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serbae, seirbe n iā,f. (1 serb) bitterness (both of taste and in
abstract sense), asperity: o cech cenélu serbe `of every kind of
bitterness
', Wb. 2a22 . deserbdi .i. cen serbi pectho, 9b12 .
indliged for in linn, sceith no seirbe, Laws v 166.9 Comm .
5 mad ratud in biadh searbh no sgethuch . . . muna feas a
seirbhe no a sgeathuighe, ii 32.18 Comm . serbai co n-inire
(vice springing from `dogailse domanda'), ZCP iii 27.33 .
descaid serba burba, RC xlv 75 § 21 . ferr sūan serba `sleep is
better than bitterness
', 22 § 17 (serbad, v.l.). noco gnáth gart
10cen ṡerbe, LL 146b34 . [sruth] co seirbi saili, YBL 83b4 . adbur
di serbai ┐ saldatu conid ed dognī serbha inna ndēr insin,
Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ni hiarsiní batis somillsi acht is lugam a serbi,
Auraic. 3489 . a drái cuilech, a lestar lán do (sic MS.) démnaib
┐ do sherba, PH 1811 . cuirid uaib . . . serua ┐ arsaidecht bar
15pecctha, 3543 . aitt i mbia doib immad cech sherbi ┐ domblais,
4310 . ni ro fhaolustar a tomhailt ara sheirbhi, BNnÉ 294 § 14 .
ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rer a serui `parsley and aloes
agree in pungency
', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.10 . na leigis ana fuil seirbi
┐ gēiri, RSláinte 1822 . créad é seirbhe do chuimhne (quam
20amara est memoria tua), TSh. 1122 . cinel sirbe isin bel, Rosa
Ang. 252.8 .
Of speech: do dhá phríomhlochd na Gáoidheilge . . . mur
atá neimhtheachd céille no s. ¤ ráidh harshness of utterance,
IGT Introd. 32 § 145 .

25 serbaigidir v(1 serb) becomes bitter, makes bitter : serbaigthir gl.
amaricatur, Tur. 69 . ag denumh na humhla so di, do ser-
baighedh a hanim co leir innti, oir nír fed si an tserbis so,
mar dob ail le, Smaointe B. Chr. 4411 .

serbán n(1 serb) (a) oats : serbān .i. cenēl n-arba, ┐ ba dōig co
30mbad é in corci, O'Mulc. 848 . na hocht n-orbaind . . . secul,
seruān, mælān, rūadān, cruithnec[h]t, . . . `wild-oats', Aisl.
MC 99.4 . searbhan .i. coirce, O'Cl. (b) s. ¤ mucc translates dens
leonis, endivia sylvestris, etc. dens leonis .i. in serban muc,
RC ix 230.9 . la[c]tucella seruan mucc .i. lus na monog, Arch.
35 i 334.48 (Med. Gl.). caput monachi dens leonis .i. serban muc,
332.43 (do.). capud manisi [leg. caput monachi] .i. in serba[n]
muc, 327.49 (do.). serban mucc (rostrum porcinum), Rosa
Ang. 286.14 . serban mucc (endivia sylvestris), 140.18 . is
seirbhe ná an searbhán goirt | an duine bocht ag déanamh
40ceóil, Dánfhocail 25 . See next word.

serbann n f. oats : ni bo chomailt far serbainn | [a]ro milt for
uibh Cerbhaill, AU i 110.8 = for serblinn, Fél. 134.15 . See
Loth, RC xlii 61 .

serbas n u and o,m. (1 serb) bitterness : an serbhas fil léo (of
45apples), BNnÉ 294 § 14 . lan don tserbus ┐ coimhlínta do
gallraibh bitter sorrow, Smaointe B. Chr. 4174 . tainic la na
toirrsi moire ┐ in tserbais aird, 3958 . go ngníomhuigheann
searbhas i meanmain an pheacthaigh, TSh. 9478 . beagán
searbhais sna cúláiribh (modica amaritudo in faucibus), 4915 .
50 is follus go dtig don pheacadh sáilín seire searbhusa do bheith
'na leanmhain, 9573 (`bitter end (?)', s.v. sáilín). an mhéid do
chruadhaoge ┐ searbhais bhis ar croidhibh na ndaine, ITS
xxix 188.16 . éad, searbhus, fuath, Donlevy 348.6 .

serbatu n t,m. (1 serb) bitterness : ro-cumscaigit iat uli o dhom-
55blas a serbatad ┐ a n-aninde `with the gall of their bitterness
and animosity
', PH 129 .

serbdacht n[ā,f.] (serbdae) bitterness : a serbhdhacht bhur
croidhi, ITS xxix 188.19 .

serbdae adj io, iā (1 serb) bitter : longad serbda sēimide (of a
60hermit's fare), Ériu ii 56 § 9 .

serblinn xsee serbann.

serbóc n ā,f. (1 serb) `bitter drink' (TSh. Gloss.): gurab eagail don
druing ibheas brogoid na beatha so i dtús a ré do bhríogh
gurab gnáth ris an saoghal searbhóga do dháil dóibh i
65ndeireadh a n-aimsire, TSh. 8347 . Of persons: fá ama na
daoirse ag síol gach searbhóige (of the Williamite planters),
Ó Bruad. iii 216.8 .

serbóntacht n[ā,f.] (serbóntaid) servitude : gurab é do saor o
thigh na daoirsi . . . ┐ ó sherbhóntacht . . . ind, O'Hussey T.C.
70 131.17 .

serb(ḟ)óntaid, -aige n(based on Eng. or Fr. servant, influenced
by fognam) a servant : serbhóntaidh díles an Duilemhan,
BNnÉ 275 § 254 . ar serbhontaidhe Dé . . . .i. ar Mhaodócc, 209
§ 64 . acc onórucchadh aroile, mar dodhénadh serbontaidhe
75a thiccerna, 275 § 253 . dobo doígh leis an serbḟoghantaighi
comadh é fein budh thigerna ann andiaidh Abraham, Maund.
110 . fechtas eli do C.C. . . . do gair a serbfhoghantaidh fen
cuice, BCC 244 (248.10) . más searbhóntuigh do Dhia mé
(`sierva'), Desid. 1502 . bheith aṁ buachail ag do shear-
80bhóntaidhibh, ┐ am shearbhóntoigh ag muinntir do thighe
(`esclavo'), 6926 . go mbí gach aon . . . 'na s[h]erbhfhoghantaidh
ag an diabhal, Parrth. Anma 114.1 . serbhfhoghantuidhe Dé,
98.11 . an searbhfhóghantuigh mainneachtnach, Donlevy
98.10 .

85 serbos n(? = Lat. cervus): searbos .i. fiadh `a deer ', O'Cl.

? serbsi: ind ord æra serbsi as indin indinn, Ériu iii 137.76 (rhetoric).