding
, Wb.
29a17 . biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád
forru whose sins are found out , 29a28 . ni taibri grád for nech
confeser a inrucus, ib. 22 . mad ail duit co fesser olcc if thou
wouldst learn what evil is
, SR 1327 . ārim cech sluaig . . . ni
75fail nech rodasfessed who could find it out , 562 . ara feiser cenn
rig for aithech that thou mayest be able to tell (when) a king's
head (is) on a plebeian
, Laws iii 106.4 . ragat acht co fiasur in
n-airm atá provided I can find out where she is , SC 16 . dia
fessmais indni not-fóirfed, foghébta linn, IT i 122.21 . ro-
80finnathar a mathair-som inní sein discovers , ZCP viii 311.2 .
ni fetar, olsi, cid dernad de. Finta-su em, ol A. find out! LL
251a18 ( TBFr. 295 ). finta-ssu dún in tecam fo nā tecam, TBC
199 . ar co festa-su damsa cia airm, etc., 1728 . findtae dun
coich in choland find out for us whose body it is , Corm. Y 1018 .
85 finna dam indiu Meidb ┐ Fergus (= keep an eye on M. & F.
for me
), LU 5400 . finta lat in mór in marbad, RC xiii 84.23 .
finnta lat cid thacras Déicc, PH 1041 . fionnta libh cia
doroine, etc., BNnÉ 34.29 . a ēigsi . . . in findtai nō in feada-
bair | cidh ma tugsat can you find out or do you know , BB
42b48 = in fagbaid no in fetabair, LL 211a39 . findamar uait
5do ainm let us hear your name , Ériu ii 102.1 . fionnam uait
mar do íocais, TD 14.8 .
(b) the sense ` find out ' is not distinct from that of `knows' in
forms with fes-: amal ninfessed cách as though no one knew us
(gl. ignoti), Wb. 16a2 . can rufesta-su íccfe in mnái (= unde
10scis), 10a10 . ni ḟetar . . . dia fessaind conbeind na fatchius
if I had known , TBC 932 . ni fili nad fiastar sé hernaili déc na
filidechta he is no poet who does not know , ZCP vi 262.23 . dá
bhfeasadh . . . cá huair do thiocfadh, TSh. 2244 (= si sciret,
Matt. xxiv 43 ).
15(c) hence the development of new forms from finn- in the
sense ` find out ': cacha finnub-sa de . . . innisfithir duit-siu,
TBC 5759 . finnubh . . . an crích bús fhearr dhibh, RC xliii
64 § 64 . ná lí do mhnái co finnair do not accuse your wife until
you find out (her guilt)
, Acall. 582 . doberthar chucom-so nech
20rodfinnfa do ghalur (= who will diagnose), IT i 122.3 . cia
forindfad dún ca crích ina fuilem? LL 264a18 ( MU 16.9 ).
tri focuil for braich . . . co finntar a blas, Laws ii 242.12 .
B. ro-fitir (a) pret. pres. knows (gen. in sense of Lat. scire =
is aware of, seldom is acquainted with): is becc rofitemmar-ni
25i rrúnaib Dǽe, Wb. 12c5 . is moo rofhitir Dia rúine na ṅdoine
andaas rofhetatar fén, PH 5126 . rofhetar-sa at aiprisce na
doíne, 1425 . in fetar cid ruc . . .? Nicon fetar dost thou know
. . .? I know not
, IT ii1 178.135 . in fetair-seo cia fath . . .? Nād
edar-sa, TBC² 2222 , cf. TBC 2987 , 4251 . fer ná fetar claind
30no cenel dó of whom I know not his family nor his race , IT i
127.30 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair, RC xxv 388.18 . (b) with
force of pret. knew (common in Mid.Ir., esp. in 3d pers.):
nachatfedir . . . atc[h]uitig fa thri he swore thrice that he knew
thee not
, ZCP x 47.13 . ni fhetar olc remisin I knew not evil
35until then
, LB 111a42 ( MacCarthy 56.1 ), cf. SR 1335 . raḟitir
co taetsad, TBC 3720 . ní fidir cuin doricfad a les, Ériu iii
154.13 . (c) the pret. rofind is occas. similarly used: Findia
.i. nech do ḟind Dia, Fél.² cxlvii ( Sep. 28 ). nír fhinnsad nār
iad sloigh na criche, Marco P. 150 . nir fhionnsat cia cúil . . .
40iona rabhsad na curpa, BNnÉ 184.22 . ro find [Pátraic]
combad si [Ard Macha] budh cenn . . . d'eccailsibh Erenn,
FM i 142.12 .
C. Rofess (a) is known (perf. pres.): rofess i taig cáich, Wb.
23b9 . rocluinter in fogur ┐ ni fess cia rāide, IT i 144.11 .
45 innahi nach fessa . . . na hi rofessa (= quae latent . . . quae
leguntur), Lib. Hymn. i 38.33 , 34 . (b) with force of pret. was
known : is ed durumenatar-som nad fess in gním they thought
the deed was not known
, Ml. 80b10 . ba ceist mór la hUltu
náconfes céle for a selb that she was not known to have a husband ,
50 IT i 139.10 . rofes o Día do Senán andí-sin that was (made)
known to S.
, ZCP iii 222.8 . Common in parenthesis or cheville:
corbat rí rofes i ndiaid Cormaic, LL 147a17 ( PRIA iii 548 ).
ropo derg th'ḟaebur, rofess, | i mBeluch, RC xx 11 § 12 . The
neg. ní fess was later analysed as adj. with cop., see 1 fes.
55 D. Idiomatic uses: (a) with AR (FOR) of pers. finds out (knows)
against (to the discredit of): cor . . . ara findtar a saithed whose
fraud is discovered
, Laws iii 6.19 . elodhuch ar a finnathar one
found out to be a fugitive
, 60.1 . ná fionnadh a hathair fuirre
that her father might not find out (her guilt) , TFrag. 30.2 . rofes
60forsin fher-sin in gním, PH 948 = ō dafes, ZCP xiv 153.3
(YBL). aoinneach . . . ar a bhfionntaoi claonadh seanchusa
do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 511 . (b) of connubial intercourse:
mac mná nad festar céle who knows no spouse (of the Virgin
Mary), Im. Brain § 26 . ben nad fessed [sic leg.] nech do feraib
65hErend ríam, IT i 119.29 (LU). ni fetar ┐ ni fhindub-sa
ferscál, PH 2017 . dias inghean nar fhionn fear, Gen. xix 8 .
(c) doubtful: rofind . . . Dia suan . . . i nAdam, BB 16b20 =
immisit . . . soporem in A. , Gen. ii 21 (leg. rofóid ?).
E. Some late exx.: (a) in fidir tú ? do you know ? Acall. 753 .
70 an bhféidir tú . . .? ZCP iv 404.4 ; 412.17 . ni fhéidir . . . acht
ro-fhéadar liom I do not know . . . but I do know , 412.19 .
cf. an fitir lat ? Snedgus u. M.R. 12.6 (b) 1 pl. pret. fetamar
has given rise to the adv. eadamar surely, certainly , see TD ii
p. 200 , Desíd. p. 304 : e. nach diúltfa sibh, Content. xvi 104 .
75 eadamair eistfidhear linn, Dánta Grádha xvii 11 .

rofitir xsee rofinnadar.

? rog n prohibition : rogh .i. geis, O'Cl. ? arpetend carbach
fochruch | in n-inaim ba ruth dom rog (: og `egg'), IT i 158.11
( LL 154b7 ); `the prey most difficult I chose' (?), O'Curry; perh.
80a v 3 s. pret., see 1 rogaid.

rog- intens. pref. see rug-.

roga xsee rogu.

rogach adj o,ā. (< rogu ?) adj. with complimentary sense, chosen,
choice, excellent ? in all follg. exx. applied to kings. ri roghach
85rathghorm, AU 902 (poem) = rogach, FM a. 898 . ōm righ
rogach (: blogach), Anecd. i 74 § 221 (of God). gabsat riam
ind ríg rogaig `choice kings', Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 18 ( LL 182a53 ).
fri hairer, cennach tólach, | na ríg rógach, na ruirech `jolly
kings
', Met. Dinds. i 34.80 (roga, rogach, MSS.); in Gloss. the
sense grasping, far-reaching (cf. rogid `stretches') is also sug-
5gested. roghach `merry, cheerful, pleasant', P. O'C.