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seim n n,n. later m. seim m. g s. [seama], IGT Decl. § 41.7 .
a rivet : búi Creidne cerd fri dēnam semand issna gāib,
85 Corm. Y 975.5 . semind .i. sēm ō ind (s. ¤ coa hinn, v.l.), 1149 (cf.
séim co hind, LL 186a29 ). lágen mór . . . .l. semmend trethe,
LU 7702 . scíath cróderg ro brecad do ṡemandaib findruine,
BDD² 967 . bruth .i. s. ¤ gae, O'Dav. 197 . bidh égcomluath
taithmiuch in druing briathar ┐ bédis tuaghnadhmann semen,
397 . go ro lúpsatar . . . a slega ó a rennaib (sic leg.) go a seman-
5naib, TBC 3813 . sleg . . . co cethrachait semmend i suidigud
a hindsma, LL 237b43 ( TTr. 1551 ). fidba cen ṡ. (one of three
dangerous things of which warning must be given), Triads
172 . nī dílfa sin s. ¤ saighde ort that will not repay you an arrow-
rivet
(i.e. you will not get the least return for it), ZCP vi 272
10§ 9 . ro sníit a slegha da semannaib `were wrenched from their
rivets
', Mann. and Cust. ii 241 n . go cceithre seamonnaibh ag
a chomhfhosadh for an ccrann ccomhdhaingean, CRR² 26
(78.21) (of a croísech). benaid semanna chleath cáol | gre-
manna a táobh each fá íor, IGT Decl. ex. 1142 . semeann .i.
15seamanna, no tairrngeadha beaga bhios tré chro sleighe, no
ga isin gcrann aga ndaingniughadh re aroile, O'Cl. a nail :
dearg a throigh i dtarrla an s. ¤ , Dán Dé xxvi 7 .
By transf. a supporter, follower (?): semend .i. laoch, ut est
cét semenn cotnoi .i. is dé dlegar tobach for Luighne dontí
20cométas cét laoch nó cét ceile nó cet gaisgedhach, O'Dav.
1437 . Cf. semanna .i. cumdach no dín; no semanda .i. ceile
no rath, O'C. 2064 ( H. 4.22, 66b ) (i.e. a man's vassals and stock
are `rivets' to him, Plummer MS. notes). is ē crō randtar ar
līn semmann: trīan do crū deirbfine . . . ┐ trīan donaib flaithib
25. . . ┐ trīan don tslūagh nodsaig leo-sum, Ériu i 215.9 .
Compds. ¤ chló a rivet, a spike : sect semann-clui uriarainn
co remet medoinmeoir miledh in cach s. arna sadudh . . . tre
cro-innsma gacha craisigi, CCath. 5308 - 9 . ? ¤ chrann: dia
gelgae airgide ┐ di semcrand (sic leg.) snasai indib de credumae
30`two smooth riveted shafts', RC xii 60 § 16 . ¤ fhoebrach: an
cú glan seamfhaobhrach seang, DDána 112.11 (: ghearrshao-
ghlach). ¤ laigen a riveted lance : cona semonnlaighnibh
siothfoda slinnlethna, Hugh Roe 142.11 . ¤ lúbtha with bent
rivets
: slega . . . seamlúpta, MR 238.26 .

35 séim adj i compar. semiu gl. exilior, Sg. 14b6 . (a) slender, thin,
narrow, slight; smooth: `seim' cach seang, cach sircumang,
Met. Gl. 3.5 . `séimh' beag, ib. 29 § 48 . intí as sémiu .i. intí
as mindchichthiu (gl. tenuior), Ml. 19d8 . sémi gl. exiles, 54b17 .
sémi .i. sémigte in corp gl. extinuata (sic) (ieiunia), 86a10 . s. ¤
40gl. macer, Sg. 37a3 . huan dlúithi s. ¤ gl. tenui . . . rima, 46a10 .
sluinnter ní s. ¤ ina sarugh . . . .i. aisneithar go nach beg aní ata
do neoch ina tsarugad no slight matter, O'C. 2626 ( Eg. 88,
fo. 53 (54)c ). s. ¤ anim ocnait `slight is the blemish of a young
man
', RC xxvi 16 § 14 (glossed: .i. is étrom nó is bec ind
45anim . . .). Cf. Laws iv 386.13 Comm . isém dúnn . . . in
membrum hisiu, ZCP viii 176.4 . clann Mhaoilchainnigh na
gcuach seimh, LL 394.41 . sliocht na righi is seimh snoidhe,
ib. 54 . na seolcrannu séimi sithardda, LL 235b3 ( TTr. 1367 ).
minslabraidh segda seimi seic-rigne, CCath. 5279 . gur bhris
50a dróm séanna séimh ar (sic leg.) a dhó, CF Eg. 193 . do rosg
. . . | mar oighreadh seimh snúadhamail, Buile Ṡ. 18.22 . Cf.
rosc s. ¤ sruth meda, SG 241.18 . a chruth séimh, TD 21.38 .
a fhinne-bhean tséimh shéaghanta, Keat. Poems 973 . Adv.
leasg leo buain acht go séimh ris, Content. xviii 88 .
55(b) In later texts, mild, lenient, not heavy or oppressive : na
gcaoimh-reacht séimh, Oss. vi 8.8 . a bheit[h] foighideach ┐
séimh re na lucht freasduil, Donlevy 328.6 . fa na bpeacaidhe
do léigion thortha go réigh, ┐ fa bheith ro shéimh ris an
aithrigheach, ib. xv 23 .
60(c) direct (cf. Mod.Ir. caol-díreach, and séim-dírech below):
rith roseim os bith, SR 39 . ná bad s. ¤ do deog deccair | cen
chéim do 'na comlepaid that he would have no direct approach
to
. . ., Ériu iv 104 § 47 . ni fuilngenn in craidhi eslainti trom
acht o cuis roseimh a very direct cause (?), Rosa Ang. 138.8 .
65(`a slight cause'). Adv. directly, or perh. clearly (?): an tuisci
fliuch tiugh ac lethnugadh ┐ ac ramrugadh an radairc ann ┐
a bacail de dul co seim na naduir fein dinnsaidhi an duine,
Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.6 (of the enlarging effect of water on the
appearance of a submerged object).
70(d) in various applications. Of food, meagre, moderate, slight,
light : baí s. ¤ sáth .i. ba becc a saith, LU 655 ( ACC 25 ). ol cen
itu cen mescai | proind ṡeim cen saith cen gortai, LB 100
marg. inf. le beagán do shásadh shéimh | tugais a ndaoithin
dóibh-séin (of the five loaves and two fishes), DDána 20.26 .
75 victus tenuis atque exquisitus in morbis longis . . . periculosus
.i. ata an diet roiṡéim guasachtach . . . is na heaslaintibh
righne, 23 K 42, 4.4 . oir is seimhe in chilus na in t'aran `for
the chyle is tenderer (nearer digestion) than the bread
', Reg. San.
XI x . biadha séimhe sochaitmhe, PCT 102 . Of liquids, thin,
80 diluted; volatile: lan do linn seim somes, IT i 291 § 72 Eg.
(FB). tairrngid teasbac na greine an cuid as [s]eime ┐ a s
millsi duisci na fairrgi suas, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.7 . fīn . . . is é seim
arna mesrugad le huisgi, Rosa Ang. 92.6 . an fual séimh
uisgeamail (tenuis), 23 K 42, 216.14 . Of air, rarefied: na haer
85. . . ata na corp chael tseim tsogluaisti ┐ is mo 7 is seime 7 is
luaithi a gluasacht na gluasacht an uisci, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154 .
20 - 21 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth, 148.3 .
Of cloth, fine, thin: lénti sémi . . . sítaidi, TBC 183 . ? To this:
in sét s. ¤ | is ingantu fūair Find féin | . . . cochlān caemdlūith
Crothrainne, Fianaig. 50 § 25 (`dainty'). Of fire, clear (?): ar
5teinidh seim, gan detach, Rosa Ang. 84.19 (`slow'). Cf. bruth
feda dair úr | ó nach gnáth nech s. ¤ | tinn cenn tís ó a dhúil |
tinn súil ó a ghrís ghéir, SG 245.32 (`from him none may escape
unhurt
'). Of sounds, thin, gentle: crōnān sē[i]mh (of insects),
K. and H. § 25 . in guth s. ¤ attruag, LB 157a54 . idir an fodhar
10a[s] seime ┐ an fodar as reimhe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.29 . glór
séimh, Content. ix 8 . na mbriathar seimh somblasta, FM vi
2116.20 .
(e) of corporeal matter, subtle, insubstantial, thin : hi corpaib
dlútaib ┐ i corpaib tiugaidib bias esergi na ndóeni ┐ ní i
15corpaib sémib ┐ rofollib mar aer nó gaíth, LU 2627 (H). is s. ¤
┐ is imétrom ┐ is sídamail in tuarascbáil (of people who were
invisible to those about them), MU² 569 . is demin cetus cuirp
na hesergi co mbat foille ┐ séime tria imfhulang in aicnid
spirutalda, PH 6746 . furtachtaigidh inn (sic) t-usci fuar an
20dileghadh san adbur coilerda seim (materiam colericam ┐
subtilem), RC xlix 29.20 (opp. to: adbur reamur, 30.4 ).
(f) as gramm. term, lenited : .n. cédus .i. Níall .n. séimh gan
Níall, IGT Introd. § 7 (5.4) . dá .g. . . . gibé cruth a mbíd, lom
no séimh, § 46 (14.8) .
25(g) of mental processes, subtle, ingenious, acute: is séimh in
muin doberat Ulaid ummum-da `subtle is the treachery', Death-
tales 26 § 5 . a c[h]omrād ba soglan sēim | ōs līnib lebrāin 'ga
lūadh (of Columcille), ZCP vii 303 § 4 . ni bfuil . . . ni as airdi
┐ as seime . . . ina in egnadh, Ériu v 140.133 (`more comely').
30 do foghlaim sé leigheann agus crábhadh . . . ┐ do bí iúlmhar
s. ¤ . . . ionnta, ITS xvi 14 § 7 (= astutus, V.SS. Hib. ii 38.20 ).
macānta, crionda, séimh, Eg. Gl. 457 .
Compds. ¤ bairdne name of a metre: is airi asperar sem-
bairdne ar semhí gach nech dorimí, IT iii 28.6 . Cf. 14 § 30 .
35 ¤ dírech: ro loi[s]cset gach lis . . . tharla doibh a seimhdhirech
gacha sliged, Caithr. CC 54.1 . ¤ fher: sgáth a dheirbhfine an
séimhfhear as suilbhire, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 146.4 . ¤ guibín
gentle little mouth : le seol-ghuth a séimh-ghuibín, Keat. Poems
110 . ¤ lí: gné shéimhlí a aighthe, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 217.64 .
40 ¤ nembocht: slat shéimhnembocht ón Bhóinn bhinn, |
éinbhennocht do fhóir Éirinn, 103.75 . ¤ rigin slender and
tough : cona snat[h]cenglaib seimrighnib sitaidhi, CCath. 5464 .
¤ ṡeng fine and slender : xl. lathe lanṡeṅg | doruacht in sathe
s., LL 5b14 . a ghruadh ṡéimhṡeang ṡíodhamhail, TD 2.26 .
45 lór don bhaisgheal bhairrṡéimhṡeang `of the fine soft hair',
12.1 . teagh . . . | na naoimhfhear suarcghlan séimhsheang,
Aithd. D. 88.21 . Of a country: a chuiléin . . . | ro thaisdil tír
ts. (of fairyland), SG 353.11 . fa chlár séimhṡeang na sreabh
nglas `smooth, beautiful land of blue streams', TD 31.30 .
50 ¤ ṡíthcháin: do rinneadar neóil uachtracha an aeidhir ┐ dúl
na firmament sith ┐ séimhshíothchána re chéile `gentle accord',
ITS i 78.5 . ¤ thana thin, meagre : séim tana gl. exilem, Sg.
14a8 . ¤ thecht an ingenious crossing (?): fuair treoir na
dtonn laideanda | d'éis séimhthechta a srothann bhfis having
55expertly crossed their streams of knowledge
, L. Cl. A. Buidhe
175.95 (: éifechta).