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1 sab n m.(see, however, Thurn. ZCP xvi 181 ). (Lat. sophus,
45Fraser, ZCP x 80 , ON loan-word, Meyer, RC xii 462 . Native
wd., Marstrander, Bidrag 125 . ) n p. saba. a p. sabai, LB 226a6 .
saba, PH 2553 . Later also as dental stem: g s. docum in
sabaid (sic), O'Dav. 1483 . d s for cach sabaith .i. for cach ailid,
O'C. 979 ( H. 3.18, 422b ). n p. sabaidh, O'Dav. 1415 = sabaid,
50 Laws i 54.7 (but saba, v 458.20 ). g p. sabadh, RC xvii 176.20
(Tig.). sabhadh, TFrag. 234.16 . d p. sabdaib, saptaibh, Aisl.
MC 123.10 , 16 . Also saph.
(a) a shaft, pole, stake, occas. used of a spear-shaft or haft
of a knife; freq. in combination with sonn: sunn .i. crann no
55shabh, O'Dav. 1483 . s. ¤ .i. so-saebta nō asa a sōud easily bent
or easy its turning
, Corm. Y 1173 . s. ¤ daingen no soad cech
niummus, LU 658 (ACC Comm.). sagh (leg. sabh) na sgine
`haft', Rule of Tall. Maelr. 95 , cf. Sc. G. St. iii 52 . fer ┐ s. ¤
luaigi ina laim, LB 151b45 . beim cinn fri samh (a useless
60undertaking), ZCP x 286.23 . ceithri drolaim ass ┐ dā s. ¤ fōe
da breith (of a cauldron), Ériu i 44.y . da sabh fái da bhreith,
RC xxvi 374.16 . sabaid cuirmmtigi cudgels in an alehouse (i.e.
a brawl), Laws iv 340.6 Comm . , see Thurn. Ir. Recht 78 n. 3 .
gabsat . . . durna ┐ saba luaigi . . . dó dar a gnúis, PH 2553 .
65 slog . . . co cloidmib ┐ sabaib ┐ sonnaib iarnaigib, 3081 . glés
. . . do sliprib ┐ do shabaib troma, LB 155a15 . ro dlúthdain-
gnighit doirse na cathrach leó do sonnaibh ┐ do sabh[th]aibh,
CCath. 1713 . do sabaib (sabhthaibh, v.l.) ┐ do sonnaib, 3590 .
araill do na gonnadhaibh . . . do . . . lionadh do clochaibh, . . .
70do shonnaibh, do sabhaibh (sic leg.), Hugh Roe 298.7 ( 78a ). in
sabh sraínti sloigh, St. Ercuil 1205 . Of Eiscir Riada: sab
rainne Hérend i ndó, Met. Dinds. iii 282.89 = sabhronna,
FM i 104.2 .
(b) fig. of persons support, upholder, champion, leader , etc.
75(common in poetry): s. ¤ ar thrén tacrait dóine, LB 182 m. sup.
= Met. Gl. 2.14 . s. ¤ cach soabb cach forba | ┐ s. ¤ cach comorba,
Met. Gl. 3.6 , an inference from use of word in relig. poetry.
s. ¤ .i. aire nó taisech. No sabh .i. calma, ut est s. ¤ duire dremna
.i. ro calma e im debaid co hobann, O'Dav. 1433 . sabh .i. tren
ut est atát .iiii. sabaidh tuaithe, 1415 = ceitheora sabaid,
Laws i 54.7 = saba, v 458.20 . s. ¤ .i. sonairt no láidir, O'Cl.
rosuidhestar for gach sabaidh sechtmadh díre dia éis, Ériu
5 xiii 20.24 ( O'Dav. 1433 ). s. ¤ .i. sonairt, Lec. Gl. 80 . Árón s. ¤
sruithe, Fél. Ep. 272 , cf. July 1 (saph, v.l.). s. ¤ sóer suidi
Phetair, Apr. 12 . in s. ¤ sochla sona | ó Óendruimm, June 23
(saph, v.l.). in s. ¤ síl Chuinn Chétaig, Nov. 10 (saph, v.l.); cf.
Sept. 21 . Folld. by gen.: s. ¤ indarbai demnae the champion who
10banishes demons
, Oct. 17 . ba s. ¤ indarbai clóine (of St. Patrick),
Hy. ii 23 ( Thes. ii 314 ), with gloss .i. ba sonairt. Cf. s. ¤ cáid
clóithe, Fél. Dec. 14 , where last word may be g s. of vn. boe s. ¤
suithe cech dind `strong in knowledge on every eminence', ACC
26 ( RC xx 168 ). nia nīthach s. ¤ `ein streitbarer Fürst', Ält. Ir.
15Dicht. ii 18.21 . s. ¤ catha cech dána, Arch. iii 229.111 . a
ndegthóisech engnama . . . ┐ a saph cocrichi fria naimte,
TTr.² 1209 , cf. LL 406b18 . Dūnadach . . . | s. ¤ catha, Bruchst.
i 10 § 14 ( IT iii 37 § 19 ). riasin S. ¤ n-Ildanach (of Lug Lámfata),
Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ), prob. a misunderstanding of Samil-
20dánach (see sam-).
Compds. (in sense (a)) ¤ chrann: da craisech . . . cona ndib
sabcrannaibh comfata, CCath. 5304 . ¤ gal: sūi na sabgaile
spear-conflict , Bruchst. i 26 § 58 ( IT iii 94 § 144 ).

2 sab n hand, palm (?): s. ¤ .i. bas: sab for shionnach .i. bas ar
25shionnach, O'Cl. , based on: is s. ¤ for sinnach attempting to
stroke (catch?) a fox (?)
(of a hopeless undertaking), Aisl. MC
125.19 (for sad `bitch', Ed. Perh. merely 1 sab).

sabaid xsee sabbait.

sábáil n f.(based on Eng. save) act of saving, delivering : do
30shabháil an nídh do chúaidh a múgha, Matth. xviii 11 (1827 =
tharrachdoin, 1602). do shábháil a thíghe féin, Hebr. xi 7
(1827 = do chum cáomhanta, 1602). slánughadh, glossed
sábháil, Donl. 42.5 .

sábáilid v(sábáil) saves, delivers : sabháil inn, Matth. viii 25
35(1827 = fóir oruinn, 1602). sabheolfa[i]dh urnaighthe an
chreidimh an t-othar, Luc. Fid. 243.16 (= salvabit, James v
15 ). muna sabháilaigh Dia féin a anam, ni sabháilaigh aon
neach eile é, ZCP iv 454.8 . See sábálta.

? sabal n a stick : sabhal . . . .i. maidi, O'C. 2067 ( H. 4.22, 67 ).

40 saball n o (Lat. stabulum) barn : teit i sabull n-arbha, Lism. L.
1914 . im s. ¤ i n-aimsir etha, Laws i 124.16 . aith ┐ muilenn ┐
s. ¤ aigi, v 32.7 Comm . cat sabaill ┐ muilinn, O'Dav. 422 . tri
foghladha (sic leg.) . . . fri sabull ┐ fri háthuib ┐ fri gortuibh,
Laws iv 118.22 Comm . tri seoit i lloscad . . . in tsabuill,
45 O'Don. 2279 ( Rawl. B. 506, 25b2 ). co nar facaibset . . . sosad
na s. ¤ . . . cin loscad, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . fogal fri . . . muilliu
┐ sabla, O'Don. 2270 ( Rawl. B. 506, 23b ). As n.l.: S. ¤ Pátraic
Patrick's Barn, mod. Saul, Co. Down: ro chumtaig P. eclas
isin inud sin dianad ainm S. ¤ P. indíu, LB 26b19 ; cf. Trip.²
50 377 ff . co Sabull, Thes. ii 319.26 . There was also a church of
Armagh called in S. ¤ : Ard Macha do loscadh . . . ┐ Damlíag in
Stabuill, RC xvii 358.26 (Tig.) (learned spelling). Cendfao-
ladh an t[sh]abaill, CS 248.2 (bishop of the Saball in Armagh).

sábálta (part. of sábáilid) saved, delivered : as adj. safe : as nídh
55sabhálta dhíbhse é, Phil. iii 1 (1827 = diongmhálta, 1602).

sabaltair n(Lat. sepultura) a (pagan ?) burial ground, necropolis:
s. ¤ .i. sepultur, id est a sepultura .i. relicc duinebaith .i. magh
mor anádnactís génti, Corm. 40 = sobaltoir, Corm. Y 1166 .

sabar n .i. suil, Goid. 75 ( Dúil Laithne 7 ).

60 sabbait n i,f. (O.Ir. gender uncertain, cf. Thurn. Gramm. § 302 ).
(Lat. sabbatum). Mid.Ir. sabbóit, sapóit perh. due to analogy
of trindóit and similar formations. The Sabbath. In relig. lit.
applied to the 7th day of the week, the Jewish Sabbath (opp. to
Domnach Sunday): saboit .i. satharn noco táinic núfiadnaise
65saboit, ┐ sabbatum Domini o sin gusaníu .i. laithi comdheta
no domnachta, O'Dav. 1409 . i llaithiu sabbait, Ml. 57d13 .
isna sabbotib saeraib, SR 4573 . forsint sabbait i fetarlaic,
Mon. Tall. 156.15 , cf. i sabbota ┐ in dominico , .18 (Latinised
form?). nachib berar . . . inna llíthu ┐ a ssapati, Wb. 27a24 .
70 sapoit ┐ nú-esca ┐ imdibe, PH 1686 . iarsin sapoit, 2956 . bói
[Dia] hi tost isin tshaboit, 7367 . dia seaboid, BB 22b4 = dia
Satharnn, 22a49 . in fescor Sabóti, PH 3449 . michoimétaid ar
sapóti-ne, 2587 . tancatar crícha na sabóti ┐ tossach in dom-
naig, LB 33b29 ( Thr. Hom. 120.z ). i ló na Sabbóite = in die
75sabbati, TSh. 4126 . is sabóid don Tighearna an lá a niugh,
Exod. xvi 25 . coimhéadfuidhe mó shábóidigh, Lev. xix 30 .
Exceptionally of Sunday: saboít Maic Dé ní craidhea, Ériu ii
228.7 . a dtaobh na sabóideadh, Donl. 124.23 .