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roithid v ī. occas. ruithid. Sets in motion, makes run, drives : in
roithiud roithes a laith[e] alaill riam the impulse wherewith the
day impels another before it
, Ml. 42b27 . Pass. subj. pres. rothe-
tar, gl. impelli, 92a16 . fut. pl. roithfiter, gl. contrudentur, 15c18 .
75 Part. roitte, gl. actus, 36d21 . d s m. roitiu, gl. admota, 36b4 .
adrad rig roithes gréin, RC xxiii 316.9 = LL 32a29 . ri ruc
in grein . . . | dia réim ruithess co ro-gnath from the course
whereon he habitually impels it
, SR 7242 . in cuiced criss . . . | mo
rí ruithes tria sirthes, 154 (= stretches out, extends). ? roithfid
80fál (.i. cloch) find fo trí, ZCP xii 238 § 65 (Baile in Scáil).
? cāin cach lūachair lethanglas | noco raithter a bunad,
iv 469.2 (= noco roithear, B. of Hy Maine 211a ), i.e. until it
is uprooted
(?) or leg. nocor ithter until its root is tasted (?). Routs,
puts to flight : ro roth ┐ ra [s]rain [T.] na treinfiru, TTebe 999 .
85 ruititer . . . na Troianaigh . . . on cathraigh, Aen. 2816 . Fig.
slog ro-ghasta rothed goil who used to ply (exercise) valour (?),
Ériu ix 57 § 10 . techta do raith ruitter, ruitter raith fri techta
`techta' are brought into action, employed , Cóic Con. Fug. 21
§ 15 . ruitech .i. inní ruiter and, in crand cam, Eg. 90, f. 15a
( O'Don. 2011 ).

5 roithinche n iā,f. (earlier form of reithinche, q.v.) cheerfulness,
serenity : i roithinchi, gl. in hilaritate, Wb. 5d13 . faitiges i
n-ūathad, roithinche hi sochaide, ZCP iii 25.29 . co roithinche
cride, 28.4 (= Ériu vii 138.24 , 172.15 ). la slemni ┐ roithin[ch]i,
Mon. Tall. 2 . at mathi a chland . . . im roithinchi, LU 4269 .

10 roithinech adj o,ā. serene, calm : roithinech, gl. sereno, Ml. 33a14 .
fo riagail roithenaig réil, SR 2395 . ? cubus roithnech rēid,
Ériu ii 56 § 9 (transl. `radiant', perh. = ruithnech). See reithi-
nech
.

roithiud u,m., Ml. 42b27 , vn. of roithid q.v.

15 roithled n m. the act of rotating or twirling ? ag roithled ┐ ag
roth-impod aroile (of two wrestlers), MR 256.18 . ag roith-
leadh ┐ ag ro-tolladh aroile, ML 88.7 .

roithlén n o,m. (roth) a wheel : roithleun `a wheel', Eg. Gl. 522 .
mar raithlean (= ad modum circuli), Rosa Ang. 210.4 . re
20saeb-roithlen sar-muilinn, MR 256.9 . fulacht na Morrigna . . .
crand a roth ┐ crand a mol . . . ┐ da nai rethlen as an moil sin
`pulleys (?)', Mackinnon Cat. 133.10 , cf. da nae roithlenn ina
mhol, Celt. Rev. x 346.5 (Lismore). pl. roithléin na gcarbad,
Exod. xiv 25 . roithleáin, Ezek. i 21 . ceithre roithleáin, x 9 .

25 roithne xsee ruithen.

roithnid, -nigid, xsee ruithnid, ruithnigid.

roithreim n(roth+réim) the rolling, rushing of wheels : r. ¤ `rush-
ing
', Eg. Gl. 524 . le roithrem a charbad, Jerem. xlvii 3 .

roitte io-iā. part. of roithid q.v.

30 ro-laimethar xsee lamaid.

rolla (rulla) n io,m. (Rom. loan-word) rulla rolla, IGT Dec.
§ 2.29 . A (written) roll of parchment, scroll (esp. a list (?), record):
nāra horm rabh na rolla-sum may it not be charged to me in His
(judgement-) record!
Arch. iii 234 § 11 . Críoch Fer Rois i rrulla
35an naoimh, BNnÉ 284.19 (rolla v.l., sic leg., : Colla). fios a
bhfearoinn sa. bhfola | tugsum tráth 'sa tseanrolla, ZCP ii
357.17 . do sgriosfaidhe . . . a n-anmanna . . . as rolla na
n-ollomhan, Content. xvi 139 . Rolla na Ríogh da ngairthí
Psaltair na Teamhrach, Keat. ii 3875 . rolla ┐ cuimhne
40scríobhtha ann, Ezra vi 2 . rola, Jerem. xxxvi 28 . A genea-
logical list; a pedigree : cuim[h]nigh go bfuil, a rí, ad rolla |
fuil na dtrí gColla ar do chúl, IGT Dec. ex. 40 . gidh árd a
rolla ag scaoileadh though their lineage be high and far known ,
Keat. Poems 46 . ? nār ar colla as doilig dúin, | rolla mo
45c[h]laidhim da cīmh, Arch. iii 236 § 10 .

rologud n u,m. ciniud intamlaigteach sin re macaib Milead ar
rigdacht ┐ ar rologud ` great renown ', Cog. 160.15 (great forgive-
ness, magnanimity ? or great privileges ?). See 2 ro (b).

roludh n u,m. the act of rolling (flattening out), dochunnuc . . .
50luirecha aga roludh ┐ slega aca slibudh `breastplates being
rolled
(?)', ZCP vi 29.3 .

rom adv. (= ro+mos `soon'?) early, too soon ; poet., used as
pred. with cop. rom .i. moch nó luath, Arch. iii 24.17 (gl.
on Trip. 150.15 ). mithig dam-sa dul for cel | scarad frim etal
55bes [omit] ni rom, LU 3048 ( SG 235.41 ). iar sin tánic cretem
glan | for Mag Fáil, bés nirbo rom, Met. Dinds. ii 14.70 . cía
ro crínad nírbo rom `though it is withered now, it had not an
early end
', iv 242 (of Bile Tortan). cia dom-īssed nīpo rom
it were not too soon for him to come to [succour] me , TBC² 1728 .
60 sét ná bo rom a way never too early taken , LU 1201 = nad bī
r. ¤ , ZCP viii 287.18 . mad do chomruc . . . is rom sōn dait-si
cose beos (= thou art yet too young for that), TBC² 600 . la
Coin Culaind la Lugaid | risna-rom úath na hómon, LL 125b3
( Ériu v 210.45 , tr. `with whom there was not soon fear nor
65terror'; whom it were well to fear betimes
(?), i.e. before pro-
voking a quarrel). ba rom ron-traethad I (lit. we) was cut off
before my time
, LL 122b46 (Siaburchobra Con Ch.). moruar
ba rom a bhoeghal, FM i 544 z . tonn báis ba romh rod-
báidhe, i 472.11 .

70 róm- pref. chief, preëminent : lucht righe rómh-ghnáith Té `of
Te's chief home
', Content. xii 4 (: ór-shnáith). sé na rómh-
oide is na shruth `a pre-eminent teacher', xxii 14 (: córaide).
Perh. = róm q.v.

Róm pn ā,f., later Róim (Lat. Roma) the city of Rome: n s. ind
75 Róm , Sg. 174a1 . g s. inna Rómae , ib. d s. hi Róim , 148a6 . ropad
tánaissi Romae Letha . . . mo chathair-si a second Rome of
Latium
, Trip. 146.25 (g s.). indara cathair re n-abar in Rōmh,
ZCP xiii 182.37 . do ghabāil na Rōma, ib. 36 . co Roim, PH
284 . orrig na Roma, 289 . in Roim, CCath. 405 (n s.). cumdach
80na Rómha, 149 . v s. a Romh , 1495 . Rómh f. (g s. -a, no pl.),
IGT Dec. § 149.8 . Róim f. (g s. -e, no pl.), § 42.11 .

róm n ā,f. and róim (Lat. Roma) strictly `the city of Rome' (see
above), hence used in early Ir. relig. lit. of a saint's settlement
in which he was buried and hence of a burial-ground in general;
85the full term for the latter being r. ¤ adnaicthe. Brega Tea . . .
in róm relgech ná rairged `the burying ground that was not
rifled'
, Met. Dinds. i 6.20 . 'sna roim arrsaig adlaici `in the
ancient place of burial
', iii 422.20 . is é . . . Glen da lacha in
cethramadh Roimh adhlaicthe as ferr i nErinn one of the four
greatest burial-places
, BNnÉ 128 § 23 . trian ele an chiosa . . .
5tucc Maodócc . . . da Roimh aoibhinn adhlaicthe, 259.16 (of
Ros Inbhir, Maedóc's settlement). is e bud roimh adhlaicthe
do sloghaib iarthair domhain, BCC § 156 (of Aran). go róim
adlaicte a shenathar, Caithr. Toirdh. 130.31 . an rómh
adhnaicthe in ro dheónuigh an Coimdhe a adhnacal .i. an
10Rómh cenn na Criostuidhe, FM vi 2372 y - z . i rróimh adhna-
cail Shíl Aodha, 2048.3 . ro badh ádhbha aineoil . . . robtar
rómha adhnaicthe dóibh, 2298.24 . béarthar thú le céathrar
ar ghuailníbh id róimh, Keat. Poems 357 . Cf. Bk. of Landaff
pp. 1 , 83 : insula Enli que more britannico uocatur Roma
15Britannie . . . cum xx millia sanctorum ibi iacent corpora
confessorum.
In bardic poetry freq. also of a frequented centre of resort,
chief's residence, etc.; cf. bennán cét ríg, róim aile a second
Rome
(of Tara), Ériu iv 92 § 4 ( LL 33b18 ; ro mbaile, Rawl.).
20 Colum Cille . . . oghdar dían ardrōm [sic MS.] airdnem whose
high sanctuary is heaven
, ZCP x 340.8 . a rómh na ríogh !,
Measgra Dánta 56.67 (of castle of Donegal destroyed in 1595).
an róimh nósmhar so fúibh, 57.34 (of a ruined castle). róimh
eighreachta an eangnomha `valor's inherited capital', TD 3.4 .
25 sen-róimh na naom 's na neimead (of Ireland), O'Gr. Cat.
466.19 (Eochaidh Ó Heodhusa). trí rómha a ngabhmaois
grádha (of the bardic schools' rooms of study), Ir. Review
1913, 594 § 8 .
Compd. Daimhinis . . . is i rōim-inis na renn | ocus ōig-inis
30Ērenn, MacCarthy 436.4 ( BB 51a47 ).