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1 serb adj o, ā (a) of flavour, bitter: frissa lind s. ¤ in chúrsactha `with
the bitter drink of the reproval
', Wb. 7d9 . huare as s. ¤ ┐ nad ṁbí
ní du ailgen indi, Ml. 94c8 . fo thonda searba sāile, Ériu ii
26 § 9 . tuctha ubla serua dosam corusbennach iat comtar
65millsi, Lat. Lives 111.9 . níis seirbe gl. amarior, Ir. Gl. 1132 .
sruth s. ¤ saile i sūilib (of tears), ZCP vii 299.16 . cach biad . . .
cona somillsi .i. narub searb, Laws ii 234.4 Comm . lossa serua
in díthreba, PH 873 . ro-s-gab dig seirb hi crand crochi ar
biad milis n-áilgen craind an imarbois, 2394 . deoch shearbh,
70 DDána 3.21 . tairrngid teasbac na greine an cuid as [s]eime
┐ as millsi duisci na fairrgi suas . . . et facaid tis an rann is
truime ┐ is reime . . . ┐ is serbhi, 42.12 . sioróipe searbha,
TSh. 8195 . Of acid soil: an tuisci bis a talmain s. ¤ an a mbi
clocha sulfuir no ailimi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.19 .
75(b) in abstract sense, bitter, hurtful, grievous, disagreeable:
serbaib gl. amaris (gemitibus), Ml. 31c13 . sechip ed arabera
biuth in duine is s. ¤ les acht ro[b] bronach, 86d12 . tiachair ┐ s. ¤ ,
94c6 . snechta serba sírgnathchi, IT i 190.29 ( FA 30 , LB). s. ¤
cach borb, Tec. Corm. § 13.13 . nidat úati slega serba, MU
80 401 . is s. ¤ cach gnáth, LU 3915 ( SC 43 ). rochísit cáoi s. ¤ ina
fīadnaisi, BColm. 96.6 . na trī mnā serbha siblacha sīdhe,
ML² 1651 . felbas .i. fel-fes .i. fes s. ¤ a fel dondī is fellis , O'Mulc.
509 . Cf. fealbhas .i. droichḟios, O'Cl. isat somilis fiad borbaib,
at sérb imorro fiad ecnaidib, PH 4662 . bean ler shearbh a
85hiarraidh d'fhior, DDána 32.28 . an cás searbhso a bhfoilim
`bitter plight', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 7 . féach gurab olc 7
gurab searbh dhuit do Thighearna Dia féin do thréigean
(amarum), TSh. 9481 . Adv. snaidfea na sluagu co s. ¤ `du wirst
die Schaaren bitter zerhauen
', TFerbe 376 . bas-gaire co s. ¤
écnech etuailngech, PH 394 . toibéchar fair co s. ¤ ┐ co dichon-
5dirclech fa-deoid o Día, 4113 . Compar. maigen . . . serbiu ina
neim, IT i 190.30 ( FA 30 , LB). adeirim-se gurab roisheirbhe
easbaidh na glóire ioná í = maxime amarum, TSh. 6395 . Adv.
int serbu gl. amarius (queri), Ml. 24c10 .
(c) of sounds, harsh, discordant : sgealparnach le téadaibh
10searbha, Tribes of Irel. 46.11 . Compar. is seirbhe ná an
searbhán goirt | an duine bocht ag déanamh ceóil, Dánfhocail
25 .
(d) as subst. Of a warrior: fosropart in s. ¤ slegrúad, SR 6778 .
Of weather, harshness, bitterness : suidig sine s. ¤ , RC v 201 § 20 .
15Compds. (a) with substantives: ¤ airlech bitter slaughter :
maidm nitha muáid nimṡlóig serbairlech, Death-tales 10.2
(`of bitter counsel', Glossary) = maidm netho mōith n-imdai
slūag searbairlech, 12.16 . ¤ chaer: searbhchaora na fí-
neamhna fiadhánta, TSh. 3329 . ¤ charcar: iar serbcharcraib
20cuimrech, Fél. Oct. 15 . nīmreilce isin searbcarcair `the bitter
prison
' (of Hell), Ériu iii 30 § 17 . ¤ chath: s. Slēbe Eblinne,
Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 12 . ¤ chlár: Manannán tar searbhchlár
sáile, Hackett xl 270 . ¤ chroch: iar serbchrochaib síraib,
Fél. May 13 . ¤ deug: tria shæbreacht shuain serbhdhighe,
25 BB 392b28 = sirdige, LL 213b22 . geir go mblas seirbhdhighe
sin, TD 37.2 . ¤ dremm: s. i rechtaib rúad-mucc `a baneful
drove
', Met. Dinds. iii 404.10 . ¤ gábud: iar serbgáibthib
gortae `after bitter dangers of famine', Fél. Dec. 2 . ¤ gaeth:
ceithre searbhghaotha iar slait Raoileann | . . . | tug ar laithibh
30gréine glas, DDána 110.19 . ¤ glaedach: searbhghlaodhach
a mbeann mbuabhall `harsh calling', TD 4.32 . ¤ loimm:
sergfait srotha serblomma the bitter drops of the streams (?),
SR 8209 . ¤ los?: rothecht Fergus filte, | do ṡerb-lus a ṡainte
`crafty F. acquired land by dint of his bitter greed', Met. Dinds.
35 iii 300.30 (cf. a llos, de los). ¤ lus hop : tá an searbhlus agus
an bhraich caillte, GJ i 207a15 . ¤ maíth bitter sorrow : missi
sund os leptha tra | fri serbmaid fri sirguba, LL 192b50 .
¤ ṡál, ¤ ṡáile bitter brine : tar serbhshal, Caithr. CC 50 § 87 .
ac ól a fola féin maille is in serbṡaile in glasmara, CCath. 2009 .
40 ¤ ṡrón sharp-pointed (?): mór senlaech sirduilech (?) serbsrón
`sharpnosed (?)', 6027 . roboccbertaich-sium in sleig searbsroin
`bitter-nosed', TTebe 3262 . isna seicneadhuibh sēitreacha
searbhróna do ficheadh do chēin, Cath. MT 502 . do mhionsad
seinbhearn cēd isin chath ar comhair a chloidhimh ┐ slighe
45shearbhróin da sleaghaibh rompa, 819 (Ed. suggests reading
slighidh searbhróin `he cuts a bitter track'). ? Cf. searbhrúan
.i. searbhshráoineadh .i. briseadh searbh, O'Cl. ¤ ṡruth:
searbh-shrotha, TSh. 6628 . ¤ thoirse bitter sorrow : ben-
daighthe lucht serbthuirsi, | biaidh sólás fá dheoigh aca,
50 O'Hussey T.C. 227.14 .
(b) with adjj.: ¤ domain: eirgid ar in sáile s. amach, Acall.
6253 . ¤ dúr: romessad ónd albín | tri chét sessar s., Met.
Dinds. iii 220.58 . ¤ garg: cosin slóg serig s., SR 4758 .
¤ glas: in sal s., CCath. 3351 . ¤ goirt: bidh s. a n-aithrighi
55`bitter and harsh', Ériu iii 30 § 9 . oirfitiud s. cen cheol cen
áinius, PH 8138 . co nguilet co serb goirt, IT i 191.23 ( FA 30 ,
LB). ¤ lonn: Saúl slan s. sirthech, SR 6372 . ¤ rúad: tres
an saile serbruadh, Cog. 98.28 .
In an adj. derived from a compd. noun: serbglórach harsh-
60voiced : siansan serbglorach . . . na sruthann `harsh', St. Ercuil
784 . na trí mná sáobha siúbhlacha searbhghlóracha, ML
124.18 . eugosg serbhghlórach senmhná ag coimhéd an tobair,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 4.1 .
(c) in vb. derived from compd. adj.: cor lobsat ┐ cor serb-
65goirtset a nétaige impu fri truma na hanbthine wasted away (?),
LB 155a5 .

2 serb n a theft : `searbh' gaid, Met. Gl. 22 § 74 . serbh .i. gait
(gaidh, v.l.), ut est fod sert s. ¤ Ocus aderr i n-inadh aile: ubhall
no buinne lossa no foserba becca .i. mingata `small little
70pilferings
', O'Dav. 1466 . searb, no searbaidh .i. goid, O'Cl.
siorbhai .i. gadaigheachd, O'Cl. See 2 serbad.

3 serb n(Lat. servus) a slave : bad ṡ. ¤ , bad umal, Ériu iii 96 § 7
(Rule of Ailbe; glossed .i. mogh in one MS., 110 ).

1 serbad vn. formation from serb. act of making bitter : an
75domblas ┐ an finéugra ata ag serbhadh do bhéoil, Parrth.
Anma 394.14 .

2 serbad n(cf. 2 serb) act of stealing (?): a serbad .i. a ngait,
O'Dav. 1154 . searb, no searbaidh .i. goid, O'Cl. Cf. fo-serba.
Perh. same word as 3 serbad.

80 3 serbad n(1 serb?) act of perverting, distorting, act of leading
astray (?): serbadh .i. saebad, ut est dícondircle cen serba[d]
.i. cin saebad firinne, O'Dav. 1465 . ? To this: dar lium féin
ní slad cluig gan teangain do (? leg. dō) na buachaillí aoidech
do serbadh ó fhleasc gheal, O'Gr. Cat. 121.36 (`it is no injustice
85to give the name of "clapperless bells" to the cow-boys that have
been taken from the white flail
'). Cf. serbus.