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70 2 saer n o,m. (1 saer; for development of meaning see 1 saer (c)).
saor, IGT Decl. § 96 (p. 129) .
An artificer; in older lang. apparently used in wide sense
of a craftsman in general, later restricted to workers in wood,
carpenters and masons. ? sáer oc suidigud sillab, Sg 7b11 .
75 Luchtaine saor, Corm. Y 975 . ainm im[b]erta ciuil donīat
sāir, O'Mulc. 833 (appar. musicians). gobul dlūta la sāiro, 675 .
macc in tṡáir son of the carpenter, Fél. Aug. 14 (with note:
saer didu a athair, p. 184.y ); oft. applied to S. Ciarán of Clon-
macnoise; líth . . . | maicc in tsháir . . . | féil cháin Chíaráin
80Chlúana, Fél. Sept. 9 . Ciarán mac in tsaeir. Mac ón in tsaeir
doroine nemh ┐ talmain . . . Mac in tsaeir denmha carpat,
Lism. L. 3945 - 6 . Beoit soer mo athair-si (of Ciarán), 3987 =
ba Beoan soer m' athair-si, LB 16 marg. inf. s. ¤ ┐ fer bleithi
┐ fer muilind (i.e. a mill-wright), Laws iii 280.6 . daernemed
85tra saeir ┐ gobaind, v 90.19 . sair . . . ┐ cach aes tail ┐ beili,
ii 118.25 Comm . s. ¤ daimliac ┐ durtaigi `builder', v 114.16
Comm . saoire crannaibh .i. as é sáor dhénma na gcrann é,
O'Cl. áos déanta, sáor `masons, builders', Eg. Gl. 17 . na dúile,
| ní saor do dhealbh dúinne acht Dhia, Dán Dé xxxi 6 . nach
é an saor úd, mac Mhuire, Mark vi 3 . saóir chrainn ┐ chloiche,
5 2 Sam. v 11 . drong mhór do shaoraibh cloch, TSh. 665 . Of
the Creator: tabhram dar saor an soitheachsa, Aithd. D. 61.4 .
ar chruthuigh lámh dheas an tSaoir, Keat. Poems 613 . Cf.
Lism. L. 3945 cited above. Of a chief: saor Tighe Táil, TD
31.49 .
10Compds. ¤ chlochach: mun ráith gcuirr saorchlochaigh sin
with stones dressed by masons, DDána 105.13 . ¤ fhoichlech (?):
sairfoichlech gl. concuriossus, Ml. 90b2 . ¤ dénmidecht: sáir-
dénmidecht (sic leg.) gl. artificium, Sg. 133b2 .

saerad u m. vn. of saeraid. In Mod.Ir. also o,m. IGT Verbs
15§ 80 . act of freeing, delivering : cumachtae ṅdé du soirad, Ml.
74b13 . inna diad int soirtha sin, 35c4 . mo soirthasa ón, 45b2 .
a buidigud dosom int soirtha sin, 62c6b . no chlechtatis na
genti s. ¤ a mogad isin sechtmad bliadain, LB 25b34 ( Thr. Hom.
12.6 ). fear ar saoraidhne, TD 13.29 . ar son ar saerta fein =
20 propter nostram salutem, Smaointe B. Chr. 662 .
With prepp.: guidhedh in tathair neamda . . . ma s. ¤ ar naire
┐ ar miclu, Ir. Texts v 2.15 . lámh shaortha an chogaidh ar
chách, Aithd. D. 75.1 . mo sóirtha asnaib imnedaib, Ml. 92b8 .
do saerud P. a cath na Teue, TTebe 3716 . int soirthi (n p.)
25 dinaib fochaidibsin, Ml. 19b11 . Cf. a soertha de manu assirio-
rum, 35c3 . día sáerad for barnib na cloch, LU 5888 . fear ar
saortha ón lia luighe, DDána 61.18 . Cf. ar sóirad ab ira futura,
Wb. 2d14 . Act of raising to the status of a `saer': s. ¤ fuidre,
Laws v 450.14 .i. daer-fuidir do saeradh taris ceim bas etar
30leis, 25 Comm .

saeraid v ā (saer) (a) frees, liberates, delivers, saves (in concrete
and relig. sense): amal ronsóir fesin sóirfed (for -id) cách
cretfes and, Wb. 32d13 . nobsoirfea gl. absoluet, Ml. 45d10 .
soirasiu gl. liberato, 61c15 . a llaithe nundamsoira, 62c6b .
35 soirfithir, 68d14 . inna ní soirdae . . . alailiu, 75a2 - 3 . inna ní
soirtar and, 75a4 . ni fetar in damsoirfad dia fanacc, 90c19 .
nosoirfitissom tri pecthu inna nnamat, 91a10 . in damsoirthae
du lamaib mu námat fa naic `whether I might be delivered',
91d4 . huare nachansoiraini, 93d10 . maninsoirthae, 96a10 . ni
40fetatar in sóirfetar fa nacc, 96b2 . nonsóirni a dæ, 136c11 .
manim soirae se `if Thou deliver me not', 142b3 . sóersunn
sóeras in popul `may he deliver us who delivered the people', Hy.
i 28 ( Thes. ii 303 ) (see Thurn. Gramm. § 430 ). Críst ronsóera
ronsēna, Hy. 54 ( Thes. ii 306 ). a curpu ro sóerae, Fél. Ep. 435 .
45 amail sóersai L., 459 . ro sóerais na huili, 486 . saer gl. libera,
Gild. Lor. 73 . ? co Samáer sáersat a sreith `loosened rein',
Met. Dinds. iv 180.11 . a chorp naom[h]tha . . . | ní shaorfa
mé nach marann the fact that it is not living will not absolve me,
PBocht 11.23 .
50With prepp.: with AR, FOR: ni bói numsoiradsa ar chum-
achtae ṅduini . . . manim soirad cumachtae ṅdǽ there was
nothing to save me from the power of man
, Ml. 74b13 . in rí doda
saer . . . | ar Fhoraind, SR 3985 . cora shaerur-sa morfessiur
. . . ar phianuib iffrind, LB 28b59 ( Thr. Hom. 38.4 ). 's é sain |
55shaorfas mé ar phéin an pheacaidh, DDána 16.6 . not soer-
faider for Foraind, SR 3804 . saer-sa . . . sinne fair, BColm.
70.25 . co ra-shaera sind for a n-ulcu, PH 764 . co ro-saerait
for digail Dé, 8409 . With AS: amal as nerlatu . . . rosoer
maccu israhel asin doiri, Ml. 60b16 . in tain iarum rocretset
60nondasoirfed dia rosoirtha dano hi suidiu as in doir[i] sin,
131c9 . With DI: romsóirsa rect spirto di rect pectho, Wb.
3d20 (cf. 2d14 ). nobsóirfasi dia dinab fochidib, 11b4 . hóre
ronsoír di peccad, 24c18 . nonsoerni . . . di doiri babelon, Ml.
46b26 . a cumachtae . . . indí dǽ rodamsoersa din galar sa,
65 48a21 . asberad . . . nachasoirbed dia lamaib som `would not
deliver them from his hands
', 53d6 . as tria airilliud som rosoirad
in chathir di lamaib assar, 61d2 . Cf. ronsōerat a airnigthe | ab
omne formidine, Hy. i 24 ( Thes. ii 302 ). S. sōeras L. di thein,
25 (glossed .i. rosoerastar). amail sóersai I. | de bru céti, Fél.
70 Ep. 463 . fer sóeras di chrú, fer sóeras di gabail (attendants of
a king), Críth Gabl. 578 . With ó: saer sinne . . . on mor-gabud
a filem, PH 2884 . is i cáisc ro-saertha meic I. on dóire, 3255 .
créd do shaor ón égsin iad? L. Cl. A. Buidhe 80.128 .
(b) exempts, excuses (from duty, legal action, etc.): is don
75tshluaiged sin ro sóertha cleirig ar sluaiged that clerics were
exempted from military service
, Fél. 10.16 . díaro sáertha na
mná la Adomnan, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). saeraidh dlighedh na
mir ┐ na écodnaig ┐ na dair, Laws i 88.8 Comm . araill dib so
sis ar a n-uaisle saerthar iat are exempted on account of their
80rank
, iii 112.13 Comm . ni saorann ainfis in dligid nech gl. non
excusat, O'Don. 570 ( H. 3.17, 440 - 1 ). saorthar lucht tighe
Í Néill, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 43.5 .
(c) raises to free (saer) status; ennobles, exalts: do gobainn no
cerda no umaidi saertar la tuaith, Laws v 114.19 .i. soraiter
85eneclann doib isin tuaith, 23 Comm . cid nodasóera? what
ennobles them
? Críth Gabl. 319 . sóerait calne Apréil | Ambrois
`ennoble', Fél. Apr. 1 . la cléir Eusebi | sóerais cech fleid,
Sept. 25 . slúaig Helair . . . | sóerait samain síanaig confer
honour on
, Nov. 1 .
(d) relieves, abates, dissolves, clears away: a Sbiorad . . . | do
5shaor iomad m'fholadh, DDána 14.5 . broid an chóigidh saor-
faidh súd, 93.2 . ar luigh oirne i mbeirn bhaoghail | saoraidh
t'oidhre `thy Son . . . cleared away all the pressure on us', Aithd.
D. 64.26 . cinnus do saorfaidhe tuitim Adhaimh how the fall
of A. might be remedied
, Smaointe B. Chr. 3166 .
10 Part. inna soerthae gl. uiuorum, Ml. 130c14 . mac cor mbel
i seilb soertha uccu in free possession (?), O'Dav. 1470 . Part. of necess.: cid aire sin namá ba sáertha in domnach `Sunday
should be kept holy
', Ériu ii 194.13 .
Vn. saerad.