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saethar n o,n., later m. (cf. saeth). First syllable always sái-, sai-
in O.Ir. Glosses. See Thurn. ZCP xiv 8 . n s. a saithar ,
Wb. 11a9 , 11 . g s. int saithir , Ml. 102d13 . saithir, Wb. 29a14 .
45 sáithir, 23c25 . saithir, Ardm. 184b ( Thes. i 498.4 ). d s ho
saithur , Ml. 59b12 . a s. saithor, Cambr. Hom. 38a ( Thes. ii
247.8 ). fri sóithar , Fél. Ep. 298 . n p. soethra, PH 2520 . g p.
inna saithar , Ml. 78b15 . saothar m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.27) .
(a) work, labour, toil : gl. labor, Wb. 25a17 , Ml. 78b15 . gl. opus,
50 Ml. 24d11 , 48c29 , 102d13 . ni fás a saithar dogniu-sa, Wb.
11a11 . saithar ho lámaib gl. operantes manibus nostrís, 9a5 .
is uisse lóg a saithir do chách gl. dignus est operarius mercede
sua, 29a14 . s. ¤ madae vain labour, Fél. Ep. 227 . sasad cen s. ¤ ,
MacCarthy 60.27 . = sassad saeri, SR 1493 . ro focht B. do
55Brigit cid s. ¤ dognid dia codnach, Ir. Texts i 18 § 54 . soethar
athar ┐ seanathar dúib inní 'g adathai cosnam, Alex. 203 .
s. ¤ cerda, Laws ii 414.24 Comm . log saethair, iii 426.x . com-
roinnit itir re ┐ saothar don fochruic `they equally divide the
hire between the time and the labour
', iv 132.2 Comm . co
60saothraib ar hseirc Dē, ZCP vii 498.15 . saothar dúr = duram
laborem, TSh. 8132 . bíd a uile laithe súd lán do shaotharaibh,
8566 . mór . . . a sáothar da cet slechtain matin ised dogníd,
Mon. Tall. 141.2 . nem . . . i mbi s. ¤ la cocetal ceol ┐ clasa
aingel, Ériu ii 110 § 28 . cen s. ¤ áine no abstanaite, PH 5548 .
65 g s. as attrib.: do-ghéan duit an duain shaothoir `laboriously
wrought
(?) poem', TD 30.20 (perh. a techn. term, Notes). nír
chuir greim achd greim saothair | i ngach eing `careful her
touch
', PBocht 12.29 .
(b) often with notion of difficulty, trouble, effort, exertion :
70 intum (= in tain) . . . cessas saithor i ppennit ┐ ait[h]rigi,
Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247.8 ). snim ┐ s. ¤ , SR 1455 . isberait . . .
nis biad ni don fiadach ro marbsat, uair nirbo soethar dóib
since it had cost them no trouble, Ir. Texts i 63.15 . ar ni bia s. ¤
no todernum tall dond eclais, PH 5550 . am crín indiu . . . |
75nímthá sáethar re imlúag (himluadh, v.l., sic leg.) `I have no
trouble in telling it
', Ériu iv 158.15 . tarla . . . an tseisrech fo
réim saothair ┐ siubhail `the team straining in full career',
BNnÉ 222.2 . ocus rop e mét a shoethair-sium (of Christ in
Gethsemane), PH 3042 . do cunnaibh S. an leoman . . . ┐ ro
80an aici gan ts. ¤ `without struggling', ZCP vi 293.25 . fuair an
dall daothan . . . | gan shaothar ann d'uisge, Dán Dé xii 20 .
a aendia . . . dorinne nem ┐ talam gan tsaetur, ZCP vi 286.15 .
bas sochraidh . . . gan tendess gan tsaéthar, BCC § 357
(404.30) . do fuair se saethair ┐ gallraighti, Études Celt. i
8589.18 . saothar ┐ cleachtadh `exercise and practice', Donl.
472.2 . denadh saothar ┐ siubhal mesarrdha, Reg. San. 21.19 .
ag cur sháothair mhóir orrtha féin ag iomramh, Mark vi 48 .
comdídnad iarsna saethraib, Arch. iii 10.14 = Trip.² 219 .
ó tá an gadhar saothair se .i. an bás, ag seilg na hanma this
panting hound
, TSh. 592 . dobhí tríur . . . | 'sa bpíopuighe
5tobac aca dá gcathamh ar saothar smoking hard, ZCP v 245.13
(Midn. Court).
(c) of travail in childbirth: s. ¤ in tusmiuda, PH 5719 . go
rugass go mīrbaileach . . . gan saothar . . . Dia ┐ duine a
n-aoinpersain, Fl. Earls 116.20 . ní geinter an chlann daon-
10daidhe . . . gan iomad saothair ┐ doilghis, O'Hussey T.C. 22.8 .
Of coition: Mac Dé do thecht ana broinn cin shaethar ferrdha,
Maund. 116 .
(d) in concrete sense a piece of work : soethra dímáine láma
dóine (of idols), PH 2520 . Of a literary composition: gurob é
15tráth tinóileadh an saet[h]ar so, O'Gr. Cat. 290.21 . conidh
dóibh ro chachain Benén in s. ¤ -sa sís, BR 136.11 . berimsi an
sāethar . . . | co Cathal hua Conchobuir, Ériu ii 168.85 .

saethrach adj o, ā (saethar). In O.Ir. Glosses saíthrech, saíthrach,
see Thurn. ZCP xiv 8 . (a) laborious, toilsome, generally but
20not necessarily in sense of grievous, difficult: mad iar n-aicniud
adrimther . . . is saithrech, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.8 ). nephsaith-
rach, gl. inlaborata (defensio), Ml. 103b4 . compar. magnus
labor .i. saethrigu, gl. operiosioris, Ench. Aug. 68a ( ZCP vii
479 ). obair sháothrach servile work, Levit. xxiii 8 , Numb.
25 xxviii 25 , 26 . is saothrach do fuair obair `weary toil he under-
went
', Arch. Hib. i 92 § 24 . tarnic dénam daingin Ailig, cíarb
ord sáethrach `a toilsome work', Met. Dinds. iv 114. 5 . taided
remainn sligid s. ¤ , Fél. 14.y . i mbethaid ṁbáethraig | . . .
snimaig sirsaethraig, SR 1446 . saothrach dhamh 'san eglais-
30[s]i | . . . | saothraighe mo leabaidh-si wearisome, Buile Ṡ.
140.21 . gidh saothrach siubhal i bhfad, Aithd. D. 48.4 . dúil
sin as saothrach betha `a creature . . . of strenuous life', O'Gr.
Cat. 461.6 . is de an sengṡatharnn | sāethrach fa sech pain-
ful
(?), ZCP viii 206 § 36 (of Saturday follg. Good Friday).
35 Adv. do chuir co sáethrach . . . chum sírtheichthe na sluaigh,
Comp. Con C. 109.16 .
(b) of persons laborious, industrious, hard-working : cóic ríg
cóicat, sáethraig se `laborious', Met. Dinds. iii 8.93 . doronsat
na hingena éladna inganta co ségdu s. ¤ , PH 898 (? or elabo-
40rately, skilfully
). do ghabh go saothrach agá malairt, TSh.
7708 . With AR: gach lios dar loisg C. | budh saothrach ar a
ghruaidh ngil | ag uaim aolchloch 'n-a n-áitibh will be at pains
to
, DDána 92.17 . saothrach ┐ tugtha d'foghluim, Donl.
336.10 . Of work laboriously-wrought : sróilmheirge sáothrach
45sirig, Duan. Finn i 70 § 148 . slios gach múir ghormsháothraigh
gil `the side of each white blue-worked castle', Studies 1921, 419
§ 16 . ceird shaothrach, DDána 68.32 .
(c) wearied, dejected : ba s. ¤ , ba gallrach in mathair, LB 63a14
( IT i 40.9 ). bat saothraoigh (sic) ┐ bat scītthaig īatt asa aithle,
50 BColm. 28.11 . a haithle a tturais . . . ba subāilceach dia
n-anmannoibh ┐ ba saothrach dia gcolloibh, Fl. Earls 220.z .
Colum . . . | saothrach ón gcuing a chorpán, Keat. iii 1650 .
mad saothrach é melancholy, morbid (= solitarius), Rosa Ang.
228.17 (dubhach, v.l.).

55 saethraige n[io,]m. (saethar) a labourer, worker : is milis codladh
an tsáothruighthe, Eccles. v 12 . Med. agent (?): foghnaidh na
saothraighe so go mor a n-aghaidh na n-easlainteadh teasaidhi,
23 K 42, 356.5 . comhfurtachtuightear o na saothruighibh so
an inchinn ┐ an croidhe, 356.9 .

60 saethraigidir v(saethar) works, labours. (a) intrans.: is airi
asbertar prímgeindi do suidib huare saithraigte in doini friu
(of first-fruits), Ml. 123c8 . serc la Dia maicc Israhél frissaru-
saithraigestar oc a tuididen for whom He had laboured, 92c5 .
issed a cétna ro saethraiged frissin n-ag the same [amount of]
65labour had been expended on the ox
, LL 285b33 . corp . . . in duine
shoethraiges ar Dia, PH 3546 . Pól . . . is e is mó do soethraig
dona hulib apstalaib, 1652 . saethraigfit bar saerchlanda
your nobles will be forced to work, Alex. 213 . ni saethraigem
┐ ní threbam, 856 . co saethraigseat airdrig imda i cosnum
70ríghe duibh, BB 490a31 . saothraighet bar cossa, | imdaighter
bar lossa let your feet be active (?), BNnÉ 309.5 = ZCP x 43.23
(injunction to monks). na n-aithrigheach shaothruigheas sna
subháilcibh, TSh. 8875 . Of mental labour: atberim . . . fritt . . .
naro soethraige ┐ naro guide in coimdid be not worried, LB
75 225b30 . is air sin shaethraighim . . . cindus do gheinfedh
mac . . . gan sil duine I am puzzled, perplexed, ITS xix 58.1
(machtnaigim, v.l.).
(b) trans.: cia dhíobh ler saothroigheadh sin by which of
them was that (house) built
, Aithd. D. 37.29 . an té sháothrui-
80ghios a fhearann `he that tilleth his land', Prov. xii 11 .
Earns by labour, works for: an solas nar saothruigheadh `the
light he has not deserved
', PBocht 19.21 . 'san obair dhaonna,
le saorthaighthear slainte ar n-anma, Luc. Fid. 226.2 = le
saoraighthear, ib. 12 .
85 Vn. saethrugad: cen saethrugud isin sapoit, PH 2590 .
díultuighid a lámha sáothrughadh refuse to work, Prov. xxi 25 .
tar éis saóthraighti doib ┐ móráin tagra do denamh `after their
labouring
', AU iii 556.17 (of a conference). ag saothrughadh
mianaigh airgid, Eochairsg. 115.14 . ré saothrughadh na
subháilceadh practising, cultivating, TSh. 1810 . mo dhán ar
5n-a shaothrughadh le fada, Aithd. D. 19.10 . foghluim do
shaothrughadh go dithchiollach, Donl. 340.22 . dá raibhadar
lucht sealga ag saothrughadh tuirc allta `hunting a wild boar',
BNnÉ 165.y . do saethrugadh a mbethad earn their living,
D iv 2, 42va39 . ag saorthughadh (sic) na beatha suthaine,
10 Luc. Fid. 229.1 . i neamhshaothrughadh na n-ocht seinbhean-
nachta (the Beatitudes), Eochairsg. 93.6 . drong lemh lucht
a shaothraighte (of the art of poetry), O'Gr. Cat. 556.3 .