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saeth n u m. trouble, hardship, distress, tribulation (both physical
and mental); disease, illness: s. ¤ (saoth, v.l.) .i. galar, O'Dav.
1471 . saoth .i. galar no easláinte; .i. pian; .i. sáothar, O'Cl.
cen ascur sáitha `without remission of tribulation', Wb. 25d16 .
80 issnib colnidib . . . ceste saithu who suffer tribulations, Cambr.
38b ( Thes. ii 247.19 ). téicht do Róim | mór saido, becc torbai
`much labour', Thes. ii 296.4 . Dīa dím cech sáeth doringba
(seth, saeth, v.ll.), Hy. vi 9 (.i. cech toirsi nó galar, gloss). ro
cés mór sáeth (seth, v.l.) i lLethu, ii 35 (.i. saethair, T., soethar
85no galar, F.). ro damnatar sáethu, Fél. Prol. 32 ; quoted by
O'Cl. (saoth) with gloss `piana'. sáeth sétaib `by ways of
tribulations
', Apr. 3 . arnách ruba(i) ar shóethaib that he slay
him not on account of grievances
, Críth Gabl. 582 . beim fácaib
feith fo s. ¤ (i.e. injures a sinew), Laws iii 360.22 Comm . imain
i cathaig saetha `driving (cattle) into a diseased cow-house',
5 v 138.14 . ni bia doib s. ¤ na galar, PH 6910 . fada a ghúbha re
saoth searc `with aching love', ML 22.11 . brocach cech s. ¤ ,
Ériu ix 47 § 20 . nathir ron gáel . . . | donrat fri s. ¤ tria aslach,
SR 1342 . niba dín [ar] sóethu, LB 258b62 . Críost liom fri
gach saoth, Ériu iv 236.13 . ni airechdais s. ¤ na pein, Ériu ii
10142 § 154 . cuthach dobheir saoth ar slúaghaibh which brings
suffering to multitudes
, BNnÉ 147.y . ba fochann soeth (.i. ba
hadbar galair), Leb. Gab. i 272.18 . nach duine co n-ainimh
no co ngalar . . . dicuiridh a shoethu dhe, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . ba
mór saéth (of Colum Cille's austerities), BCC 440.12 = Keat.
15 iii 1642 . diamad do shoeth no galar no dhighsed if he has died
of disease or illness
, Marco P. 51 .
As pred. with cop.: is s. ¤ limm I am sorry, grieve: ro bói som
i ngalar et ropo sáith libsi ón, Wb. 23d11 . i[s] sáeth rem'
chride, LU 3574 ( SC 29 ). ba mor soeth la hUltu inni sin, IT
20 i 143.6 . rosáeth linni do bithsiu for uisciu, LU 6051 = TBC²
1579 . sāeth lim-sa an ainīarmairt | bīas dōib, ZCP viii 209.17 .
is saoth . . . lind an gniomh donither, x 278.17 . can ni is s. ¤
re nech dib, Laws ii 362.10 Comm . soeth leam nach e an
cuingidh . . ., MR 286.16 . saoth lemsa Aodh . . . | anocht i
25gcrích comuidhig, O'Gr. Cat. 451.10 . saoth liom-sa é gan
oighre, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 31 . With proleptic poss. pron.: ba már
a saéth la Deichtire díth a daltai, IT i 138.12 (LU) = ba s. ¤
mor la D. . . . a dalta do ecib, 27 (Eg.). is s. ¤ dom: is sáeth . . .
dam nách accim in gilla, LU 6116 (om. TBC², see p. 61 n. 7 ).
30 saoth don ghaisgedh . . . Domnoll (the death of) D. is a loss to
chivalry
, O'Gr. Cat. 444.13 . Cf. mo shaoth a chaomchorp i
gcróchar, Keat. Poems 191 .
Compd. ¤ galar: dosficed sár sáeth-galair `sore disease',
Met. Dinds. iii 428.32 .

35 saethach adj o, ā (saeth) distressed, sick, suffering : roptar saéthaigh
gallraigh la hiomcuimhge an ionaid, FM vi 2210.1 . As subst.
luad saethaig .i. ach no uch `expression of a weary one', Auraic.
5612 = oud saothaid .i. uch, 4307 = od .i. uch saet[h]aig,
Anecd. iii 44.6 . Cf. Hy. vi 19 , where sethach is a v.l. of
40 sóethrach.

saethamail xsee suíthemail.

saethar n o,n., later m. (cf. saeth). First syllable always sái-, sai-
in O.Ir. Glosses. See Thurn. ZCP xiv 8 . n s. a saithar ,
Wb. 11a9 , 11 . g s. int saithir , Ml. 102d13 . saithir, Wb. 29a14 .
45 sáithir, 23c25 . saithir, Ardm. 184b ( Thes. i 498.4 ). d s ho
saithur , Ml. 59b12 . a s. saithor, Cambr. Hom. 38a ( Thes. ii
247.8 ). fri sóithar , Fél. Ep. 298 . n p. soethra, PH 2520 . g p.
inna saithar , Ml. 78b15 . saothar m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.27) .
(a) work, labour, toil : gl. labor, Wb. 25a17 , Ml. 78b15 . gl. opus,
50 Ml. 24d11 , 48c29 , 102d13 . ni fás a saithar dogniu-sa, Wb.
11a11 . saithar ho lámaib gl. operantes manibus nostrís, 9a5 .
is uisse lóg a saithir do chách gl. dignus est operarius mercede
sua, 29a14 . s. ¤ madae vain labour, Fél. Ep. 227 . sasad cen s. ¤ ,
MacCarthy 60.27 . = sassad saeri, SR 1493 . ro focht B. do
55Brigit cid s. ¤ dognid dia codnach, Ir. Texts i 18 § 54 . soethar
athar ┐ seanathar dúib inní 'g adathai cosnam, Alex. 203 .
s. ¤ cerda, Laws ii 414.24 Comm . log saethair, iii 426.x . com-
roinnit itir re ┐ saothar don fochruic `they equally divide the
hire between the time and the labour
', iv 132.2 Comm . co
60saothraib ar hseirc Dē, ZCP vii 498.15 . saothar dúr = duram
laborem, TSh. 8132 . bíd a uile laithe súd lán do shaotharaibh,
8566 . mór . . . a sáothar da cet slechtain matin ised dogníd,
Mon. Tall. 141.2 . nem . . . i mbi s. ¤ la cocetal ceol ┐ clasa
aingel, Ériu ii 110 § 28 . cen s. ¤ áine no abstanaite, PH 5548 .
65 g s. as attrib.: do-ghéan duit an duain shaothoir `laboriously
wrought
(?) poem', TD 30.20 (perh. a techn. term, Notes). nír
chuir greim achd greim saothair | i ngach eing `careful her
touch
', PBocht 12.29 .
(b) often with notion of difficulty, trouble, effort, exertion :
70 intum (= in tain) . . . cessas saithor i ppennit ┐ ait[h]rigi,
Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247.8 ). snim ┐ s. ¤ , SR 1455 . isberait . . .
nis biad ni don fiadach ro marbsat, uair nirbo soethar dóib
since it had cost them no trouble, Ir. Texts i 63.15 . ar ni bia s. ¤
no todernum tall dond eclais, PH 5550 . am crín indiu . . . |
75nímthá sáethar re imlúag (himluadh, v.l., sic leg.) `I have no
trouble in telling it
', Ériu iv 158.15 . tarla . . . an tseisrech fo
réim saothair ┐ siubhail `the team straining in full career',
BNnÉ 222.2 . ocus rop e mét a shoethair-sium (of Christ in
Gethsemane), PH 3042 . do cunnaibh S. an leoman . . . ┐ ro
80an aici gan ts. ¤ `without struggling', ZCP vi 293.25 . fuair an
dall daothan . . . | gan shaothar ann d'uisge, Dán Dé xii 20 .
a aendia . . . dorinne nem ┐ talam gan tsaetur, ZCP vi 286.15 .
bas sochraidh . . . gan tendess gan tsaéthar, BCC § 357
(404.30) . do fuair se saethair ┐ gallraighti, Études Celt. i
8589.18 . saothar ┐ cleachtadh `exercise and practice', Donl.
472.2 . denadh saothar ┐ siubhal mesarrdha, Reg. San. 21.19 .
ag cur sháothair mhóir orrtha féin ag iomramh, Mark vi 48 .
comdídnad iarsna saethraib, Arch. iii 10.14 = Trip.² 219 .
ó tá an gadhar saothair se .i. an bás, ag seilg na hanma this
panting hound
, TSh. 592 . dobhí tríur . . . | 'sa bpíopuighe
5tobac aca dá gcathamh ar saothar smoking hard, ZCP v 245.13
(Midn. Court).
(c) of travail in childbirth: s. ¤ in tusmiuda, PH 5719 . go
rugass go mīrbaileach . . . gan saothar . . . Dia ┐ duine a
n-aoinpersain, Fl. Earls 116.20 . ní geinter an chlann daon-
10daidhe . . . gan iomad saothair ┐ doilghis, O'Hussey T.C. 22.8 .
Of coition: Mac Dé do thecht ana broinn cin shaethar ferrdha,
Maund. 116 .
(d) in concrete sense a piece of work : soethra dímáine láma
dóine (of idols), PH 2520 . Of a literary composition: gurob é
15tráth tinóileadh an saet[h]ar so, O'Gr. Cat. 290.21 . conidh
dóibh ro chachain Benén in s. ¤ -sa sís, BR 136.11 . berimsi an
sāethar . . . | co Cathal hua Conchobuir, Ériu ii 168.85 .