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1 saigid later also sag-, saich-, soig-, soich-. Strong vb. with
s- subj. and t- pret. Later treated as weak vb., though the
80older subj. and pret. forms survive as archaisms even in
Mod.Ir. indic. pres. 1 s. saigim, Sg. 217a3 . ní shaghaim ,
Studies 1930, 439 § 7 . 2 s. no saighi(u) (rel.), Snedgus u. MacR.
10 § 21 . 3 s. saigid, Wb. 23c11 . LU 3390 . ni saig , Ml. 131a4 .
TBC 2458 . far-saig, 287 (dobobsaig, LU 4580 ). nach saig ,
85 LL 45b20 . rel. saiges, Wb. 22a3 . Sg. 65b11 . Thes. ii 40.35 .
ZCP vii 481.8 ( Enchir. Aug. 73a ). 1 pl. saigmít, Mór M. 8 .
3 pl. segait, Ml. 66b5 . Críth Gabl. 274 . ni segat , ZCP xiii
22.18 . Ériu ii 130 § 102 . saigit, LL 135b3 ( PRIA 1884,
232 § 12 ). FA 18 (LB). saghait, Anecd. i 71 § 186 . rel. segtai,
SR 2363 . segdai, 4253 . segtha, BDD² 1269 (ségda, BDD 130 .
5 segta, Stowe). With suff. pron.: segtait, SR 459 . ipv. 2 s.
saig, TBC 665 , 1320 . nam-saich, ZCP vi 263.22 . 1 pl. sodham
(= sagham), ZCP viii 222.11 . 2 pl. segaith-si, Anecd. i 4.17
(see Ériu xi 87 ). saigid, Met. Dinds. iii 286.1 . subj. pres. 2 s.
sasae (.i. ionnsaigh), Leb. Gab. 282.7 . ni sáis , LU 3472 ( SC 25 ).
10 go só, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 164.60 . See also below under I (b). go
sóigh , 150.19 . 3 s. no-sa, Laws ii 256.4 (leg. ro-sa?). 3 pl.
mana sasat , ZCP xiii 22.19 . subj. impf. 3 s. conná sásad ,
Sg. 62b2 . da soised , Met. Dinds. iii 36.44 . Cf. also do shois-
fedh , CF 109 (as condit.). 3 pl. no soisdis , Aen. 2067 . fut.
15 1 s. sesa, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . 3 s. siais, ZCP ix 455.24 . ni
sia , ZCP xii 406.29 . nādasia, Cáin Ad. 31 . dá sia (used as
subj.), Ó Bruad. i 112.17 . rel. sias, O'C. 2533 ( Eg. 88, 44c ).
2 pl. rosesaid, LU 1850 . pret. 3 s. siacht, LU 6259 (= dosīacht,
TBC² 1759 ). siächt, ZCP viii 197.20 (disyll.). 3 pl. sīactatar,
20 ZCP iii 43.5 . co siachtadur , Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . pass. pres.
s. segar (rel.), Wb. 11a5 . segair, LU 10978 . ní segar , Ériu
ii 208 § 32 . pl. segaiter, LL 293b18 = ZCP xi 81 § 17
(= saigethar, 93 § 26 . Cf. Hermathena xix 91 ). segtair
(segdair, v.l.), IT iii 31.24 . segatar, ZCP xii 404.27 . subj. pres.
25 dia sasar , Laws v 458.9 = O'Dav. 1469 . da sai[g]ter (soicher,
v.l.), Fier. 104 . fut. s. siasar, O'Don. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7b ). ? pl.
sesaitir, ZCP xiii 378.7 . vbl. of necess. saigthi (q.v.). IGT
Verbs § 91 .
Vn. 2 saigid (see also saige, saigin, saigthin).
30 I Trans. (a) goes towards, approaches; seeks out, strives after:
saigim gl. adeo, Sg. 217a3 . dorus . . . segdai máil, SR 4253 .
ergnaid sui siacht sliucht cethruir who followed the track of the
four (evangelists
), ACC 91 ( RC xx 270 ). siachtum mórthoch-
marc maic dea dechtiri, LL 123b31 . siechtator Eigipt, Leb.
35Gab. 278.8 . gomadh misi nodsoichfe isin maidin amaroch,
ZCP x 277.24 . soich an rioghan, BNnÉ 319 § 16 . lann segar
and the crown which is striven for gl. bradium (= bravium),
Wb. 11a5 . segait ind firién inna fochaidi, Ml. 66b5 . saigid
oirgniu, LU 3390 ( SC 17 ). segair in chest isin tig the (answer
40to) the question is sought
, LU 10978 . ní segar baithis acht
menip dóig bes marb in gein `baptism is not sought' (i.e. on
Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 32 . ialla én find . . . segaid sasadh seek
for food
, Anecd. i 56 § 47 . sáer-ainm Sinna saigid dún `the
noble name of Sinann, search it out for us
', Met. Dinds. iii 286.1 .
45 ech mall moṅgach nach saig siliud, LL 45b20 (= siriud, RC
xxxvi 263 § 21 ). cia seacht siecht sith gan eccla sought peace,
Leb. Gab. 264.12 . cend-drong filed . . . | saigtís dliged a ndála,
Met. Dinds. i 36.94 .
(b) reaches, attains : leanaid C. iad . . . cosiacht Cuanglaisi
50(as far as?), ZCP xiv 239.8 . ? ni soitheann an fairrgi a n-uilli,
Anecd. i 50 § 22 . saghait iarsin inis n-ingnaidh they come to
a strange island
, 71 § 186 . a n-as sirem diib ni segat acht cubat
`only attain (to the length of) a cubit', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . intī
saighes secht crosa illō visits, ZCP v 498.17 . aseadh do
55bliadhnaibh nonsaigh the number of years that have reached us
(= elapsed?), FM ii 648.6 . do shoichdís a dhá láimh an talamh,
Keat. ii 2237 .
Hence Mod.Ir. in phrase go soiche (lit. till thou reach) to, as
far as, till: go soichi an bás, Mac Aingil 123.9 . go soighe an
60sgonnsa, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.14 . go só daghaimser, L. Cl. A.
Buidhe 164.60 . ón cind go soich aroile, BCC 188.28 . bhias ad
choimhideacht go soiche abhal a bhfuil Grádh Dé, Desid. 370 .
Note also: nochan faghadh M. . . . énní nach fora laimh
dobheiredh go soiche a scáoileadh ar bhochtaibh for the pur-
65pose of distribution to the poor
, BNnÉ 264 § 226 .
(c) attacks : segatar ratha radatar fleda fechatar catha, ZCP
xii 404.27 . fessaitir catha, sesaitir slūaigh, xiii 378.7 . manim
leict[h]er segaithsi ar eicin if I am not allowed in, attack by
force
, Anecd. i 4.17 . In proverbial expression: na sluaig na
70saiget segair hosts that attack not are attacked (i.e. attack is the
best defence
), SG 381.17 . mini saige saigfear ort, Cog. 124.20 .
gach sluagh nach saigh saighfidher, Hugh Roe 46.17 .
(d) refers to, applies to: ni saig sís it does not apply (to the vb.
respicit) below, Ml. 131a4 . issed saiges sís this is what it refers
75to below
, Sg. 65b11 . ised saiges in sensso `darauf geht dieser
Sinn
', ZCP vii 481.8 ( Enchir. Aug. 73a ). súi co saidbri segtai
rainn to whom quatrains refer (?), SR 2363 . This may also be
the meaning in: mad for Tomás no shaided Ísu sech na
hapstalu ar chena if Jesus referred to T., PH 6765 . dia ndíth
80fri slúagaib segair `from their destruction is the name mentioned
among hosts
', Met. Dinds. iii 116.75 .
(e) s. ¤ x for y applies x to y, sets x to work on y. Freq. in
phrase s. ¤ brot for plies the goad on, urges on: saigthis (= saigis)
in t-ara brot for in n-echraid, TBC 670 . saig (saí, MS.) brot
85n-áig forsan echraid, MU² 252 . Note also: is seabac saer
soighes | a eocho bo deas (of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC²
2531 . With other objects: saigh-siu . . . th'aichni forro, . . .
ité filet isdigh-sea in cōica ingen see if thou canst recognise them,
ZCP v 502.1 . With i n-: gach fersa gabus tú díbh | . . . | . . .
saigh ionnta t'inntleacht concentrate on them, BNnÉ 170.14 .
5 roshoigh sí cóir chomhraidh air-siomh, Buile S. 60.13 . saigidh
si iomagalloim baoisi for an ngiolla, Leb. Gab. 26.27 .
II Intrans. with prepp. With AS: sīactatar as for slēbib set
out
, ZCP iii 43.5 . ac faircsin uathu amach for scoraib na
Rudullta batar a n-imshuidhi forro acht (┐, MS.) nosoisdis as in
10case they should issue forth
(?), Aen. 2067 . ? ni sia nech mnai assa
tigh, ZCP xii 406.29 . With co: o Ind síar saigit na fir | co tuind
trebair trom-Thigir journey towards, LL 135b3 ( PRIA 1884,
232 § 21 ). co Cuanaig saigmít, Mór M. 8 . asna sostaib . . .
cosa saiget, PH 6271 . With DO: da saiter don Fraingc (da
15soicher isin F., v.l.) `if I get to France', Fier. 104 . soidhfidh
dhamh-sa fa dheireadh | . . . | an baothlaogh I shall obtain,
DDána 80.29 . do sia duibhsi for seirc an Coimdedh it shall be
yours
, BNnÉ 326 § 44 (ro-saig?). With FOR: ní saig nech fair
┐ nī saigseom for nech he attacks no one and no one attacks him,
20 TBC² 1797 . saigh fair, ar in drui, Anecd. ii 10.8 . segait for
nert Fótla fia, LU 4327 . segait for gach leth do thabairt bō
┐ ban ┐ brat they set out, make a foray, ZCP iv 45.14 . saighis
for an ngiolla ngle | 's ni ro saigh uirre an gille importuned,
Leb. Gab. 42.27 . With I: sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh a bitter
25salty stream rises to the eyes
, ZCP vii 299.17 . ní shaigitt 'sa
righe reil | Raghallaigh will not attain to the kingship, BNnÉ
285.25 . nī da roichedh 'na lāim clī | . . . | nocha soiched 'na
láim deis (of generosity of Columcille), ZCP vii 304 § 13 . With
LA: derb lé docheiled a col | da soised lé a fothrucod if she
30could succeed in bathing
, Met. Dinds. iii 36.44 . With SECH:
saeigis secha urchar Ph. `shot past him', TTebe 3417 . ? epscop
Ith átha fadat | sech na sluagu nár sagat, SG 389.37 . With
TAR: ulcha . . . fair co soiched dar māethīchtar a māethimlenn
sīs reached beyond, TBC² 2336 . sruth teintide . . . saigit . . . na
35fíreóin tairis get over it, FA 18 (LB = rosoichet, LU). soichfidh
crú tar fraoch fuilt, ML 122.7 . With TRE: gach aen da soicfe
tre sin cath uaib who can cut his way through this force, Celt.
Rev. iv 10.17 .
III Legal. (a) sues for, claims : a (= ó) ro siacht selb aithre,
40siasar comroind division shall be sued for, O'Don. 1958 ( Eg.
90, 7b ). cidh urradh . . . cidh anurradh, as e bes urrad aire,
no sias anurradus, O'C. 2533 ( Eg. 88, 44c ). dia sasar slan-
brethaib .i. dia n-indsaigi tu, Laws v 458.9 , 18 Comm . Cf.
O'Dav. 1469 . is iar sen suid for a techta `it is after this he sues
45for his right
', Laws iv 176.6 . ni segar fir (= fír) tairis oppud
noilliuch cen slan is not sought for (?), required (?), Anecd. iii
24.6 . is and sin siacht Fergus for a glinne arna bristé fír fer
for Coin Culaind (`claimed of his securities', Faraday), LU
6259 = dosīacht, TBC² 1759 . is tú fer . . . saiges a chert do
50cech óen la Ultu, LU 8148 ( FB 11 ). intí dia ndligi fhiachu
saig fair cach cumuṅg rotbé, LL 116b37 . co tart som grein ┐
esca na saigfed forro ni badh siriu would not make any further
claims on them (would not attack them
?), MacCarthy 396.12 .
? siaicht selb senathair, ZCP viii 306.31 .
55(b) enforces, executes (a law): nach óen loittfis Chāin nAdam-
nān . . . nādasia ┐ nādacomallnathar (`shall not claim it'), Cáin
Ad. 31 . ni segat na nadmanna sin, ar ni saigh naidm folta for
feichemain, ZCP xiii 22.18 `betreiben', Bürgsch. 10 § 27 . sesa
lat sa fair `ich werde ihn dann mit dir betreiben', 13 § 44 . iss ed
60saiges a naidm, Críth Gabl. 26 .
Cf. ro-saig.